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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Manuel Belgrano
- Biography of Empedocles
- Biography of Maria Lucia Sanchez Benitez - Malu
- Biography of Edgar Allan Poe
Biography of Manuel Belgrano
(1770-06-03 - 1820/06/20)Manuel Belgrano
Argentine military and politician
He was born on June 3, 1770 in Buenos Aires (Argentina).
Son of Maria Josefa Gonzalez home, and Domenico Belgrano Peri, wholesaler of Oneglia, Liguria, Italy.
He studied law in Spain. In the year 1794 becomes Secretary of the Consulate of Buenos Aires, since which firmly encouraged widespread education and economic reforms.
In 1810 it was part of the Patriots who wanted the emancipation of the Spanish in Argentina domain, and became member of the Revolutionary Government Junta. He was appointed general, and soon directed troops freedom fighters against the realistic, achieving important victories in the battles of Tucumán (1812) and Salta (1813) against Juan Pio de Tristan and Moscoso.
In the last months of 1813, the Spanish in Alto Perú (now Bolivia) defeated him, and in 1814 he became command general José de San Martín. Since that time dedicated to diplomacy and mediation in the political disputes that have arisen after proclaiming the independence of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata in the Congress of Tucumán (1816). 1812.
Spouse of Maria Josefa Ezcurra and Maria Dolores Helguero and Liendo. He was father of Manuela Mónica and Pedro Rosas.
Manuel Belgrano died of dropsy on June 20, 1820 in Buenos Airesplunged into poverty, despite having belonged to one of the richest families of the Río de La Plata.
He devised a Cockade with the colors Blue and white, as distinctive for the soldiers. On 27 February, with those same colors, he created the flag which was later adopted as the National flag. On June 20, the anniversary of his death, was decreed "Flag day" in honor of the homeland to the creator of its national emblem.
Biography of Empedocles
(Unknown - Unknown)Empedocles
Philosopher, statesman and Greek poet
Was born the 490 a.C.en Agrigentum (now Agrigento), Sicily.
He was a disciple of Pythagoras and Parmenides, would become one of the most important humanists of antiquity.
Author of a theory about the origin of the material world called theory of the four elements (fire, air, water and land). In addition postulated that they are related through love (Eros) and hate (Polemos) that would be the principles of attraction and repulsion that alternately dominate the course of the universe, in a cycle always repeated.
It is believed, Empedocles refused to accept the Crown offered by the town of Agrigentum after having collaborated to save him from the ruling oligarchy. He instead instituted a democracy. He also had a very important role in the development of the school of Medicine of Sicily and apparently saved the city of Silenus, a plague.
A legend explains that, tired of life and that people wouldn't believe in its capacity as divine, committed suicide the 430 B.c. jumping into the crater of Etna volcano.
Biography of Maria Lucia Sanchez Benitez - Malu
(1982/03/15 - Unknown)Malu
Maria Lucia Sanchez Benitez
He was born on March 15, 1982 in Madrid.
Niece of the guitarist Paco de Lucía, and daughter of the singer Pepe de Lucia flamenco and Pepi Benítez singer. His brother major, Lucía José, is a guitarist and accompanies her on tour as one of his band. His stage name is a contraction of María Lucia. His aunt Kings assigned it is when she was only two days of life.
With fifteen years, she was discovered by producer Jesús Yanes. He began to record their first album, "apprentice", in the first months of 19The album managed to sell 400,000 copies. He managed the award to the best new artist at the Amigo awards of that year.
In 1999 he published "you will change" album, which sold 100,000 copies in just ten days. In 2001, it came to light "This time", which sold almost 300,000 copies in Spain. His fourth work, "another skin" was launched to the market in 20A year later recorded an album live called "Por Una Vez", disc which collaboration of singers such as Maria David, Antonio Orozco, Alejandro Sanz. Their sixth album published "Malu" in April 20His new job with the name of "challenge" appears in 20In 2007 after the tour of "Challenge" publishes the "thank you" compilation album. On March 17, 2007 was launched "Live", the ninth album of the artist. In 2010, released "Cold war", which was their first number one in sales of albums in Spain.
In February 2012, she was selected as one of four 'coaches' voice, musical program of the broadcaster Telecinco Dutch format The Voice-based.
In November of the same year a compilation of duets presented Dual with other artists such as Pablo Alborán, David Bisbal, and Pastora Soler among others. On October 15, 2013 released their eleventh Studio album, Yes, that it is their first single and who stood in the number one in the charts for two consecutive weeks, getting the gold disc in the first week and Platinum on the third disc. The tour begins in November and on February 5, 2014 Promusicae certifies whether as a double disc of Platinum with more than 80,000 copies sold.
For television work continued in 2013 for the voice 2, and in 2014, in The voice Kids.
Biography of Edgar Allan Poe
(1809/01/19 - 1849/10/07)Edgar Allan Poe
He was born on January 19, 1809 in a covered wagon in Boston inside.
Son of Elizabeth Arlold Poe and David Poe, itinerant theater actors who died when he was a child. It was bred by John Allan, a business man who took the "Allan". In 1815, when he was six years, they moved to England where he entered a private boarding school.
When he returned to the United States in the year 1820 he continued to study in private schools and later entered the University of Virginia, where he remained for a year. During his adolescence he already wrote poems influenced by Byron. In 1827 given his love to drink and play, his adoptive father refused to pay his debts and forced him to work as an employee. He left his job and traveled to Boston where he anonymously published his first book,Tamerlane and other poems (1827). He enlisted in the army, where he remained two years. In 1829 appeared his second book of poems, to the Aaraf, and he reconciled with his father, who got him a position in the Military Academy, but a few months after he was dismissed for negligence in duty; his adoptive father disowned him for ever.
The following year published his third book, poems (1831), he travels to Baltimore, where he lived with his aunt and an 11-year-old niece, Virginia Clemm. His poetry reflects the influence of English such as Milton, Shelley and Coleridgepoets. In 1832, his story 'manuscript found in a bottle' won a contest sponsored by the Baltimore Saturday Visitor. From 1835 to 1837 was editor of Southern Baltimore Messenger.
In 1836 he marries his niece and over the next decade, she worked as an editor for several journals in Philadelphia and New York. He wrote 'the Crow' (1845), 'the bells' (1849), 'sleeper' (1831), 'Lenore' (1831) and 'Annabel Lee' (1849). As editor work consisted of reviewing books, writing a number of criticisms. One of his most famous stories is 'Golden beetle' (1843).
He was the author in addition to 'the Morgue street crimes' (1841), 'the mystery of Marie Roget' (1842-1843) and 'the purloined letter' (1844) are considered as the predecessors of the modern thriller or detective. Among his short stories are 'the fall of the House of Usher' (1839), "the pit and the pendulum" (1842) 'the tell-tale heart' (1843) and 'the barrel of amontillado' (1846).
In 1847 his wife died and he himself fell ill; his addiction to alcohol and drug consumption, led to his early death in Baltimore, on October 7, 18Allan Poe's last words were "God help my poor soul".