Robert Boyle… San Ignacio de Loyola… Giovanni Boccaccio… Nicolas Bravo… Biographies Multiposts

Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Robert Boyle
  2. Biography of San Ignacio de Loyola
  3. Biography of Giovanni Boccaccio
  4. Biography of Nicolas Bravo

Biography of Robert Boyle

(1627/01/25 - 1691/12/30)

Robert Boyle
Irish mathematician
He was born in January 25, 1627 in Lismore, Ireland.
He studied at Eton from 1635 to 16Then travel across Europe. From 1656 he lived in Oxford where he collaborated with Robert Hooke.
He made important contributions to the physical and the chemical, but is mostly known for the laws of Boyle in where describes the ideal gas. These laws appear in the Appendix of his work written in 1661, new experiments of Fisiomecanica. Dubbed as the "father of modern chemistry", was the first to employ the term "Chemical analysis" in its current meaning.
His law is well known: "at temperatures equal volumes of gases are in inverse pressure ratio". In his book Sceptical Chymist (1661) contradicted the views of Aristotle about the four elements, Earth, air, fire and water. He believed that matter was composed of corpuscles which were built differently on different configurations of primary particles.
It belonged to the Royal Society. It caused a great influence on Isaac Newton and some time later, in other scientists.
Robert Boyle died the 30 December 1691 in London.

Biography of San Ignacio de Loyola

(1491/10/24 - 1556/07/31)

San Ignacio de Loyola
Inigo de Oñez and Loyola
Spanish priest, founder of the society of Jesus, known as the Jesuit religious order
The 24 of October 1491 was born at the Castle of Loyola in Azpeitia, Guipúzcoa, near the Pyrenees population. Son of don, Lord of Ofiaz and Loyola, head of one of the oldest families and nobles of the region and Marina Saenz de Licona and shelf. Iñigo (because that was the name that the Saint received in baptism) was the youngest of eight sons and three daughters of the noble couple.
From young was a page at the Court of Ferdinand the Catholic. He made the militia under the command of Antonio Manrique de Lara, duque de Nájera, and participated in the Suppression of the revolt of the communities. Iñigo fought against the French in the North of Castile. But his brief military career ended abruptly on May 20, 1521, when a Cannonball broke her leg during the fight in defense of the Castle of Pamplona. Since Inigo was injured, the Spanish garrison capitulated.
It was during his convalescence in a hospital some visions. While recovering, he read several religious books which led him to devote itself to the spiritual life and abandon his mundane life. After making a confession in the monastery of Montserrat in 1522, he retired to a cave near Manresa (in the province of Barcelona) where he lived and prayed for 10 months with a great austerity, after which he undertook a journey of pilgrimage to Jerusalem.
He formulated his spiritual exercises during their retreat in Manresa, and used as a model exercises for spiritual life (1500), the Spanish Abad García de Cisneros. The work is essentially a manual for meditation on the meaning of life and improvement of a way of life. The meditations are divided into four periods or weeks: the first is the conversion of the person sinful; the second refers to the adaptation of the person converted to the model of Christ; the third faces the strengthening through the appreciation of the passion and death of Christ; and the fourth shows the transformation of the person who identifies fully with the Savior risen and triumphant glorifying Dios the Padre. The spiritual exercises are the model for most Catholic retreats and missions.
Back to Spain in 1524, he studied at the universities of Barcelona, Alcalá de Henares and Salamanca, and in 1528 travelled to Paris, whose University studies and is licensed in arts; the following year he founded a pious fraternity, which would later become the Society of Jesus. In 1537 members comprising the fraternity are directed to Rome, where Loyola is ordained a priest (1538) and where to obtain oral permission of Pope Paul III, who gave the official confirmation of the order in 15In Rome he founded schools Roman and Germanic.
By the bull Mare magnum, the company is declared exempt from episcopal jurisdiction, taxation and have the spiritual direction of religious care. A year later he was elected first general of the order and, in addition to managing the Affairs of the company, went on to finish his spiritual exercises and write the constitutions of the order, completed after his death in Rome July 31, 1556, which, in substance, have never been changed.
He is buried in the place where today is the Church of the Gesù in Rome. He was canonized by Pope Gregory XV in 1622 and is worshiped as a pattern of withdrawals. Her feast is commemorated on July

Biography of Giovanni Boccaccio

(1313/06/16 - 1375/12/21)

Giovanni Boccaccio
Italian humanist and poet
Believed that the 16 June 1313, was born in Certaldo, Italy. Illegitimate son of a Florentine merchant and a French noble.
He was raised in Florence and was later sent to study in Naples, towards the 13He studied Canon law. He joined the Court of Robert of Anjou, King of Naples. Back to Florence to 1340, held various diplomatic positions. In 1362 he was invited to Naples, promising him the patronage of Queen Juana. However following a certain rejection, it hosted the hospitality of Pretarca, which was then in Venice (1363). He returned to his property from Certaldo (near Florence).
His most important work is The Decameron, begun in 1348 and finished in 1353, a collection of a hundred short stories that were developed by a group of friends who escape to an outbreak of plague and take refuge in a villa on the outskirts of Florence. There some are entertained others over a period of ten days (hence the title) with a series of stories counted by each of them in turn. The Decameron is the first fully Renaissance work that engages only human aspects and without making any mention of religious and theological subjects.
His other writings include three works: their first and extensive romance in prose Il Filocolo (1336), Elegía de Madonna Fiammetta (1343-1344) - the two referred Il Corbaccio (1354), also his Filostrato (1338), despised lovers - and Teseida (1340-1341). He also wrote a life of Dante, a commentary on the Divine Comedy, and several scholarly, scientific and poetic works in latin, including De Claris Mulieribus (1360-1374).
His last years he dedicated them to religious meditation. He was appointed as official reader of Dante in 13His series of lectures was interrupted by an illness in 1374, and died December 21, 1375 Certaldo.

Biography of Nicolas Bravo

(1786/09/10 - 1854/04/22)

Nicolás Bravo
Mexican independence leader
He was born on September 10, 1786 in Chilpancingo.
In the year 1811 belongs to the forces of Hermenegildo Galeana, and takes part in the South in several actions.
His father was sentenced to death by the Spanish Royalist Army . His noble act of generosity forgiving life 300 Spanish prisoners in Medellin, known in history with the name of "La Venganza de Bravo". He participated along with Vicente Guerrero in the overthrow of Agustín de Iturbide. Revolted against President Guadalupe Victoria, in 1827, so was exiled to Guayaquil (Ecuador).
He returned to Mexico in 1829, and took part in the downfall of the federalist President Guerrero. In 1833, Antonio López de Santa Anna named him Chief of the Army of the North. In 1854, he refused to participate in the revolution of Ayutla.
Nicolás Bravo died in the place of his birth on April 22, 1854.