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Encyclopedia of Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Giovanni Borghi
- Biography of Francesco Borromini
- Vitaliano Brancati biography
- Michael Douglas biography
- William Faulkner biography
- Biography of Adelmo Fornaciari
- Elio Germano biography
- Glenn Gould biography
- Biography of Michael Madsen
- Biography of Silvana Pampanini
- Biography of Pope Clement VII
- Biography of Sandro Pertini
- Erich Maria Remarque biography
- Biography of Carlos Ruiz Zafón
- Biography of Delia Scala
- Will Smith biography
- Biography of Catherine Zeta-Jones
Biography of Giovanni Borghi
September 14, 1910
September 25, 1975
Who is John Borghi?Giovanni Borghi was born on 14 September 1910 in Milan in Island District, son of Mary, wealthy girl, and Guido, owner of an electrical shop and operator of cinemas. John grew up in a situation of economic prosperity and, after completing elementary school, enters his father's workshop (which also work the brothers Giuseppe and Gaetano) as an apprentice.
The family company and brand Ignis
The company of the early 1940s is well-known locally, giving employment to about 30 workers, but in August 1943 the store and the family workshop are almost completely destroyed by Allied bombing of Milan: Giovanni Borghi for this and the rest of the family moved to the province of Varese, in Comerio.
Father Guido, along with his sons, invests part of its financial resources in the production of kitchen electrical stove, getting a sales success that increases significantly after the war, when the brand was purchased by a milanese artisan Ignis.
Ignis and international expansion
John and the rest of the family begin to be known nationally and internationally, with the Ignis participating sample Fair in Milan in 1946 and to the trade fair of Lyon the following year.
Stores open in Conegliano Veneto, Rome and Naples, the villages in 1949 buy Enamel De Luca, but must deal with the measures taken by the national Government to reduce electricity consumption: it is also for this reason that Ignis begins production of gas cookers.
Giovanni Borghi, who until now has been involved primarily in the management of business contacts with customers, he decided to take the field in the first person: convinced that within a short time the gas market would go to meet a fast saturation, detects the patents of a factory to equipment, absorption, and after Isothermos formed the Siri begins to produce absorption refrigerators in Gavirate in Varese.
After a few years, given the limitations of these products (reduced internal capacity, remarkable dimensions, high production costs), passes to the compressor. The news immediately proves a success, and the company of John expands rapidly, to the point that in 1954 will open a new plant in Comerio.
In the same year his brother Joseph dies, while in 1957 to disappear is the father. That's how John (which in 1960 creates a network of companies to encourage the production side of each component of refrigerators) becomes the undisputed master of the Ignis, too, because in 1963 Gaetano, the other brother, decides to separate from the family business and to start his own (while not cutting relations with the family and the company).
In the first half of the sixties, Giovanni Borghi is the first entrepreneur in the world to introduce in series using the polyurethane foam as insulation: a material that requires only a thin coating, unlike traditional glass wool, reducing the size but not the ability of refrigerators.
But also Villages to aesthetics, and white appliances plastic panels adds in a wide colour range. Year after year, becoming one of the most important industrial refrigerators around the world and the most important in Europe, with a turnover of 40 billion a year, three factories and fifty branches between Italy and abroad, for a total of about 7,000 employees and 40% of the national production of refrigerators (about 8,000 per day). For this reason, in 1966 gets an honorary degree in engineering and was appointed Knight Grand Cross of the order of merit of the Italian Republic.
In many of its parts already called him "cumenda" Lombard "Commander".
The image, marketing and sport
Living symbol of industrial economic boom of Italy, wealthy pledged to establish a direct relationship with the audience thanks to a clever use of the media, is also dedicated to the sponsorship in sport, adding its name to the champions and teams in football, basketball, cycling and boxing: a way to convey advertising messages and at the same time attractive brand image.
And so in Varese basketball team get to win nine league titles and three European cups, while the football team reaches the big leagues; but among the samples sponsored there are also boxers Sandro Mazzinghi, Duilio Loi, Antonio Maspes cyclists and the Spanish cyclist Miguel Poblet.
In 1969 Giovanni Borghi, in search of new liquidity, establishes an agreement with Philips, the Dutch and founds the Ire, Industrie Riunite appliances, where half of the share capital is paid by Philips. The new corporate combination, however, is less profitable than expected, thanks to the phenomenon of overproduction that significantly affects the results of budget: occurs, then, a crisis that leads to a strong debt exposure.
The Dutch share redeemed and returned one owner, chooses to bet on sale of freezers, but his attempt was blocked by internal strife to Ignis (with his closest collaborator passed to Zanussi, the main competitor, while his son Guido proves little ability from the entrepreneurial point of view). In 1972 he, given the poor financial situation, is forced to give up their shares entirely (and therefore the Ire that Ignis) to Philips.
Does not give up, however, entrepreneurship, focusing on Emerson (the company that had acquired a few years earlier) and the production of beverage vending machines.
Giovanni Borghi dies in Comerio on 25 September 1975, shortly after having turned 65.
In 2002 Mondadori published the book by Gianni Salinas "Mister Ignis", biography of villages, and in 2014 the Rai broadcasts a fiction in two episodes dedicated to him, "Mr. Ignis", directed by Luciano Manuzzi and produced by Renzo Martinelli: interpreting the entrepreneur lombardo is Lorenzo Flaherty.
Biography of Francesco Borromini
September 25, 1599
August 3, 1667
Who is Francesco Borromini?Francesco Castelli better known as Borromini, architect from the brilliant and tormented personality, was born in Bissone on Lake Lugano, on 25 September 1599.
Stonecutter at la Fabbrica del Duomo di Milano, later moved to Rome, where he participated in the St. Peter's Factory since 1619, led at the time by Carlo Maderno. Here he studied ancient works and those of Michelangelo, since large model.
Maderno's death was to aid in the construction of Gianlorenzo Bernini canopy of San Pietro (and yet is known only as "Bernini canopy"). Immediately finding himself at odds with Bernini, began its activity autonomously with the project for the Church and cloister of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane called San Carlino.
In the same year he executed the modernization of Palazzo Spada and Palazzo Falconieri. In 1637 he began the construction of the oratory and the Convento dei Padri Filippini ended only using 1649 for concave and convex surfaces alternate (which represent a typical characteristic of Borromini's architectural thought), which project outside dynamic tensions. Between 1642 and 1660 Borromini built the Church of Sant'Ivo alla Sapienza. "The Interior has a central plan formed by two intersecting equilateral triangles, and three apses and three niches alternate, creating an incentive plan that had never been used before. The same compositional balance can be found outside in the tiburium covering the dome and lantern ". (www.storiadellarte.com).
In 1646 he received from Pope Innocent X Pamphili commissioned to transform the Church of San Giovanni in Laterano. Borromini he reconciled the need for preservation of the ancient basilica, with static problems which had come to create, including pairs of columns within large pillars. In 1657 innocent X decided to exempt the architect of his duties for the disagreements created for the construction of the Church of Sant'Agnese in piazza Navona. By this time, began years of crisis that did not finish even with the creation of the College of Propaganda Fide.
Borromini there is described as a loner, impetuous, melancholic and very cranky. In life, suffered much of the rivalry with Bernini, sunnier and predisposed to human relationships, even though, in terms of career and consideration, Borromini was able still to enjoy the patronage of Pope Innocent X.
But his depressive nature, and the growing frustration that stemmed from the success of rival, in addition to a series of negative events (such as the dispute with Pope Innocent X), drove him to suicide. He was found dead in Rome on August 3, 1667, after being thrown against a sword.
Bruno Zevi wrote in "News of Borromini" (cronache e storia architecture 519, June 1999): "the case is specific and unrepeatable Borromini: is the heroic effort, almost superhuman, to an architectural revolution in a social context and unhelpful closed despite the new addresses of science. The foothold to late Antiquity, Gothic, Michelangelo was not only an attempt to legitimize the heresy under a cover of authoritative references, but also intimate, desperate, finding a partner.
Borromini can be used for all purposes, even to a modernized borrominismo service. The elements of his design approach, from light to regulators, from continuity to plastic mistilineo, curved structures at decorative selections, can be used to counter the more disarming Borromini because driven by a real passion, the desire to avenge, in any way, the failure of the 17th century. [ . . . ]
The Baroque Bernini gives the crisi a sumptuous screenplay, and spiritually the back compared to the anxieties and anguishes mannered. It is logical that both Borromini dragged contradictory impulses: If there is no other humanism, maybe we should go back to the humanism, which is impossible. Carry on Michelangelo's revolution? It seems unrealistic, but it's the only way plausible, even though it will cost defeats, falls, hypochondria, suicide.
Despite qualms, embarrass, enormous obstacles, the classical world is destroyed, place not in crisis. A new language, where each item is used in a sense diametrically opposite to the original one, that is secularized. By Borromini you pass to Wright and decostruttivisti.
Four centuries have passed since his birth. In 1999, it can be said that Borromini won. The dream pursued during five millennia, from the age of the caves, now became a reality: an architecture liberated from rules, precepts, universal laws, idols, principles, harmonic and taboos, proportional geometric constraints and stereometrici, mechanical relationships between inside and outside; an architecture of degree zero, anti-democratic, authoritarian, marked by the needs and desires of individuals and groups. This would be unthinkable without the revolutionary contribution of Borromini.
Vitaliano Brancati biography
July 24, 1907
September 25, 1954
Who is Vitaliano Brancati?Vitaliano Brancati was born in the province of Syracuse, Pachino, the July 24, 19Rosario's father is a lawyer member of the prefecture with strong literary interests. His father's work requires the family a series of transfers in Ispica, Modica, Paternò and finally, when van Rensburg has thirteen, in Catania.
The Caroline period is crucial to his literary education, so much so that Brancati is widely regarded as the writer Caroline par excellence. He enrolled at the Faculty of letters and publishes his first poems on "Il giornale", where he became editor. He graduated with a thesis on Federico De Roberto in 1929 and officially adheres to the fascist ideology.
After graduation she moved to Rome where she began to write as a journalist for "The Tiber" and, from 1933, the weekly "literary Crossroads". During this period he wrote a number of fascist-inspired dramas that then repudiates "Fedor" (1928), "Everest" (1931), represented at the Salone Margherita directed by Stefano Pirandello, son of writer Luigi Pirandello, and "Piave" (1932).
Meanwhile begins to approach writing in prose and published in 1934 "singular adventure travel", the fascist regime shall withdraw from libraries on charges of immorality. This episode is exacerbating the ongoing political crisis in Vani, which runs more and more fascist ideology until entering in open polemic with the Mussolini regime.
Back in Sicily, he won the competition for the Chair of Italian in primary schools and began his teaching career. Alternating periods of stay in Sicily with those in Rome, where he became friends with Leo Longanesi and collaborates in the "Omnibus" magazine. During the second world war by Lynn literary activity is very intense, writes "The lost years" and "Don Giovanni in Sicilia" (1941), and the comedies "The eustachian tubes" (1942), and "difficult".
The novel "Don Young in Sicily" marks the beginning of his literary Fortune: the setting is the Sicilian and the protagonists are young people obsessed with eroticism and women struggling with great adventures and travel imagery will never have the courage to undertake. To describe these characters, combines the term "gallismo". In 1943 because of continuing threats of fascists, that scare him with the threat of forced labor in the mines of Carbonia, returns to Sicily. Reaches the family that was displaced as a result of the constant bombardment.
During the theatrical performance of "The eustachian tubes" knows Anna Proclemer, who married in 1946.
In 1948 he published in serial form in the newspaper "the world" the novel "Il bell'antonio" that in 1950 he received the Premio Bagutta. The novel was a great success and tells the failure of fascist regime through the mirror of the impotence of the protagonist. The film version, dating from 1960, will be directed by Mauro Bolognini and starring Marcello Mastroianni and Claudia Cardinale. His story, "Il vecchio con gli stivali" (1944), in which he faces with bitterness the phases of fascism and anti-fascism, is based on the movie "the difficult years" (1947), directed by Luigi Zampa.
In this period also began a profitable business of screenwriting. From his screenplays are the films: "sleeping beauty" (1943) directed by Luigi Chiarini, "Silence!" (1944) by Carlo Campogalliani, "Gli anni facili" (1953) by Luigi Zampa, the man beast and virtue "(1954) by Steno, where" freedom "and" journey to Italy "by Roberto Rossellini. Despite the end of the fascist regime, his play "the governess", written for his wife Anna Proclemer and focused on the theme of female homosexuality, blocked by censorship that hinders the stagings. The incident leads him to write an essay, "return to censorship", to claim full freedom of expression of a writer.
In 1953 it separates from his wife, who was the recipient of many of his letters published in 1955 in a collection entitled "letters from a marriage."
Vitaliano Brancati died on 25 September 1954 as a result of complications of an operation performed by a thoracic surgeon, professor Dogliotti.
His last novel Paolo il caldo "remains unfinished, but equally in 1955 will be published with a preface by Alberto Moravia. From the latter novel will eventually stretch in 1973 film directed by Marco Vicario and starring Giancarlo Giannini and Ornella Muti.
Brancati's and his work, Leonardo Sciascia had said: "it is the Italian writer that best represented the two Italian comedies, fascism and the Eroticism in the relationship between them and as a reflection of a country in which respect for private life and ideas of each and all, the meaning of individual freedom, are absolutely unknown. Fascism and eroticism but are also, in our country, but Brancati tragedy talking recorded comic events and involved in comical situations with tragic. "
Michael Douglas biography
September 25, 1944
Who is Michael Douglas?Michael Kirk Douglas to century Michael Kirk Demsky, sees the light Monday, September 25, 1944 in New Brunswick, New Jersey, town in the hinterland, Middlesex County. Michael is the son of Bermudian actress Diana Dill and more renowned actor Kirk Douglas. Michael's paternal grandparents were Russian Jews immigrated from the former Soviet Union. Grandpa Herschel Danielovitch and Bryna Sanglel grandmother, originating in Gomel (Gomel or) second largest city in Belarus, after the capital Minsk. His maternal grandparents, come instead from Bermuda, where his grandfather Thomas is an army General.
In 1951 the father Kirk, said in the film career, separates from his wife. The little six year old Michael tap go to live with her mother and brother Joel, born in 1947, in Connecticut.
He attended the Allen-Stevenson; in 1960 goes Deerfield, Massachusetts and attended Eaglebrook School and graduated at the age of nineteen in 1963 at the Choate School in Wallingford, Connecticut.
Sure to have a future in the world of cinema wants to play in his father's footsteps, who initially did not see eye-to-eye. Then he moved to California, and more precisely in Santa Barbara, where he enrolled at the University. On campus makes acquaintance with Danny DeVito who becomes his roommate. He attended the University of California in 1966, which gives it a degree in dramatic arts.
After University, he decided to move to New York to pursue acting. Yet in contrast with his father Kirk Douglas who wants him involved in anything, the young actor you pay out of his own pocket the acting classes. The younger Michael is still a promising actor and Director Melville Shavelson makes debut in a role in a dramatic film starring the father himself. The title is "night fighters" and the cast includes other famous names like Frank Sinatra, John Wayne and Yul Brynner.
After years of apprenticeship, and appearances in 1969, thanks to her performance in the film "Hail, Hero!", the young actor receives the first recognition from audiences and critics that mentions the Golden Globe in the category new promises.
In the early 1970s refuses a couple of roles in important films, not wanting to be the alter-ego of the father which physically resembles very much; in 1972 Michael Douglas accepts a role as an actor starring in the police drama "the streets of San Francisco". The production entrusted him with the role of young Inspector Steve Keller who works in tandem with the more experienced detective Mike Stone played by actor Karl Malden. Is a success: the series is mentioned in many awards and has been going on for four years; in total one hundred twenty-one episodes are recorded.
Besides being a good actor, unlike his father, Michael Douglas also has an entrepreneurial spirit. With the proceeds from "the streets of San Francisco" embarks on a career as a film producer. He opened his own production studio: the "Big Stick" in 1975 Productions invests in film that wins the Oscar for best picture, "one flew over the cuckoo's nest" starring among others by Danny DeVito and a Masterful Jack Nicholson.
He married Diandra Luker, who is also a producer, on 20 March of 1977; the following year she starred in the film "deep Coma" as Dr. Mark Bellows; then comes the son Cameron Douglas.
In 1979 gets hit with her portrayal in the film "the China Syndrome" alongside Jack Lemmon and Jane Fonda. Then, because of a serious accident whilst skiing, from 1980 to 1983 he forcibly from the scene must move.
His return to the big screen is in the company of his old friend Danny DeVito. With him and actress Kathleen Turner plays in the 1984 adventure movie "Romancing the stone". The film was a moderate success, such that the following year the cast is confirmed for the production of the sequel: "the jewel of the Nile".
Two years later Michael Douglas says with a part in Close Gleenn movie "fatal attraction", which makes a sex-symbol. In the same year, directed by Oliver Stone, plays the role that consecrates the Olympus of the best actors in Hollywood; his performance in the role of Gordon Gekko in "Wall Street" movie makes him win in one fell swoop the Oscar as best supporting actor, a Golden Globe, a David di Donatello awards and other accolades.
In 1989 expands its production company, reads for a movie directed by Ridley Scott ("Black Rain") and "the war of the Roses", where he reformed the trio with Danny DeVito and Kathleen Turner: Golden Globe nomination.
The success and alcohol give you the head. Is forced to another period of forced removal from the scene to Detox. Back in 1992 when she plays another movie that leaves its mark: "Basic Instinct". Michael Douglas starred in another bombshell, Sharon Stone.
Follow years in which starred in successful films, but none of the previous level. In 1993 "A day of ordinary madness" alongside Robert Duvall.
In 1997 she starred with Sean Penn in "The Game-no rule" produces "Face/Off" as performed by John Travolta and Nicolas Cage and "the Rainmaker" with Matt Damon and Danny DeVito, directed by Francis Ford Coppola.
The 1998 is the year of the remake of "perfect crime" in the company of beautiful American actress Gwyneth Paltrow. In the summer of the same year he met at a festival in France, the actress Catherine Zeta-Jones. Michael falls in love with her.
That same year he was nominated for the Emmy because of its participation in the tv show "Will & Grace". Then he founded a non-profit organisation "Michael Douglas Foundation" which seeks various humanitarian purposes: from nuclear disarmament to the preservation of the ecosystem of the planet. As a result, Kofi Annan UN Secretary appoints "Messenger of peace".
At this time prefers to organise golf tournaments, charity and motivated to play rather than acting; in 2000 he divorces his wife and marries Catherine Zeta-Jones. From this marriage the day August 8 Dylan Michael Douglas.
He returned to acting in 2003, playing a role in the serial "Freedom-a History of Us", where she starred with Anthony Hopkins, Brad Pitt, Michael Caine, Susan Sarandon, Kevin Spacey, Tom Hanks, Glenn Close and Samuel l. Jackson. With Kirk's father, mother and son Cameron plays a role in the film "it runs in the family". On April 20 the pair Douglas/Zeta-Jones has another heir: Carys Zeta.
Reads then in various films of "cassette" ("you, me and Dupree" in 2006, "Charlie" in 2007, "ghosts of former" in 2009). In 2009 he returned to the set with Danny DeVito and Susan Sarandon to participate in the film "Solitary Man".
On August 16, 2010 is reported that Michael Douglas is suffering from throat cancer and is already making radiation therapies. On 31 August, Michael is a guest on "Late show with David Letterman where confirms the news; After about six months of chemo and radiation therapy, at the beginning of 2011, State of being healed in an interview with the NBC American.
William Faulkner biography
September 25, 1897
July 6, 1962
Who is William Faulkner?William Cuthbert Faulkner, born in reality as Falkner was born in New Albany, Mississippi, USA, 25 September 18Huge calibre writer, screenwriter and successful playwright, was winner of the Nobel Prize in literature in 1949, in which he uttered one of the most appreciated speeches in the history of the well-known international recognition.
Is known for provocative works of fiction, of great psychological impact, experimental and sometimes connected to the great English tradition of the twentieth century, especially James Joyce and Virginia Woolf. According to some, with some minor writings for truth ingenerosamente little considered, was one of the forerunners of the pulp genre, that would come much later. "The sound and the fury" is considered his masterpiece, the novel "The unvanquished", after the first and released when he had reached a certain level of credibility in writing.
Faulkner was born and raised in the South; his town is 50 km from Oxford. William is the eldest of four children, born from the Union of Murry Falkner and Maud Butler. His father was a railway stationmaster owned by the grandfather of the future writer, that John Wesley Thompson Falkner. After a few years after the birth of William, his father was appointed administrator of the company, with transfer to Ripley. The time is short but rosy and in 1902, when he loses the place, he decided to move with his family to Oxford. Grandpa sells the company and the family must fend for themselves how can Falkner. The father is interested before breeding, then becomes representative of the "Standard Oil", later working for a cotton seed oil mill, an ice factory and, finally, for a company that deals with hardware. Are difficult years, at least until they get, in 1918, a post of Secretary and university administrator.
Meanwhile training takes place in the deep South of the future writer, who owes his father the love for their land and animals. He rides a pony, given to him by the parent, he reads English and American writers, from William Shakespeare to Joseph Conrad, passing to James Joyce, Herman Melville and Mark Twain. Falls in love with his neighbor Estelle Oldham, which later will be his wife, and more importantly, see and become aware of frustrating working conditions which are still subject the former slaves, discriminated against and humiliated in more remote lands of America.
Important in its formation is the grandfather and, especially for future prose, also the great-grandfather William Clark Falkner, the "Colonel" railway company's founder and a pioneer in this sense of the 19th century United States.
In 1915, Faulkner decided to leave school to work in his grandfather's Bank. Immediately, however, he was drafted into the army at the outbreak of World War I, within the RAF, the British air force.
Back at home, he attended the courses of the University of Mississippi campus, without being registered. During this time he decided to devote himself entirely to writing, which turns out to be his passion.
In 1924 out his first work, a collection of poetry published at his own expense "the marble Faun". To survive, however, Faulkner plays different jobs, from the postman and factotum to the same University, to the painter. Also gives golf lessons.
From 1921 is in New Orleans, where he works as a journalist. He meets and befriends the writer Sherwood Anderson, who gives him a hand to find a Publisher willing to publish what will be his narrative debut, "soldiers pay", dated 19Her parents refuse to read it as outrageous.
Are some trips that the author does in Europe, particularly in Paris, where he lives near the Seine. Back home, he devoted himself to the development of a series of short stories and novels set in a hypothetical, transfiguring his Lafayette, called Yoknapatawpha. It is a narrative pretext he needs to write his best works freely, as "Saber", which was released in 1929, starring his old inspired his great-grandfather, and the famous the sound and the fury, born in the same year.
Fateful in 1929, Faulkner married Estelle Oldham's old friend, who had divorced from her first husband, deciding to make his home in Oxford their base to work from the point of view of Scripture.
Critics immediately identify in him a great talent, but sales are not exceptional. In the Decade of the 30 's sells very only his novel "Sanctuary", of 1931, which is seen as an anticipation of the pulp genre, as mentioned above.
Leave the good "as I lay dying", in 1930, "light in August" of 1932, "The unvanquished" of 1938, and the well-known "Absalom, Absalom!", dated 1936, where William Faulkner develops even a map of his fictional County. The themes are always the same, more or less, all his parable of the writer "involved", so to speak: the corruption, the clash between whites and blacks, to the universal theme of evil.
It is also a prolific author of novels and short stories, as evidenced by his collection "These 13", written in 1931, including some of his most famous stories. Anyway, "Sanctuary", considered scandalous by his own family for the Gothic environments in brothels and gambling dens of corruption, opens the doors to success.
Faulkner began to give lectures, meet fellow writers where he became man, as Dorothy Parker, John O'Hara, John Dos Passos and Frank Sullivan; do you know new and ambitious editors. Especially is noted by film producers. Starts a difficult commute between the busy Hollywood and his quiet little town of Oxford.
In May 1932 was hired by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, but resists less than a week. Later, comes the call of Howard Hawks to write the movie "heroic Rivalry".
On 24 June 1932, his first daughter, Jill. In 1935, loses his brother Dean in a plane crash, after he had received from him the concepts needed to learn to fly on his biplane, bought by his friend Vernon Omlie a few years earlier. The death of his brother, the writer throws in a period of despair, exacerbated by the use of alcohol. Nevertheless, Howard Hawks calls for other jobs, for 20th Century Fox.
In this same period, Faulkner falls in love with the personal Secretary of the producer, that Meta Carpenter, with whom Doherty undertakes a long turbulent relationship about 15 years.
Even with the novel "Unvanquished", one of his best, fame as a writer of Faulkner can make inroads in America. The author is especially appreciated in Europe, mostly in France. Until 1945 the public stars and stripes does not realize to have at home a great writer. In the late 30 's and early 40 's, the author works at the family-based trilogy "Snopes", considered but below its previous writings.
Live new economic difficulties because of the compelling world war. At Hollywood fails to work and spends his day going fishing with friend actor Clark Gable.
In 1944, a guest of his friend the writer, the film works Bezzerides "Southern Waters", based on the novel by Ernest Hemingway called "to have and have not" (1937). He later gives to do for "the big sleep", from the novel by Raymond Chandler, and the transposition of the novel "Mildred", by James m. Cain.
The revival of his work takes place since 1946 and is due to the literary critic Malcolm Cowley, which gathers all of his works in an anthology entitled "The Portable Faulkner".
After taking some classes at the University of Mississippi, in 1948 he published "Intruder in the Dust", translated as "do not search in the dust". The year after, signing some yellows, titled "Knight's Gambit", featuring the detective and lawyer Gavin Stevens.
On 10 November 1949 he was announced the Nobel Prize for literature, then delivered on 10 December. He went to Stockholm with his daughter Jill to collect the prize. Faulkner then decided to donate the money from the Nobel Prize for the creation of a Fund, whose aim is to support new talents in literature; is thus created the Faulkner.
In 1951 the comedy in three acts entitled "Requiem for a nun", consists only of large prologues and no dialogue. A year later, in falling from his horse his breeder, acquiring a back injury. Shows several small fractures and refuses always to be operated. Then accepts an honorary degree in literature from Tulane University.
In 1953 he wrote almost autobiographical essay "Mississippi"; the following year he published the allegorical novel "a fairy tale", which gets the National Book Award for fiction and the Pulitzer Prize.
There are many films that begin to be drawn from his works, when Faulkner is still alive. Among these were "the long hot summer" from Martin Ritt and "trapezoid" by Douglas Sirk. It is dated 1962 his latest book: "the looters".
William Faulkner dies at the age of 64 years on 6 July 1962 in Oxford, Mississippi, and then receive burial in St. Peter Cemetery. His old House, donated to the University, she became an accommodation for students of journalism.
Biography of Adelmo Fornaciari
September 25, 1955
Who is Adelmo Fornaciari?Adelmo Fornaciari, aka sugar, was born on September 25, 1955 in Roncocesi, farming village in the province of Reggio Emilia. His first passion is football: after the first experiences at the oratory, the young Adelmo enters Reggiana chicks as a goalkeeper. Already in elementary school the teacher calls him good-naturedly "sugar and jam".
Son of peasants, Fornaciari remain attached to his land. In Reggio Emilia began playing the guitar, with the help of an American student who attended the Faculty of veterinary medicine in Bologna. Strumming songs by the Beatles, Bob Dylan and the Rolling Stones.
In 1968 the family moved to Forte dei Marmi, Versilia. The music now flows in the veins of small Sugar so that we can already speak of love for rhythm 'n' blues. Sets up a small band called "new lights", guys like him with which to begin playing in local dance halls. Meanwhile, he attended the istituto tecnico industriale in Carrara; then he enrolled at the University in the Faculty of veterinary medicine, but did not finish his academic studies. During this period sotiene already autonomously with musician: does the tour with "Sugar & Daniel" (Daniel is the lead singer of the group while sugar plays guitar and sax) until 1978, then form the "Sugar & Candies", with whom he started to compose songs.
The love for the blues is at the base of its effort to take more "Italian" streets. The romantic atmosphere that inspires are those of Fred Bongusto, for which he writes "all about you"; then it happens that Sugar write for a young representative of the genus melodic, Michele Pecora. The latter with "Te ne vai" gets a big summer hit and sugar is to blow open the road as a professional author.
It's the 1981 when Gianni Ravera, impressed by the timbre of her voice, pushes Sugar to face the Castrocaro Festival as an interpreter. Vince, sugar gets a contract with Polygram, and the following year he participated in the Sanremo Festival. The result is not exciting, as well as the successive participations are not great results in the competition. However his "Women" (Sanremo Festival of 1985) is often taken as an example of song ignored the event, but able to find a deserved place among the most beautiful Italian songs ever.
In 1983 he recorded his first album called "sugar". On the day of Christmas eve of the same year was born Irene, the daughter who will follow his father's footsteps, taking his career as a musical artist. It's in 1985 that his artistic career takes flight: after proposing (with the Randy Jackson Band) in Sanremo the aforementioned "Women" the album "Sugar & Randy Jackson Band" that gives him credibility and success. From now on the rise and success of sugar will never breaks.
In 1986 released the album "respect"; with Gino Paoli collaborates with Sugar composed "Come il sole all'improvviso" and writes the lyrics for "with the hands"; "Senza una donna" will be engraved in English in 1991 with Paul Young and reach fourth place in the English standings.
During a vacation for the new year of 1990, along with Dodi Battaglia, Fio Zanotti, Maurizio Vandelli, Michele torpedo and Umbi Maggi, formed the band "the Sorapis" riotous training however convincing. With "the Sorapis" released the album "Waltz of a Blues" (1993), recorded in one week at home of bassist.
The success of sugar is confirmed in 1989 with the album "Oro incenso e birra", which became the best-selling album of Italian history (before quitting had already almost one million bookings). Among the tracks included are "Diavolo in me" and the lovely "diamond" (text by Francesco De Gregori), dedicated to the singer's grandmother, called their diamond.
Starting from this period will be numerous collaborations with international artists, including Paul Young, Joe Cocker, Luciano Pavarotti (with maestro interprets the song "Miserere", included in the album of 1992), Fernando Olvera, Eric Clapton, Stevie Ray Vaughan.
In 1992 Zucchero is the Italy (the only Italian artist to be invited) to "Freddie Mercury Tribute" concert dedicated to the memory of the lead singer of Queen who died prematurely due to Aids: in this context starts the musical collaboration and friendship that bind sugar with guitarist Brian May and drummer Roger Taylor.
Two years later, is the only Italian to attend the concert "Woodstock 1994".
Among the other great success of the Emilian artist include "X colpa di chi?" (included in the album "divine spirit", 1995), "Così celeste" (together with Cheb Mami) and "Il grande baboomba" which won Festivalbar 2004.
He also had great success working with the Mexican Group Maná. With these, among other things, he sang "Baila Morena" and participated in the album "Revolución de amor" singing with the song Maná "Eres mi religión".
The album "Zu & co." (2004) duets with some great music: in the United States reaches the 200,000 copies sold, thanks to local distribution chain Starbucks. The success of u.s. Sugar will speak the "Wall Street Journal Europe" and the "Los Angeles Times".
In 2006 the album "Fly", which is a change from the previous releases, with a more pop, many ballads, and collaborations with artists such as Ivano Fossati and Jovanotti.
In 2007 "All the Best" that includes the single "Wonderful Life" (cover of a song by the success of the 1987 Black English), launched worldwide. The 2010 instead, "Loca", released worldwide in early November; the term "Loca" was used by Sugar during childhood, when he used to ask his father if there was dessert.
Elio Germano biography
September 25, 1980
Who is Elio Germano?Elio Germano was born 25 September 1980 in Rome, the son of a family of Molise (originally by Duronia). In 1988 she appeared in a television commercial of Pandoro trunks, while cinema debuted in 1992, protagonist of the comedy by Castellano e Pipolo "broke", alongside Adriano.
Enrolled at the high school for three years, takes part in a theater course directed by Christian Casado and Isabella Del Bianco in acting school "Action Theater". In 1995 she starred in a tv commercial of Kinder Bueno, while two years later he founded the Bestierare, a rap group.
In 1999 she took part in the tv movie "honey" Croissants, Sergio Martino, and while on tour with Giancarlo Cobelli decides to leave the stage to star in "Il cielo in una stanza", film by Carlo Vanzina with Maurizio Mattioli: from that moment on, his film career was enriched by works.
The years 2000
In 2001 is directed by Ettore Scola in "unfair competition", alongside Sergio Castellitto and Diego Abatantuono, while the following year working with Ivano De Matteo in "late stage" with Emanuele Crialese in "breath". Having been part of the cast of "Liberi" by Gianluca Maria Tavarelli,, and "now or never", by Lucio Pellegrini, Silvio Muccino in Giovanni Veronesi's film "what will become of us".
In 2005 Elio Germano is behind the camera Gabriele Salvatores, no less, "Quo vadis, baby?", and Dario Argento, "do you like Hitchcock?", but also participates in most niche as "call me" Salome, Claudio Sestieri, and "blood-death does not exist", by Libero De Rienzo.
Used to working with renowned directors, appearing in "Mary," by Abel Ferrara, and in "crime novel" by Michele Placido, as well as in the disappointing "Melissa p.", by Luca Guadagnino, inspired by the life of writer Melissa Panarello. After "Pavilion 22", by Livio Bordone, is dedicated to "N (Io e Napoleone)", by Paolo Virzì, and "my brother is an only child" by Daniele Luchetti, where it teamed up with Riccardo Scamarcio and which earned him a David di Donatello for best actor and a Ciak d'Oro.
Is the 2007, when makes a splash even a nude scene in the movie "Nessuna qualità agli eroi", by Paolo Franchi. Back to acting for Paolo Virzì in "Tutta la vita davanti", together with Isabella Ragonese, while in the film by Francesco Patierno "Il mattino ha l'oro in bocca" plays Marco Baldini, radio host and author of the book "the player (each bet is debt)" which is based on the film.
"The past is a foreign country", by Daniele Vicari, precedes "Come Dio comanda, Gabriele Salvatores's", and "the beautiful people", by Ivano De Matteo: the latter film, which also sees the participation of Antonio Catania, Italy has a very troubled, failing to find a Distributor.
The years 2010
After appearing in "Nine," Rob Marshall's in 2010 Elio Germano wins the prize for the best male interpretation of the 63rd Cannes Film Festival with "our life", film by Daniele Luchetti with Stefania Montorsi and Raoul Bova: before him, the last Italian to obtain such recognition was, in 1987, Marcello Mastroianni for Oci ciornie "".
Become one of the most popular actors of Italian cinema, "says the end is my beginning", by Jo Baier (where lends face to the son of the journalist Tiziano Terzani, Folco), and "rain", by Blaise. In 2012 is one of the stars of "Diaz-don't clean up this blood," by Daniele Vicari, inspired to violence by police during the G8 in Genoa in 2001, and "presence", directed by Ferzan Ozpetek, next to Margherita Buy: with the role played in the film by Director italo-Turkish, Germano you see assign the Golden Globe as best actor the Ciak d'Oro and a nomination for the Silver Ribbon.
Along with Valerio Mastandrea, then, is the co-star of "hosts", Edoardo Gabbriellini, which also sees the participation of Gianni Morandi. In 2013 is the main interpreter of "wagon wheel", by Giovanni Veronesi comedy with Maurizio Battista, Alessandra Mastronardi and Ricky Memphis: the role won him a nomination for the Silver Ribbon as best actor. The following year, however, arrived at the Venice Film Festival with "the young", feature film by Mario Martone where plays the role no less than of Giacomo Leopardi.
Glenn Gould biography
September 25, 1932
October 4, 1982
Who is Glenn Gould?Glenn Gould, Canadian pianist from multifaceted personality, great performer in particular Bach compositions (of which he has left us an unparalleled wealth of recordings), and controversial character become the channel of mythologizing, disappeared just fifty years in 1982, after revolutionizing the approach to his instrument.
This pianist appeared beginning in the sign of a radical newness, that disconcerted many and fomented fierce oppositions (also powered by its spectacular eccentricities, particularly dramatically playing) until his genius was not fully recognized, to the point of becoming a real cult object and a model of life, as well as create neologisms as "Gouldian" or "gouldismo".
From the engravings of Gould not only shows an astonishing and new conception of sound plans of the instrument but also an absolute perfection of sound, tended to "imitate", through use of the Luciferian "staccato", the typical clavicembalistica keyboard. A perfection that the nature of the instrument itself, to investigate how the rib x-ray the same musical idea.
As well as a pianist, Glenn Gould was "one way" of thinking about music. What he has said and written by Bach or Schoenberg, Richard Strauss or Beethoven, Mozart or Boulez, sometimes edgy but always such an obliging acumen to challenge from time to time acquired beliefs.
Born in Toronto on September 25, 1932 by Russell Herbert and Florence Greig, Glenn Herbert Gould studied piano with his mother up to ten years, then theory with Leo Smith, organ with Frederick Silvester and then piano with Alberto Guerrero, principal teacher of the Toronto Conservatory of music (now the Royal Conservatory of Music), where the young student reports the highest votes ever achieved in Canada.
After a series of Debuts as an organist and as a soloist with orchestra, holds her first piano recital at the Auditorium "Eaton" by Toronto on October 20, 1947, then give a series of concerts for radio and television (very important events in the light of his subsequent decision to withdraw from the scene to communicate to the world only through recordings and video appearances).
The January 2, 1955 New York debut at Town Hall, and the following day, signing an exclusive contract with Columbia Records, whose observers were struck by his performances. Of 1956 is in fact his first recording of the "Goldberg Variations" by Bach, a monumental sheet music consists of an air and thirty-two variations that constitute the business card of Gould's genius for the future, as well as his most famous and most cited.
Just a year after another musical genius, Leonard Bernstein, with whom he debuted at Carnegie Hall in New York with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra in Concerto No. 2 for piano and orchestra of Ludwig van Beethoven. From this moment on his career Gould concert will proceed smoothly, even though the pianist immediately develops a deep hatred toward this lifestyle, made continuous travel and late nights spent in hotels. But that's not all: the well-known gouldiana idiosyncrasy towards the establishment of the "concerto form", rests on sophisticated sociological-historical analysis, fundamental considerations as about the role of technology in our lives; the technique allows the listener to have an active role in the process of listening, allowing the user to build by itself the sound event. In short, the technology is for the extraordinary means Gould establish a new and more active relationship between "artist" and "public" (note that the pianist detested both terms for the hierarchical implications that contain).
Repeatedly clarified concepts in its sharp, hilarious and sometimes disturbing interviews. In one of them we find written "technology should not, in my opinion, be treated as something neutral, like a sort of passive voyeur; his ability to "skinning", and especially of idealizing an impression given should be exploited [...] I have faith in the "intrusion" of technology because, in essence, such intrusion forces the art a moral dimension that transcends the idea of art itself. "
Gould gives up so the concert career only thirty-two years later, in 1964, to take refuge in an unspecified Canadian Hermitage (probably a Residence), and to devote himself exclusively to the disks and the recording of tv and radio shows in great quantity.
His life seemed to be marked by an increasingly extreme physical isolation, a loneliness that the artist believed necessary not only to create but also to live.
Glenn Gould died of a stroke on October 4, 1982, leaving a priceless heritage of recordings and writings, as well as a huge void of intelligence, sensitivity and human purity.
Thomas Bernhard, one of the greatest contemporary writers of German language, a year after death made it the "absent" protagonist of his novel "the loser", history of the drama not to be Glenn Gould. What Gould represents in the novel is in fact perfection; and the perfection of its implementation of the "Goldberg Variations" (Bach), one of the high points of the interpretation of all time, generally, though wrongly, still bind.
-Jonathan Cott, conversations with Glenn Gould-new edition (EDT, 2009)
-Glenn Gould-No, I'm not an eccentric. Interviews and installation by Bruno Monsaingeon (EDT)
-Glenn Gould-smart turbines wing, writings on music (Adelphi)
-Glenn Gould-Letters (Rosellina Archinto)
-Michael Stegemann, Glenn Gould-Leben und Werk (Piper).
-Thomas Bernhard-loser (Adelphi)
-Bach: Italian Concerto, Matches, Tap
-Bach: The art of Fugue, Handel: harpsichord Suites Nos. 1-4
-Bach: concertos for piano and orchestra-(Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 1)
-Bach: Goldberg Variations 1955-(Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 1)
-Bach: inventions for two and three voices-(Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 2)
-Bach: Partitas BWV 825-830, small preludes, Piccole-leaks (Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 4)
-Bach: the well-tempered Clavier, book I (Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 4)
-Bach: the well-tempered Clavier, book II-(Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 4)
-Bach: English Suites, BWV 806-811-(Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 6)
-Bach: French Suites, BWV 812-817, Overture in the French style-(Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 6)
-Bach: Toccatas-(Glenn Gould Editiion vol. 5)
-Bach: sonatas for violin and harpsichord sonatas for viola da gamba and clav. (Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 6)
-Bach: variations Goldberg (1981, digital Version)-(Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 2)
-Beethoven: piano sonatas, Vol. I, nn. 1-3, 5-10, 12-14-(Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 5)
-Beethoven: piano sonatas, Vol. II, nn. 15-18, 23, 30-32-(Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 5)
-Beethoven: piano sonatas, Nos. 24 and 29-(Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 3)
-Beethoven: the last three piano sonatas
-Beethoven: 32 variations on the theme of "heroic" Woo 80, 6 Variations, op. 34, Bagatelle. 33 and 126-(Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 1)
-Beethoven: piano concertos, Nos. 1-5-(Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 1)
-Beethoven: Piano Concerto No. 5; Strauss: Burlesque
-Byrd, Gibbons, Sweelinck: Consort Of Musicke-(Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 3)
-Wagner: transcriptions for piano, Siegfried Idyll (Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 5)
-Grieg: Sonata op. 7; Bizet: Premier Nocturne, Variations Chromatiques; Sibelius: Three Sonatinas op. 67, 3 Lyric pieces, op. 41 (Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 1)
-Strauss: Ophelia Lieder, op. 67; Enoch Arden op. 38, Sonata for piano op. 5, 5 pieces for piano op. 3-(Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 1)
-Berg/Krenek: Sonatas; Webern: variations for piano; Debussy: Rhapsody No. 1 for clarinet and piano; Ravel: La Valse-(Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 7)
-Schoenberg: piano pieces, Concerto for piano and orchestra, fantasy, Ode to Napoleon Bonaparte, Pierrot Lunaire-(Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 6)
-Schönberg: Lieder-(Glenn Gould Edition Vol. 7)
Note: all records are published by Sony Classical
Biography of Michael Madsen
September 25, 1953
Who is Michael Madsen?Tarantino, of course, is the classic Director who likes to have fetish actors, who loves faces and on which many of the crop delivered roles from his fertile imagination. Uma Thurman is one of them but another name you can safely say is what the tenebrous Michael Madsen.
Shy, reserved, little worldliness and lover of the limelight, Madsen was born in Chicago on September 25, 1959 and as a young man was so far from thinking they can appear on the set that he worked as a gas station for a long time. However, brother of actress Virginia Madsen breathed cinema since an early age. Normal then that the world exercised about the attraction of a magnet. Therefore one day leave his post temporarily and serves for an audition.
His first serious test as an actor does with Chicago's Steppenwolf Theatre, where he was able to work alongside John Malkovich. Then, in small steps, you crop more important roles in film: the first was in 1983 in "Wargames". After moving to Los Angeles, started its chain of tv and film appearances, which include especially "Special Bulletin" and "the best" (1984, with Robert Redford, Robert Duvall, and Glenn Close).
Madsen earns credibility, its name becomes more reliable and effective in the role that should be interpreted. Don't miss a beat: in addition to participating in the 1991 film The Doors "biography" (Oliver Stone, with Val Kilmer and Meg Ryan) appears in that masterpiece of "Thelma & Louise (Ridley Scott, with Susan Sarandon and Geena Davis), then hit the general public for his performance as a psychotic killer in John Dahl's film" Kill me again ".
It is this film that caught the eye of Quentin Tarantino, struggling with the script for his first feature film "Le Iene" (with Harvey Keitel and Tim Roth). A debut that has become a cult classic and a test, that of Michael Madsen, acclaimed by critics and audiences, which reinforces its reputation as the perfect interpreter of murderers splattered, risking to trap him in a role that is too tight.
There is no doubt that part of the "bad" fits like a glove. He's a criminal in "The Getaway" and is the no-good Sonny Black in "Donnie Brasco" (alongside a great Al Pacino and Johnny Depp).
In the following years accepts more diversified roles, showing the degree of eclecticism of which it is capable. It's loving father in "Free Willy", seasoned killer of aliens in "Species" or the CIA agent in "007-death can wait". But Tarantino is its lighthouse, the man who knows how to best enhance it. An easy assertion check thanks to his return to the side of the Italian-American Director in two volumes (2003, 2004) that compose his masterpiece "Kill Bill".
Later films include "Sin City" (2005), "Bloodrayne" (2005), "Hell Ride" (2008) and "Sin City 2" (2009).
Biography of Silvana Pampanini
September 25, 1925
Who is Silvana Pampanini?"Romana de Rome", so you define Silvana Pampanini, first Italian film diva to be known all over the globe, from India to Japan, by the United States to Egypt, as well as in old Europe. Silvana Pampanini was born in the capital city on September 25, 19After graduate studies he attended the Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia where he studied singing and piano; grandson of the celebrated Rosetta Pampanini soprano, Silvana will not follow in the footsteps of her aunt, who will retire from the scene just in time when Silvana will start to calcarle.
In 1946 his singing teacher sends a photo of beautiful to Sivana selected for the contest Miss Italy; the event takes place in Stresa in September. Silvana comes second behind Rossana Martini, but the "great acclaim" the public that expressed his dissent against the jury will ensure that both Miss Italy Pampanini ex aequo.
The controversy on radio and newspapers, which follow each other, so that the bangs his popularity. A few months after he began to interpret the films his attractive presence. Its generous forms represent a model for the subsequent rise of two other Italian stars, you will in the world, such as Sophia Loren and Gina Lollobrigida.
His father Francesco, head printer for the Rome newspaper "evening Time" and amateur boxer from substantial tonnage, at the beginning of his career osetggiare search of showing daughter. In short the Silvana's success will make him his personal agent. In the early 50 's, Silvana Pampanini, Italian actress more paid and request.
Literally deluged with job offers, will turn up to eight films a year.
Free from family commitments in recent years to travel around the world, attending to major international festivals as a symbol and Ambassador of Italian cinema. The countries where more stops are Egypt, Spain, France-here is known as Nini, Pampan initially by Le Figaro-and Mexico. At the height of his career (in the mid-' 50) can afford to refuse offers from Hollywood.
Among his most famous films include: "Ok Nero", her first international hit, "" Quo vadis "," Bellezze in bicicletta "(1951) in which he sings the song," President "(1952, by Pietro Germi)," La bella di Roma "(1955), Luigi Comencini, comedy" Racconti romani "(1955) taken from a book by Alberto Moravia," the road a year long "by Giuseppe de Santis (Yugoslav production , ignored in Italy, the film was nominated for an Oscar as best foreign language film in 1959). In 1964 is directed by Dino Risi in "the Gaucho".
On television works with all major names and faces Italians as Walter Chiari, Peppino De Filippo, Marcello Mastroianni, Nino Manfredi, Vittorio Gassman, Renato Rascel, Alberto Sordi, Ugo Tognazzi, Vittorio De Sica, Vallone, Taranto, Totò, Fabrizi, Dabi, Aroldo Tieri and many more.
Known for its strong and exuberant character that made it even more sensual, never to fall into the vulgar sena, today would be considered a "sex-bomb", the first in that category in those years will be defined as "increased".
In work as well as in private life, will not find a partner to settle a lasting bond. Instead he repeatedly clashing in court with the producers, in particular with the mighty Morris Ebrahimi. Ebrahimi is one of many suitors-the actress will declare "I had more suitors than headaches"-initially, then dismissed that deluded attempts to retrieve the funds for her in furs and jewelry squandered: loses the court case but for years will do everything to ruin his career to Pampanini and eventually succeed. From 1956 Italian film don't offers more starring roles: rich and at the same time, unmotivated turns increasingly sporadic film working mostly in radio and television.
Among his suitors there were also heads of State such as Jimenez, Venezuelan President and Fidel Castro.
In the mid-60 's, decides to leave the cinema to assist parents will live alongside sick: relatives until their death.
In 1970 the Rai plays a theatrical, Flaubert's rare television work of prose. In 1983 appeared in "Il tassinaro (1983) by Alberto Sordi as herself.
In the fall of 2002, at 77 years, back on tv in Sunday, in which he dances, sings and shows legs.
Although long resident in Monaco-as is easy to understand to enjoy tax benefits-in 2003 was appointed Grande ufficiale dell'ordine al merito della Repubblica Italiana.
In 2004 published a biography entitled "Outrageously good".
Biography of Pope Clement VII
May 26, 1478
September 25, 1534
Who is Pope Clement VII?Giulio de ' Medici, later Pope Clement VII, was born in Florence on May 26, 14He is the son of Giuliano de ' Medici, brother of Lorenzo il Magnifico and victim of the Pazzi conspiracy stabbed died while his brother managed to escape the attack and to retaliate by killing most of the Pazzi family.
Julius is an illegitimate son of Giuliano that before his death, making him recognize enter in all respects in the great Medici family. Lorenzo decides to entrust the child to Antonio Sangallo and later taking it permanently with him. At the age of seven starts to ecclesiastical studies by reaching out with Ferdinand of Aragon to grant to Giulio Capua Priory of the Order of St. John.
In 1495, due to a popular uprising physicians are driven out of Florence and Julius, after a journey that forced him to stay in Bologna, Pitigliano and Città di Castello, arrives in Rome under the protection of his cousin John, already Cardinal. In March of 1513, the cousin is elected Pope Leo X and the ecclesiastical career of Giulio de ' Medici undergoes a major improvement; is appointed Archbishop of Florence. It's the first step because it granted the Cardinals CAP, which takes place in September 1513.
Only 35 years, Giulio de ' Medici becomes Cardinal after a pantry and some papal documents have legitimized the birth. He now faces a long rise in the ecclesiastic career. Its most important task is to settle the diplomatic relations between England and the Vatican. In 1517 he was appointed Vice-Chancellor of the Church of Rome and its main task becomes to counter the Lutheran reformation and to strengthen relations between Rome and the new emperor Charles V.
In 1521, his cousin dies and Pope Adrian VI salt. The relationship with the new Pope is good and Julius manages to continue his diplomatic activity that brings the first major success in 1523, when the papacy ratifies the agreement of Alliance with the Empire. In the same year, Adrian VI dies and Giulio de ' Medici was elected Pope as Clement VII. Expect a very intense Papacy, especially because of international problems.
Already the conclave for his election shows, despite the difficult support of the emperor. Clement VII faces two issues: the relationship between the Emperor and the King of France for the balance of Europe, and Italy's independence and consequences of the Reformation Lutheran Church, which is becoming increasingly popular. The war between the Emperor and France forces the Pope to perform a difficult mediation.
When Charles V King Francis I stop him, capturing him after the battle of Pavia on February 24, 1525, the Pope is forced to try to dampen the tone of conflict and create a force opposite to that of the Emperor, founding the French, Venetians, the Florentines and the Duke of Milan, the "League of Cognac".
The Emperor does not like the move and, after defeating the Turks, accused the Pope of being the cause of a wrong war having confirmed the clash between the Empire and the latter for religious issues. The Emperor's revenge takes place in two different times: first Cardinal Colonna sent to besiege the Vatican, forcing Pope Clement VII to come to terms. Charles of Bourbon does not accept the surrender of the Pope and decide to fold himself Rome to seize much of Italy.
During the siege of the eternal city, the Bourbon is killed; the city is sacked by imperial soldiers and also by mercenaries. It is the 1527 and takes the sack of Rome. The mortification capital of Christianity many upsets, including the emperor himself that the condemnation, despite being one of the causes.
Pope Clement VII capitulates and pays a price in money. Europe reveals his inability to Government and military administration. On December 16 you retire in Orvieto unable to fulfil the obligations imposed by the peace.
Charles V asks forgiveness from the Pope and with the peace of Barcelona of 1529 are restored good relations between the two. Clement VII also gets that Florence is liberated by the Republicans and they are put back in charge of the city. The Pope restores a precarious equilibrium relationship between France and the Empire, dedicating himself, with the help of Charles V, the sensitive issue of the Lutheran reformation that had taken root very deep.
Clement VII is a cultured man and lover of the arts; its activity is not limited to international politics and domestic issues in his State and Italy, but also of patronage. In 1528 also endorses the establishment of the Capuchin order.
After eleven years of intense and difficult pontificate, Pope Clement VII died in Rome on September 25, 1534, in 56 years, after eating a deadly mushroom, amanita phalloides. He is buried in Santa Maria sopra Minerva, in the mausoleum designed by his "second father," Antonio Sangallo.
Biography of Sandro Pertini
September 25, 1896
February 24, 1990
Who is Sandro Pertini?With the largest majority ever recorded in a vote (832 votes out of 995), Sandro Pertini became President of the Italian Republic on July 9, 1978 and remains head of State until June 23, 19Sandro Pertini is remembered in the history of Italy not only for high office held for a number of years, but also because of its firm belief in the principles of liberty, democracy and respect of the people who took him in his youth to be staunch opponent of fascism.
Such opposition will for him several years of imprisonment as well as several beatings, and exile in France in 19Are worthy of note in this Italian "doc", stubbornness and willingness to persevere in his convictions, to the death if necessary.
Alessandro Pertini was born in Stella (Savona) on September 25, 1896, the family is wealthy, since the father is landowner, has 4 brothers: Luigi, Mario, Joseph and Mary, the latter disappears tragically on April 25, 1954 in Flossenburg prison. After attending Salesian College in Varazze, Sandro Pertini studied at the liceo Chiabrera of Savona, and became a contributor to "social criticism" of Filippo Turati, which surely contributes to the environment and closer to socialist ideology.
He obtained a first degree in law from the University of Genoa and another in political science in 1924 in Florence (where he is a guest of his brother) the year in which it comes in contact with the environments linked to Gaetano Salvemini and democratic and socialist interventionism. His political activism began in 1918 with PSI membership. Between the two qualifications acquired, Sandro Pertini lives the tragic experience of the first world war following the outbreak which, in 1917, was recalled and posted on the Isonzo front and the Bainsizza; its role is to second lieutenant. He is also distinguished by a particularly courageous action during the assault on monte Jelenik and is proposed for the silver medal for military value.
In 1922 he joined the Italy fascism with the March on Rome and the young lawyer Sandro Pertini became the target of violence Squad, but it is the murder of Matteotti who does take the field permanently, stubborn and determined: rockhard years sentences, beatings and exile.
On May 22, 1925 Sandro Pertini was arrested, and on 3 June sentenced to 8 months ' imprisonment (in addition to the payment of a fine) for various offences including that of clandestine press. He has, in fact, the clandestine sheet distributed "Under the fascist domain" in which claims the authorship of some anti-fascists and identifies the responsibilities of the monarchy in continuation of the fascist regime. The heaviest violence by anti-Fascist forces is that of 1926 which Sandro Pertini hospital patient ends up hurt so bad. In December of the same year, is sentenced to confinement for 5 years following the proclamation of the outstanding anti-fascist laws.
From this moment onwards Pertini comes into contact with others who have been involved in the history of Italy in those years: Filippo Turati and Antonio Gramsci, Giuseppe Saragat and Leo Valiani and Luigi Longo (with the latter two will organize in April 1945, the insurrection in Milan).
Given the spot and underground, is dedicated to organize the escape of Filippo Turati, leader of the reformist Socialists. Will accompany the latter in Corsica, while the other protagonists of the company Ferruccio Parri and Carlo Rosselli, are intercepted on the way back to Italy, caught and processed in Savona on September 14, 1927 finally sentenced to 10 months in prison. Turati and Pertini also are doomed, but in absentia.
Among the important actions of Sandro Pertini in exile we remember in 1928 for the establishment of a radio transmitter in Eze (near nice), with which it can perform its propaganda action against fascism. Intolerant of exile life he soon organized the return to Italy he does with a false passport: is captured on April 14, 1929, after only 20 days of freedom at home. Sentenced to 10 years and 9 months imprisonment on November 30 of the same year, begins the tough prison where he becomes sick.
In 1930 he was transferred to the House of chronically ill by Turi where he meets another leader of anti-fascism: Antonio Gramsci. Two years later moved to the sanatorium of Pianosa and its serious health conditions cause the mother to seek clemency for him. Sandro Pertini refuses the application and replies in harsh tones to the mother with a fracture occurs.
Pertini regains freedom only in August 1943 (after 14 years), after living in the confines of Ponza (1935), Tremors (1939) first and then to Ventotene. The years of the second world war see Sandro Pertini always active on the political scene, due to its participation in the Constitution of the Socialist Party, which has until October 1943 (Sandro will become responsible for organising military), when arrested by nazi-fascists with Giuseppe Saragat.
Here risking his life because is sentenced to death but was freed due to an action of the January 24, 1944 partisans; is among the partisans who met his future wife Carla Voltolina, who then operated as partisan relay. Subsequent years will be devoted to party organization particularly in Northern Italy and the return to Rome in July 1944, after the liberation of allied capital.
Leading member of the Socialist Party, he became Secretary in 1945, he was elected to the constituent Assembly and then Deputy, will be Director of "next" in the years 1945-19In 1968 he was elected President of the Chamber of Deputies, and became President of the Republic in 19Authoritative and uncompromising man, no head of State or Italian politician has known abroad a popularity similar to the one he bought, thanks to attitudes of openness and honesty in its exceptional diplomatic meetings. Sandro Pertini also manages, in the long years in which the President of the Republic, is turning into the Italians trust in institutions and to put in place an open denunciation of organized crime and terrorism (will define the activities of the Mafia as "nefarious activities against humanity").
One of his best-known images and remember is when, smiling and cheering him on from the stands, celebrates the victory of the Italian national football team at the World Championships in Spain 19Sandro Pertini goes out on 24 February 1990 at the age of 94 years.
Erich Maria Remarque biography
June 22, 1898
September 25, 1970
Who is Erich Maria Remarque?Erich Paul Remark was born in 1898 in the German region of Westphalia from a family of French origin; Mindful of these roots, and in tribute to Mother Mary, will sign his works under the name of Erich Maria Remarque.
Lived in dignified conditions thanks to the work of his father, ligator after attending schooling in 1915 enters the Catholic seminary in Osnarbruch. In 1916 he was forced to interrupt his studies because he was called to do his military service.
The following year he designed the French Northwest front at Verdun, where he lives at the forefront of one of the most bitter fighting of World War I, the battle of Flanders ", one of the most terrible fighting in the first world war. During the course of this war Remarque will hit by severe depression caused by military life, with consequences that you ripercossero about his character until his death; It was precisely this kind of inner wounds that encouraged him to write.
Remarque began writing in the late twenties, while living, like many others of his generation, in precarious conditions typical of veterans. This climate of hardship and loss, which affects men of his time deeply marked by the experience of war, describes "The way back" (1931), a continuation of his masterpiece "nothing new on the Western Front" (1927)-diary, which reconstructs the life in the trenches of a group of young German students and representing a dramatic account of the first world war.
Written in a direct and understated, Remarque's novel was not sentimental but even insensitive: simply aspired objectivity: "neither an indictment nor a confession", in the words of the preamble, but the Chronicle of a generation, "which-although grenades escaped-was destroyed by war." A non-neutral point of view, that those who had struck a heroic vision of 1914-The condemnation of the war is radical, loving the anal about scary material and spiritual destruction that operates.
The manuscript of the 1927 must wait two years to find a Publisher. The resistance to the publication of a novel of war of this kind, which I proposed a heroic vision of conflict, were very strong. Subsequently, the pacifists praised this work, but the National Socialists and the Conservatives accused Remarque of defeatism and UN-patriotism, an attitude that the writer involved in the persecution against that kind of branded art by the Nazis as "degenerate".
When in Berlin in 1930 is projected the film version, made in the USA, you rekindle riots and censorship prohibiting intervenes vision in Germany. The novel owes much to the making of the film, that will allow large-scale dissemination in emerging media companies.
To Hitler's rise to power, Remarque was fortunately in Switzerland: in 1938 he was deprived of German citizenship. The writer suffers from the condition of exiled but later moved to America, continues his work of writer and witness against the war. Back then still in Switzerland, he died in Locarno on September 25, 1970.
Subsequent novels are inspired by solidarity and peace and ideals have inspired many genre films.
The most important books of Erich Maria Remarque
"All quiet on the Western Front (Im Westen nichts Neues, 1927)
"Three comrades" (Drei Kameraden, 1938)
"Love your neighbor" (Liebe deinen Nächsten, 1941)
"Arc de Triomphe" (Arc de Trimphe, 1947)
"Time to live, a time to die" (Zeit zu leben und Zeit zu sterben, 1954)
"The night" (Die Nacht von Lissabon, 1963)
"Shadows in Paradise" (Schatten im Paradies, 1971)
Biography of Carlos Ruiz Zafón
September 25, 1964
Who is Carlos Ruiz Zafon?The writer Carlos Ruiz Zafón was born in Barcelona (Spain) on September 25, 1964.
After completing his studies at a Jesuit College in his hometown, Zafón's career began in advertising, becoming Creative Director of a major agency.
Meanwhile, writes a novel for young people entitled "El Príncipe de la Niebla" (the Prince of mist), which was published in 19The novel won him the award now Edebé (children's literature), which pushes Zafón to continue on the path of literature. Having been separated from his wife, leaves the job of Publisher to move to the USA, in Los Angeles, California, where he resides since 19Here he began to work for Hollywood writing screenplays for movies.
His later books are entitled "El Palacio de la Noche", "Las luces de Septiembre" (these two along with his debut work constitutes "Trilogía de la Niebla"-The mist trilogy) and "Marina".
In 2001 it published his first novel for adults: the title is "La Sombra del Viento (the shadow of the wind). The book comes out quietly in Spain, then through word of mouth readers enthusiasts, the work reaches the Summit of Spanish and European literary rankings, becoming de facto a real literary phenomenon. More than eight million copies sold worldwide: hailed as one of the great literary revelations of recent years, the book is being translated into more than 40 languages, obtaining numerous prizes internationally. At the end of 2003, comes to its 29th edition. In 2004 is published in Italy by Mondadori, which will lead to the reissue number 38 for 2011.
Carlos Ruiz Zafón regularly collaborates with the cultural pages of the newspapers "El País" and "La Vanguardia".
On April 17, 2008 comes out for the Spanish Publisher Planeta his second novel "El Juego del Ángel (Angel's game); the initial Edition of this work is the highest ever for a first edition. A few months later, on October 25, 2008, released by Mondadori version translated into Italian, which quickly climb the charts. At the end of February 2012 comes out "the prisoner of heaven", a new (third) tetralogy novel Gothic Barcelona.
Biography of Delia Scala
September 25, 1929
January 15, 2004
Who is Delia Scala?Born in Bracciano (Rome) on September 25, 1929, Delia's real name was Odette Bedogni Scale.
In 8 years he enrolled in the Ballet School of La Scala who attends for 7 years, appearing in several Ballets including "the shop" and Rossini's "La bella addormentata nel bosco" of Ciakovski; He began working in cinema with the stage name Delia Scala after the war.
Thanks to his rakish smile and face SOAP and water like a good girl, in 1950 the Director Luigi Zampa note and entrusted a part in the film "difficult years. With its vibrant body and edgy, very different and more modern than that of increased then in vogue, in ten years, Delia Scala will appear in more than thirty films including "dog's life", "Rome," "11 Hours", "public opinion", and "sons" and "Cameriera bella presenza".
In 1954 he made his debut in the Revue with Carlo Dapporto in "Jupiter in double-breasted", followed by other plays and musicals by Garinei and Giovannini, as "Goodnight Bettina" (1956), "the lovely" (1957), "My fair lady" (1964), "Rinaldo" (1966).
The 1956 was the year in which Delia Scala arrived on tv screens as the protagonist along with Nino Taranto in variety "his and hers".
In the years 1959 and 1960 has together with Nino Manfredi and Paolo Panelli a memorable Edition of Canzonissima "directed by Antonello Falqui, while in 1968 is the protagonist of the story, Delia Scala.
In the 70 's with Lando Buzzanca forms the famous pair of "Mr. and Mrs.": light and ironic Delia Scala interprets a she, he was the young Buzzanca.
Delia Scala is considered the progenitor of the soubrette role that in the history of Italian television will be a model for all subsequent operations, by Raffaella Carrà, Mina, until Lorella Cuccarini.
Delia Scala, ill with breast cancer, made many years ago, in times of breast surgery, radical had heavy drug treatments and never recovered. When in 2001 he died of liver cancer Arturo Fremura, entrepreneur with which it was linked in recent years, despair about a curse. The same that before had taken away when young Eugenio Castellotti, automobile racer who died in race and then Piero Giannotti, her first husband, who died in Hong Kong during a bike ride. "I had a lot of life: success, love said in an interview a few years ago-but I paid too harshly with those privileges of grief that I have broken my heart".
After the death of Fremura, decided not to come back on the set of the drama that the late ' 90 had stated in the tv sit-com "Mommy and me", by Gerry Scotti.
The undisputed Queen of Italian tv variety show, Delia Scala disappeared on January 15, 2004, at the age of 74 years in his home in good standing.
Will Smith biography
September 25, 1968
Who is Will Smith?Willard Christopher Smith Jr. was born on September 25, 1968 in Philadelphia (USA), from a middle-class Baptist family: his mother works for the School Board of Philadelphia and his father owns a refrigeration company, installation and maintenance of freezers in supermarkets.
The second of four children, Willard is a lively boy who grows up in a multi-ethnic society and culturally heterogeneous: in his neighborhood there is a large presence of Orthodox Jews but not far there is an area inhabited mainly by Moslems, his family is Baptist but its first school is a Catholic school, Our Lady of Lourdes, Philadelphia almost all Will's friends are black but her classmates at Our Lady of Lourdes consists mostly whites.
In order to be well accepted by all, Will Learn to leverage constantly, in relationships with peers his natural charisma, which, over the years at Overbrook High School in Philadelphia, earned him the nickname Prince (Prince). Will start as a rapper at the age of twelve and soon develops his ingenious semi-style comedian (obviously due to the great influence that he had on him, as Will himself said, Eddie Murphy), but is only sixteen years old, she meets the man with whom gets first great successes. At a party in Philadelphia know DJ Jazzy Jeff (Jeff Townes's real name): the two become friends and begin to work, Jeff as DJ and Will, who adopted the stage name Fresh Prince, (slightly modifying his nickname in high school) as a rapper.
With cheerful, eccentric style and clean, well away from the rap of those years, the two get immediately a great success and their first single "Girls ain't nothing but trouble" (1986) anticipates the triumph of debut album "Rock the house", Will a millionaire at the age of just eighteen. However his wealth did not last: problems with taxes drain his bank account, forcing him to rebuild his fortune from virtually zero.
Fortunately the duo scored several other successes: the album "He's the DJ, I'm the rapper" (the first hip-hop album to earn double platinum), the song "Parents just don't understand" (which won them a Grammy for best rap performance in 1989), the song "Summertime" (other Grammy) and many others, up to the album "Code Red", the last set.
The rapper's career of Will Smith, however, does not end here: record solo albums "Big Willie style" (1997), "Willenium" (1999), "Born to reign" (2002), "Lost and found" (2005) and Greatest hits collection (2002), from which extracts are also hugely successful singles.
Since the late 80 's, the artist works but also in the field of acting, starring in the successful sitcom "the fresh Prince of Bel-Air" (which incorporates the name of Will), the brainchild of Benny Medina and produced by NBC, which tells the story of a comic cheeky street kid from Philadelphia to get to grips with life in the richest area of Los Angeles , where he moved to live at home with the uncles. The series was a great success, is produced for six years and Will Smith to get noticed in Hollywood.
Soon the first offerings reciting and talking Hollywood "the damned" (1992), "Made in America" (1993) and "six degrees of separation" (1993), which manages to impress the critics with the dramatic role of the impostor Paul. The great success comes with the next "Bad boys" (1995), followed by "Independence day" (1996), which earned him a nomination for best actor at the Saturn Awards (the Oscars of science fiction, fantasy and horror), "Men in black" (1997-Saturn award nomination) and many others, to the more noteworthy "Ali" (2001, biographical film about the life of Cassius Clay) and "the pursuit of Happyness" (2006 Italian Director Gabriele Muccino) that won him both a Golden globe nomination and an Oscar.
There is more than one anecdote about Smith's performance in Ali: it is said, for example, that the protagonist has refused for eight times the proposal to assume the role of Cassius Clay icon, convinced that no one would be able to bring to the screen the skill and charisma of the great Boxer and that, to him, it was just a great call Muhammad Ali in person. Once decisosi, Will would have dedicated body and soul (undergoing a grueling workout) to join the party, which has earned the approval of Sugar Ray Leonard and to describe the fervor that he would devote himself to the role filled with words that perhaps better than any other combination of synthesizing determination and humor that characterizes the actor: "I'm human viagra are Willagra ".
Is "I am Legend" (2007), which won the Saturn award for best actor and "Hancock" (2008-another Saturn award nomination), before which rejects, perhaps unique "Neo" of African American actor's career, the part of Neo in the Matrix, preferring to pray at that time in "Wild Wild West" (1999). Comment your choice telling you not to have any regrets, since the trial of actor Keanu Reeves has been greater than what could provide him.
His private life is marked by two weddings: one in 1992 with Sheree Zampino that a son, Willard Christopher III, and, after the divorce of 1995, the other in 1997, with the American actress Jada Pinkett, from which Union in 1998 were born Jaden Christopher Syre and Willow Camille Reign in 2000.
He said he studied several religions, including Scientology friend Tom Cruise, which has got to say many things such as "I think Scientology there are a lot of brilliant ideas and revolutionary and that have nothing to do with religion" and again: "[...] The ninety-eight percent of the principles in Scientology are identical to the principles of the Bible [...] ". However denied having joined the Church of Scientology: "I'm a Christian student of all religions and respect all people and all paths".
The Smith family is constantly much to charity organizations, only one of which is Scientology, and has contributed to several schools, which indicates great sensitivity to the problems of ordinary people but also huge budget.
With 5 million dollars obtained for "Men in black", 14 for "public enemies" and 20 for "Ali", "Men in black II" and "Bad Boys 2" and 144 million earned at the box office from "I robot", 177 from "Hitch" and 162 from "the pursuit of Happyness" Will Smith is one of the highest paid actors and more profitable (and therefore more influential) and Hollywood certainly one of the greatest artists "transversal" in decades. In 2012 back in theaters with "Men in Black 3", the third installment in the saga. The following year, he released a new film, which writes the subject: he is still her son Jaden (which had debuted in "the pursuit of Happyness"): the science fiction film entitled "After Earth".
Biography of Catherine Zeta-Jones
Who is Catherine Zeta-Jones?When Catherine Zeta-Jones announced her marriage to actor Michael Douglas, many were the fans who fell in love without hope of diva were panic. Not great in fact think that beauty for which pain is married to a gentleman in there over the years and little charm (say, envious, the malicious). But she is undeterred and confident, not only if he is married, but also gave him two children.
Born on September 25, 1969 in Mumbles, Wales, a fishing village not far from Swansea, has none of the daughter of art, in contrast to her illustrious husband (son of Kirk Douglas).
His father ran a candy factory and his mother was an excellent seamstress. Catherine also has two brothers, one of whom, Lyndon, born in 1972, is now employed by the production company. But where does that curious last name that brings?
One of her grandmothers was affectionately called "Zeta" because her husband had embarked on a ship which bore that name and so family members have seen fit to appiopparlo too.
Since Catherine Zeta Jones was considered a "little diva": started singing and dancing at the age of four years and a few years later joined the Group of Catholic Church filodrammatico Swansea in evidence in every recitation or small musical which participated. His first acting experience at the age of eleven, he participated in the production of Annie, while thirteen came in with the West End Production of the musical Bugsy Malone. The following year he took part in the staging of "The Pyjama Game", a curious program devised by American authors that enables you to get the "actors ' Guild card".
His career seems unstoppable: at sixteen, ripping his first starring role in "Four" by David Merrick and the year later captures his second chance in the revival of "42nd Street", which replaces the first protagonist and then gets that role for all subsequent performances.
His debut movie planet takes place in France at the age of eighteen in "Les 1001 Nuits" by French Director Philip De Broc, in the role of Scheherazade. A year later, back in Britain where he takes a role in the TV series entitled "The darling buds of May" series that makes it famous.
Catherine now cannot resist the allure of Hollywood and decided to leave the United Kingdom to seek success and glory in America. Here he began his Hollywood adventure with a promising role in an episode of "The young Indiana Jones chronicles" on ABC, to then continue with films, unfortunately never distributed in Italy as "Blue Juice" and "The phantom".
But the real turning point in his career is done in 1996 when the sacred Monster Steven Spielberg, impressed by the interpretation of the fascinating actress in the TV movie Titanic (not the one with Leonardo Di Caprio and Kate Winslet), calls for "the mask of Zorro", he produced film directed by Martin Campbell. The beautiful Catherine, alongside Antonio Banderas and Anthony Hopkins, makes her beautiful figure and pretty soon becomes a famous sex symbol, planetary accomplices also delicious fencing and dancing shots appeared in several scenes.
The same year he met the actor Michael Douglas, 25 years her senior and fatality born on the same day, on 25 September. In 1999 she starred in two film Entrapment Starring Sean Connery for Fox with a budget of 100 billion and "the Haunting" a horror fiction with Liam Neeson. Meanwhile, the January 6, 2000 officially through a press release on her engagement with Michael Moody. Soon will come the first child but does not give up a run, though pregnant, "Traffic", which is the major problem drug in the United States.
At the end of 2001 appears as a co-star in the film "America's Sweethearts" alongside Julia Roberts, followed by the Musical "Chicago" with Renee Zellweger and Richard Gere and Oscar-winning with 6 well, including for best film and one dedicated to you directly as supporting actress. Immediately after the Oscar the beautiful actress has given birth to a baby girl named Carys and now, although committed to read several scripts, she enjoys motherhood with his renewed family.
Subsequent films include "flavours and disagreements" (2007), "Houdini-The last Wizard" (2008), "The Rebound" (2009).