Richard Avedon… Samuele Bersani… Vladimir Horowitz… Walter Matthau… Biographies Multiposts

Biographies of famous and historical figures

Encyclopedia of Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Richard Avedon
  2. Biography of Samuele Bersani
  3. Biography of Milly Carlucci
  4. Jimmy Carter biography
  5. Biography of Enrico De Nicola
  6. Marsilio Ficino biography
  7. Vladimir Horowitz biography
  8. Biography of Walter Matthau
  9. Biography of Walter Mazzarri
  10. Biography of Youssou N'Dour
  11. Biography of Davide Oldani
  12. George Peppard biography
  13. Biography of Saint Rita of Cascia
  14. Biography of Shlomo Venezia

Biography of Richard Avedon

The objective eye
May 15, 1923
October 1, 2004

Who is Richard Avedon?

Renowned photographer known worldwide for its particularly elaborate picture, Richard Avedon was born on May 15, 1923 in New York. Reckless and always in search of strong emotions, abandoned his studies in 1942, boring for him to enlist as a photographer in the Navy where he was able to turn to the world and to make various experiences in the most difficult situations.
Deeply impressed by the photos of the famous Mukancsi, upon his return to America is being done to hone her technical skills. After the harsh but fruitful apprenticeship, army at the end of World War II he became a professional photographer. Finally its first salt professional step: manages to become photographer help in private practice and then collaborate to a magazine, "The Elm".
40 years following a course at the New School for Social Research taught by Alexy Brodovitch, editor of Harper's Bazaar. It is part of the stable group of Bazaar, thanks to the admiration that Brodovitch developed for him. The latter is definitely a prominent figure for the photographer, as can be seen, inter alia, by browsing the first commercial book Avedon "Observation" (a volume in which joined his images to comment by Truman Capote), published in 1959 and never forgot his Pygmalion.
In 1961 Richard Avedon became artistic director of Bazaar. Marvin Israel is another important figure for him in the second book, "Nothing Personal" (his photographs with text by James Baldwin), published in 1963 after touring the southern States: there emerges the attention to civil rights and the political statement and ethics, with a tendency to structure every job as if it were a story.
The encounter with literature, profitable and long-lasting, would have resulted in the book "Portraits Photographs" with an introduction by Harold Rosenberg.
The November 22, 1963 in Times Square a series of photos showing people the newspaper about the Kennedy assassination. In 1965 changed from Bazaar to Vogue.
In the early 70 's, with Arbus, published a book on "Alice in Wonderland", in which, as in a work of Andy Warhol's studio, the photographs have a theatrical aspect to the sequencing and gestures of the characters studied. From 1979 to 1985 performs numerous portraits of vagabonds and misfits in the American West that are referred to as offensive to the inhabitants of those regions.
On new year's Eve 1989 Avedon went to Berlin near the Brandenburg Gate during the fall of the wall, showing once again that his work is not only aimed at fashion-why is justly famous-but represents a sensitive instrument to understand political changes, psychological or philosophical implications. Although it should be noted as Avedon, intellectual, photography has always stressed the role of the processing do the same photography, a place that never represents the "truth". His own photographs are an admirable result of thought and processing and almost never rely on the case.
One of his most famous photographs, "Dovima," for example, portrays a model wearing a Dior evening gown in an extremely unnatural pose between two elephants: was taken in Paris in 1955 and represents the pinnacle of artifice.
His other famous works are his portraits of artists and celebrities, but also the series taken to ordinary people in a psychiatric hospital. His greatness was celebrated in a beautiful exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum in New York.
Ottantunenne still in business, while he was making a photoshoot ahead of presidential elections on behalf of the New Yorker, Richard Avedon was hit by a stroke and, two days later, October 1, 2004-just two months after the death of another great master, Henri Cartier-Bresson-died in a hospital in San Antonio, Texas.

Biography of Samuele Bersani

Commitment, humor and visions
October 1, 1970

Who is Samuele Bersani?

Samuele Bersani already as a child he dreamed of becoming a singer-songwriter. Though not one of those lame that repeat with stencil and not even a melodic. Born in Rimini on October 1, 1970, the son of Raphael (a flutist, an investigator or a Pink Floyd
Cattolica) and glory, which sends you a passion for cinema and poetry. The House of Cattolica is a kind of laboratory of sound experiences, and already in his early years Samuel developed a strong feeling for the music, starting to play any instrument spontaneously whenever he could. He likes to sing. Indeed fails to shut up. Invent stories, accompanying himself-so to speak-on guitar or sudden movements on the floor that unbeknownst to him are almost always recorded by the father. If there is a blue period for the artist, for him to 7/8 years there was a minor, and the excessive use of such harmony has threatened to leave a sign of persistent melancholy. Luckily discovered a booklet with all agreements (even those more ...) and then there are more enclosures and we start to skyrocket! While guy, fonda and leaves a number of local groups, becoming a good keyboard player. Started his own and participate in a series of competitions.
The true artistic debut dates back to 19Bersani Debuts "piano and voice" with the song "the monster", within the "tour" by Lucio Dalla. It is a hypnotic song, tells of a hairy monster and giant six-legged, that rintanatosi in a kind of courtyard is surrounded by a global curiosity of two-legged monsters and then killed in the name of its diversity. The five minutes of "the monster" in The tour becomes a constant, because every night from perfect stranger Samuel sings the first few notes, there is a spell immediately with the public and among public squares and stadiums in more than sixty concerts to know him already.
He moved to Bologna, and in 1992 he released his first album. "They took everything," presented by a song-polaroid, "chili and" Pin, which becomes in a few weeks a "case", a successful video and later a real cult. In 1994 he wrote for Fiorella Mannoia the text of "Crazy Boy" and in 1995 comes up with "Freak" (portrait of a semi-serious neo-hippie generation with ATM, video shot by Alex Infascelli in India). Over 130,000 copies sold, 56 consecutive weeks of presence in top 100 charts FIMI/Nielsen. The disk in addition to the title track contains songs such as "Song", "I fall down" and "what do you want from me", cover of the Waterboys (one of his favorite bands).
In the summer of 1997 the departure of fulminant single "crocodiles" opens the way to 3rd cd, titled simply Samuele Bersani and contains what for many is a masterpiece, "Guest", exciting Universal existential portrait won the 1998 best Premio Lunezia literary text (the jury is chaired by writer Fernanda Pivano).
In October 1998 under the supervision of David Rhodes (Peter Gabriel's collaborator), Bersani "affects Us cats", driving motive of the soundtrack to the cartoon "story of a Seagull and the cat who taught her to fly", directed by Enzo D ' Alò and adapted from the book by Luis Sépulveda. In that same year writes for Ornella Vanoni text of "island", music by Ryuichi Sakamoto.
With the 2000 comes the first Sanremo Music Festival: the song that presents, "Replay", marks her comeback after three years of musical silence, offering a preview from shivers of her new album: arranged and produced together with Beppe D'onghia here is "The Special Horoscope". Sanremo "Replay" won the critics ' prize. In September of the same year he began to compose the soundtrack to the film by Aldo Giovanni e Giacomo titled "Chiedimi se sono felice" that will be the most beloved of the movie season. The writing becomes hit record and in October while his "stars" Fisher is still in high rotation on all radio, receives the Targa Tenco for "The Special Horoscope" recognized as the best Album of the year.
In 2002 contributes to the album "poison" by Mina, writing an original titled "percentage" and at the end of the year he published his first collection "what a life! The best of Samuele Bersani ", a" best of "jumped immediately to the top of the charts, containing 18 hits, including three new songs:" Milingo "(Paola Cortellesi as Maria Sung)," my words "(written by) and" life! " (that relies on the presence of Roy Paci to winds).
After a long research, split with producer Roberto Guarino, in 2003 he released his sixth album, "Smog Candy", which marks another step forward in his visionary and lyric will win two plaques Tenco (best album of the year and best song with "Bad"). The latter is a song that becomes the musical poster media trend to spectacularize the facts of crime news and current events.
Within the disk, also sought from a musical point of view, there are important collaborations with Fausto Mesolella of Avion Travel, Zenima, Ferruccio Spinetti, Cesare Picco, Rocco Tanica, Fabio Concato and kill Hannah. And in 2004, just for Cammariere with outgoing album titled "on the warpath", Samuel will write the text of "Ferragosto". "The Afterlife", released on May 19, 2006 and after not many weeks already awarded a gold disc is anticipated from the instant song "Scrutineers," non-voting (the portrait of someone who is unable to be consistent), which is the first example in Italy of Jet exit song and put it immediately on i-Tunes, with the result of splash immediately at the top of the rankings of downloads via the internet and playlists of video clips with an animation short done nothing except from the Dutch contemporary artist Dadara of international renown, he also invented the painting on the cover of the album.
To open the cd (made in his Catholicism together with Roberto Guarino and Tony Pascual) expect the sweetness of "leave it alone", that great love ballad called "A delirious poetry", and "broken Glasses", a song dedicated to anti-war journalist Enzo Baldoni.
Another mainstay of the CD is "Precarious", an alternate history that besides not having a permanent place does not even certainty in private life and remains eternally being tested. "The Afterlife" continues cooperation with Pacific (author of the music of "Maciste") and with "as two donkeys", that begins with one of the most valid and original guitarists, Armando courses.
The Samuele Bersani July 21, 2007 was awarded the Amnesty International Award for the song "broken Glasses", song on human rights. The producer Samuel alternates periods of apparent darkness, because "you have to live to write." Supports amused to have a record of absence from television the past few years, a bit because you don't like to appear, a little because he says he is not suited to the times. Its true dimension in recent years has become one of the concerts, theatres, squares and prestigious club has built a relationship of empathy with the public. Hear him sing live, hear him out spontaneously all the humor, is a valuable opportunity to understand not only the songwriter but also the person before us.
At the beginning of October 2009 publishes a new disc entitled "abusive" Poster, preceded by the single "summer Ferragosto".

Biography of Milly Carlucci

Between songs, dances and smiles
October 1, 1954

Who is Milly Carlucci?

Camilla Patrizia Carlucci was born in Sulmona (L'Aquila) on October 1, 19After winning in 1972 the beauty contest Miss Teen, family, especially the father General, are hardly conducive to the aspirations of the young television Milly, so the urge to attend the Faculty of architecture. Milly doesn't feel that way flow thus abandoned his studies without regrets.
He began his television career at tv GBR, where it appears in the presenter role, together with other teens. Vien then noted by Renzo Arbore that he wants with him l'altra Domenica ". Due to the success of this first experience of television commitments are followed: first with "games without frontiers" and "Crazy Bus", then in 1981 is the time of "the system game" and "Blitz", with Gianni Minà. In 1984 was the first woman to "Risatissima" for Fininvest networks. Then the show "Cheers", to little success, until arriving in 1987 to play alongside Gianni Morandi "will to win", written in three episodes broadcast by Rai.
From there he made his debut as a performer at the little theatre of Rome in "Scylla should not know", directed by Bruno Colella.
In the years ' 80 had also tried to start a singing career: signed to Lupus in 1979, he recorded some 45 laps. Then Five records, and in 1984 he recorded the album "Milly Carlucci," in which he plays songs like "personality", "I love you so", "Magic Moments", "Sentimental Journey" and "It's Now Or Never" (English version of O sole mio, brought to success by Elvis Presley). Then in 1989 he recorded a disco version of the success of Los Marcellos Ferial, "When calienta el sol", and in 1991 he recorded a cover of the Rod Stewart hit "Da Ya Think I'm Sexy". Then move on to the Dischi Ricordi, for which he recorded the second album in 1993, in which a Duet with Taylor lain in the song "you want it to be."
The big television success comes between 1990 and 1991 alongside Fabrizio Frizzi for the Saturday night program on Rai Uno "Scommettiamo che ...". In 1992 leads alongside Pippo Baudo in Sanremo Festival; in 1994 "Luna park"; presents in Modena the benefit concert for the children of Bosnia "Pavarotti and friends" in 1995, 1996 and 1998.
Then the program "on the threshold of hope", on the occasion of the 20 years of the pontificate of John Paul II. In January 2000 the Jubilee leads children, meeting dedicated to children and young people from the countries visited by Pope John Paul II.
Leads several editions of the International Grand Prix alongside TELEVISION Mike Bongiorno, Corrado Mantoni, Pippo Baudo. Since 2001 is presenter of television Marathon Telethon.
Since 2005 the public's greatest hits get family on Rai Uno, of "dancing with the stars."
After the XX Olympic Winter Games of Torino 2006, of which was female torch bearer, leads "Notti sul ghiaccio" program also confirmed in 2007 and promoted to Saturday night.
From 12 to September 15, 2009, is the first woman to lead the Miss Italy beauty pageant.
Speaks four languages in addition to English: Italian, French, German and Spanish.
Married to Angelo Donati, engineer, with whom she had children Angelica and Patrick, Milly Carlucci has two sisters, both with experience in television-run, Anna Campbell (presenter and Director), and Gabriella Carlucci (presenter and politics).

Jimmy Carter biography

Mediation by Nobel
October 1, 1924

Who is Jimmy Carter?

Nobel Peace Prize in 2002, James Earl Carter told Jimmy, 39° the President of the United States, was born on October 1, 1924 in Plains (Georgia) in a Baptist family with interests in agriculture.
After graduating from the Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, in 1946, Carter Rosalynn Smith wedding. They were born four children: John William II, James Earl, Donnel Jeffrey and Amy Lynn.
After seven years of service as a naval officer on future American President back to Plains to throw himself headlong into the political arena, which will draw the first substantial fruits since 1979, becoming Governor of Georgia. Already by this time Carter stands as a careful administrator and avant-garde, especially towards addressing problems. One for all: the ecology topic in the late 60 's, is from conisderarsi; but it also deals with racial barriers, which openly despises.
Strong consensus obtained with battles still difficult, unpopular and challenging, announces his candidacy for President in December 1974, giving rise to a two-year-long election campaign.
At the Democratic Convention he was nominated on the first ballot; chose Senator Walter f. Mondale as his running mate. Later leads a tough campaign against Ford, however brilliantly won.
During his presidency Carter work hard to fight the continued growth of inflation and rising unemployment. Unfortunately, at the end of his administration the interest rate and inflation record records values and efforts to reduce them cause a short recession.
In domestic policy develops a plan for energy policy aimed at combating the lack of energy, based on the liberalisation of domestic oil prices to stimulate production.
Increases government efficiency through reform of public service and proceeds to liberalization of the airline industry and transport. Always strong in him is attention to the environmental problem.
In foreign policy instead of Carter's support to the human rights issue is greeted coldly by the Soviet Union and other countries. In the Middle East, through the Camp David agreement of 1978, Carter makes its contribution to the resolution of differences between Egypt and Israel. Constructs a dense network of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China. Concluded the Treaty on the limitation of nuclear energy (Salt II) with the Soviet Union. But ratification of the Treaty is suspended following the invasion of Afghanistan by Moscow.
The last fourteen months of the Carter Administration are dominated by news of the seizure of the American Embassy staff in Iran. The consequences of the seizure and the continued rise in inflation contribute to his defeat by Ronald Reagan in 1980.
After leaving the White House, Carter returned to Georgia where in 1982 he founded in Atlanta nonprofit Carter Center to promote peace and human rights in the world.
The Nobel Peace Prize to Jimmy Carter was motivated to "decades of dedicated efforts to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development".
"During his presidency, according to the statement released by the Norwegian Nobel Committee-between 1977 and 1981, Carter's mediation was a vital contribution to the Camp David accords between Israel and Egypt, in themselves sufficient throughput to qualify for the Nobel Peace Prize. At a time when the cold war between East and West was still predominant, he placed renewed emphasis on the role of human rights in international politics. "

Biography of Enrico De Nicola

History of Republican Italy
November 9 1877
October 1, 1959

Who is Enrico De Nicola?

Enrico De Nicola was born in Naples on 9 November 18Is passed to the national history becoming the first President of the Italian Republic, elected on 1 January 19But during his long life he held several assignments, from journalist to that of a lawyer.
In fact, a law degree, at the University of Naples, opened for the doors of the profession. Choose the criminal scope and soon became known nationally for its forensic capabilities. However, its first major commitment is in the journalistic field. In 1895, in fact, become an editor for the "Don Marzio", overseeing the daily judicial life book.
In 1909 instead, he began his political career with his election as member of Parliament, within the so-called liberal-conservative lists. As a layman, Enrico De Nicola is recognized in the area that has as its reference point, Giovanni Giolitti, one of the leading politicians of the Italian landscape. The term which takes part for the first time the XXIII, the College to Afragola.
The 1913 elections, Dalton is re-elected and appointed Undersecretary of State for the colonies, a position he held even the next year, 1914, in the fourth Cabinet headed by Giolitti. Problematic for years for Italy and its Governments, which must suffer the pressures of political factions belonging to the most extreme currents, as well as addressing the emergency of war, and the Neapolitan lawyer and politician is found to support the interventionists.
Also in 1919, at the end of World War I, Enrico De Nicola is re-elected to Parliament. After holding the post of Under-Secretary of State for the Treasury, always during the 1919 Government of Orlando, Dalton was elected President of the Chamber of Deputies, on 26 June 19This important post of the Government also maintains during subsequent elections that re-elected in 1921 and in 1924, while not taking an oath to them and not participating, so parliamentary functions.
Meanwhile, Mussolini made the March on Rome, 1922, and Dalton found himself in the difficult role of guarantor of the national reconciliation pact between fascists and Socialists, then aborted. He, like many politicians of the Liberal and conservative area, supports the trust to the Chief Executive. In any case, to save his conduct ideological, so to speak, especially post-regime, at least in appearance, it is a decision that seems to have taken when I leave the Office of President of the Chamber, in 19All it took was a brief confrontation with the regime, the future President of the Republic, to give him a clear idea of the historical moment experienced by national policy. Dalton has to do with the fascist experience, and took part in some commissions, as only by virtue of his legal experience and expertise.
And in 1929 he was appointed a Senator of the Kingdom without ever taking part in parliamentary work themselves. By now, his progressive distancing from the national policy in favour of his legal practice. The image leaving Dale in recent years is that of an authority figure pre-fascist policy. So in 1943, with the fall of Mussolini, is invoked directly to play the role of mediator between the allies and the Crown in order to allow a smooth transition of power. You have to him, according to sources at the time, the solution to avoid the abdication of King Vittorio Emanuele III in accordance with establishment of the post of Lieutenant, assigned to the heir to the throne.
It is, Dalton, on balance, one of the architects of the compromise, along with other prominent figures that will be part of the first Republic, as Bonomi, Nitti, and Orlando. In this same period, he was also appointed member of the National Council.
After voting in favor of mass parties June 2, 1946 (Dc, Psi and Pci) are seeking an agreement to elect a head of State. According to many, a southern man was the right one, preferably belonging to the ranks of moderates, even sympathetic to the monarchy which, as you know, lose with a minimum the post-war referendum won by the Republic.
Decide are De Gasperi and Togliatti, Nenni, which agree on the name of Dalton. Thus, at its meeting on 28 June 1946, the shareholders ' meeting appoints as Enrico De Nicola provisional head of State in accordance with article 2 of the Legislative Decree of March 16, 1946 luogotenenziale, # Dalton has the better since the first poll, with 396 votes in favour out of 501.
A few days later, on 1 July 1946, Dalton is installed.
Are the difficult years in which Italy "try" to become a Republic, but not without internal conflicts. The Neapolitan political plays his position from the Quirinale, as expected, refusing however to reside, in tribute, as he said himself, that he considers "his monarchy." Therefore the seat of prefers Palazzo Giustiniani.
In confirmation of this turbulent period, there is the Declaration by Enrico De Nicola, on 25 June 1947, to resign from the post of President, apparently in disagreement with the Government forces engaged in the constituent Assembly. But the next day, on 26 June 1947, Dalton is re-elected as provisional head of State. From here the real Presidency is a short step. And in observance of the first transitional provision of the Constitution, from 1 January 1948 Enrico De Nicola assumes the title of President of the Italian Republic.
Also in this same year, signing up with Alcide De Gasperi (President-in-Office of the Council and Christian Democrat leader), Giuseppe Grassi (Pli, keeper of the seals in charge) and Umberto Terracini (Pci, President of the constituent Assembly) the new Constitution of Republican Italy.
His term as head of State is the shortest of all. On 18 April 1948 elections take place and the "centrists", guided always by De Gasperi, tend to lean toward the Liberal Luigi Einaudi, who happens to Dalton to the Presidency of the Republic. According to constitutional laws then, Dalton was appointed Senator for life as a former President of the Republic.
A few years pass and the Neapolitan lawyer is appointed President of the Senate, on 28 April 19Is and remains the only time that an Italian politician was both head of State and President of the senators. In any case, Dalton resigns a year later, on 24 June 1952.
The Constitutional Court is born thanks to his experience and leguleia, Enrico De Nicola accepts the appointment as a judge of this new national body, on 3 December 1955, by appointment of the President of the Republic. The following year, 23 January 1956, the College to its first meeting appointed him Chief Justice. Even in this institutional mandate Dalton reveals ideological independence and makes it through another act to resign.
The following year, in fact, leave the Office of President, in sharp contrast with the Italian Government accused, in his opinion, to hinder the work of the judicial institutions of democracy and the rule of law, as they were still soaked from previous provisions of fascist brand. A few months earlier however, Dalton receives the honour of Cavaliere di gran croce decorato di gran cordone dell'ordine al merito della Repubblica Italiana, on 5 June 1956.
The first President of the Italian Republic then, now elderly, retired to private life, leaving the city of Rome. The 1° October 1959, at his home in Torre del Greco, Enrico De Nicola, dies at the age of eighty-one years.

Marsilio Ficino biography

Anima mundi
October 19 1433
October 1 1499

Who is Marsilio Ficino?

The son of a physician of the Val d'arno, Marsilio Ficino was born on October 19 1433, Figline (Florence). Is the highest representative along with Nicholas of Cusa of the Renaissance Platonism and Humanism, with Florentine Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, is at the origin of the great systems of thought of the Renaissance and seventeenth-century philosophy, just think of Giordano Bruno or Bell.
After studying the texts of Aristotle, Hippocrates, Galieno, Averroes and Avicenna, Ficino was chosen by Cosimo de ' Medici the elder (which he called "second father") to return to Florence the Platonic tradition, already reintroduced by Leonardo Bruni, from Tan and the Byzantines Bessarion and Pletho since 1439 Council. This mission was added to Marsilio, within thirty years, the task of translating the "Corpus Hermeticum", i.e. the writings of the legendary Hermes Trismegistus, the Enneads of Plotinus and other neoplatonic texts yet.
Soon he was at the center of a circle of scholars, philosophers, artists, writers and scientists, known as "Platonic Academy", and the Latin translation of Plato's dialogues that will be printed in 1484.
In addition to Plato, Ficino's Orpheus translated Hesiod, the "hermetic" Books, the "Enneads of Plotinus", works of Proclus, porphyry, Iamblichus, Psellos, etc.
"In this monumental corpus of translations, which had a broadcast
huge in European culture, reflects the conception of philosophy of Ficino. There is a philosophical tradition, which moves seamlessly from ancient poets and, through Pythagoras and Plato, Dionysius Areopagita. It is none other than the progressive prove the Divine Logos; and the task of the philosopher is to bring to light the religious truth that lies behind the various mythological beliefs and philosophies. On this basis, Ficino says substantial agreement between Platonism and Christianity. In polemic against the Aristotelianism of the schools of his time, accused of destroying religion and against the aestheticism of the literati, accused of not understanding the truth hidden in "Fables of the ancients," Ficino claims a "pia philosophia", a "docta" religio: the Platonic tradition, which (through the fathers of the Church) arrives until modern times and that considers its task, Ficino indeed almost his mission , reaffirm and promote through a new apologetics.
(what, for example, emerges in "De Christiana religione" of 1474) [Enciclopedia Garzanti di Filosofia].
After the death of Cosimo, Piero, was his son, and then Lorenzo il Magnifico to support the work of translator and thinker of Ficino.
For what concerns his work more strictly philosophical, personal style instead, he arrived to complete between 1458 and 1493, a considerable amount of work, including the "God's blood" et, "De" or "divine Fury" Platonic Theology ", systematic treatise on the immortality of the soul. Do not forget also the "De vita libri tres" physical and mental hygiene of scholars, the latter book full of magical and astrological ideas, derived from Plotinus, porphyry, the Asclepius and the Picatrix.
A paramount importance in the work of this great humanist are numerous "argumenta" and "commentaries" developed on the occasion of his translations, including the comment "Timeo" and "Parmenides". While the "De amore", intended to exert a powerful influence on all the literature until the nineteenth century, by Leone Ebreo in Shelley, inspired by Plato's "Banquet", can be considered a work of authorship. A further aspect, crucial to understand the European reputation of Ficino, is represented by his "letters", all inspired by an ideal of Platonic wisdom imbued with strong veins now now esoteric poetry.
It's not hard to understand how the work of Ficino was destined to revolutionize a Western culture until recently largely alien to Plotinus and Proclus "original" to "all" Plato as well as the "Corpus Hermeticum". You can see very beautiful works such as "De", "De" and "life Of Love": Ficino thought offers a vision of man with strong cosmic and magical affinity, in the middle of a "machina mundi" animated, highly Spiritualized precisely because the "spiritus mundi permeated". The essential function of human thinking is to access, through an imaginative lighting ("spiritus" and "fantasy"), rational ("ratio") and intellectual ("mens") to the self-consciousness of his immortality and the "indiarsi" of man thanks to those "signa" and "symbola, cosmic signs" and comparable to universal hieroglyphs Astral originating from the celestial world. Human action in all its aspects, technical, artistic, philosophical and religious expresses the divine presence a "mens" infinite in nature, within a cyclic vision of history, marked by the myth of the "great return" Platonic.
Marsilio Ficino died on October 1 1499 in his Florence, after the fall of Savonarola, while Europe, shortly, would recognize the epoch-making thought given to many Italian prints, Swiss, French and German of his works.

Vladimir Horowitz biography

From Russia with passion
October 1, 1903
November 5, 1989

Who is Vladimir Horowitz?

The great pianist Vladimir Horowitz was born in Ukraine on October 1, 19At the age of five he took his first piano lessons from his mother Sophie. Seems to show interest in composizionea from twelve years. In 1912 he began studying at the Kiev Conservatory with Sergei Tarnovsky and Felix Blumenfeld. In 1914 he played Alexander Skjabin; in 1919 he left the Conservatory, playing the Concerto No. 3 by Rachmaninoff.
Horowitz debuted in Kiev in 1920 and two years performing concerts throughout Russia. He left his Country for Western Europe in the autumn of 1925, making his debut in Berlin in 1926.
In the same year has the opportunity to play the Concerto No. 1 by Tchaikovsky with the Hamburg Philharmonic: the huge success that run will contribute much to affirm his reputation in Germany and in the major European musical capitals.
In 1928 Horowitz in New York debuts with Tchaikovsky's concerto with the New York Philharmonic conducted by sir Thomas Beecham, followed by a recital and a large American tour. The same year he plays the Concerto No. 3 by Rachmaninoff for the composer. The two great pianists will remain close friends until his death in 1943 of Rachmaninov.
In 1930 Horowitz the first efffettua of his three recordings of the Concerto No. 3 by Rachmaninov with the London Symphony Orchestra conducted by Albert Coates.
Now Horowitz had played with almost all of the greatest conductors in the world, except with Arturo Toscanini. In October 1932, during a cycle of concerts devoted to Beethoven Director himself proposed for the Carnegie Hall with the New York Philharmonic, Toscanini conducts Horowitz Beethoven's fifth Piano Concerto (Emperor). The great Italian Director is immediately enthusiastic interpretation of Vladimir Horowitz: it will be the beginning of a long collaboration between the two artists, both in concerts and in recordings.
The December 21, 1933 Horowitz bride Wanda, daughter of Arturo Toscanini.
With the outbreak of World War II in 1939, families of Horowitz and Toscanini moved to America: Horowitz will return to play in Europe until 1951.
In 1943 performs the Concerto No. 1 by Tchaikovsky at Carnegie Hall under the direction of Toscanini: the opportunity you have been collecting over 10 million dollars for the hardships of war. Horowitz became an American citizen in 1945.
Vladimir Horowitz withdraws from concerts in 1953, while continuing to make recordings and signed an exclusive contract with CBS Masterworks in 1962.
On May 9, 1965 holds a historic concert that marks his final return and the start of an amazing productive period of his career. In 1968 his concert was broadcast on television by CBS, for one hour. Will continue recording for CBS Masterworks until 1973, then return to RCA.
In 1978 celebrates the "Golden Jubilee" of his American debut playing the Concerto No. 3 by Rachmaninov with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by Eugene Ormandy. In the same year playing at the White House for President Carter. Of 1982 is the first recital of Horowitz, in London at the invitation of Prince Charles ".
In 1986 he returned for the first time in Russia, giving concerts in Moscow and enthusiastic gathering success. Leningradoche In the 1989 record "Piano Sonata in e major" by Haydn; Weinen, Klagen, Sorgen, Zagen, BWV 12 and transcription of the Liebestod, Isolde of Liszt and a selection of music by Chopin for Sony Classical.
Vladimir Horowitz died on November 5, 1989 of a heart attack. His body was buried in the Toscanini family tomb in the Cimitero Monumentale di Milano.

Biography of Walter Matthau

Sense of humor in the DNA
October 1, 1920
July 1, 2000

Who is Walter Matthau?

Walter Matthau, born on October 1, 1920 's in New York, was the son of poor Russian Jewish émigrés. His real name was Walter Matuschanskavasky, later changed to Matthau by Hollywood Studios for understandable reasons of pronunciation and memorization.
The little Walter began her acting career since she was a kid, in the yiddish theatre of second street, true to its Jewish roots.
When is twenty years, however, the world around him is falling apart because of the outbreak of World War II, and though America enters late in the conflict, soon finds himself fighting in the air force, with the rank of soldier. Fortunately, his innate sense of humor allows him to better face this ordeal without exiting irreparably scarred.
Later, upon returning from the war, he enrolled in the dramatic workshop in New York. He began working with the first Broadway shows where you already appreciate its surreal vein then in ' 48, arrives at such coveted Hollywood, an aggressive and colorful world where his talent is not read as fast as you would expect. At the beginning, in fact, are reserved only as character actor roles, based on the impact that his wild-eyed face knew the spectator communicate.
Not very satisfied of this lack of consideration, started his own (so to speak), and engages with a staff Director, which gives life to the movie "Bonnie and Clyde", greeted badly by critics and by the public. Still fails to come off his explosive charge and its very special irony. Disappointed by the cinema, back to theater. Neil Simon for him (not exactly a stranger but rather a playwright), writes "the odd couple", a comedy in which he plays the sportswriter Oscar Madison. It is the radical of his career. The world discovers a complete comic actor and extraordinarily versatile, capable of a very wide range of expressive possibilities. I mean, not the classic comic actor as it usually means. From that moment you can tell that becomes really famous Matthau. He himself declared during an interview: '' it all started after the odd couple. "
But the road is still long and countless other successes await the actor, especially since successful meeting with the genius of comedy (and not only): Billy Wilder. The Director has the acute intuition to do it recite along with Jack Lemmon, to form a pair that fits for compensation and since then some of the funniest moments and significant in the history of Hollywood. The Oscar, arrive with "not for money" (' 66), and some titles such as "front page", "Buddy", and then once again his "lucky charm", namely that "the odd couple," which had given him such glory and once again does not disprove the expectations, reporting, this time along with Lemmon, a success even higher than that. Indeed, it can be said that that title would become a kind of "trademark" to indicate just the two of them, Mattahu and Lemmon when recitassero happened together in other films.
There are many roles that still viewed Matthau starred during his amazing career. Hilarious and enigmatic in several episodes of "Plaza Suite" (' 71) and "Widower, handsome, needing affection offresi also baby sitter" (' 71). Shabby but effective burglar, alongside Glenda Jackson (his other shoulder historical), "Charley Varrick" (' 73), elegant and classy in "visits and home" (' 78) and especially "on the couch" (' 80). Everywhere, however, it is clear his irresistible humor, charisma, able to impose the inexpressible with one eyebrow raised.
Then, over the years, Matthau will tend to embody, through more sophisticated and complex roles, the stereotype of middle-class American, and as such to be credible as the alcoholic father of "the garden of oranges homemade" (' 82) or unemployed gas station in "How do you kill a killer" (' 83). A road and high-class, undoubtedly, even if someone begins to feel the lack of his comedy fracassona but always elegant. Of course, directors and screenwriters don't seem to be able to pack his size-appropriate roles. The result can be seen in movies like "Pirates could soon" or "dinosaurs" until Roberto Benigni offered him the part of Exorcist priest in "the little devil". Between the two are literally Fireworks and the arrangement is perfect. The film cashes it and both one and the other entering the heart of the spectators, providing evidence that has become a cult film, as in one where the "Devil" Benign causes the "priest" Matthau.
Despite the exploits of "little devil", unfortunately, in the course of the 1990s, the music is always the same: lack of appropriate roles. It is incisive in Senator Long in "JFK" but, for example, certain annals of his Einstein Cinematography "genius of love". Apparently, therefore, by Matthau do is go back to the old Hollywood and the old comedy gag with the trusty Lemmon in "grumpy old men" (where appears also Sophia Loren), and especially in "the odd couple II" in which the two actors play the role of Felix and Oscar to thirty years after the original.
Walter Matthau in his career he played more than seventy film winning an Oscar only as said, with the comedy "not for for money". In recent years had health problems and was also was also forced to give up his beloved three packs of cigarettes a day. Already in 1976, however, had implanted a bypass, while in ' 93 was hospitalized for pneumonia. In ' 95, he was instead removed a benign tumor in the colon. The great actor is then turned off on the morning of July 1, 2000 due to a heart attack.

Biography of Walter Mazzarri

October 1, 1961

Who is Walter Mazzarri?

Walter Mazzarri was born on 1 October of 1961 in San Vincenzo, in the province of Livorno. Started playing football in the youth team of Follonica, before moving to Fiorentina, where highlights for his skills as a player. He moved to Pescara, is then sold to Cagliari; from Sardinia moves to Reggiana, and then at Empoli, where in the 1985-86 season contributes to before promotion to the serie A club. The Blues traded him in 1988, Licata; After a brief experience in Sicily, Walter Mazzarri plays at Modena (winning the Serie C1), and Nola in Campania.
Back then, in his region in Viareggio, prior to joining the ranks of Acireale and concluding his career with Torres of Sassari in 1995: hangs on a nail shoes having scored 33 Serie A appearances, seasoned by five goals, and 118 appearances in Serie B, with nine goals.
Mazzarri, then, began his career, initially as a second of Renzo Ulivieri at Bologna and Naples. Become first-rate professional coach, is called the spring guide Bologna, before debuting on a semi-pro bench in Serie C2 in Acireale: with the Sicilians concludes the ninth Championship. Arrived in Serie C1, gets a tenth place as coach of Pistoiese before being called, in the season 2003-2004, from Livorno in Serie b. Walter Mazzarri leads the labronici to promotion to Serie A, and the following year he was called to the helm of Reggina. The Strait proved Championships: 2004-2005 season is finished in tenth place, and the next season ends with another salvation suffered.
After Calciopoli, Reggina is penalized by fifteen points, and despite this Mahamud manages to save the team in 2006-2007, with a race ended the last day great. In 2007, the coach Tan, about to receive honorary citizenship from Reggio Calabria, concludes its experience with amaranth and arrives at Sampdoria. The first season with Sampdoria ends with qualification for the Uefa Cup, thanks to sixth place in the standings, also reached thanks to Antonio Cassano's networks. Despite the European competition, however, the 2008-2009 season proves to be very difficult: the final position of is unsatisfactory, partly because of the double defeat in the derby defeat against Genoa. And so on May 31 of 2009 Walter Mazzarri announces the end of the relationship with Sampdoria.
After a summer without bench, in October the technician is called in place of Roberto Donadoni as coach of Napoli, by signing a contract of 1.3 million euros per season. With the Blues, in the season 2009-2010, celebrates the 200 series benches, on December 20, 2009, Napoli v Chievo, but mostly winning results and game port: the first round ends with Napoli in third place (the Neapolitans were not so high of eighteen years) and the first defeat in the League only occurs in February , against Udinese after a streak of 15 consecutive useful results, made up of seven draws and eight victories. Napoli eventually finish the season in sixth place, at an altitude of 59 points, valid for qualification for the Europa League.
After receiving the prize "Neapolitan Excellence", in May 2010 Walter Mazzarri renews contract until 2013, and begins to prepare for the new season. The Naples is the only team in Italy that makes it through the group stage of the Europa League, although Villarreal is eliminated from the next round. The year, however, is more than positive, as the campani qualify in Champions League by virtue of the third place: Napoli, so, back in Europe of twenty-one large away from last time. After receiving the award "Golden Rudder" section of Arezzo Italian Coaches Association, Mahamud focuses on Champions League it will be: Naples is placed into the same group of Manchester City, of Bayern Munich and Villarreal. The first match, against Roberto Mancini's City, ends in a draw; the last group game, instead, results in a win against Villarreal, which is the passage to the next round, along with Bayern Munich. The round of 16, however, the Napoli is deleted from Chelsea despite the victory for 3 to 1 in the first leg in Italy, with a 4 to 1 after extra time in London: the Blues, then, will win the Champions League.
Harder routes in the League, with the blues that came in fifth place; the season, however, is saved by the conquest of Italy Cup, against Juventus, which is also the qualifying for next season's Europa League. The 2012-2013 is the last season of Walter Mazzarri as coach of Napoli, and opens with the defeat in the Italian Supercup against Juventus. Eliminated from the Europa League, the Neapolitan team concludes the Championship still in second place, behind of the bianconeri, getting back to the passage in the Champions League.
Mahajan, after improving the team points record, announces that his experience as coach of Napoli will conclude at the end of the contract: on 24 may 2013 Inter Massimo Moratti announces the engagement, in place of Andrea Stramaccioni.
The Presidency of the Inter then passes into the hands of the Indonesian Erick Thohir: Mahamud because of poor results is sacked in November 2014: replace is called my colleague Roberto Mancini, the former Inter coach already.

Biography of Youssou N'Dour

African wonders
October 1, 1959

Who is Youssou N'Dour?

Youssou N'Dour was born in Dakar, Senegal on October 1, 1959 by a mechanic father and a mother who makes the storyteller. His great contribution to international music is linked to the development of a genre of popular music in Senegal, known today as "mbalax" (read "mala"), which creates modernising traditional percussion ("griot") used in the songs of prayer, with Afro-Cuban arrangements.
Since kid Youssou performs in public religious contexts and contexts, often lay playing impromptu concerts in parking lots outside nightclubs in which neither he nor his friends have access. He is so affibbiata a reputation as a child prodigy and attracts around her small crowds of listeners, fans and supporters.
In 1975 he joined the Star Band orchestra of Ibra Kasse thus beginning a long experience among the band of Dakar. In 21 years, with musician Youssou El Hadj Fave, he created his first group, the "Etoile de Dakar", where he was born and grew up the "mbalax", namely the latest evolution of senegalese music. In this period his first hit is the song "Xaalis".
In 1979 the music becomes increasingly serious commitment so that begins to escape from the confines of his country with his compatriots emigrated abroad, supporting it and help him.
In 1981 the two separate and musicians Youssou founded the group "Super Etoile de Dakar". With the songs "Waalo Waalo", "Independence" and "Ndakaaru" lays the foundations for its success and thanks to his voice, to his authority within the Group and increasing his charisma that lead him to be the reference point of the senegalese music worldwide.
The first album produced by label Editions are published and Madingo only on cassette tape. Youssou establishes its image as a good Muslim, he doesn't drink, doesn't smoke, and exemplary son, continues to live in Medina, Dakar neighborhood where he was born and raised.
In 1984 from Paris, begins his first European tour which took him to Germany, Sweden, Finland, Norway and Switzerland. In France contact Celluloid record label and began working with them.
To return the Super Etoile begin African tour which takes them from Mauritania to Ivory Coast receiving a growing number of votes. In 1985 came the meeting with an international star as Peter Gabriel, Youssou N'Dour, that invites to Duet with him on the song "In your eyes" (from the album "I know") and co-produced the song "Shaking the tree".
In 1989 he released his first international album entitled "The Lion" (Gaïnde in Wolof), produced and distributed by Virgin.
In October 1990, in the contemporary world with its new European tour, Set out on his second album (also produced by Virgin). It follows "Eyes Open" (1992), "The Guide" (1994), which contains the hit single "7 seconds"-the famous Duet with Neneh Cherry, who sells copies-and 1,500,000 "Joko" (2000).
The success at this point is global reach so much is that in 1994, the new album "Rayan192" is at the top of the European charts, bringing the senegalese star to markets outside Africa. The album also contains two songs of Bob Dylan's "Chimes of Freedom" and "Undecided".
Youssou N'Dour is dedicated to healing manifestations worldwide that led him to travel a lot as a UNICEF Ambassador but also travels a lot for his personal interest: through Africa, England, France, Spain, United States. In addition to this each year organizes the "Great African Ball", a time of celebration and music held in Paris and New York, where Senegalese artists ' performances and of course the Super Etoile.
In recent years the artist has opened his own recording studio "and its" Xippi production company, "Jololi".
In 2004 they released "Egypt", while in 2006, N'dour played the part of afro-British abolitionist Olaudah Equiano in the film "Amazing Grace," about William Wilberforce's contribution at the end of the British Empire in Africa.
Sings the cover of John Lennon's "Jealous guy" for the cd "Instant Karma: The Amnesty International Campaign To Save Darfur".
In 2007 participates in the project "Stock exchange of visions" and comes with the album MI ROKKA ROKKU-thought in the late 1990s-that collects the artist's collaboration with other musicians.
In 2009 participated in the Festival di Sanremo, accompanying Pupo and Paolo Belli in the song "the opportunity".

Biography of Davide Oldani

"Pop" cuisine d'auteur
October 1, 1967

Who is Davide Oldani?

Davide Oldani was born on 1 October 1967 in Milan. After graduating from the Institute, he began his career with the help of the most important chefs in the world: the first to greet him is Gualtiero Marchesi, who works in the years in which Marchesi Marchesi, is already one of the most famous of Italy, and not only for gastronomic issues. Oakley later moves to London to "Le Gavroche" by Albert Roux, before working for Alain Ducasse in Monaco at the restaurant "Le Louis XV".
The tour of Europe on the upper floors continues with a stop in Paris, with Pierre Hermè at "Fauchon"; Meanwhile, the milanese chef became a consultant and Food and Beverage Manager for a French group, spreading the Italian-and especially the cuisine Gualtiero Marchesi-worldwide, particularly in the United States and in Japan.
He returned to Milan in 2003, opens in San Pietro all'Olmo-Cornaredo, near Milan-trattoria "or", which receives enthusiastic criticism immediately from the insiders. Over the years, the restaurant you see assign a rating of 16.5 to 20 from the "Guide", a fork and knife and one star from the Michelin Guide "," three out of four temples from the Accademia Italiana della Cucina, the radiant Crown from "critical guide Golosa Massobrio", two stars from Veronelli, 80 score by "Gambero Rosso" and two forks and a medal from the "Touring Club".
In 2008 the Ambrogino d'Oro Prize, delivered by the municipality of Milan to personalities who have distinguished themselves during the year, publishes three books: "round-trip" Cook (in 2008, Touring Editore), "my cooking pop" (in 2009, Rizzoli) and "POP the new Italian cooking" (Rizzoli, 2010). Testimonial for Philips Robust Collection and author of numerous design tableware for Lavazza and Schonhuber francs, Oakley became one of the most respected chefs in the entire international scene.
From the point of view more purely culinary, Oakley believes it has learned from the way the Roux in a three star hotel with 200 seats each day, as well as numerous secrets about French, and Ducasse the managerial job. Marchesi, instead, you have the opportunity to be entered into the world's most important food, while with Hermè could appreciate the French bakery.
The emblem plate oldaniana cuisine is the caramelized onions, which aims to create a balance between crispy and soft contrasts, sweetened and savory, hot and cold. The kitchen of Davide Oldani, indeed, is based in most cases on rather poor raw materials, in line with its tendency to define "pop Cook", i.e. the most popular classic word.
Fun fact: did you know that Davide Oldani, before becoming a chef, attempted a career as a footballer. When he was sixteen, he played in Rho, Rho, in serie C2, before a serious injury (fracture of the fibula and tibia) broke off his dreams of boy.
Major figures in the Italian cultural world, milanese chef he also held classes in design at the Istituto Europeo di Design, and unstructured marketing philosophy at the Catholic University.

George Peppard biography

Charm and elegance
October 1, 1928
May 8, 1994

Who is George Peppard?

George Peppard was born on October 1, 1928 in Detroit (Michigan, U.S.A.), from a wealthy family: his father manages several buildings, while her mother is an opera singer. Young George must soon abandon his studies as he is forced to enlist in the Marine Corps where it reaches the rank of Sergeant.
Military service engages in various jobs, from Dj to bank employee, from taxi driver, the motorcycle mechanic. Later resumes studies attending Purdue University, where he obtained a degree in fine arts. Then decides to move to New York City to study acting at the legendary Actors Studio.
Her first interpretation is a radio; shortly afterwards in 1949 debuted on stage in the theater "Pittsburgh Playhouse". In 1954 Helen Davis wedding, from which acrà two children. The marriage lasts 10 years, then comes divorce in 19In 1966 George Peppard marries Elizabeth Ashley, who will give birth to another child. The second marriage lasts six years. Meanwhile Peppard made his debut in the cinema world in 1955 with the film titled "The U.S. Steel Hour".
In 1958 noted worldwide with the film "38° parallel mission accomplished." Two years later she starred with Robert Mitchum in the movie "home from the Hill", directed by Vincente Minelli. In 1960 he was chosen as the title character in the cult movie "the magnificent seven", as Vin: George Peppard, however, refuses and is replaced by Steve McQueen.
In 1961, with the film "breakfast at Tiffany's" by Blake Edwards, next to Audrey Hepburn, Peppard reaches its definitive consecration. The later works are "how the west was won" (1963), "The carpetbaggers" (1964), "operation Crossbow" (1965), the war film "the fall of Eagles" (1966), "two stars in the dust" (1967, with Dean Martin), "Tobruk" (1967).
In 1968 Peppard is starring in three films "House of cards" (where there is also a great actor and Director Orson Welles), "faces to hell," and the comedy "a wonderful reality". In 1969 stands in feature film "Detective Pendulum" while in 1970 is the protagonist in the spy-movie "the wrestler".
In 1975 his third wife is Sherry Boucher, but in 1979 after four years of marriage they divorced.
In 1978, directs, produces and interprets as leading actor, the movie titled "Five days": the resounding flop that comes with it precipitates the actor into a deep crisis that finds refuge in alcohol. After some more work and various ups and downs due to the problem of alcohol, in 1983 unable to detoxify and bouncing back, starring in a series-80 's cult-entitled "a-team". George Peppard is Colonel John "Hannibal" Smith, the elderly protagonist and leader of the team. The very popular series in the United States and abroad, coming to last five seasons (from 1983 to 1987).
In 2010 arrives on the big screen adaptation of the tv series "the a-team": set in the present, with the protagonists acting in Iraq instead of in Viet Nam, is Liam Neeson to play the role of Colonel John "Hannibal" Smith who was George Peppard.
In 1984 George Peppard is getting married for the fourth time: the new wife is the beautiful Alexis Adams. The marriage lasts only two years.
Already ill with cancer Laura Taylor wedding, which will stand next to the day of his death in Los Angeles on May 8, 1994, due to pneumonia.

Biography of Saint Rita of Cascia

With the heroic strength of spirit
1 February 1381
22 may 1457

Who is Santa Rita da Cascia?

Santa Rita was born around the year 1381, probably in October, and died on 22 may 14The year of birth and date of death were officially accepted by Pope Leo XIII canonized her when the May 24, 1900.
Margaret was born at Roccaporena, a few kilometres from Cascia (PG), the only child of Antonio Lotti and Beloved.
Parents, pacieri of Christ in the political struggles and family between Guelphs and Ghibellines, gave Rita a good education, teaching them to read and write.
Already from an early age she was eager to take the path that would take it toward the consecration to God, but the elderly parents before dying, insisted to see housed their only daughter. Meek and obedient, Rita did not want to upset parents and only sixteen years was married to Paolo di Ferdinando Mancini, young willing, but impetuous character. The quarrelsome nature of Paul did not prevent to Rita, with ardent and tender love of weddings, to help him change.
Soon the twins were born Giacomo Antonio and Paola Maria. With a simple life, full of prayer and virtue, totally dedicated to the family, Rita helped her husband to convert and to lead a life of honest and hardworking. This was perhaps the most beautiful period of life of Rita, but was crossed and broken by a tragic event: the assassination of her husband, took place in the middle of the night, staying at the Windmill of Remolida from the valley below Poggiodomo le balze di Collegiacone. Paul's last words, a victim of the hatred between the factions were words of love for Rita and her children.
Rita was capable of a boundless mercy, consistent with the Gospel of God which was devoted fully forgiving those who were causing so much pain. In contrast, children affected by the surrounding environment, were inclined and tempted by the desire for revenge. The sentiments of forgiveness and gentleness of Rita couldn't persuade the boys. Then Rita came to pray to God for the death of the children, rather than fraternal blood stained them: both died of the disease at a young age, less than a year after the death of his father.
Rita and now with the broken heart from so much pain, he strove to works of mercy and, especially, in gestures of appeasement of kinship to the killers of her husband, a necessary condition to be admitted into the monastery, crowning of the great desire that Rita kept in the heart since. Three times knocked on the door of the Augustinian monastery of St. Mary Magdalene at Cascia but only in 1417 was welcomed in that place, where he lived for forty years, serving God and others with a joyful generosity and attention to dramas of its environment and the Church of his time.
In the evening, a Friday, after the traditional procession of the dead Christ, was a prodigy who lasted all of his fifteen years of life: Rita received the stigmata on the forehead of one of thorns of Christ, thus completing his flesh the sufferings of Jesus. Rita I endured the pain with joyous and heroic strength. Except for a brief period, during a visit to Rome to buy indulgences, the wound remained open on the forehead of Rita until the end of his earthly life. Beata died Saturday May 22 1457.
He was venerated as a Saint soon after his death as is attested by the wooden sarcophagus and the Codex Miraculorum, documents dating back to the year of death.
From May 18, 1947 the bones of St. Rita of Cascia shrine buried in the silver Crystal urn made in 1930.
Medical surveys conducted recently claimed that on the forehead, on the left, there are traces of a plague open bone (osteomyelitis). The right foot has signs of a painful disease in recent years, perhaps a sciatica, while its height was 157 cm. The face, hands and feet are mummified, while under the Augustinian nun's dress is the entire skeleton.

Biography of Shlomo Venezia

Witness the dark time of men
December 29, 1923
October 1, 2012

Who is Shlomo Venezia?

Shlomo Venezia was born in Thessaloniki (Greece) on December 29, 19Italian citizen of Jewish origin, is a witness deported to Auschwitz by the Nazis. It is one of the few survivors in the world-is the only one in Italy-to be belonged during his captivity to particular special units intended for cremation of bodies of the deportees, gassed Polish concentration camp.
As he recounts in his memoir "Sonderkommando Auschwitz" (2007), teams were killed periodically just to keep secret what happened.
Shlomo was arrested in Thessaloniki with his family in April 1944 and deported to the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp, one of three main camps that made up the Auschwitz complex. During the selection by Nazi doctors to identify the deportees deemed able-bodied-those considered unnecessary were immediately sent to the gas chambers-Shlomo Venezia you save with two cousins and brother.
After being subjected to shave, shower, tatuazione ID number (on left forearm) and dressing, is locked in a secluded section of the camp dedicated to quarantine new arrivals. Considered his strong Constitution and good physical condition, after only twenty days Venice is assigned to Sonderkommando by one of the crematoria.
The writer Primo Levi, who was also deported to Auschwitz, renowned author of the book "If this is a man", had said that the establishment of these special teams represented the most serious crime of national socialism, because the Nazis sought through the Sonderkommando to share and download the crime on the victims themselves.
After Shlomo Venezia liberation became one of the most important spokesman for these facts. Guest in tv broadcasts, invited to conferences in schools, in the demonstrations to commemorate the Shoah, Venice aimed its interest in the education of young people, because you don't forget, and because future spokesmen are terrible tragedy that was the Holocaust.
Shlomo Venezia died in Rome on October 1, 2012 at the age of 88 years.


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