Encyclopedia of Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Oscar Farinetti
- Biography of Edward Bach
- Biography of Pedro Almodovar
- Biography of Riccardo Illy
- F. Scott Fitzgerald biography
- Jim Henson biography
- Biography of Howard Hughes
- Alessia Merz biography
- Biography of Paracelsus
- Biography of Antonio Tabucchi
Biography of Oscar Farinetti
Who is Oscar Farinetti?Oscar Farinetti, whose baptismal name is Christmas, was born on September 24, 1954 in Alba, Piedmont: her father is Paul Farinetti, entrepreneur, former Socialist Deputy Mayor partisan in his city. After graduating from the liceo classico "Govone," Oscar in 1972 he enrolled at the University of Turin, Faculty of business and Economics: in 1976, however, abandoned his studies to dedicate himself to work.
In particular, contributes to the development of Unieuro, supermarket founded by his father in the second half of the 1960s, which became a large retail chain of national importance, which specializes in electronics: in 1978 he joined the Board of Directors, and then take up the post of Managing Director and then Chairman.
In 2003 choose to sell at Retail, Unieuro Dixons public company of retail consumer electronics based in the United Kingdom: with the money obtained in 2004 founded Eataly food distribution chain. At the same time, the Piedmontese entrepreneur collaborates with the University of Parma and the Bocconi University of Milan for various market research, and deals with the purchase and renovation of the award-winning Pastificio Afeltra di Gragnano, in the province of Naples, of which he became Managing Director.
Eataly openings, meanwhile, follow each other: from Turin (January 2007) to Milan (October 2007), Tokyo (September 2008) to Bologna (December 2008). Also in 2008, Oscar Farinetti is leaving the position of ceo of Eataly, however the remaining Chairman; also becomes ceo of Fontanafredda Bionatural Reserve, winery of Serralunga d'Alba, Langhe.
In 2009, the year in which also opens in Pinerolo Eataly and Asti, Faith for the Publisher gives the prints Joints book "Chickie". After the opening of Eataly in New York (August 2010) and Monticello d'Alba (August 2010), in 2011 the entrepreneur opens a new branch in Genoa and receives from the municipality of Forlimpopoli "Premio Artusi", for spreading the image of Italian food and culture; It also promotes "7 moves for the Italy" sailing trip with departure and arrival in Genoa, he worked in the United States between April and June of that year, together with Giovanni Soldini: from that experience is also a book, titled "7 x" Italy moves.
While Eataly grows (will arrive in 2012 to have nine branches in Italy, one in the United States and nine in Japan), Oscar Farinetti receives the Premio Scanno for power ", for the merit of having succeeded in combining social focus and entrepreneurial activities. In 2013 for Mondadori publishes illustrated-Electa the book "stories of courage" while Italy USA Foundation attributes the "America" Award.
In the same year, while the Teatro Smeraldo, Milan is renovated to become a new venue Eataly, invokes-together with his son Francesco-Adriano Celentano's presence at the inauguration of the premises: the Resilient response, however, is cold and unexpected, given that the singer expresses its opposition to the project.
In 2013, Oscar Farinetti is a gaffe when, to celebrate June 2, buy an ad for "the Messenger" and "La Repubblica": in the message are remembered all the Presidents of the Republic, but Oscar Luigi Scalfaro called Eugenio. In addition, Faith ends at the center of controversy due to the opening of a store in the Fiera del Levante in Bari: first by the absence of some licenses, then because the unions point out that almost all of the employees was taken with temporary contracts, going against the Biagi Law that requires companies with more than 50 employees cannot have more than 8% of contracts of this type.
Close to the ideas of politically then Mayor of Florence, Matteo Renzi, in 2014 Oscar Farinetti is referred to by the press as one of the eligible candidates for the post of Agriculture Minister in the new Government headed by the Secretary of the Democratic Party.
Biography of Edward Bach
September 24, 1886
November 27, 1936
Who is Edward Bach?Edward Bach, Welsh physician become known worldwide thanks to his invention called "Bach flower remedies" was born on September 24, 1886 in Moseley, a village five kilometres from Birmingham.
The native land has much importance in its formation: the contact with a bucolic atmosphere and serenity of those places will induce him to a closer contact with nature.
As a child becomes convinced that all things have a soul and its on the sensitivity suggests that all the talk about a subtle and mysterious language which however he captures.
The decision to become a doctor takes place at the age of six. He began his studies by attending the University of Birmingham, is a training course at the University College Hospital in London, where he graduated in 19Initially threw himself headlong into the hospital practice that looks very interesting and exciting, but proved disappointments more satisfactions. Edward Bach realizes that the medical practice has a mechanical character and depersonalizing and traditional medicine focuses more on the disease and the symptom, and the man in its complexity, which of course also includes personality and emotion.
His is a view that differs from the look "mechanistically" of Western systems of care, to approach a "holistic" understanding of man, i.e. including all its components, in the knowledge that they interact and influence each other.
To use a slogan to easy you might say that impact according to Bach is the man who must be treated, not the disease.
The evidence for this claim is the fact that some medications are effective for a patient and completely useless for another. As a result of these convictions leave the Surgery Department of the hospital to pursue research on bacteria (the so-called "Immunology"), an area where it will get significant results. Unfortunately the strong efforts and study in the long run will undermine them toughness.
In 1914, at the outbreak of World War I, Edward Bach is reformed for his precarious physical condition. Despite this, he was entrusted with the responsibility of four hundred places at University College Hospital, the Institute where he graduated.
The sum of these responsibilities carries it in July 1917 to faint and be operated as a matter of urgency. Diagnosis: tumor is metastatic.
According to doctors did not remain that three months of life.
Falls into a deep depression and realizes that they got the time needed to complete his research. Decided to try the highest number of searches and possible experiments. Absorbed by this purpose spend more than three months; doctors who had been treating does not believe their eyes: the disease declined.
So it was that Bach had confirmation that a great love, a passion, a purpose in life was of paramount importance, much to stop death.
The study on the vaccine gave excellent results, but Bach was not satisfied so much so that some patients do not respond to treatment. He was aware of the thought of Samuel Hahnemann, founder of homeopathy and was deeply impressed, because even approached those beliefs that have long cultivated within himself. His insight was to unite the discoveries of Hahnemann with his own.
In this way Bach found homeopathic vaccine called "the seven Bach nosodes". Divided the bacteria responsible for diseases and groups began to analyze the characteristics that accumunavano people in need of a vaccine. He discovered several psychological types and corresponding human profiles. Then asserted that the mood causes illness and not vice versa.
Continued research in bacteria, in power and in the psychological attitude, although it was certain that every disease there was a negative mood.
His doctor had crossed national boundaries and its vaccines (nosodes) were used in both America and Germany, both from homeopathic medicine and allopathic medicine.
Bach, however, continued to be unhappy with vaccines and always for the same reasons, namely that some people do not respond to treatment established by him. Driven by this need for completeness then sought new remedies between the plants and herbs, the obsessive search of a correlation between these various moods and response to therapy.
At the conclusion of this enormous work, Bach settled, thanks to the help of tables, that the various types of flowers that exist, interacting with the emotions, each in his own way riequilibravano the mood.
Flower therapy created by him is that care through 38 flower essences resolves problems related to the psyche, to negative moods and emotions that cause imbalance and disharmony. Indirectly flower therapy care many symptoms and diseases of the body, when these are caused by a spirit (in most cases).
Edward Bach died on November 27, 19That was the year of tuning the Essences, and since then the system spread throughout the world, receiving enthusiastic acclaim. The official plan, flower therapy is a therapeutic system recognized by the who since 1976.
For further information:
THE BACH FLOWER CARDS
Milena Simeoni, David M. Pirovano
Red editions (2003)
Biography of Pedro Almodovar
September 24, 1951
Who is Pedro Almodovar?Pedro Almodóvar Caballero was born in Calzada de Calatrava (Castile-La Mancha, Spain) on 24 September 19When Pedro was eight years old, his family left the city and moved to another province. He lives his childhood and his adolescence in Extremadura, then again moving to a larger city, Madrid, in the late 60 's.
But this time Pedro doesn't let just drive family decisions, but begins to have clear ideas about what they want to do: vent his unbridled creativity and enter into the world of cinema. Restless and unstable, at sixteen, he interrupted his studies, he started working as a clerk at a telephone company to stay (we will pass twelve years of his life), but meanwhile began to focus the filming of documentaries, movies and short films, as well as the publication of comics and stories in underground magazines; among the multiple activities of that period, he also appeared as an actor in some shows of the company "Los Goliardos" and attends a punk-rock band (remember this experience are found in several of his films).
His first short film dates back to 1974, which will follow a dozen before his first feature film, which arrives in 19It's the beginning of her dazzling career, thanks to a rich and incisive style. In the early 80 's, among others, joined the underground movement that causes the phenomenon of the "movida" and that will renew the artistic, musical and cultural centre of Madrid. Compared to the production of Almodovar, those were the years in which the first film actually distributed in style: "Pepi, Luci Bom and other girls on the heap" and "labyrinth of passion".
In 1983, alternating in a film, music and creative writing, forms the duo Almodóvar-McNamara, who publishes a disk, and creates the character of Patty Diphusa, porn-star who tells his adventures in "La Luna de Madrid". Follow the movie "dark habits of sin", "what have I done to deserve this?!", "Matador" and "law of desire". In 1987 together with his brother Agustin founded a production house.
With "women on the verge of a nervous breakdown" comes the consecration at an international level, crowned with an Oscar nomination and a never-ending list of awards and accolades around the world. The following films were worldwide hits: "Lègami!", "high heels", "Kika", "the flower of my secret" and "live flesh".
In 2000, after the Palme d'Or in 1999 for Best Director at Cannes for "all about my mother", he received the Oscar for the same film, crowning a success both critics and public. The latest "talk to her", "La mala educación", "Volver", "broken embraces", his complete filmography.
1980-Pepi, Luci, Boom and the other girls of the bunch-Pepi, Luci, Boom y otras chicas del monton
1982-passion-labyrinth Laberinto de pasiones
1983-The indiscreet charm of sin-Entre tinieblas
1984-what have I done to deserve this? -Echo Que yo para merecer esto?
1987-law of desire-La ley del deseo
1988-women on the verge of a nervous breakdown-Mujeres al borde de un ataque de nervios
1991-high heels-Tajones lejanos
1993-Kika. A borrowed body-Kika
1995-the flower of my secret (La flor de mi secreto)
1997-live flesh (Carne trémula)
1999-all about my mother (Todo sobre mi madre)
2001-talk to her (Hable con ella)
2004-La mala educación (bad education)
2009-broken embraces (Los abrazos rotos)
Biography of Riccardo Illy
September 24, 1955
Who is Riccardo Illy?Riccardo Illy was born in Trieste on 24 September 19Successful entrepreneur and renowned fame, has linked its name and that of his family to the coffee brand, which for nearly a century is among the leading companies worldwide. Riccardo Illy is also a politician, Parliamentary Deputy, who after serving for two consecutive charges the role of Mayor of the city of Trieste, in 2003 he was elected President of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region, at the head of a centre-left coalition.
The future number one company Illy was born into a family of Waldensian religious orientation of Hungarian origins. His grandfather Francesco Illy, a native of Temesvàr (Hungary), one true founder of Illycaffè Spa, officially founded in Trieste in 19This is a company that, since the ' 30 and ' 40, is among the most quoted regarding scopes of roasting and distribution.
Richard is the son of Ernesto Illy, which from 1956, the year after his birth, becomes co-owner and Director of the company, then take the Presidency from 1963 to 20His wife was Anna Rossi, while in addition to Riccardo, there are also the brothers Francis, Anne and Andrea.
The turning point for the young Riccardo remains the 1977 when graduate decides to fit within the family business. Anyway is not limited only to learn the secrets, far from it. The enterprising Riccardo Illy is being done in marketing, which to him his birth at the corporate level. Modernizes the merchandising, realizes the great potential of the advertising industry, especially during those years, facilitated by liberalization and the continued flourishing of private broadcasters, which in the years ' 80 will be more frequent.
In 1983, having reconsidered the scope, giving brand promotional fund to their intellectual resources within the marketing, commercial structure reorganizes Illy, becoming Director in turn.
Now, in these early years, he married Rossana Bettini, food and wine journalist, with whom he had a daughter, Daria, which will become a physical education teacher and personal trainer.
The climb continues hand in hand with her father, still operational and top management, for all the 80 's and early 90 's.
From 1992 to 1995 Riccardo Illy becomes ceo of Illycaffè, a position he maintains along with Corporate Vice President, received in 19During the same period (from 1987) he enrolled at the Association of journalists, appearing in the register of publicists, giving freedom to rein in newspapers and magazines that gradually end up inviting him. Also takes part to the book "from coffee to Espresso", published by Mondadori in 1989.
Is always the 1993 when Riccardo Illy receives another important honor and burden: it is first elected Mayor of his hometown, Trieste. The work is good and appreciates both its citizenship commitment from industry, able to give work to a multitude of Trieste, and is the one from left-of-Centre politician, progressive but always moderate cut.
In 1997 he re-nominated and WINS again, getting the mandate until 20Parliamentary Deputy is among the ranks of the olive and adheres to the mixed group as an independent Member (IX Committee: transport, posts and telecommunications).
Receives, in the late 90 's and early 2000s, the title of Commendatore by the President of the Italian Republic, Grand Officer, the "Golden Honorary Title" by the President of the Republic of Austria and the Die Quadriga award in Berlin, as well as an honorary doctorate conferred parchment by the University of Trieste, in political science.
Is one of the promoters at the European level of enlargement of the boundaries to the Eastern countries for many years and invests in the Balkans, especially with his company and other corporate situations.
Is a left-of-Centre independent, so you define, between Parliament and its region. Adheres to Romano Prodi programs but has no party card, which gives life to the civic list "citizens for President" at the 2003 Regional favourites. Is one of the most committed to changing the electoral law of Friuli Venezia Giulia, 9 June 2003, with 53.1% of the vote, he was elected President of the region.
The work here is appreciated but to improve the so-called "election day", i.e. the unification at one time and in one parable of policies and electoral administration, Riccardo Illy decides to shorten a few months its mandate and, on 7 February 2008, resigns as Governor, likely for the next election. In this second part, however, collects only 46.18 percent of the vote and was defeated by Challenger Renzo Tondo.
Meanwhile, since 2004 he is the President of the Assembly of European regions (AER), which join 250 regions from 33 European countries.
To affect his political career, in fact, abandoned after the defeat at the second regional elections, is the Court of Auditors, which in 2010 condemns several councillors and Chief Executives of regional government guided by him, to pay 1 million and 590 thousand euros for those that are defined in the national press "exit": good outputs to the personalities bestowed over closer to then President Riccardo Illy. The same coffee industry, must pay about € 504,000, according at least to what is reported by the most influential media entry area, namely the newspaper "Il Piccolo". Then will come the acquittal on appeal.
In the Decade of 2000, it should be added, Illy becomes the protagonist of a series of interesting editorial initiatives, confirming its political and civic vitality. Include in his signature "Polietica publications", co-written with Paolo Maurensig and published by Marsilio in 2003, "The Chinese frog", with Paul Feng and published by Mondadori in 2006 and, finally, "so we lose the North" of 2008 and for the House of Segrate.
In 2012, Illy claims to want to sell your boat, manifesting his own idea to not share the technical Government headed by Mario Monti. His statement raises a stir in political circles.
F. Scott Fitzgerald biography
September 24, 1896
December 21, 1940
Who is Francis Scott Fitzgerald?Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald was born on September 24, 1896 in Saint Paul (Minnesota, USA). His childhood is dominated by the principles and ideals of the southern aristocracy and conservative Catholic. Unfortunately her father Edward is not very skilled in the management of the family and often fails to meet the economic demands of everyday life. Things change with the birth of second daughter Annabel and moved to Buffalo. But the quiet period is short, the father is fired by the company for which the salesman, and the family returns to Saint Paul, where it assumes responsibility for maintaining the maternal grandmother. Thanks to the mother's side of the family, unable to complete his studies and to give evidence of his precocious talent for writing.
In 1909 he published his first short story: "the mystery of Raymond Marge". Parents, however, having encountered the poor school performance, transfer it to the Newman School in New Jersey; College known for a strict Catholic character. Yet here knows a very eclectic friar, father Fay, that will end up devoting his first novel: "this side of paradise".
In 1913 arrives at Princeton, milestone for his career as a writer. It is here that immerses you in reading the classics and knowledge relations and friendship with many intellectuals. But this is also the period of his definitive statement as dandy and keen attender of parties and theatrical entertainment. During college, he began a relationship with the young King Geneva, belonging to the high society of Chicago, but the short duration of this loving relationship lets rather bitter.
At the outbreak of World War I, applies and the enlistment in October 1917 without graduating. His desire is to fight in Europe in the name of the ideals of Justice and freedom, but is sent in Kansas, where he spent long months inactive and frustrating.
In this period, apparently unsatisfactory and flat, they met about to change his life. After the transfer of its military camp in Alabama, he met at a dance with his daughter, Zelda Sayre, a well-known local judge. The two married in 19Before the wedding, however, there is a moment of rupture that reveals how Fitzgerald is linked to the woman. After the refusal of the Publisher Scribner to publish his first novel, this side of paradise ", Zelda leaves him and he lives in a State of inebriation continues for about three weeks.
The novel then undergoes a long review and was published in 1920, soon becoming a real best-seller. Thus began a period of thoughtlessness which consecrates him as representative of the lost generation of the roaring twenties. The New York home of the pair becomes the Centre of parties and meetings of friends and, almost, a kind of symbol of a lifestyle be decommitted and unprejudiced.
Start also travels around the world: the couple will be first to London and then to Paris. Here, in 1921, became part of the circle of intellectuals that gathers around Gertrude and Stain, is mainly composed of expatriate writers. The two will tell the French period in a 1934 collection.
In 1921, in Saint Paul, born Frances daughter nicknamed Scottie. Staying in Saint Paul, however, does not last long: Zelda is not well nell'ambiente too conservative and the two return to New York. This is precisely the time that becomes the absolute protagonist of his most famous novel "the Great Gatsby".
Meanwhile, his work as a writer is very intense: in 1922 "beautiful and damned" and in the same year, the collection "Tales of the jazz age."
In 1924, the two returned to France in an attempt to reduce household expenses. In the French Riviera, Zelda ends up falling to an aviator and begin the first couple problems. To avoid breakage, travel to Italy, but Scott who started drinking ends involved in an argument with a taxi driver. The breakup is imminent, also favored by Zelda, schizophrenia diagnosed in 19The doctors prescribe a period of hospitalization in a specialized clinic in Switzerland. After the resignation of women, the two get back together in the United States and in 1934 the writer published her fourth novel "tender is the night". His personal situation but rushes: the novel doesn't get the expected success and becomes ill of tuberculosis before and then depression because of the many economic difficulties and family.
Shooting began in 1937, when he accepted a contract for 18 months as a screenwriter in Hollywood. There he meets a social commentator who allows him to regain the lost equilibrium. In November 1940, while grappling with the writing of the novel "the last Tycoon" is taken from a heart attack. F. Scott Fitzgerald died on December 21, 1940 at the age of 45 years.
Jim Henson biography
September 24, 1936
May 16, 1990
Who is Jim Henson?James Maury Henson was born in Greenville, SC (United States) on September 24, 1936; Director and producer with the invention of "Muppets", is considered the greatest innovator of puppeteer history of American tv.
The second of two brothers is raised as a Christian scientist and lived his early years in Leland; moves with his family to Hyattsville, Maryland, near Washington, in the late 1940s. It is during adolescence that is influenced first by the advent and spread of television, then by ventriloquist Edgar Bergen, and one of the first shows with puppets of Burr Tillström and Bil and Cora Baird.
At eighteen Jim Henson, while attending Northwestern High School, began working for WTOP-TV, creating puppets for a children's show on Saturday morning; the title is "The Junior Morning Show". After graduating he enrolled at the University of Maryland (College park) to follow an art class, thinking of becoming an artist. Some makers of the introdcono puppets in this period to create courses and weaving in the context of the University of Economics, earning a degree in home economics right in 1960.
When he was a freshman, had participated in the "Sam and Friends", a show of just five minutes with his puppets. The characters were the forerunners of the Muppets and the show included a prototype of its most famous character: Kermit the frog.
Henson began to show that techniques then sperimentanre would change the puppeteer's craft; his is the invention of the final frame to allow the puppeteer to move out from the mirror in the camera.
Many were carved wooden puppets: Henson began to create characters with the foam, allowing them to express a wider range of emotions. The arms were controlled puppet with strings, but Henson use sticks for the arms move his Muppets, which allows him greater control of the movements. In addition, he wanted his puppets they faked the spoken in the most creative way possible than previous puppets, which were used to move the mouth at random. Henson himself studying precise movements during the dialogues of his creatures.
After graduation Jim has doubts about continuing his career as a puppeteer. Moves to Europe for several months, where he found great inspiration. Upon his return to the United States, begins to attend Jane Nebel, known in the environment: unite in marriage in 19The couple will be born five children: Lisa (1960), Cheryl (1961), Brian (1962), John (1965), and Heather (1970).
Despite the initial success of "Sam and Friends", Henson worked for twenty years following commercials, talk shows and children's programs, before coming to realize his dream: to create a program that was "a form of entertainment for all".
One of the most popular spots of Henson is to made to the Coffee Company Wilkins: here a Muppet named Wilkins (with the voice of Kermit) is placed behind a cannon seen in profile. Another Muppet named Wontkins (voiced by Rowlf) is in front of the barrel. Wilkins asks "what do you think of Wilkins Coffee?" and the other says "I've never tried!", then Wilkins shoots him with the gun. Then turn the gun at the camera and asks "what do you think?". The instant success meant that the setting would be used later for many other products.
In 1963 he moved with Jane in New York. The wife stops following the work of Muppets to look after the children. Henson then takes the writer Jerry Juhl in 1961 and puppeteer Frank Oz in 19Henson and Oz established a great friendship and partnership: the partnership will last for 27 years.
Appearances on talk shows Henson's 60 years reached the climax when he makes his first appearance Rowlf, a dog "humanized" who plays the piano. Rowlf is the first Muppet to appear regularly on a talk show.
Henson produces experimental films between 1963 and 1966: his 9 minute short film, in 1966, he was even nominated for an Oscar.
In 1969 Joan Ganz Cooney and the team at Children's Television Workshop asked Jim Henson to work on "Sesame Street", a program-container, through the game, learning objectives towards the child audience that follows it. The show involved some Muppets, including Oscar the Grouch, Bert and Ernie, Cookie Monster and Big Bird. Henson makes playing a Guy Smiley game led by Bernie, and Kermit the frog appears as a reporter around the world.
The success of Sesame Street leads Jim Henson to abandon the advertising industry. Is dedicated to creating new Muppets and the production of animated films.
Henson, Frank Oz and their team are successful even from adults, when a series of sketch appears in the first season of the innovative variety show Saturday Night Live (SNL).
In 1976 his creative team moves to England, where they start filming the "Muppet Show". The Muppet Show was characterized by Kermit the frog as a guest, as well as many other characters such as Miss Piggy, Gonzo and Fozzie. Three years after the onset of the Muppet Show, in 1979, the Muppets appear in their first film, "Everyone in Hollywood with the Muppets" (original title: The Muppet Movie), which gets a success both critics and public.
In 1981 the sequel arrives, this time directed by Henson, "the great Muppet caper" (original title: The Great Muppet Caper). Henson decided to stop with the "Muppet Show" to devote himself only to movies, although occasionally the Muppets continue to appear in movies and TV in some program.
In 1982 he created the "Jim Henson Foundation" to promote and develop puppetry in the United States. Shortly after he begins filming fantasy or semi-realistic, as "The Dark Crystal", but this time without his Muppets. The following year the Muppets perform in the movie "the Muppets to conquer Broadway" (original title: The Muppets Take Manhattan), directed by Frank Oz.
In 1986 Henson turns "Labyrinth", a fantasy film (with David Bowie), who turns out to be a fiasco, however: in the years to come would become a cult. During the same period separates from his wife, who remains close to the rest of his life. All their five children begin early to work with the Muppets, as well as an opportunity to stay close to his father, otherwise deeply involved away from home.
Henson continues to explore the fantasy world with the show "The Storyteller" (1988), which won an Emmy but is cancelled after nine episodes. The following year Henson reappears with "The Jim Henson Hour".
Late in 1989 he was hired by Walt Disney multinational for about 150 million dollars, hoping that, with Disney who ran the business, he would have had more time to spend in the creative side of things. " The 1990 's when it ends to make a TV special entitled "The Muppets at Walt Disney World". During the production of his latest projects, however, begins to suffer flu symptoms.
Jim Henson died of the streptococcus pneumoniae May 16, 1990, at the age of 53 years.
Biography of Howard Hughes
September 24, 1905
April 5, 1976
Who is Howard Hughes?Howard Hughes was born in Humble, Texas on 24 September 19Aviator, film & television producer and Director, is considered one of the most important and controversial figures in American history, capable of great feats, but also of sudden falls.
Son of Howard Robard Hughes, the young Howard grew up in a family environment, if you take into consideration the historical period. His father is the founder of Hughes Tool Company, an oil company very important and profitable. His uncle, father, like brother Rupert Hughes, is an author, hired by Samuel Goldwyn's movie studios. While Allene Gano, mother, comes from a wealthy family in Dallas.
After years spent in a private school in Boston, little Howard moved to Thacher School of California, becoming an excellent student appreciate physics, his favorite subject.
On 24 January 1924, the 18-year-old Howard Hughes loses his father, suffering from an embolism. Hughes Tool Company goes into his hands, but the younger son of oil Tycoon cannot benefit from it in the totality of actions until the age of 21 years. For the moment, to supervise her uncle Rupert Hughes.
Meanwhile, after the unfortunate event of death of his father, the young Howard knows the socialite Ella Rice, who in June 1925 becomes his wife. They love the film industry and, three years later, in 1928, they moved to Hollywood. This is the beginning of his career as film producer.
Produces "Arabian Night", by Lewis Milestone, which is the Oscar for directing. In 1930 he wrote and directed himself, even producing it, a film completely dedicated to the world of military aviation: "Hell's Angels", translated into Italian as "Hell's Angels". The subject concerns a World War I pilot and one who is set to become the richest man in America invests in this film something how nearly four million dollars, at the time a reckless figure. With 87 aircraft used and the recruitment of the best drivers in the world, Hughes gives life, with this movie, the Blockbuster genre.
The next year, is to "The Age for Love" and "The Front Page", both of 1931, while in 1932 produces "first" Scarface, directed by Howard Hawks. It is the moment when the brilliant and unpredictable entrepreneur relies on his aspiration, succumbing to the allure of aviation and investing on it. In 1932, while producing movies in Hollywood, Howard Hughes is "Hughes Aircraft Company. Two years later, after personally designed an aircraft that goes down in history with the name "H-1".
Only a year later, on 13 September 1935, its creation sets new speed record in heaven, reaching the speed of 352 miles per hour. The 11 June 1936, the richest man in America, as it was considered a pawn invests, Gabriel Mayer. Is arrested on suspicion of manslaughter but, inexplicably, is released without any accusation.
Two years later, in 1938, began his relationship with Katharine Hepburn, but ends up breaking the relationship with him due to his repeated betrayals.
During the second world war Howard Hughes manufactures military aircraft, accumulating wealth and increasing the wealth of its companies, especially petroleum. In 1943 back to cinema with "my outlaw", a western arousing scandal because of the feminine presence of Jane Russell, beautiful and provocative in the film. Most controversial were the years of his life. Accused of corruption, complicity with the Government likely to Roosevelt, Hughes always manages to get away with giving to do especially with his many mistresses. In the years ' 50, according to his biographers, he had relationships with women and entertainment of American cinema, like Yvonne De Carlo, Rita Hayworth, Barbara Payton and Terry Moore.
In 1956 the Hughes Tool Company provides a loan of $ 205,000 to Nixon Incorporated, a company run by Richard Nixon's brother, Donald Nixon. The money, never returned, serves to support the presidential campaign of the future President of the United States, including Howard Hughes is lively supporter.
After proposals of marriage to Jean Simmons and Susan Hayward, receiving only rejections, the American aviation magnate marries Jean Peters in 19The couple moved to a bungalow in Palm Springs and this is where Hughes starts to show the first signs of madness, paranoia and hypochondria compulsive alternating with increasingly frequent crises.
During the 60 's and at the outbreak of the war in Viet Nam, Hughes does business with the Government, selling helicopters. In 1966 however, after some very affordable sales, rich film producer and maker of aircraft dives into the world of casinos, by investing in Las Vegas. Four luxury hotels and six casinos become his property. But it is the epilogue, now, his career and his life.
More and more into the abyss of madness, continues to manage its own affairs from isolated residences, a victim of his hypochondria. Health seriously deteriorates and Hughes died in Houston on April 5, 1976 at the age of seventy years. It is estimated to have left a legacy estimated 2 billion.
Life, works, the genius and madness of this extraordinary American character has often been recalled from cinema and tv: among the most important are the film "The Aviator" (2004, directed by Martin Scorsese, starring Leonardo DiCaprio, which won three Golden Globes and five Oscars), "The cheat-The Hoax" (2006, by Lasse Hallström starring Richard Gere), "F for Fake" (1975 , by Orson Welles).
Alessia Merz biography
September 24, 1974
Who is Alessia Merz?Born in Trento, September 24, 1974 Alessia Merz received his high school diploma and then entered the world of fashion, working for fashion designers. He also worked as an interpreter of soap operas "Launch".
Between 1995 and 1997 he participated in several advertising campaigns (both in Italy and abroad) then, eager for popularity, decided to try his luck showing up outside the studios of Mediaset, where at that time were holding tryouts for the tv show "Non è la Rai". Enlisted on the fly in the gynaeceum danceable by Gianni Boncompagni, Director and creator of the program as well as men from the eye ready, then Bill during various episodes for its loose and confident pitch. Scampering here and there also came to live in spaces provided within the transmission, under the strong leadership of Banda, some games for the public at home.
After the free ride of "Non è la Rai", where the most of the effort was to wink at the camera, Alessia Merz is recruited into the bandwagon of "Striscia la Notizia" as a "Velina" for the 1995/1996 season. Eh, Yes. Few remember it now, but Smile was one of the first Showgirls, a type of valletta became a cult phenomenon.
At that time the Chronicles give engaged to former Vicenza player, Maini, why, novella, pallonare geometry connoisseur is often called to say its in the Sarabande of sympathetic "Quelli che il calcio". A "Vice" that the authors have not removed even when Merz broke the relationship with Maini.
But Alessia Merz's career has also seen other targets. In 1998 she presented, along with Max Pezzali, Sanremo famous, with whom he conducted in December of that year 1998 Telethon links and then arrived at the cinema, movies that, if you don't stand out for high content, have the merit of representing the cross section (perhaps unconscious) of a certain humanity. This is the case of the "Falon 883 movies" or "holiday" by Mariano Laurenti.
Back to prominence led television with Gene Gnocchi and George Mastrota, "Meteors", a program dedicated to forgotten stars of the show and, along with Samantha De Grenet and Filippa Lagerback, "Candid Angels", a broadcast focused entirely on candid camera.
Beautiful, beautiful, even more. With that curvy body, with those eyes so green they look fake, posed for Maxim, to create a calendar: behind the camera Conrad Godly.
But there are also other efforts that the tireless "socialite" (Smile was likened to that line of beautiful girls, precisely because of their attractiveness, attend to any program and any event), decided to bear, as participation in the program by Simona Ventura "l'isola dei Famosi" 2004 edition. A test of survival very hard that didn't scare the combative Alessia.
Match for Samana, Santo Domingo, along with eleven other "dead" renowned as the caustic critic nicknamed courier Aldo Grasso (the other "shipwrecked" companions of Merz meet to name: Kabir Bedi, Thei, Rosanna Cancellieri, Dj Francesco, Antonella Elia, Valerio Merola, Sergio Muniz, Patrizia Pellegrino, Ana Laura Ribas, Aida Yespica and Totò Schillaci), Alessia has to present all its personality and its delicate curves. That makes it, if not quite a bombshell, definitely a pattern of fine and elegant creature.
(From the official website of l'isola dei famosi transmission):
Her look is definitely one of the most haunting of Italian television at that point Alberto Donatelli writes a song called "Alessia Merz's eyes".
But his eyes are only for the soccer player Fabio Bazzani, Sampdoria, in which experiencing a beautiful love story.
Joined in marriage with Babu, gave birth to sons Niccolò (2006) and Martina (2008).
Biography of Paracelsus
November 14, 1493
September 24, 1541
Who is Paracelsus?Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim, better known as Paracelsus or Paracelsus, born in Einsiedeln, Switzerland, 14 November 14Physician, Alchemist and astrologer, scientist, was in fact an experimenter and controversial definitely over the top. The name Paracelsus is due to himself, given to indicate, also sign highly regarded that he himself, his being of equal stature compared to Aulus Cornelius Celsus, Roman naturalist and expert in medical arts. "Para", it is well known that in Greek means "dipresso", "close".
Proud, proud, accused of immorality and sometimes of atheism, by his real name, Bombastus say some experts, the British would have coined the term "bombastic", indicating precisely a person full of itself, arrogant, pedantic. In his field, Paracelsus is considered as one of the most significant figures of the European Renaissance, the first systematic botanist.
His method of inquiry also anticipates that Experimental, that would have been processed in full only in ' 600, by Galileo Galilei and other scholars. Shuns all prejudices and schematics of the era, theorizes and shapes practice some of his insights. The four elements of Aristotle, for centuries the sum of any related matter, Paracelsus adds a theory that includes, in addition to the principles of salt, sulphur and mercury, the presence of nature spirits in the formation and changes of matter.
In contrast to traditional medicine, gives rise to the discipline of iatrochemistry, based on the use of minerals such as treatment of certain diseases. To him we owe the term zinc, studied and named as "zincum". Is one of the first to systematize the use of opium in some therapies, using pads he christened "laudanum". Some say that he managed to even conceive of life in vitro. His works often banned, all were published posthumously.
Of children and youth by Bombastus, little is known of certain sources, and almost always, they disagree on dates and places. Son of Wilhelm von Hohenheim and a servant girl from church who seems to have inherited the physical ugliness and recounts were hysterical, the future Paracelsus grows into a nearby houses to the monastery of Unsere Liebe Frau, between stations for pilgrims to Santiago de Compostela.
It is certain its passage, with his father, circa 1502 in Carinthia, Villach. As it is certain that the rudiments of chemistry and medicine he'd learned from his father Wilhelm, who would have been a grand master of the Teutonic order, as well as a degree in medicine at the famous University of Tübingen.
After his apprenticeship he met Tritemius, Abbot of Spanheim and great Kabbalist, better known as Johannes Trithemius, a scholar of chemistry and the occult, other teachings that instills in the young Bombastus.
About University little is known, except that it takes place between 1509 and 15Paracelsus passes from one University to another, in the manner of the great medieval scholars. Despises the Sorbonne in Paris, then rather popular; gets by 1511 baccalaureat in Vienna; wandering between various German universities, from Tubingen in Heidelberg, Wittenberg in Ingolstadt, to Monaco. Passes and stops, it seems not much, also at the University of Ferrara, where he obtained his medical degree, probably during or shortly after the passage of the mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus.
In the early 20 's, it seems, lies in the Tyrol to study mining, one of the things that I care about most and committed many of his intellectual forces. Combines and analyzes the characteristics of minerals and diseases contracted by miners, with modern science. She also works in phases, as a military doctor in the wake of several European armies, coming up in Sweden. He said-but his notorious penchant for exaggeration-also serves Chinese and Russian armies, until some very important secrets from Kahn.
Around 1527 Erasmus heals and Oecolampadius. Thanks to this result, and to their intervention, manages to get the double task of municipal doctor and teacher at the University of Basel. However, experience does not last long. Paracelsus during his lectures invites its students to publicly burn the texts of Galen and Avicenna. According to him, everyone has within himself the qualities needed to explore the world; What was said and theorized for centuries would be discarded, now obsolete and inaccurate material.
The initial estimate in academia takes just and even students end up disamorarsi and his unscrupulous Heterodoxy in any field. The problem is that Paracelsus in these years is opposed both to traditional medicine as the new one being born in Italy and in France. In 1528 so it is forced to leave the University and the city of Basel.
Then resumed his wanderings and in 1530, is hosted by Baron von Stauff near Regensburg. Here comes the news that the Nuremberg City Council has banned some of his publications.
Around these years also lives a pretty interesting moment in the town of St. Gallen, in Eastern Switzerland. From 1531, seems to have been entrusted with the health of the Mayor of the village Christian Studer for 27 weeks. During his stay in St. Gallen, Paracelsus also would have also given an essay of his prophetic, as described by her own words in the opera "Paramirum". On 28 October 1531 the doctor would spotted a giant rainbow, which would have the same direction, two months before, would come the famous Halley's Comet. The message of the Rainbow, according to Paracelsus, it would have been the saving type, unlike the discord announced by Comet.
The last decade of his life little is known, except that he would continue to wander from town to town, never stop drinking, his uncontrollable habit.
Paracelsus died in Salzburg on 24 September 1541, according to some sources, was killed a few days after having dictated the Testament. He is buried in the Church of San Sebastiano.
Biography of Antonio Tabucchi
September 24, 1943
March 25, 2012
Who is Antonio Tabucchi?Born in Pisa on September 24, 1943, Antonio Tabucchi was considered throughout his long career as one of the deepest knowledge of the language and culture of Portugal. His passion for these topics was clear from his youth: it is no coincidence that he majored in literature with a thesis on Portuguese surrealism.
In his long career as a teacher of Portuguese literature (teaching since 1973), Antonio Tabucchi was occupied primarily by Fernando Pessoa, who gave his country's literature European significance. He translated many of the works Tabucchi Pessoa was impressed and intrigued by the character.
Started in 1975 with the novel "square of Italy", which was followed by several short story collections (to quote, for the great artistic value, "gioco del rovescio" of 1981 and "Piccoli equivoci without importance" of 1985); but it's the short novels that Tabucchi gets success and international fame.
In particular, two will have much luck, and both demonstrate the love he has for Portugal and Lisbon: "Requiem" of 1992 and especially "Sostiene Pereira" of 1994, which also won the premio Campiello. The novel, published in Italy by Feltrinelli, is set in Lisbon during the dictatorship of Salazar and tells the story of Pereira, obese and Catholic journalist of the newspaper "Lisboa", after the adventures you've had with the Italian revolutionary Monteiro Rossi, becomes an anti-fascist.
The civil commitment and the aura of mystery that pervade the literary style of Tabucchi were confirmed in his last major works: "La testa perduta di Damasceno Monteiro" of 1996 and especially the epistolary novel "it's getting later" of 2001.
In 2003 appears in library "Autobiographies of others. Poetiche a posteriori ", seven poetic lyrics, for the most part unpublished or unpublished in Italy, which illuminate a thought, a Word, a suggestion exists in the novels of the writer.
He has worked with the editors of "Corriere della Sera" and "País» and was Professor at the University of Siena. Among her most recent publications include "The goose step" (2006) and "Il tempo invecchia in fretta" (2009).
Sick for a long time, Antonio Tabucchi died in Lisbon at the age of 68 years on March 25, 2012.