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Biographies of famous and historical figures

Encyclopedia of Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Michael Ballack biography
  2. Biography of Enzo Bearzot
  3. Biography of Walter Benjamin
  4. Biography of Sergio Bonelli
  5. Biography of St. Francis of Assisi
  6. Thomas Stearns Eliot biography
  7. Biography of George Gershwin
  8. Biography of Martin Heidegger
  9. Biography of Anna Magnani
  10. Matteo Marzotto biography
  11. Winsor McCay biography
  12. August Ferdinand Möbius biography
  13. Alberto Moravia biography
  14. Paul Newman biography
  15. Biography of Olivia Newton-John
  16. Biography of Pope Paul VI
  17. Biography of Francesca Senette
  18. Levi Strauss biography
  19. Lucia Valerio biography
  20. Serena Williams biography

Michael Ballack biography

The column in the Center
September 26, 1976

Who is Michael Ballack?

The future star of German football and world Michael Ballack was born on September 26, 1976 in the city of Gorlitz.
He began his football career at Chemnitzer; then goes to Kaiserslautern and Bayer Leverkusen. With Leverkusen is real and bring the feeder team to the 2002 Champions League final.
His national debut, with the number 13 Jersey, dates back to April 28, 1999 (Germany-Scotland).
At the World Championships in Japan and Korea of 2002 performance of Ballack are excellent: against all odds drag the team in the final. He is the architect of the victory over the United States in the quarterfinals and against South Korea (which eliminated Italy) in the semifinals. Right in the semi-final, however, comes the big disappointment: a few minutes after Ballack commits a foul tactics and receives a yellow card which forced him to give up the final against Brazil.
In 2002 he moved to Bayern Munich: Karl-Heinz Rummenigge, Bayern's leader and champion Inter Milan in the years ' 80, emphasizing the pure talent of Ballack will define it as the "most prolific midfielder in the world".
In four years at Bayern, Ballack leads the team to victory in three Championships and three cups of Germany. He is the pillar of that team in Germany, twice the League and Cup.
In the 2004/05 Championship was not only essential to the final victory of Bayern; even its high yield was awarded a prestigious award: third straight title of best player of the year, only one less than the "Kaiser" Franz Beckenbauer.
Before the end of the 2006 Championship, which precedes the world flat, Ballack announces his move to Chelsea in England.
Ballack will try to carve out a place in a midfield already composed of great players such as Frank Lampard (England), Claude Makelele (France) and Michael Essien (Ghana), all starring long-awaited German Championship that sees Ballack Germany among the favourites to win the title. The team will host the semifinals with Marcello Lippi's Italy, it will be against world champion France.
Michael Ballack, 189 centimetres to 80 kg, is the father of three children, Louis, Emilio and Jordi.

Biography of Enzo Bearzot

The Duncan and his pipe
September 26, 1927
December 21, 2010

Who is Enzo Bearzot?

Italian sporting hero, coach of national football team world champion 1982, Enzo Bearzot was born in Shee, Ajello del Friuli (province of Udine) on September 26, 1927.
Start playing in his home town team in the role of Defender. In 1946 he moved to Gorizia, which plays in serie b. serie A then Inter. Will play in the top division with the Catania and Turin. Bearzot will play a total of 251 serie A matches in 15 years. At the peak of his career comes to play a game with the national Jersey in 1955.
Ending his career in 1964.
Soon after he began an apprenticeship as a coach; the first follows the doormen of Turin, then sit on the bench alongside an illustrious name: Nereo Rocco. It's then Assistant of Giovan Battista Fabbri in Turin before moving to Meadow where he leads the team in serie C.
He joined the Federation as head coach of the under-23 youth team (under 21 today); don't spend a lot of time and Bearzot became Assistant of Ferruccio Valcareggi, Coach of the national team, following in 1970 FIFA World Cup 1974 in Germany and Mexico.
After a few months away from the World Cup in Germany, Enzo Bearzot was appointed Coach with Fulvio Bernardini, with whom he shares the bench until 1977.
The 1976 European Championship qualifiers fail miserably.
Bearzot's work is showing the fruits of the 1978 FIFA World Cup: Italy ends in fourth place, showing however-according to all opinion-the best game of the tournament. Successive European Championships (1980) held in Italy: Bearzot's team get fourth again.
It's in Spain, 1982 World Cup, who will author a Bearzot miracle.
The first phase of the Championship shows a modest team, by the equally modest results. CT choices seem quite controversial. The criticism by journalists to the national team and his coach is tough, merciless and fierce, so wearing Bearzot decide for the "news blackout", absolutely new event then.
But Bearzot, in addition to the technical preparation, proves able to infuse his boys courage, hope and a strong moral preparation, based on the strength of the group.
That's how the July 11, 1982 the blue team, with his trainer, salt on top of the world by beating Germany in the final historical 3-1 over.
La Gazzetta dello Sport the next day called the cover with the echo of that phrase that the commentator Nando Martellini the night before seemed to fail to finish: "world champions".
In the same year to Bearzot was awarded the prestigious title of Commendatore dell'ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana.
After Spain are Europeans of 1984 the new commitment of Bearzot: Italy fails to qualify. Then came the 1986 World Cup in Mexico where Italy shines not (ends in the round of 16 against France). After this experience, "Bearzot Vecio", as he was nicknamed, resigns with these words: "for me the train Italy was a vocation that, over the years, has become a profession. The values of the game have changed from my day. Due to the development of the sector and of the entrance onto the scene of major sponsors, it appears that the money has moved the goal posts of the doors ".
To date still holds the record for the blue benches: 95, 104 of Vittorio Pozzo. From 1975 to 1986 Bearzot collect victories, 51 28 draws and 25 defeats. His successorè will be Azeglio Vicini.
Tough, determined and demure, but incredibly human, Bearzot has always been very close to his players, looking at the man before the player. Many years later, for example his words for Gaetano Scirea, for which he proposed (in early 2005) it was his retreat, as was done for Gigi Riva in Cagliari.
Well-known image to level his inseparable pipa, "Duncan" has always managed to keep the locker room and has always promoted the playful side of sport, never soak up the excitement of the events or the value of the stakes.
Abandoned football scenes, Bearzot back in 2002 (at the age of 75 years, 16 years after retiring) collecting the pressing invitation to take charge of the technical sector of the ITALIAN FOOTBALL FEDERATION. His nomination is an attempt to restore luster to a sector that suffers from an alarming crisis.
In recent years, Bearzot chose to distance themselves from tv, radio and newspapers and not appear: "today the institutions don't count football, everyone screams and all speak ill of all. It bothers me to see former arbitrators who criticize referees and coaches who criticize their colleagues, no respect, forgetting that one has responsibilities. And then I'm home and I don't answer to nobody. "
Cesare Maldini (Bearzot Assistant in blue), Dino Zoff, Marco Tardelli and Claudio Gentile are just a few that in their coaching career claimed to have been influenced by the ideas of Enzo Bearzot.
He died in Milan at the age of 83 years on December 21, 2010, seriously ill.

Biography of Walter Benjamin

The negation of the order
July 15, 1892
September 26, 1940

Who is Walter Benjamin?

Walter Bendix Schönflies Benjamin was born in Berlin, in the District of Charlottenburg, on July 15, 18His is a family of Jewish origin: Father Emil is an antiquarian and art dealer, and his mother Paula Schönflies, came from an upper class family of merchants.
Younger brothers Walter and Dora, who will die in Zurich in 1946, and Georg, the future leader of the German Communist Party, who died in Mauthausen concentration camp in 1942.
Of his early years is the visionary written 30 's autobiographical "Berlin Childhood around the nineteen hundred". From 1905 he went for two years to "Landerziehungsheim" in Thuringia, where he experiences the new educational model taught by Gustav Wyneken, the theoretician of the Jugendbewegung, the youth movement of which Walter Benjamin will be part until the outbreak of World War I.
Back to Berlin in 1907 where secondary education concludes five years later. Right in 1912 began writing for the magazine "Der Anfang", influenced by the ideas of Wyneken. From the University of Berlin he moved to Freiburg: here follows the lessons of Rickert and squeezes a strong association with the poet Fritz Heinle, who died committed suicide two years later.
Benjamin is spared from conscription after the war began and breaks with Wyneken, which had enthusiastically joined the conflict. Then he moved to Munich, where in 1915 following the courses of the phenomenologist Moritz Geiger; There he meets among others Gerschom Scholem, which established a deep friendship that lasted until his death.
In 1916 knows Dora Kellner who a year later would become his wife. By Stefan Benjamin in 1918, when the couple has now moved to Bern. In the city of German Switzerland, Walter Benjamin is known as author of important essays, and here he obtained a b.a. in philosophy with Herbertz, defending a thesis on the "concept of art criticism in German romanticism". His thesis is pulled in a thousand copies remaining unsold, however, ending in a fire ash stock.
Know then Ernst Bloch, with whom he will have until the end a controversial relationship between enthusiasm and impatience.
Back in Germany, in Berlin in 1920 where he designs the magazine "Angelus Novus"; writes "For the critique of violence" and translate Baudelaire. In 1923 he met the young Theodor w. Adorno. Benjamin's marriage is in crisis and in 1924, during a long stay in Capri, he falls in love with another woman, Asja Lacis, a Russian revolutionary who induces him to approach to Marxism.
Benjamin published an essay on "elective affinities" for the magazine by Hugo von Hoffmanstahl. The University of Frankfurt in 1925 rejects its request for academic teaching, accompanied by written on "origin of German Baroque drama" published three years later, along with the aphorisms of "one-way street".
In these years can remain economically Benjamin thanks to his work as a critic and reviewer for the "Literarische Welt". He is also a translator of Proust (with Franz Hessel); travelling between Paris and Moscow, starting to mature the project-destined however to remain unfinished-a work on the Paris of the 19th century (the so-called Passagenwerk).
In 1929 makes a deep relationship with Brecht, who in the 1930s, after the advent of the Third Reich, the hosts on several occasions at his home in Denmark. The 1933 was the year marking the final separation of Benjamin from Germany. Exiled in Paris, still spends long periods between Ibiza, San Remo and Svendborg. Despite being able to get published an essay on Franz Kafka, its economic conditions are becoming more precarious.
Between 1938 and 1939 is still working on texts by Baudelaire, but the outbreak of the second world war leads him to write his last Jet text, theses on the concept of history ". Benjamin is interned in the prison camp of Nevers as German citizen: will be released three months later. Late leaves Paris and tries to get a visa for the United States. In 1940 is locked to the Spanish border, to Portbou, by police and during the night of 26 and 27 September commits suicide with an overdose of morphine. His fellow travelers will be allowed to cross the border the following day.
Benjamin pockets are emptied and his body fell into a ditch. After five years, getting thrown into a mass grave. When the philosopher Hannah Arendt goes to look for the remains of his friend, find locations only embarrassed by the Spaniards. Today the town of Portbou he dedicated to Walter Benjamin in an extraordinary monument, with a series of steps excavated above the Sea (by the Israeli artist Dani Karavan), with an epigraph comes from "Das Passagen-Werk" (steps) by Benjamin: "it's harder to honor the memory of nameless that of not great personalities. The historical building is devoted to give memory to nameless ".

Biography of Sergio Bonelli

Dream worlds and adventures
December 2, 1932
September 26, 2011

Who is Sergio Bonelli?

Sergio Bonelli was born in Milan on December 2, 19In his activity as a writer of comics is known by the pseudonym Guido Nolitta; its name is known for name of ECHO in great directing Publishing House.
In the years ' 60 pick up the Publisher Cepim, a comic publishers the most important-for printed copies-the Italian landscape, and will become the "Sergio Bonelli Editore".
Son of Gianluigi Bonelli-pioneering comic writer in Italy, inventor of Tex-Sergio acquires from his father the passion and love for the comic. The path of the script, and with the already mentioned by name Guido Nolitta, creates two of the biggest hits of Bonelli: Publishing House "Zagor" (1961) and "Mister No (1975).
During the beginning of the activity designer can create the series "Un ragazzo del Far West" and to write the final episode of the "little Ranger" (first released in 1958). Gli anni ' 70 are its golden age: writes three series simultaneously: "Mr. No" (which had then 200,000 copies monthly) ", Zagor" (130,000 copies monthly), as well as "Tex", for which he has written about 60 books. Even if you do not define a real writer, wrote over 300 stories include him among the great writers of Italian comics.
Because of the commitments that derive from the business guide, publishing house Sergio Bonelli stopped by the screenwriter of Zagor in 1982; continue to write the stories of Mister No until 1995.
After several years of inactivity as a writer, go back to the typewriter at the last adventure of "Mister No." Started in September 2005, ended at the end of 20In 2007 the adventures of Mister No continue to live in special bulletin boards every six months.
Other Sergio Bonelli's great insight was to give confidence-in 1986-Tiziano Sclavi and the birth of Dylan Dog, the first horror comic in Italy. Bonelli's bet at that time it was definitely a gamble, but the highly positive result will the solidity of the Publisher.
But Sergio Bonelli is certainly not fearful person: in an era where it was fashionable western-and where Tex Willer is the historic flagship cartoon of Bonelli House-aimed at the rainforest with "Mister Right"; in 1977 with "Ken Parker" and in 1982 with "Martin Mystere". When western was considered old hat, wanted to re-evaluate with "Magico Vento" (1997). Sergio Bonelli Editore has faced every kind, up to science fiction with Nathan Never (1991) and Legs Weaver (1995), the fantasy zone X (1992) and Jonathan Steele (1999).
There are also career failed experiments-as Gregory Hunter (2001)-but perseverance and passion have always been endless.
Sergio Bonelli dies at Monza after a short illness on September 26, 2011 at the age of 78 years.

Biography of St. Francis of Assisi

The love for nature and poverty
September 26, 1182
October 3, 1226

Who is St. Francis of Assisi?

St. Francis of Assisi was born in Assisi between December and September 1181 11Some indicate how probable date of birth on September 26, 11His father, Pietro Bernardone of Malloy, is a rich cloth merchant and spices, while the mother, Pica Bourlemont, noble extraction. Legend has it that Francis is conceived during a trip to the Holy Land of the pair, now in there over the years. Baptized by John, mother changed his name to Francis at the return of his father, absent for a business trip in France.
He studied Latin and the vernacular, music and poetry, and his father taught him French and Provençal with intent to start to trade. Teenager finds himself working behind the counter of his father's workshop. Twenty years participates in the war he sees opposing towns of Assisi and Perugia. The army that fights Francesco is defeated and he remains captive for a year. The captivity is long and hard and seriously ill back home. Once recovered thanks to maternal care, again part of Gualtiero da Brienne, southward. But along the way he appeared, which induces him to abandon his life as a soldier and back to Assisi.
His conversion began in 12There are various episodes from this period: the one where, in 1206, swap their clothes with a beggar and Roman starts to beg in front of St. Peter's Basilica, the famous encounter with the leper on the plain in front of Assisi. Friends who don't recognize in him the most cheerful fellow raids of the past leave, and the father who begins to understand how unfounded that nurtures aspirations against him, comes into conflict with him.
Francesco meditates in the countryside around Assisi and one day, while praying in the Church of San Damiano, the crucifix comes alive for him to repair the Church in ruins. To comply with the request, a charge made in fabrics and his father sells. Then realizing that the money is not enough, even sells the horse. After this episode the clash with his father is getting harder, until Peter decided to disinherit him. But Francis in the public square of Assisi renounces paternal heritage: is 12 April 1207.
By now abandons Assisi and Gubbio, where, just outside the walls, faces the terrible Wolf that throws terror among the inhabitants of the city. Unable to tame the ferocious animal, simply talking to him. So what takes place is considered his first miracle.
Francis sew a canvas shirt, tied at the waist by a cord at three knots, wearing sandals and remains in the territories of Gubbio until the end of 12He always carries with him a bag of tools from Mason, with whom he restored the Church of San Damiano and the Porziuncola of Santa Maria degli Angeli, which becomes his home. This is the time when the first conceived sketches of what would later become the Franciscan rule. The reading of the Gospel of Matthew, chapter X, inspires him to point to induce him to take it literally. Inspirational step says: "you don't get gold silver or money to your pockets, not a travel bag, neither two coats, neither shoes nor a stick; Since the worker is entitled to his livelihood ".
The first official disciple of Francis Bernardo da Quintavalle, magistrate, followed by Pietro Cattani, Canon and doctor in law. In these first two disciples come together: Egidio, farmer, Sabatino, Mally, Philip Longo, Sylvester John priest of the Chapel, barbarian and Bernardo Vigilante and Angelo Tancredi. In all the followers of Francis are just like the twelve apostles of Jesus. Elect in their convent before the Porziuncola and then the Hovel to Rivotorto.
The Franciscan order was officially founded in July 1210, thanks to Pope Innocent III. The main rule of the Franciscan order is absolute poverty: the friars may not own anything. Everything they need, including refuge, must be the result of donation. To provide a roof over your head Franciscans think the Benedictines who, in Exchange for a basket of fish per year, granting them the Porziuncola in perpetual use.
Francis of Assisi in 1213 in the first mission to Palestine, then in Egypt, where he met the Sultan Melek el-Kamel, and finally in Morocco. One of his journeys took him to the shrine of Santiago de Compostela in Spain, but is forced to return back to the worsening of his health.
In 1223 he devoted himself to rewrite the rule of order, hiring through the fall. Unfortunately Brother Leo and brother Bonifazio forgive, but Francis gets back to work. Pope Honorius III will recognize the Franciscan rule as law for the Holy Church.
In December 1223 Francesco also organises the first Nativity in a cave, which is considered the first of the Nativity Story. The following year the miracle of water flowing from a rock and receives the stigmata.
Despite tiredness and physical suffering, he also composes the famous "song of songs", which contributes to enshrine it in the collective imagination as the Friar who preaches to the birds.
Meanwhile health worsens: increasingly is almost blind. Francis of Assisi died at his Porziuncola chapel on 3 October 1226 just 44 years.
On 16 July 1228 is declared a Saint by Pope Gregory IX.

Thomas Stearns Eliot biography

The modern that remains over time
September 26, 1888
January 4, 1965

Who is Thomas Stearns Eliot?

Thomas Stearns Eliot was born in St. Louis, Missouri (USA), on September 26, 18The family of British origin, belongs to the wealthy bourgeoisie of the country: the father is Director of a brick factory and his mother descended from an ancient family of Massachusetts. The young Eliot already ten years shows particular interest in poetry, so much so that the school newspaper publishes some of his.
He enrolled at Harvard in 1906 where he lives the college years and the prolific intellectual environment in Boston. He studied French, German, English literature, medieval history and the history of philosophy. Meanwhile, interest and deepen the study of the Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri, who then will dedicate one of his best-known essays. Following a course on the metaphysical poets and encounters with poet Conrad Aiken, which establishes a deep and lasting friendship. Law essays by Arthur Symons and was struck by the poetry of Jules Laforgue. Thanks to reading "The spirit of Romance," by Ezra Pound, then discovers the Provençal and the stilnovisti.
In 1911 he enrolled at the Sorbonne where he remained for a time until he returned to Harvard to study for a doctorate in philosophy. In June 1914, finished College, he went to Paris; two months later obtained a scholarship which took him to London for a year, at Merton College, Oxford.
In 1915 Vivienne Haigh-Wood knows that soon became his wife. The couple rents a room in the home of philosopher Bertrand Russell. Eliot must cope with financial hardship incurred: the father, who disapproves of his choice to pursue an academic career, he refuses any help. Thomas Eliot begins to work as a teacher. Afterwards, thanks to the efforts of the family of Vivienne, enters the Lloyds Bank as a clerk, where he remained for almost ten years.
At the same time he was appointed Deputy Director of "The Egoist" magazine in which literary works section Ezra Pound.
In 1917 the first collection of poems by T.s. Eliot: "Prufrock and other observations" (Prufrock and other observations); the 1919 and 1922 respectively, are "Poems" and "the waste land".
From 1923 he became Director of the magazine "The Criterion", then the publishing house Faber and Faber. In 1927 he received the English citizenship and convert to Anglicanism, over which greatly affects his literary production (in 1933 to become Vicar's Warden, the highest position of a layman in Anglican Church). It is from this period the efforts of Eliot for the theater, which is achieving with the production of works and essays like "murder in the Cathedral", "family reunion", "Cocktail party", "employee" and "the great statesman".
Between the 30 's and 40 's Eliot focuses particularly on ethical and philosophical problems of modern society. Eliot's work will be registered in the context of the so-called "modernism", a movement that in the period between the first and second world wars will include all the Arts will revolutionize and: all authors are United by their modernist rejection of Victorian literary tradition and the recovery of the seventeenth-century English poetry.
After a troubled reflection, decides to separate from wife making her committed to a mental institution, where he died in 19His wife's death will leave a feeling of guilt in the mind of the poet, although he will marry again in 1957.
Thomas Stearns Eliot was awarded the 1948 Nobel Prize in literature, "for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry".
Died of emphysema in London on January 4, 19His ashes, as per his wishes, are laid in the Church of San Michele in East Coker, the village from which Eliot's ancestors immigrated to America: a small plaque commemorates him. Two years after his death a large stone was placed to his memory, on the floor of the "Poets ' Corner of Westminster Abbey in London.

Biography of George Gershwin

A mediocre Ravel?
September 26, 1898
August 17, 1937

Who is George Gershwin?

It is perhaps the most representative composer of the twentieth century, the artist who was able to offer a unique synthesis between popular music and those of nobler tradition, into a mixture of immense charm. A portrait of the genre can only reference the name of George Gershwin, the sublime composer famous for its inferiority complexes. He used plebeian as jazz music or song, perceived as an unbridgeable gap with European tradition, in a kind of continuous run-up to acceptance of his art from the "real" composers. Maurice Ravel worshiping soul it is said that one day he went to the Teacher to ask for lessons but felt respond: "Why does it become a mediocre Ravel, when is a good Gershwin?".
Born in New York City on September 26, 1898 starts studying piano and following lessons immediately several musicians. Innate talent and precocious, gran leech gun, writes the first songs in 1915 while the next year is already the time of one of his dazzling masterpieces "When you want 'em you cant ' got ' em".
Meanwhile became known as accompanist of the singer Louise Dresser.
In 1918 he published "Half past eight" and "Lucille" 19The success also smiles in Europe with "Rhapsody in blue", a brilliant synthesis of different styles, and in 1934 with the historical standard "I got rhythm".
On his arrival in Paris, in March of 1928, for the representations of his "Concerto in f", one of his compositions written to try to be accredited at the educated audience, see gloria's triumphant especially after the presentation of the famous poem "An American in Paris", which the audience literally witch.
Gained fame in Europe led him to know the most famous contemporary composers like Stravinsky, Milhaud, Prokofiev, Poulenc, all personalities who were distorting the musical language, even without being at the forefront in the strict sense and wing terrorist (in Europe, for example, already circulated the Dodecaphony and atonal music).
Forte gained fame, receives a writing in 1930 by none other than the Metropolitan, which commissioned an artwork. After a long labor lasted five years beauty finally sees the light "Porgy and Bess", another masterpiece, the fundamental brick of a typical theatre and genuinely American, finally freed from European models (despite the debt against it, as always in Gershwin, unavoidable).
In 1931 he moved to Beverly Hills where it can more easily follow its production of film soundtracks. In 1932 a stay in Havana inspires the wonderful "Cuban Overture" where the composer draws abundantly from the popular music of the Antilles.
Poor health and mild and sensitive spirit, George Gershwin goes off on August 17, 1937 only 39 years in Beverly Hills.

Biography of Martin Heidegger

Looking for Be
September 26, 1889
May 26, 1976

Who is Martin Heidegger?

The work of Martin Heidegger is one of the richest and most problematic set of 20th century thought. Entered in its own right among the greatest philosophers of the twentieth century, Heidegger continues to be an awkward and ambivalent thinker, of which it is difficult to chart a unified interpretative framework.
Born on 26 September 1889 at Messkirch in Thuringia (Germany), to a modest family of Catholic faith, develops a strong sense of belonging to the German Catholic minority who, with his desire to anti-modernist, nationalist, redemption will mark the future philosopher's youth education (until his encounter with phenomenology).
This rigidly religious education flows between each other in a short period of Jesuit novitiate, discontinued in 1911 by a psycho-physical crisis which also marks his first expulsion from the Church and theological thought; Heidegger's spiritual crisis coincides with the beginning of the logical-philosophical studies in Freiburg, and reading, in fact, Husserl's opera "ideas for a pure phenomenology". The University participates in seminars, however, h. Rickert, graduating in 1913 with a dissertation on "the doctrine of judgment in psychologism" (Rapporteur the Catholic philosopher a. Schneider, the same correlator Rickert).
Perfecting such studies in 1918, Heidegger gets his Professorship in philosophy at the University of Freiburg with a thesis on "the doctrine of the categories
and meaning in Duns Scotus "and is found to be Assistant to Husserl, which in a short time become a sort of" spiritual son ". Meanwhile, Germany, defeated by Western powers and humiliated by the sanctions of the Treaty of Versaille, walks, between political and economic crisis increasingly feverish, towards the tragic fate of Hitler's dictatorship. Heidegger, obtained a prestigious post at the University of Marburg in the wake of a precocious academic reputation but already resounding, in 1927 he published his "masterpiece" being and time ", the text that enshrined his fame, directing international within a few years, at the top of the philosophy of the twentieth century. Following this happy event in 28 Freiburg gets the Chair that had been of Husserl; Thus began for a fruitful season Heidegger and feverish production, which saw the release of many of his works are decisive: "what is metaphysics?" (' 29), "the essence of the Foundation" (' 29), "Lectures on Plato's truth" (' 30).
In 1932 Hitler wins the general election and was appointed Chancellor: looms a long period dominated by Nazi ideology. Heidegger initially mistook the nationalistic fervor of Hitler for a moral revival of Germany and the West as a whole, so that it does not hesitate to take a stance in favor of Nazism. Appointed Rector at Freiburg University 1933 delivers a speech of the inaugural academic year has become one of the most disturbing lyrics of the twentieth century, because of the dramas, misunderstandings and error Hiedegger staff contained therein. In that speech, in essence, is given a positive assessment of Hitler's nationalist ideology, not as a racist ideology but as a bearer of new energies.
In those years, moreover, the philosopher had approached the work of the poet Hölderlin, from which he drew inspiration for his next turning philosophical. This setting is not welcome to the Nazi authorities, who begin to have strong suspicions about him. And so, back in ' 34, differences and suspicions will lead to the resignation of Heidegger from the Rectorate and its gradual marginalization.
All this confused and sad affair will cost at a human price philosopher Almighty: he loses the friendship of the most important representatives of German culture, including the names of the philosophers Hannah Arendt and Karl Jaspers. Until the outbreak of the second world war, Heidegger continues his teaching and producing, releasing, among other things, "the origin of the work of art" (' 36), "the event" (' 37), "on the concept and the essence of physis in Aristotle" (' 39).
In 1945, he was interrogated by the purge by winners of the war. As a result of this investigation will be forbidden to teach until 19Meanwhile, French officers interested in philosophy make contact with him for a meeting with Sartre project, which will contribute greatly to fellow German international rehabilitation. The project fails, but anyway you start a correspondence between the two leading philosophers Heidegger to roll out the famous "letter on humanism" which definitely takes the current from the Existentialist now spread throughout Europe (which will continue to see in him an important representative, at least for the initial part of his thought).
The philosopher Heidegger, existence of Existentialism of Kierkegaard, religious was also the prevailing interpretation of his thought between the wars ("being and nothingness" of Sartre is largely liable for "being and time"); but in his letter to j. Beaufret, "On humanism" (1947), Heidegger the rejected as a false move, a misunderstanding of the project
end of the opera.
The most important problems posed by Heidegger's philosophy emerge anyway especially in the works of the last period, whose inauguration is right to subsequent studies the "letter on Humanism" which no longer have the shape of real philosophical texts but prefer the fragmentary nature of the short essay, the Conference of dialogue. This last phase of Heidegger's thought is also the most complex and perhaps the most challenging. His own students (this is the case of Gadamer), and representatives of the koinè hermeneutic which Heidegger was in a sense the initiator (think Derrida or Ricoeur in France), are clearly distances itself from that say "ineffable" that "would have lost the ground beneath her feet", referring to places impassable for thought.
His influence on Western philosophical thought is now unanimously recognised of incalculable importance, also for what concerns Italian philosophy (think Vattimo). In short, the whole Western culture, as opposed to hard "irrationalism" Heidegger hermeneutical, must deal with the presence of this gigantic personality, disappeared in Baden-Wurtemberg on May 26, 1976.

Biography of Anna Magnani

Neorealist triumph
March 7, 1908
September 26, 1973

Who is Anna Magnani?

Antidiva, Anna Magnani was a key figure of Italian neorealism, interpreting the character with inimitable style of fiery commoner and foul-mouthed, but at the same time sensitive and generous, genuine values incarnation of an Italy lower.
Featuring characters from his fiery temperament and passionate, but capable of touching and unpredictable pleasures, they suit perfectly. Anna Magnani is remembered for his unattainable and passionate human charge, which sometimes resulted in bloody demonstrations of anger or affection, and the distinguished, as well as unparalleled interpreter, as a woman strong and sensitive, though deeply troubled.
Born on March 7, 1908, although some sources do arise in Alexandria, Egypt, Anna Magnani has always claimed he was born in Rome, the city from which he took all his great passion and his boundless fortitude. Raised by her maternal grandmother in conditions of extreme poverty, Anna Magnani begins very early singing in cabarets and nightclubs Romans and simultaneously he studied at the Academy of dramatic arts.
Between 1929 and 1932 he worked in the theatre company directed by Dario Niccodemi and in 1934 the magazine passes.
Soon became one of the most popular lightweight Italian theatre. Working with Vittorio De Sica and Totò, with whom he starred in numerous magazines, such as "when you least expect it" (1940) and "Volumineide" (1942), both by Michele Galdieri. In cinema is revealed in the film Teresa Venerdì (1941), Vittorio De Sica, where she played a bizarre entertainer. Afterwards interprets some comedies ("Campo de ' Fiori", 1943; "The last wagon", 1944; "Crazy", 1945), until its complete revelation in the neorealist film "Rome open city" (1945) by Roberto Rossellini, with whom he had a stormy but intense love affair.
In the latter film Anna Magnani proves interpreter with a remarkable as sensitivity in part suffered by Pina, Roman plebeian who was killed while trying to reach the truck on which her man is about to be deported by the Nazis. Next to an extraordinary Aldo Fabrizi, M represents the redemption of a people, through his great human qualities and morals, so much so that her performance will merit his first of five silver ribbons.
In the neorealistic triumph is a must to outline for you the figure of plebeian forward, strong-willed, confident and even violent in defense of right values, through its good-natured vehemence. The apotheosis of this characterization is "Angelina" (1947) by Luigi Zampa, which plays a woman of borgata "called" to be in politics, to represent the interests of poor people like her.
In 1948 Rossellini calls her to interpret the episode the human voice (based on the one-act play by Jean Cocteau) film "love" (1948), in which the actress engages in a passionate and anguished soliloquy, a great piece of skill of interpretation, the call of a woman abandoned by her lover.
In 1951 another great role: that of the frustrated woman transmits her illusions and his broken dreams the impossible film career of his daughter, at the cost of also putting stress on his marriage, in bitter "Beautiful" (1951) directed by Luchino Visconti. This film won a well-deserved Silver Ribbon.
The year 1955 in which Anna Magnani wins the Academy Award for her performance in the film Daniel Mann, "the rose tattoo" (The Rose Tattoo, 1955), with Burt Lancaster, based on the novel by Tennessee Williams. Later film interpreter of medium-high quality, as "the Awakening" (1956), "in the town of hell" (1958) and "Risate di gioia" (1960), the first and only film that you see next to his old stage companion toto.
In 1962 the Magnani takes part in the film "Mamma Roma" by Pier Paolo Pasolini, a successful movie, which forces within the terms of a dreamy and Brechtian representation from guitto exasperated. The 60 's don't offer very cinematic, so to Anna Magnani is again in the theatre, performing "La lupa" by Rod, directed by Franco Zeffirelli, and "Medea" by Anhouil, directed by Giancarlo Menotti, who see it triumph over all the major stages of Europe.
But in recent years Anna Magnani lives another beautiful artistic experience, that of television. Between 1971 and 1973 he plays four wonderful television movie written and directed by Alfredo Riannetti, such as "La sciantosa," "1943: a meeting", "the car" and "... it was the year of our Lord 1870."
His last, brief, appearance on screen was in "Rome" (1972) by Federico Fellini, in herself.
Roman actress had a son by the actor Massimo Serato. The boy had been struck by polio, and the mother had devoted the rest of his life to take care of him. The great Anna Magnani dies of cancer in Rome on September 26, 1973, at the age of sixty-five years, until the last of the adored son Luke.

Matteo Marzotto biography

Top executives wooed
September 26, 1966

Who's Matteo Marzotto?

Matteo Marzotto was born in Rome on September 26, 19Important Italian entrepreneur, manager of international level, climbed to the headlines, not just pink, for being the official boyfriend famous Supermodel Naomi Campbell, with whom he had an intense and troubled relationship. Until 2008, he served as President of the prestigious fashion house Valentino S.p.A.
Much you can tell and Matteo Marzotto, but not coming from humble beginnings, as they say to those who became illustrious personalities despite social and cultural origin not quite elite. The future Scion of house style Valentino, was born in a well-to-do family, headed to Umberto Marzotto and Francis to Marta V. His father, therefore, is a count, as well as owner of a chain of internationally renowned fashion very Italian. His mother is better known as Marta Marzotto, the woman who became the Muse of famous artist Renato Guttuso, with whom he enjoyed a long and passionate love affair. It is also a familiar face on national Tv.
The childhood and youth of Matteo Marzotto spend especially in the quiet province of Valdagno, the country of his paternal grandparents, which reaches just possible. In this place, therefore, also binds its experiences in the field of profession, the very first performed within the industry embraced by him.
His career began in the mid-80 's. The then 20-year-old and latest addition to the Marzotto family-V, it takes little to understand in which direction should employ its own intelligence. The fashion, thanks to parents ' knowledge and experience in the field, is now ideal for his talent.
He began working in companies linked to the interests of the family, trying to learn all the secrets of production, gaining experience along the whole chain of the textile and clothing sector in General. The apprenticeship is long and allows him to specialize in almost every detail for more than fifteen years of hard work.
In the late 90 's, the young Marzotto seems to be ready for Executive and top spots in 2003 enters the fashion house of Valentino, in a short time as General Manager. By the end of 2008 is a former President of the Italian most famous brand in the world.
In these years the entrepreneur is often photographed in the company of stunning models. The most important and most photographed that, with Naomi Campbell, the "black Venus" known throughout the world. After a series of mutual accusations, which often focused on behaviors over the top of the American model, the relationship ends.
During this period, during an interview with entertainment program hosted by Victoria Cabello, "Victor Victoria", Matteo Marzotto recounted some of the trials and tribulations experienced during the troubled relationship with "the Black Panther", according to the latest nicknames. To say the son of Marta Marzotto, Campbell, not new to such aggressive behavior, he would use violence against him. Also, would prove to be a capricious person, able to request and obtain money for ephemeral things, like expensive items and that, to feel Marzotto, had never intended to pay out of their own pockets.
In July 2008, the Italian manager also becomes President of Enit, the National Tourism Agency. In the press conference, which is held directly at Palazzo Chigi, stresses on objectives to be achieved during his term, focusing mainly on the international arena. In September of the same year, he was appointed President of Mittelmoda.
But the following year, the 2009, which turns out to be of great importance for Matteo Marzotto. After leaving the Presidency of the Valentino fashion house, Matteo Marzotto launches into a new adventure. In January, returns to the world he loves, fashion, and does it in style. Together with his friend Gianni Castiglioni, Marni's ceo, with his brother Vittorio Emanuele Marzotto and her cousin Andrea Donà delle Rose, the entrepreneur has the acquisition of 100% of the famous Maison Madeleine Vionnet, assuming the leadership in its own right. The team that sets up is all Italian, at the helm of the creative direction is chosen Rudy Paglialunga, "the man" who worked for both Romeo Gigli that for Prada.
On 20 November 2009 in addition, he published his first book, which is titled "flying high". To publish is the Mondadori Publishing House. Marzotto is a successful model in the text, without renouncing to a certain humility and not skimping recommendations of any kind, addressing the generation of thirtysomethings and fortysomethings. The book is not a straightforward autobiography, in which are told the backstory of high fashion, but also and above all a manual full of ethical commitment, discipline, aimed to demonstrate the best way to achieve success without losing sight of the rules of respect and coexistence.
Matteo Marzotto is also one of the founders of the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, the disease that took away his sister Annalisa way back in 19Currently, he holds the position of Vice President of ente, engaged since 1997 in initiatives to fund medical research.

Winsor McCay biography

Dream striped size
September 26, 1871
July 26, 1934

Who is Winsor McCay?

As well as a prolific Illustrator and cartoonist, Winsor McCay was a pioneer of animated films. Among his most famous series are "Little Sammy Sneeze" (published from 1904 to 1906) and "Dream of the Rarebit Fiend" (published from 1904 to 1914). But the series that is widely remembered is the one created in 1905 that he called "Little Nemo in Slumberland", one of the most important in the history of comics.
Son of Robert McKay (surname later changed to McCay) and Janet Murray McKay, you do not know with certainty the place and date of birth of Winsor: he has claimed to be born in Spring Lake, Michigan in 1871, however his tombstone lists as the year 1869.
In 1886, his parents decide to send her son to study in the Cleary School of Penmanship of Ypsilanti to become a businessman. Here he received his only formal art instruction from John Goodison of Michigan State Normal College. Goodison was a glass painter and teaches him the strict application of the fundamentals of perspective; McCay will make extensive use of this technique during his career as a cartoonist. The influence of the master is also fundamental to the use of color.
In 1889 McCay moved to Chicago with the intention of studying at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago but, because of lack of money, he is forced to find a job. Find a spot at the National Printing and Engraving Company, producing woodcuts for circus and theatrical posters. Two years later, he moved to Cincinnati where he worked as an artist for Kohl and Middleton's Vine Street Dime Museum. Here bride Maude Leonore Dufour.
In 1906 the artist began performing in so-called chalk talk, very popular vaudeville shows in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century in which an actor entertained the audience with a monologue, on various topics, while designing the caricatures or cartoons on a Blackboard with chalk. In his sketch "The Seven Ages of Man", for example, McCay drew twice and then progressively invecchiarli.
The first major comic McCay is "Tales of the Jungle Imps by Felix Fiddle" published in 43 episodes from January to November 1903, in The Cincinnati Enquirer. The Strip was based on poems by George Randolph Chester, then journalist and editor of the Enquirer. The stories had as protagonists jungle animals and describe the ways in which they had adapted to a hostile world.
The strips "Little Nemo in Slumberland" and "Dream of the Rarebit Fiend" are both set in the dreams of their characters in a fantasy context that invokes the atmosphere and feeling of the dream dimension. McCay's comics were never hugely popular but always had a strong following because of his expressive graphic style.
To be considered as the pages of newspapers of the era were far larger current: the author had available usually half to illustrate his work. With regard to art in the comic fantasy the only rival to Lyonel Feininger was McCay, who embarked on a career as a painter after leaving the world of comics.
Some of his own words express his character but above all passion and vocation of his craft:
"The main factor in my success was an absolute desire to draw all the time. I never decided to be an artist. Simply I couldn't stop myself from drawing. I designed for my own pleasure. I never wanted to know if someone liked my designs. I never kept for me one of my own designs. I drew on the walls, on the school chalkboard, on any piece of paper, even on the walls of barns. Today for design I still have the same passion when I was a child-that was a long time ago-but, as amazing as it sounds, I never thought about the money that I received for my designs. I have always simply drawn. "
As an artist he has also made important films of animation, where each frame was hand drawn by the same Winsor McCay or, occasionally, his collaborators. Among his works of animation should be remembered "the sinking of the Lusitania" (The Sinking of The Lusitania): this is a realistic story and at the same time evocative of an episode that contributed to the United States ' entry into World War I.
In the last years of his life he dedicated himself especially to illustrate, with its meticulous technique and talent, the editorials of newspapers Hearst group.
Winsor McCay died on July 26, 1934 in New York due to a cerebral embolism.
To celebrate the release of the first strip "Little Nemo in Slumberland", on October 15, 2012-107 years later-Google has dedicated to McCay and his work a unique animated Doodle.

August Ferdinand Möbius biography

Superficially charming
November 17, 1790
September 26, 1868

Who is August Ferdinand Mobius?

The only son of Johann Heinrich Mobius, dance teacher, August Ferdinand Mobius was born in Schulpforta (Saxony, Germany) on November 17, 17The future mathematician has only three years old when his father dies. His mother was a descendant of Martin Luther. August Ferdinand was educated at home until the age of thirteen and this age already shows great interest and a precocious talent for mathematics.
In 1803 he attended the college of his native city. In 1809 he graduated and enrolled at the University of Leipzig. Following the advice and wishes of mother undertakes studies in law. Soon realizes that his way is another, so change and enrolled in the courses of mathematics, physics and astronomy.
The astronomy teacher Karl Mollweide, known for his studies and his discoveries in mathematics, trigonometric relations will most affect Mobius during his college career.
Came into contact with the academic world, Ferdinand Mobius starts publishing a series of books. Though his most famous and popular studies span the fields of mathematics, his early writings treat of astronomy. Publishes "De Computandis Occultationibus Fixarum for Planetas" interactions of the planets, in 18In the same year, Mobius started his career as Professor in Leipzig. Then writes a report of his studies concerning the basic principles of astronomy (1836) and celestial mechanics (1843). From 1844 Mobius takes over as Director of the Observatory of the University of Leipzig.
Publications in mathematics of Mobius, while not always original, had the great fortune to be explained in a simple way, with a clear easy to understand presentation.
Many of the works are published on Mobius newspaper "Crelle", the first newspaper devoted exclusively to mathematical publications. The work of Mobius of 1827 on the analytical geometry soon became a classic, including many of his findings on affine and projective geometry. In this paper he introduces a configuration today called "Mobius", and who had played a very important role in the subsequent development of projective geometry.
The name of Mobius is strongly related to studies on the typology and the relationship between functions and surfaces that he introduced in 1831, as well as the formula of "inversion". In the field of study he topology can be considered a true pioneer. In a memoir, found after his death, Mobius discusses and deals with the properties of the "mono-" surfaces, including the famous "Mobius Strip" which he discovered in 18This latest discovery strongly increased his interest in geometric theories of polyhedra. To tell the truth, what is now known as the "Mobius Strip", was not discovered by the same Mobius, but was first described by Listing.
Unilatere surfaces are surfaces of a single face, and this is the so-called tape or Mobius ring, on which you can draw a continuous line on the other side, never pull the pencil from the paper: this surface has a single boundary.
For this property the Mobius Strip has been hired as a symbol of infinity.
It's sort of a new surface of three-dimensional space, obtained through a rectangular Strip where they coincide with two opposite sides after a half turn twist. Are endless lines, continuous curves in infinite spaces, which have always fascinated the eye causing wonder: you can go to the surface along the longest axis, returning to the starting point and without ever having gone through any Board; the tape has only one face, there is external and there is internal.

Alberto Moravia biography

Proliferation of Italian literature
November 28, 1907
September 26, 1990

Who is Alberto Moravia?

Alberto Pincherle was born in Rome on November 28, 1907, on Via Sgambati, close to via Pinciana. Moravia is a surname with which it will be known is his paternal grandmother's maiden name. His father, Carlo Pincherle Moravia, architect and painter, was born in Venice into a family of Jewish origin of Conegliano Veneto. The mother, Teresa Iginia De Marsanich, called Gina, was born in Ancona by a family once immigrated from Dalmatia.
In 1916 he fell ill of a bone tuberculosis that will force him, with a succession of improvements and impact, to attend school irregularly. From 1921 to 1923 Moravia is forced by illness to spend at home, stay in Rome. Composed of verses in French and Italian. From 1924 to 1925 is admitted to the sanatorium Codivilla in Cortina d'Ampezzo. He then moved to a convalescent home in Bressanone. Start the writing of "the indifferent", a novel on which he worked for three years.
In 1927 he published his first short story "Lassitude de courtisane" in a French translation in the journal "900" bilingual Ballard, then retranslated into Italian under the title "tired Courtesan".
Two years later comes from the Publisher Alpes in Milan, and at his expense, "indifferent".
This is followed by "sick" winter (1930) on "Pegaso" magazine edited by Ugo Ojetti. "Interplanetary" collaborated with Libero De Libero's; publishes short stories, including "Villa Mercedes" and "Five". In 1933 he joined "today" magazine, founded by Mario Pannunzio and the "Gazzetta del Popolo". Published a collection of short stories already published in journals entitled "the good life" at Carabba, and "Le ambizioni sbagliate" at Mondadori. Also because of opposition from the Ministry of popular culture works, are not the critical success. Meanwhile, Moravia began a collaboration with the monthly "characters", founded by Pannunzio and dolphins.
After a stay of two years in London, a trip to the United States and one in Mexico, Alberto Moravia returned to Italy and writes the stories of "the cheat", first rejected by Mondador, published by Bompiani (1937), which will remain its editor for years to come. In 1937 traveling in China as sent; writes numerous articles for the "Gazzetta del Popolo". Returning to Rome, he began working on the screenplays; collaborate on "Omnibus" directed by Andrew young. In June 1937 in France are murdered In and Carlo Rosselli, his cousins on his father's side.
In the early 40 's, returning from a trip to Greece moved to Anacapri and lives with Elsa Morante (known in 1936 in Rome). "The hoax" and "Le ambizioni sbagliate" are included in the list of books by Jewish authors from the "Commission for the Ministry library of popular culture. Collaborates in "perspectives" directed by Curzio Malaparte. In 1940 he published "the dreams of the lazy", in 1941 "the Masquerade", that is seized. He was prevented from writing the papers with his name; then several public articles using various pseudonyms: Pseudo, Tobia Merlo, Lorenzo and Giovanni Diodati Trasone. In April 1941 the church wedding of Elsa Morante.
Author is not appreciated by the fascist regime, Moravia is forced to work for their livelihood, many screenplays, without being able to sign because of the racial laws.
During the war years the collections of short stories "The unhappy lover" (1943), blocked by the authorities, and "the epidemic" (1944), Bompiani, and the short novel "Agostino" (1944), to Document issues in a limited and illustrated by drawings of Guttuso. In the period following the fall of the fascist regime, he worked briefly at "people of Rome" by Corrado Alvaro. After September 8, 1943, when he learns that his name is on the list drawn up by the Nazis to arrest people, Alberto Moravia flees from Rome with Elsa Morante. The couple finds refuge in Sant'Agata di Fondi (Vallecorsa) mountains, hidden in the farmhouse of David Maddison. The advance of the Allied army frees them; go then to Naples before returning to Rome. In 1944 out in Rome for Document "hope, or Christianity and communism".
Between 1945 and 1951, earning a living, Moravia writes articles, contributes to magazines and radio programs and continues to work in film as a screenwriter. Come out: "Two courtesans" (1945), with illustrations by Maccari, "La romana" (1947), "disobedience" (1948), "l'amore coniugale e altri racconti" (1949), "the conformist" (1951). Develops and directs the short film (6 min) "fault". He writes for newspapers and magazines (including "the world", "Il Corriere della Sera", "European"). Is translated into several languages. His literary works have been adapted for cinema by many filmmakers.
In 1953 he founded in Rome with Cani "new topics", which publishes the following year the essay "the man as the end" (written in 1946). In 1954 leaving "Racconti romani" (Premio Marzotto) and "contempt". In 1955 he published "Botteghe Oscure" Beatrice Cenci tragedy. In the same year he met Pier Paolo Pasolini and began working as a film critic in "L'Espresso".
Publishes "La ciociara" (1957), "a month in the USSR" (1958), "Nuovi racconti romani" (1959), "boredom" (1960, Premio Viareggio). Alberto Moravia undertakes many travels including Egypt, Japan, United States, Iran and Brazil. In 1961 traveling in India along with Pier Paolo Pasolini and Elsa Morante: the trial will be "an idea of India" (1962).
In 1962 Moravia separated permanently from Elsa Morante and moves in with Dacia Maraini, known in 19Together, and together with his friend Pasolini, travel in Africa (Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Sudan).
Then the public collection of short stories "the automaton" (1962), the collection of essays "the man as the end" (1963) and "attention" (1965). With Enzo Siciliano and Dacia Maraini gives life to the Hedgehog's Company at the theatre of via Belsiana in Rome (1966-68). For the theater world writes "it is what it is" (1966), "Il dio Kurt" (1968), "life is a game" (1969).
Travels in Mexico, Japan, Korea and China. In 1967 he was President of the XXVIII Mostra del Cinema di Venezia. In 1968 Moravia is publicly challenged by students who agree to talk. Publish "something is one thing" (1967), "the cultural revolution in China" (1967), "Il paradiso" (1970), "me and him" (1971), "to which tribe do you belong?" (1972), "another life" (1973).
In 1975, Pier Paolo Pasolini murdered dies. In the period following suffered threats from right-wing extremists; for a few months is protected by an escort (1978).
Leave "Boh" (1976), "the inner life" (1978), which earned him an accusation of obscenity in 1979, "reluctantly" Commitment (1980, a collection of essays written between 1943 and 1978 by r. Paris), "Lettere dal Sahara" (1981), "1934" (1982, Premio Mondello 1983), "stories of prehistory" (1982), "La cosa e altri racconti" (1983), dedicated to Carmen Llera, who will marry in January 1986 Moravia.
He is a member of the Committee of selection to the Venice Film Festival (1979-1983) and Special Envoy of "Corriere della Sera" (1975-1981). For "L'Espresso" investigate the atomic bomb (Japan, Germany, USSR).
Alberto Moravia in 1984 shows up for the European elections as an independent in the lists of the Pci, and becomes member of the European Parliament (1984-1989). In 1985 he won the European personality.
In this period come out "L'uomo che guarda" (1985), "the Angel and other information written theatrical" (1986), "nuclear winter" (1986, edited by r. Paris), "African" (1987), "Il viaggio a Roma" (1988), "La villa del venerdì" (1990). Leave the first anthology "1927-1947 Works" (1986), edited by g. Pace, and the second "1948-1968 Works" (1989) edited by e. Siciliano.
On September 26, 1990 Alberto Moravia died at his home in Rome.
Leave a hangover: "Vita di Moravia" (1990) co-written with Alain Elkann, "the Leopard woman" (1991), "European Diary" (1993), "Mano or lost or unpublished stories" (1993), "travel collections-1930-1990 Articles" (1994), "missing Stories 1928-1951" (2000).
Ten years after his death is published for Bompiani classics the first volume of the new edition of the complete works directed by Sicilian "Works/1". "Novels and short stories-1927 1940" (2000), edited by Francesca Serra and Capten followed by "Works/2". "Fiction 1941-1949" (2002), edited by Capten.

Paul Newman biography

Class for sale
January 26, 1925
September 26, 2008

Who is Paul Newman?

Born on January 26, 1925 in Shaker Heights, Ohio, Paul Newman graduated in science at Kenyon College in the years ' 40 and joined a theatre company. There she meets that will be Megan Witte his wife in 19From this marriage three children, the youngest, Scott, died tragically of a drug overdose in 1978.
In the 50 's he enrolled in acting school "Actor's Studio" in New York and Broadway stage debut with the play "Picnic" by William Inge. After whole audiences enchanted decides that the new road to take is that of cinema: in 1954 goes to Hollywood film debut in "The silver chalice".
At that time the American cinema is rich in beautiful actors, damned and acclaimed by critics and audiences-for example is Marlon Brando's "on the waterfront"-and does not seem easy for Newman succeed and become part of the star system. But fate is lurking and young James Dean dies tragically. In its place, to play the role of Italian-American boxer Rocky Graziano, called Paul Newman.
In 1956 then comes out in theaters "somebody up there likes me" and the success of public and critics. In a short time, with its languid look the deep blue eyes and his attitude is recognized as one of the sex symbols of American cinema.
In 1958, after the divorce from Witte, married the actress Joanne Woodward met on the set of the movie "the long hot summer" and is still happily married. From this Union three daughters were born.
In 1961 takes the plunge and decided to try his hand behind the camera with the short film "On the harmfulness of tobacco"; his first film as a Director is "Jennifer's first time" with whom Newman directs his wife.
His directing career continues with the film "fearless Challenge" (1971), "the effect of gamma rays on Matilda" (1972), "the glass menagerie" (1987).
In 1986 Addemy finally notices him and gets the Oscar for her performance in the film "the color of money" by Martin Scorsese, starring a young Tom Cruise.
In the years ' 70 his great passion is racing and in 1979 he took part in the 24 hours of Le Mans, finishing second behind the wheel of his Porsche. In the years ' 90 was born the Newman's own, a food company specializing in organic products, the proceeds of which are donated to charity.
In 1993 he received the premio "Jean hersholt Humanitaria" from the Academy for his charitable activities. In memory of his son Scott, Newman directs "Harry & son" in 1984, story of father and son estranged from a thousand misunderstandings.
The Paul Newman is found in countless films, from capovalori ones that are "cat on a hot tin roof (1958, with Elizabeth Taylor) and" the sting "(1973, with Robert Redford) until the last movie (" Le parole che non ti ho detto "-1998, starring Kevin Costner," Perdition "-2003, with Tom Hanks) where although its presence old still makes a difference.
At the end of July of 2008 he was diagnosed with lung cancer. He spent the last months of his life with the family: September 26, 2008 dies at his home in Westport, Connecticut State.

Biography of Olivia Newton-John

Music, big screen and big hits
September 26, 1948

Who is Olivia Newton-John?

Olivia Newton-John was born in Cambridge (England), September 26, 1948, by Brin Newton-John and Irene Born. His mother was the daughter of the physicist, professor Max Born, Nobel Prize winner for physics right. As a child, at the age of about four years, moves with family in the city of Melbourne, Australia. Evidently with strong skills in singing, just fifteen he joined a group of girls, the "Soul Four", this positive experience makes you try auditioning for a tv Show, "Sing Sing Sing", which declares winner of a trip to London.
Olivia begins a projected Street toward music, indeed frequently participates in various television programs. His first important registration dates back to 1966, when Decca Records he recorded "Till You Say You'll Be Mine", a version of Jackie De Shannon. Continues with a cover of Bob Dylan's "If not for you". Engaged in this project there is also Mr. John Farrar, co-producer with whom she would collaborate throughout his career.
With the album "Let me be there", was consecrated as musical promise in female voices from the Academy of Country Music and Grammy Awards as the best singer. His musical career has become increasingly intense, the song "Physical" is at the top of the charts for ten consecutive weeks, and Billboard Magazine ranks the sixth place of the popular hits of all time.
In 1978, he took part in the film "Grease", Duet with John Travolta brilliantly. The role of Sandy is definitely what Olivia Newton-John is best known in Italy. The film has enjoyed much success, becoming one of the most important musical feature films like; the story is replicated in various theatres. The most famous tracks from the soundtrack of Grease are "Summer Nights", "You are the one that I want" and "Hopelessly devoted to you".
Then, Olivia Newton-John shows excellent qualities as a singer but also as an actress. The later films in which it participates are: "Tomorrow", "Xanadu", "It's my Party", "Two of a kind", "Sordid lives", "Score: a hockey musical" and "A few best men".
In "Xanadu" appears alongside Gene Kelly, the soundtrack becomes gold; famous songs are "Rest your love on me" and "I can't help it". Right on the set of this film, Olivia Newton-John made the acquaintance of the dancer Matt Lattanzi, who soon divernta her husband. In December 1984, in fact, the two get married. Two years later, when the singer-actress back on stage to present his new single "Soul Kiss", is already waiting for his daughter Chloe.
He devotes even a clothing line, named "Koala Blue" and not forget his love for Australia when he recorded "It's always Australia for me", inside of his album "The Rumour".
Person singular, becomes Ambassador of great causes, committed to important community associations, such as CHEC — "Children's Health Environmental Coalition", for which Unicef is participating in the show Music for Unicef together with Donna Summer, Andy Gibb, Abba and the Bee Gees. The Association was founded THERE following the untimely death of a daughter's boyfriend for a childhood cancer in 19Affects even an album of songs for children, "Warm and Tender", in which it appears even some lullaby.
Unfortunately in 1992, announces that he is suffering from breast cancer, against which struggle with all his strength, and emerged victorious. In this regard, with the album "Gaia, one woman" speaks to the women of the world of his personal battle and disease challenge. He founded the ONJCWC or "Olivia Newton-John Cancer and Wellness Centre in Melbourne, bad care, treatment and research.
She was invited into Italy by Pope John Paul II to sing to the celebration of the Jubilee year and in Sydney for the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games. The awards that Olivia Newton-John won each year and awards are varied. Spa opens in Australia, great place to relax, hosting internationally renowned personalities like Bono, Robert Redford and Robert De Niro is also mentioned in major catalogs of Trip Advisor.
After divorcing her first husband, John Easterling Amazon bride, with whom he founded the "Amazon Herb Company. Together they fight for the preservation of the tropical rainforest. Also take care to preserve the status of indigenous peoples through the "Aceer Organisation".
In Italy in 2011 is host of the tv program "Ti lascio una canzone" hosted by Antonella Clerici. In 2010 he also appears in a few episodes of "Glee," with a new version of "Physical" sung by Jane Lynch. The need to write a book, and in 2011 for Murdoch Books, publish "LivWise: Easy Recipes For A Healthy, Happy Life" in which Olivia Newton-John speaks of the importance of a healthy diet combined with proper physical activity.
Awarded the honour "Medal of the Order of Australia" by Governor General Quentin Bryce, among his latest projects there is a cd with remixes of some hit and other famous songs.

Biography of Pope Paul VI

Through difficult times
September 26, 1897
August 6, 1978

Who is Pope Paul VI?

Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini was born on September 26, 1897 in Concesio, a town near Brescia, in a home where his parents usually spend summer holidays. His father Giorgio Montini, directs a Catholic newspaper, "the citizen of Brescia" and is member of the Italian people's Party of Don Luigi Sturzo. The man is also a noted exponent of political and social Catholicism. The mother is Judith Abaya.
John has two brothers, Francesco and Ludovico; at the age of six he is enrolled at the Jesuit College of Brescia "Cesare Arici", where he was admitted as an external student, since it has a poor health. In 1907, after a papal audience, Pope Pius X the imparts the sacrament of first communion and confirmation. John attended the religious school of Brescia until such time as he received his diploma at the public high school "Arnaldo da Brescia", in 1916.
At age 18 she began working with the student newspaper "the sling" and three years later joined the Italian Catholic University Federation (FUCI). On 29 May of the following year he was ordained priest. Shortly thereafter he moved to Rome, where he started working in the Vatican secretariat of State where he began his academic studies.
Soon he graduated in philosophy, Canon law and civil law. In this period also he was appointed Chaplain of the FUCI, leaving him in 1933 because of the great effort that requires the Vatican secretariat of State. Four years later, in December, Montini was appointed substitute of the Secretariat of State and works with Eugenio Pacelli, who in recent years he has been Cardinal Secretary of State.
A few years later, Pope Pius XI dies and takes the papal throne P with the name of Pius XII. The outbreak of the second world war is coming and John help the Pope to write the radio message that the latter must do to avoid the onset of hostilities.
In the course of the war and the Pope Montini are accused of Collaborationism pro-Nazi, but actually in secret will be the latter to lead with the mediation of the church a deal with Maria José di Savoia in order to reach a separate peace with the American allies.
Also in this period the Church helps about 4,000 Italian Jews, offering their hospitality to the Vatican, unbeknownst to Mussolini and Hitler. In 1952 Montini, administrative elections, Alcide De Gasperi, who estimates a lot. In the same year he was named pro-Secretary of State for business.
In November, two years after he was elected Archbishop of Milan and must therefore leave the Vatican secretariat of State. As Archbishop of Milan, start a policy of dialogue with the various social components of Milan and, through the creation of Christian associations of Italian workers, unable to resume dialogue with workers Mahmood.
In 1958 the new Pope John XXIII order Cardinal and, during the brief pontificate of first, presides over the work of Vatican II but is interrupted in 1963 due to the death of the Pope.
After the death of John XXIII is a short consultation and Montini is elected new Pope with great acclaim on June 21, 19Malik took the name of Paul VI.
The following year decides to sell the Papal tiara with the goal of doing good to the next with the funds raised. This is bought by the Archbishop of New York, Spellman.
Very mild-natured man, Pope Paul VI was able to conduct religious and Social Affairs with stubbornness, resuming the work of the Second Vatican Council that they left off earlier, following the death of his predecessor. During the works opens to the modernization of the Catholic World, embarking on the path of dialogue and peace with the third world countries, but remaining faithful to the principles of the Catholic religion.
A year after his election leaves for a trip to the Holy Land, showing great openness also Orthodox Christian Patriarchate of Constantinople, witnessed the embrace between him and Patriarch Athenagoras.
On September 14, 1965 shall convene the Synod of bishops to try to defuse the tension with the Episcopal collegiality. The following month the same year making a trip to the United States, making a speech at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. That same year he concluded the work of the Second Vatican Council, but the social situation in the country becomes complicated, because they spread Marxist political ideals and those lay people who attack the Catholic Church. The following year, abolishes "the index of forbidden books" and in 1968 the world day of peace, which will be celebrated beginning next year.
In this period he wrote the Encyclical Sacerdotalis Caelibatus ", which addresses the issue of priestly celibacy, keeping faithful to the provisions of the Council of Trent. A year after celebrating Christmas mass in the Italsider steelworks, in Taranto, in order to continue the dialogue with the forces of Italian workers. Among his known encyclicals during these years included "Populorum progressio" with the aim to help the third world countries, and criticized "Humanae vitae," Reaffirming that procreation should be aimed solely within the context of marriage.
In the course of his pontificate plays many travels: went on a pilgrimage to Portugal, at the shrine of Fatima, in India, in Istanbul, Ephesus and Izmir during a pastoral visit, in Bogota, in Geneva on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the International Labour Organization, he went on a pilgrimage to Uganda, in Eastern Asia, Oceania, and Australia. Also goes to Pisa for the National Eucharistic Congress and goes on a pilgrimage to Cagliari at the Marian shrine of our Lady of Bonaria.
In the years 1974-1975 inaugurates the Holy year and during the opening of the Holy door of detached rubble after falling on the Pope. The episode is broadcast live on television. Two years later he makes his last visit outside the Roman territory when visiting Pescara during National Eucharistic Congress.
The March 16, 1978 is kidnapped the Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro at the hands of the Red Brigades; on this occasion, by Pope Paul VI on April 21 of that year, published in all newspapers a letter, asking with great humility the kidnappers to free the Christian Democrat politician. Unfortunately, Aldo Moro's car was found on May 9 of that year, in Via Caetani in Rome, inside the body of the politician, who in life was a great friend of the Pope. Arousing criticisms the Pope takes part in the State funeral of Aldo Moro.
Pope Paul VI died on August 6, 1978 in the residence of Castel Gandolfo, struck overnight from pulmonary edema.
Francesco is beatified by Pope on Sunday October 19, 2014.

Biography of Francesca Senette

Smiles and words
September 26, 1975

Who is Francesca Senette?

Francesca Senette was born in Tradate (Varese) on September 26, 1975.
He began his career in journalism during the University years writing for a local head called "the alto milanese". Later he joined the editorial staff of tv broadcaster news lombarda "Antenna 3": here the news and regional leads two broadcasts per week.
During a service made for Antenna 3, she was noticed by Emilio Fede, Director of TG4, which calls for conducting the edition of 13:Francesca Senette became one of the best-known faces of TG4 and known nationally.
Always for the 4 Network was entrusted with the conduct of rotogravure "Curtain".
In 2002 he won the Ischia international journalism award; in 2008 the International journalism prize wins Santa Margherita Ligure.
Essendon has also collaborated with many magazines; among these he edited a regular column in the newspaper "free", directed by Vittorio Feltri.
Married to the entrepreneur, Marcello Forti in 2006 became Alice's mom
After 8 years at Mediaset, from 8 September 2008 move to BBC two to lead the new program "Italy in the mirror", aired from Monday to Friday in the afternoon slot.
On September 22, 2008 has also conducted the opening ceremony of the World Championships of Varese.

Levi Strauss biography

February 26, 1829
September 26, 1902

Who is Levi Strauss?

Levi Strauss (whose original name is Löb Strauß), known for the famous brand of jeans and clothing, was born on 26 February 1829 in Buttenheim (Germany) from Bavarian Jewish parents, Rebecca and Hirsch. After leaving Germany like many of his countrymen, starting from the port of Bremerhaven, arrives in the United States, in New York, where Louis and Jonas, his older brothers, have created a successful clothing industry.
In fact, after just two days in the Big Apple, the future Levi Strauss decides to move to Kentucky in Louisville, in the ranch of another relative immigrant, Daniel Goldman, his uncle. Löb here learn the English language, and spent five years with the hope of becoming a businessman and independent contractor, knowing that he will manage the ranch on the death of his uncle.
In 1850, after mom and sisters Strauß in United States have come to lend a hand to Louis and Jonas, Löb decides to change its name to Levi, inglesizzandolo: this is the first step to getting American citizenship, which came in 18Levi moves in California, in San Francisco, which at the time place is experiencing a phase of major development in virtue of the gold rush: its intention is to create a textile industry that meets the needs of particular tissues required for work in mines, for sails of boats and wagons of the pioneers.
Open with the help of his brother-in-law David Stern, a wholesale, Levi Strauss & co. Not disdaining to become a peddler, by going directly to the mines, invented what became known as Dungarees, ideal for the miners, using the canvas called serge deNimes, today known as Denim.
On 20 May 1873 along with the tailor Jacob Davis patent-sharing, with tissue reinforcement with copper rivets around the pockets.
Levi Strauss died in San Francisco on September 26, 1902, leaving the company to his nephews Sigmund, Abraham, Louis and Jacob. His body was buried in Colma.

Lucia Valerio biography

The pioneer heart and passion without age
February 28, 1905
September 26, 1996

Who is Lucia Valerio?

Lucia Valerio, considered the greatest Italian tennis player of the past, was born in Milan on February 28, 1905.
In 1926, just 21, WINS absolute League of Trieste beginning his series of ten consecutive Singles.
Against the great Lucia Valerio era often struggle to equal. Takes several times the German Cilly Aussem: twice in the international of Italy (in the semifinals) in Milan in 1932 and in Rome in 1935.
In the first edition of 1930, in the final, against Spain's Lili de Alvarez, Lucia Valerio was to lead the match, before surrendering the third set; did the Center next year, ending the dream of winning in front of your audience.
Lucia was part of the Belle Epoque: tennis tournaments on the Côte d'Azur and the riviera ligure.
Dressed always in strictly holding, long skirt and white stockings, wide brim, was considered a regolarista groundstrokes, stronger in straight that in reverse.
In 1933 Lucia Valerio gets his best international result reaching the quarterfinals at Wimbledon; We will have to wait years to see 56 another milanese Italian, Laura Golarsa, repeat the feat.
Beautiful sporty woman, Lucia Valerio before devoting himself entirely to tennis had practiced horse riding, skiing and fencing. He never hung his Racquet, arriving to play even on the threshold of ninety years.
She died in Milan on September 26, 1996.

Serena Williams biography

Determining uphill and downhill
September 26, 1981

Who is Serena Williams?

Serena Jameka Williams was born on September 26, 1981 in Saginaw, Michigan, in the United States. Venus's younger sister, enters the professional tennis circuit in 1997, giving way to climbing the world rankings within shortest time. After beating Mary Pierce and Monica Seles, back in the top ten of Wta rankings, the Chicago tournament, Serena began to be appreciated more and more, in the United States and the rest of the world.
Having earned the top 30, he won the first Grand Slam title in 1999, winning the finals of the US Open against Martina Hingis of Switzerland, the world number one ranking. Serena then becomes, after Gibson Althe in 1958, the second African-American tennis player to win the u.s. Open. The bis in a Grand Slam tournament comes shortly after, but in doubles, when along with her sister Venus Williams wins the French Open France.
The subsequent seasons confirm triumphs in doubles, with 2000 victories at Wimbledon and the Sydney Olympics, and in the 2001 Australia Open. Number one in the Wta rankings came in 2002, by virtue of the successes in the singles at Roland Garros, Wimbledon and the Us Open: in all three cases, the final victory is achieved against sister Venus.
In later years the girl of Saginaw remains at high levels, winning the Australia Open and Wimbledon. The primacy in the world ranking, however, is removed after almost sixty weeks uninterrupted domain, Belgian Kim Clijsters, also because of injuries that keep you away from playgrounds to the latter part of 20Injuries that affect performance of the year: no victory in major tournaments, and only two minor trophies, in China and in Miami. The best result, then, becomes concrete in the Wimbledon final lost against Maria Sharapova, Russian tennis rising star.
Gradually the sporting achievements seem to leave, however, Serena Williams earns respect and notoriety in other fields, often parading as a model (and posing for a special edition of the magazine "Sports Illustrated") but also realizing a personal sportswear line. Clothes that, moreover, the girl would wear in the field: but often the referees are not of the same opinion.
Also in 2004, a RAID on the small screen: she starred in sit-com of Damon Wayans ' all in the family ". The return to victory on the field of play is staged in early 2005, in Melbourne, with victory in the Australian Open final in derby with compatriot Lindsay Davenport. The expectations of fans, however, are immediately disappointed because that remains the only victory of the year, Serena comes out of the top ten in the world ranking. A negative trend that confirms, with disastrous results, in 2006: Williams, plagued by injuries, drops of remaining excluded even from the first hundred.
The resurrection, however, was not long in coming: in 2007 Serena once again wins the Australian Open, defeating Maria Sharapova in the final, and for the ranking. The 2008 is the year of the final of Wimbledon played and lost against sister Venus, but also won Olympic gold in Beijing, naturally always with Venus. Five years after the last time, then, the African American tennis player back in first place in the world rankings in September, thanks to the conquest of the Us Open came after the success in the final against Serbia's Jelena Jankovic. From there begins a series of salts and down between the first and second place, alternating with Russian Dinara Safina.
We arrive, so in 2009, with the third Wimbledon title, won again against Venus, in the single, and in doubles against Australia Stubbs and Stosur. The success of double you repeat in the u.s. Open, ten years after the first time, against Huber and Black.
Now the career of Serena and Venus goes hand in hand: not surprisingly the October 12, 2009 the first back in the top of the Wta rankings in the final at the Masters in Doha the second. The beginning of 2010 is very positive, with the finals in Sydney and Melbourne Victory: the twelfth Slam comes thanks to the success in the final against Belgian Justine Henin. Conflicting results on clay: after deletions in single Rome-in the semi-finals-and Paris-quarterfinals-doubles, WINS at Madrid and Roland Garros. No problem, instead, on the grass, with yet another success at Wimbledon.
The achievements in the field, though, followed by health problems serious enough: before a foot injury, and then a serious pulmonary embolism, endanger the career of Serena Williams. The African-American athlete jumps throughout the first half of the season, and back on the field until June at Eastbourne, where Zvonareva the delete in the second round. Even on the grass of Wimbledon's friend Serena Williams struggles, eliminated round by French Marion Bartoli. Dropped of to the 169esima position, returns to win a tournament in July at Stanford, where he shows grit and tenacity.
Applause, welcome on the occasion of the 2011 Us Open, where only an extraordinary Samantha Stosur in the final stop of winning another Slam. The great and decisive return, however, is staged in 2012 – naturally at Wimbledon. In the land of the strawberries and cream Cup, Serena won the tournament with class and elegance, chasing away the ghosts (health problems and pulmonary embolism) who just over a year before they did fear for his own life. Salt on top of the world winning then gold at the London Olympics 2012.


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