Romina Power… Graham Greene… Mahatma Gandhi… Hieronymus Bosch… Biographies Multiposts

Biographies of famous and historical figures

Encyclopedia of Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Saint Charles Borromeo
  2. Biography of Hieronymus Bosch
  3. Biography of Carlo Alberto of Savoy
  4. Tom Clancy biography
  5. Biography of Antonio Di Pietro
  6. Biography of Marcel Duchamp
  7. Biography of Mahatma Gandhi
  8. Massimo Gramellini biography
  9. Graham Greene biography
  10. Biography of Groucho Marx
  11. Biography of Paavo Nurmi
  12. Biography of Romina Power
  13. Biography of Ernest Renan
  14. Omar Sivori biography
  15. Sting biography

Biography of Saint Charles Borromeo

2 October 1538
3 November 1584

Who is St. Charles Borromeo?

Charles Borromeo was born on 2 October 1538 in Arona, Margherita di Marignano Doctors and Gilberto II Borromeo, from parks and noble family. After studying at Pavia civil and Canon law, in 1558 on the death of his father takes control of the family business (despite the presence of an older brother to him, Frederick); then in 1559 he took a degree in utroque iure.
Shortly after his uncle Giovanni Angelo Medici di Marignano, his mother's brother, was appointed Pontiff, Pius IV. Charles Borromeo, then he moved to Rome and was named cardinal in just over twenty years (his brother Federico, however, becomes private Secretary, but he died in 1562). He, after being ordained priest and Bishop (not following the advice of those who suggested to marry and have children to avoid the family dynasty died out), still young ago reopen the Council of Trent, and then implement the Tridentine reform in the Ambrosian diocese.
Dedicating herself to a life of ascetic poverty, engages in customs reform and seeks to highlight the importance of external worship, composed by processions, prayers and liturgical rites to revive Christian identity and faith among the most popular.
It's in 1566 that Carlo Borromeo arrives in Milan, on the death of his uncle Pope who induces him to relocate from Rome. The diocese in which it is located, however, it is now left to itself, aided by the fact that for decades the archbishops holders have committed themselves to think more to money that is not the spirit. During the years of his episcopate, between 1566 and 1584, Carlo restores discipline within the clergy, taking care to strengthen the preparation of morality and religious priests, and founding the first seminars (including Swiss and one maggiore di Milano). Not only: engages in the construction of new churches and in the renewal of existing ones (San Fedele in Milan, the sanctuary of Sacro Monte di Varese, the Church of the purification of the Virgin Mary in Traffiume) and was named Apostolic visitor to the dioceses of Bergamo and Brescia, visiting all the parishes in the area. Become tied in the Legation of Romagna, broadens its pastoral action in the field of education, founding colleges like the Borromeo in Pavia or whatever.
The protagonist of aid organisations during the famine years 1569 and 1570, and during the plague of 1576 and 1577 years (its famous barefoot procession to ask the intercession to end the disease), is opposed by the nobles and by Spanish governors for its willingness to put into practice the principles of Tridentine reform, and does not hesitate to resort to torture and excommunications , revealing a penalty even excessive.
Charles Borromeo, Furthermore, the order of the humiliati reform, moving away from Catholicism and Protestantism came: must also undergo an attack by some representatives, which are then executed. In Switzerland to combat Protestantism (in spite of Ilanz diets that were enshrined in the Republic of the three leagues freedom of worship), according to the dictates of the Council of Trent. On the occasion of a pastoral visit to Val Mesolcina orders the arrest of over 100 people, accused of witchcraft; the tortures that follow induce almost everyone to leave Protestantism.
St. Charles Borromeo died in Milan on 3 November 1584: his entire heritage is bequeathed to the poor.

Biography of Hieronymus Bosch

2 October 1453
9 June 1516

Who is Hieronymus Bosch?

Hieronymus Bosch (whose real name is Jeroen Anthoniszoon van Aken) was born on 2 June 1453 in Hertogenbosch, the South of the Netherlands near Tilburg, at the time possession of the Dukes of Burgundy, from a likely German family (the surname van Aken suggests a coming from Aachen), in which Anton's father that his grandfather Jan are painters (and these will also become the brothers Thomas and Goossen).
After witnessing the fire in 1463 destroys 4,000 houses in his city, Bosch began studying painting, probably learning the rudiments from relatives: works in fresco painting in the family workshop, dedicated to the production of furniture and wooden statues of gold plating.
After meeting, at least indirectly, Rogier van der Weyden and Jan van Eyck, Flemish masters, develops a style quite different than that of the times, choosing instead of refined details and volumes, not execution but flat graphics painting, based on the illuminated illustration.
His beginnings as a painter goes back to the period between 1470 and 1475 to 1479: instead, you have to give his marriage to Aleid van de Meervenne, daughter of a nobleman, which brings him some land to earn a relatively wealthy economic condition.
Starting from 1486 Hieronymus is part of the confreres of Lieve-Vrouwe Broedershap, our beloved Lady, an Association for clergy and laity dedicated to charitable works and sacred representations based on the cult of the Virgin. Within a few years he became one of the notables of the brotherhood, a social ascent fast enough, that translates into a wealthy economic condition, contemporary to the growing fame as an artist.
In 1480 Bosch realizes the "extraction of the stone of madness", currently preserved at the "Prado", in which a surgeon wearing a headdress that, stupidity, simboleggiandone is shaped like a funnel: a criticism of those who think they know, but which are more ignorant of fools. Shortly thereafter gives birth to "Epiphany" (now on display at the "Museum of Art" by Fildadelfia), a work that shows a clear influence of late Gothic art, as can be deduced from the tortuous of lines, and the "crucifixion", which shows in the background a city that can be identified with his birthplace. At the same time for the "Ecce homo" (now you can see it at the Stadelsches Kunstinstitut "Frankfurt"), serving Christ and Pilate one in front of the other in front of the crowd.
In 1490 the Dutch painter paints the "procession to Calvary", also starring Jesus: once again surrounded by the crowd, while at the back a child, probably the image of Christ as a child, has committed to play. "Hayride", "ship of fools" and "a miser's death" are three other paintings in this period. You do not have documents relating to the artist, however, with regard to the years between 1500 and 1504: it is likely, therefore, that in that time he has moved to Italy, in Venice, since since the early decades of the 16th century many private collections of the lagoon city will host his works.
In the same period, the style of Hieronymus is characterized by a rather obvious change, moving towards a Renaissance style, with airy landscapes and monumental figures. In those years is the painting "triptych of Santa Giuliana, in conjunction with the" earthly paradise "," Inferno "," fall of the damned "and" ascent to Heaven ". Between 1503 and 1504 Bosch achieves another "procession to Calvary", a table composed based on two intersecting diagonals on the visa of Christ: an artwork in which evil is not offered through symbols, but through the deformation and the grotesque. At 1504 is traced the "triptych of judgement", commissioned by Philip the fair; a few months later the "Saint John the Baptist in meditation", located today in Madrid, and the "St. John on Patmos", a lost triptych table considered the first of the so-called meditative paintings, reminiscent of Giorgione.
After the "St. Christopher" from Rotterdam, the artist dedication to "procession to Calvary" which appears in the Royal Palace of Madrid. The "triptych of judgement" that today you see in Bruges at the "Groeninge Museum" anticipates the implementation of plug's Coronation, in which there is a strong Italian influence. Bosch in 1510 realizes the "triptych of the Passion" that is now in Valencia at the "Museo de Bellas Artes", and "the temptation of St. Anthony" (now in Spain, but the "Prado").
Hieronymus Bosch died on 9 June 1516 in Hertogenbosch, after painting "the prodigal son" of Rotterdam: his funeral is celebrated solemnly in the chapel of our Lady of the brotherhood.
Sometimes referred to as El Bosco, or more often as Van Aken (from "Bois le Duc", namely the French translation of the word "Hertogenbosch", which in Dutch means "Ducale"), Bosch produces works inventive, sometimes true visions, not far from the religious doctrines of the time.
The cataloguing of his paintings over time was very difficult due to the lack of news concerning him: none of his works is dated, and the links between commissions and paintings are almost never testified. These problems, you must add a style that did not develop in a linear fashion, which made it difficult to highlight a logical progression-and chronological-then final.

Biography of Carlo Alberto of Savoy

Wavering between liberalism and monarchy
2 October 1798
28 July 1849

Who is Charles Albert of Savoy?

Carlo Alberto of Savoy was born in Turin on October 2 1798 by Carlo Emanuele of Savoy, Prince of Carignano and Albertina Maria Cristina, Princess of Saxony Courland.
Does not grow in the Kingdom as his family is only remotely related to Vittorio Emanuele I, much to nurture liberal ideas at the Court of Napoleon from which, at the age of sixteen, receives the nomination of Lieutenant of the Imperial cavalry. But when Napoleon fell, because of the usual and often arcane games of ancestries and dynastic lineages interspersed with political interests, the Austria through the Congress of Vienna which identifies future heir to the throne, makes return to Turin to receive education reserved for a Royal Prince.
In 1817 he married Maria Theresa of Austria: the marriage of Vittorio Emanuele, Ferdinand and Maria Cristina. In the capital of the Kingdom of Sardinia takes to attend and to sympathize with the Piedmontese aristocracy, liberal coming into contact with the insurrectional movement which comes to share programs of revolt (except disimpegnarsene right at the moment of action).
Meanwhile, in 1821, the riots explode causing Victor Emmanuel to abdicate. For the temporary absence of the heir to the throne, Charles Felix, King assigns the Regency to Carlo Alberto which grants to the coveted Piedmontese Constitution. But Carlo Felice, clearly contrary to that decision, it repudiates him-or risk losing their right to succession-to align its positions and those of the Holy Alliance, involving the "monarchical absolutism" and armed intervention against the Liberals.
To lend credibility to its commitment, Charles Albert in 1823 he enlists and starts with Spain's expedition to repress popular movements. Meanwhile, he must be maturing in the conviction that for the achievement of national independence, the priority is defeating Austria definitively and, ascended the throne in 1831-first ruler of Savoy-Carignano branch-acts accordingly to prepare the entry into war, repressing internal motions also "Young Italy" by Mazzini (1833 and 1834), but also introducing some significant reforms in the direction of greater dignity of citizens as the new municipal, provincial laws with regard to cassation and freedom of worship, as well as encourage economic development.
The advent to the pontificate of Pius IX and the wave of social innovations causes it to adjust its policy in a more liberal and among many hesitations, on March 4 of the 1848 Constitution grants, which will be called "Statuto Albertino", and that causes an explosion of popular enthusiasm.
Meanwhile, in Europe the revolutionary turmoil erupts: they erect barricades in Paris, Vienna, Berlin, in Palermo. On March 23, just after the anti-Austrian uprising of the five days of Milan, began the first war of independence by opening hostilities with Austria, surrounded by the consent of all Patriots: having recorded a series of victories, but heavily defeated at Custoza by field marshal Radetzky.
On August 9 the Armistice signing of Salasco, but in March of the following year, hostilities resumed. And again defeated in Novara, deeply saddened and disheartened, abdicates in favor of his son Victor Emmanuel II and, with the title of count of Barge and two only servants, part in voluntary exile to Oporto. Here, only a few months later, Charles Albert of Savoy shuts down the July 28, 1849 at the age of 50 years.
Sandwiched between attachment to monarchy and liberal infatuations, Carlo Alberto has reigned in the sign of indecision. His life is marked by positions taken and then denied: with Napoleon, liberal monarchy with Vittorio Emanuele; again with the liberal granting of the Constitution, and then again in monarchist Spain. The same declaration of war against Austria, which apparently responds to popular instances, probably conceals only her desire to gain greater prestige to the dynasty. But what has definitively branded figure negatively by Carlo Alberto was right on with the conflict during which Austria twice, has not been able to move with determination and take advantage of the favorable moments to him to resolve the conflict, allowing the enemy to regroup until final victory. This staggering performance earned him the nickname "King Hesitates.

Tom Clancy biography

A broker at the White House
April 12, 1947
October 2, 2013

Who is Tom Clancy?

Tom Clancy was one of those writers who would be making the joy of any Publisher is apprestasse to publish his books. Because it would mean that this Publisher would become rich, as well as rich has become, since her first novel this prolific author.
Thomas Leo Clancy Jr. was born in Baltimore on April 12, 1947: insurance broker, early in his career, pre-literary stood quietly nestled in a quiet Office armchairs of Maryland while paperwork between one and the other, between the handling of a case and calls to any customer, scartabellava texts consisting in his true passion: military history , the characteristics of weapons and naval strategy. In addition, of course, all that could in any way have a connection with this sort of thing (spy stories, military affairs and via listing).
Between the blinds lowered and occasional handshakes from colleagues, the seemingly modest Tom had as many her good dream (secret) in the drawer, and precisely to write a novel, to capitalize on the enormous wealth of its powers which now had acquired. But until then had published only one article on the MX missiles. A small thing. Then, not too casually (considering the amount of material you consulted daily), read an article regarding the attempted defection of a Soviet submarine, and had the idea to write "the great escape of Red October.
From that moment Tom Clancy became the undisputed master of the so-called Techno Thrillers (a kind of contents very plausible and that the description of objects and weapons used are described in detail based on real knowledge).
Risen to international celebrity, "the great escape of Red October, written in 1984, it became a global bestseller. The book was released early in paperback, but readers found that amazing yet so well detailed history was something absolutely new in Thriller
The novel had the consent of the then famous President of the United States Ronald Reagan who called him '' a perfect novel. " Also the President, in short, fell into the trap of Clancy, the obsession that causes intellectual, once started, is unable to put the book on the nightstand without having finished the last line.
A feature that finds himself perfectly in all subsequent books of Clancy, as evidenced by the avalanche of copies sold.
At that first book was followed by others, all finished consistently topped the charts, together perhaps with other worthy cronies (like the novels by Ken Follett, Wilbur Smith, etc.). Among them we mention at least in the large library of titles by the American writer, "Red Storm rising" (1986); "The Cardinal of the Kremlin" (1988); "Imminent danger", "debt of honor" (1994); "Executive power", "Politika" (1999).
Today, after private conversations with Ronald Reagan, a lunch with White House Staff, Tom Clancy is regularly consulted by international experts and naval strategy by the CIA; The Chronicles accrediting you as always welcome guest in submarines, jet and u.s. Navy ships; and finally, many of his books are even studied at the War College.
Although it has always stated that its amazing culture derives exclusively from public sources and that he had never gone beyond national security, recently admitted to being came into contact with what he himself calls "The Great Chain" — a network of military personnel, Government employees, Pentagon officials, Cia men and entrepreneurs, from which to draw information. More elements that add veracity to pepper his stunning novels.
Tom Clancy died on October 2, 2013.

Biography of Antonio Di Pietro

Clean hands
October 2, 1950

Who is Antonio Di Pietro?

Born on October 2, 1950 in Montenero di Bisaccia (CB), is the man symbol of that political season that goes by the name of "Tangentopoli". Antonio Di Pietro, the former policeman and magistrate in one piece, was the protagonist of difficult years, the hero of an exhilarating period but also the target of a political reorganization took place in a very hot climate. On its name is Italy split in two: there are those who consider him a kind of Savior of the fatherland and who accuses him of destroying an entire political system in a manner not in line with the guaranteed values.
Reviews that historians will have to confirm or to resize.
The fact is that at the very least Antonio di Pietro is a great character and just take a look at his biography to understand it. Hard to believe that a man of humble extraction, forced to emigrate to Germany to find work (and at the same time studying at night), could become the balance of an entire nation, the pick with which the judicial system has disintegrated a political class that was nailed to the Chair for decades.
Retrace the steps of this extraordinary human story:
Molise, as a teenager he spent a short period in the seminary at Termoli, then moved to Rome where he graduated technical expert.
Later, due to the shortage of labour endemic that plagued the Italy of those years, he emigrated in Bomenkirch (Germany), where he works in the morning on the Assembly line, the afternoon in a sawmill and studying law at night.
In 1973 he returned to Italy and married Isabella Ferrara, which will give him the first son Christian. Civilian employee of the air force, he enrolled in law school, gaining the desired graduation in 19The first deployment with the new title in hand is that of a country town clerk in Como; then enters the police where it becomes Commissioner of the 4th district of Milan. But Antonio Di Pietro is not a COP, and you see right away.
Not only proves to have insight and tenacity but also a special flair in solving seemingly impossible cases.
It is, for example, that solves the enigmatic case of the "monster of Leffe", revealing that behind the hand that had wiped out an entire family was a transfer.
In 1981 the choice that will change his life and that will change the course of the country: he won the competition in the judiciary and, after a brief stint at the public prosecutor of Bergamo, passes to the Milan Prosecutor's Office as a Deputy Prosecutor, specializing in computer crime and crimes against the public administration.
February 17, 1992, the day of the arrest of Mario Chiesa-prominent militant of the Italian Socialist party-starts the era of "clean hands". Bettino Craxi, then Secretary of the PSI, try to belittle the fact defining church a "rogue", but the investigation spreads and overwhelms unexpectedly around the world of politics.
At the end of the affair will be over 3,000 suspects and the value of bribes and slush funds discovered will amount to trillions of lire. Peter's name is chanted in the streets, he is now in Italy moralizing.
For the magistrate himself came from nothing had a different future. Strong popular consensus, decides to leave the judiciary and entering politics. In Milan until December 6, 1994 when, at the conclusion of his latest indictment in the Enimont trial, took off robe, gets back his jacket and closes his career as magistrate.
A few months before the Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi had offered him the Ministry of internal affairs in his Government.
Peter begins to move into the political arena by free hitter, even if, as expected, someone tries to tarnish his image.
Comes out unscathed from allegations of corruption and bribery, as well as various controversies.
In 1996 Prodi won the elections and Peter becomes Minister of public works. After a few months, however, is forced to abandon the Congregation because investigated in Brescia as part of the investigation on the banker Pacini Battaglia. Acquitted in politics back in November 19The olive tree the candida in the Mugello constituency, vacated by sociologist Pino Arlacchi, Director at the UN. Antonio Di Pietro WINS with almost 68% of the vote, compared to 16% of Giuliano Ferrara, a candidate for the pole and the 13% Sandro Curzi, candidate of Communist Refoundation.
The March 21, 1998 presents the movement "Italy of values". Picks membership of some members and adheres to the mixed group.
In the 1999 European Parliament election, Prodi founded the "List of the donkey", part of a broader coalition of Democrats, and Peter decides to join. Gets forming an excellent 7.7%, but in 2000 the former magistrate of iron goes for irreconcilable contrasts with Secretary Arturo Parisi.
The former PM back to move freely in the chaotic and uncertain waters of Italian politics.
May 13, 2001 elections not sided with either of the two poles and announces a tough battle in the name of legality and democracy. Arrives at 3.9% and for a breath enters Parliament.
Remains for some time a bit in the shade than the tumultuous scenery of Italian politics, but nonetheless a landmark not only for the media that I have chosen as a symbol, but for many citizens, who see him as a consistently reliable and honest character.
In the 2006 elections occurs with "Italy of values", supporting the center-left leader Prodi and his. The latter appointment of Peter Minister for infrastructure.
In the elections of 2008, Peter joins in coalition with the Democratic Party. Idv party gets the 4.4% in the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate 4.3% doubling its votes.

Biography of Marcel Duchamp

Nude appearances
28 July 1887
October 2, 1968

Who is Marcel Duchamp?

Marcel Duchamp was born in Blainville (Rouen, France) on 28 October 18Conceptual artist, whereby the artwork must replace the pure aesthetic Act, he began to paint in 15 years, influenced by the impressionist technique.
In 1904 he moved to Paris, where he joined the brothers Gaston. For some time he attended the Académie Julian, but bored, leaves almost immediately.
In the years from 1906 to 1910 his works manifest characters different from time to time, in relation to the influences of the moment: Manet, so will the intimacy of Bonnard and Vuillard, and ending with Fauvism. In 1910 after seeing for the first time the works of Paul Cézanne, the Impressionist and abandoned Bonnard. For a year and the Fauvism Cézanne are its stylistic references. But everything is going to last a little while.
In the years 1911 and 1912 he painted all his most important paintings: boy and girl in spring, sad young man on the train, a descendant Un escalier n° 2, the King and Queen, surrounded by naked fast, the passage of the Virgin Bride.
In 1913, the Armory Show in New York, Nu descendant un escalier n° 2 is the work that elicits greater scandal. Exploratory possibilities exhausted with painting, began work on the large glass. The work includes a collection of graphics on glass plates and metal and is rich in symbols and alchemical unconscious. Its meaning is not easily decipherable, but can be considered an ironic challenge global, whether in painting, or more generally of human existence.
The first are also born "ready-made", everyday objects with artistic status, including the famous bicycle wheel.
The following year and the signature Scolabottiglie buy.
In 1915 he moved to New York where he began his friendship with Walter and Louise Arensberg. Consolidating its contacts with Francis Picabia and Man Ray knows. He continued his studies for the realization of Mariée mise à nu par ses Célibataires, meme (1915-1923), that will never lead to the end. In 1917 he made famous Fountain, which is rejected by the jury of the Society of Independent Artists.
Traveling first to Buenos Aires, then in Paris, where he meets all major environmental esposnenti Dadaist, that in a few years will create surrealism.
In 1920 he was back in New York.
Along with Katherine Dreier and Man Ray founded the Société Anonyme. Takes on the pseudonym Rose Sélavy. Engages with experimental photography and films and produces the first "optical discs" and "optical machines".
In 1923 he began to devote himself to chess professionally and almost completely abandoned the artistic activity. Only realization is the film Anémic Cinéma.
Incorporates artistic activity only in 1936, when he participated in the exhibitions of the surrealist group in London and New York. Begins planning the Boite en válise, a portable collection of reproductions of his most significant works.
Surprised in France since the outbreak of the war, in 1942 embarks for the United States. Here he devoted himself mainly to his last major work, Étant donneés: la chute d'Eau, le gaz d ' éclairage (1946-1966). Participates in and organises exhibitions and in turn.
In 1954 he dies his friend Walter Arensberg, and his collection was donated to the Philadelphia Museum of Art. These include works by Duchamp 43 well, including most of the major works. In 1964, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the first "Readymade", in collaboration with Arturo Schwarz, creates a numbered and signed Edition of his most representative 14 Readymade.
Marcel Duchamp died in Neuilly-sur-Seine on October 2, 1968.

Biography of Mahatma Gandhi

The Great Soul
October 2 1869
January 30, 1948

Who is Mahatma Gandhi?

Mohandas Karamchard Gandhi, said Mahatma (Sanskrit for great soul, nickname given to him by the Indian poet r. Tagore), is the founder of nonviolence and the father of Indian independence.
The name Gandhi in Indian language means "grocer's: his family had to exercise for a short time a small spice trade.
Born on October 2 1869 in Portbandar in India, after studying at the universities of Ahmrdabad and London and graduating in law, he briefly advocacy in Bombay.
Wealthy, origination in recent generations his family held some important positions in the courts of Kathiawar, father Mohandas Gandhi Kaba had been Prime Minister of Prince Rajkot. The Gandhi were traditionally Vaishnava religion; belonged to a Hindu sect with particular devotion to Vishnù.
In 1893 he traveled to South Africa with legal counsel for an Indian firm: there will be for twenty-one years. Here is faced with a terrible reality, where thousands of Indian immigrants are victims of racial segregation. The indignation at the racial discrimination suffered by his countrymen (and himself) by British authorities, push him to political struggle.
The Mahatma fought for recognition of the rights of his compatriots and by 1906, launched on a mass level, his fighting method based on nonviolent resistance, also called Satyagraha: a form of non-radical collaboration with the British Government, conceived as a means of pressure.
Gandhi comes to social and political equality through peaceful rebellions and marches.
In the end, the South African Government will implement major reforms in favour of Indian workers: delete the old discriminatory laws, recognition to new immigrants equal rights and validity of religious marriages.
In 1915 Gandhi returned to India where they circulate for some time already stirrings of rebellion against the arrogance of the British rule, in particular for the new agrarian legislation, which provided for the confiscation of lands to farmers in case of low or no crop, and the crisis of the handicraft.
Becomes the leader of the Congress Party, the party that fights for the liberation from British colonialism.
In 1919 kicks off the first satyagraha campaign of civil disobedience involving the boycott of English goods and the non-payment of taxes. Mahatma undergoes a process and is arrested. Is kept in jail a few months, but once out resumes his battle with other satyagraha. Again imprisoned and then released, Gandhi he participated in the London Conference on the Indian issue, demanding the independence of his country.
1930 's is the third campaign of resistance. Organizes the salt March: disobedience against the salt tax, the more unfair because it affected mostly the poor. The campaign expands with the boycott of tissues from abroad. The British arrested Gandhi, his wife and other 50000 people. Often imprisoned in later years, the "great soul" responding to arrests with long hunger strikes (important is what he undertakes to draw attention to the issue of the condition of the untouchables, the lowest caste in Indian society).
At the beginning of the second world war Gandhi decides not to support England if this will not guarantee the India independence. The British Government reacted by arresting more than 60000 opponents and Mahatma, which is released after two years.
On the August 15, 1947 India won independence. Gandhi lives now with pain, praying and fasting. The Indian subcontinent is divided into two States, India and Pakistan, which marks the separation between Hindus and Muslims and culminates in a violent civil war that costs at the end of 1947, nearly one million people dead and six million refugees.
Moderate attitude of Gandhi on the Division of the country arouses hatred of a Hindu fanatic kills him on January 30, 1948, during a prayer meeting.

Massimo Gramellini biography

Daily analysis through gritted teeth
October 2, 1960

Who is Massimo Gramellini?

Massimo Gramellini was born on 2 October 1960 in Turin, to a family originally from Romagna. When he was nine, only becomes orphaned of mother: mother Josephine, in fact, suffering from cancer, he jumps from the window of the House committing suicide (Most will know the story in all its details only in 2010, through a person close to his family, after publishing the novel "the last line of Fables").
After completing his classical studies at the Istituto San Giuseppe of Turin, he studied law, and began working in the fall of 1985, with the drafting of Turin newspaper "Corriere dello Sport-Stadio". Taken over a year later, as a trainee at "Day", always in sports writing, has the opportunity to recount in detail the first shield Silvio Berlusconi at the helm of Milan ("Although the environment in the Newsroom was openly left, and it was believed that within a few months, Berlusconi would end up in jail," he got to remember in an interview to Claudio Sabelli Fioretti) and to follow the most important tennis tournaments in the world live.
Then, Garcia in the winter of 1988 he moved to Rome to work in the local Editorial Office of "La Stampa": often, however, he moved to Naples, above all to follow the football life and extra-calcistica of Diego Armando Maradona. Writes about sports even during the Italy World Cup ' 90: indeed, his article on Gianluca Vialli (and his alleged relationship with Alba Parietti) that induces a national silence.
In 1991, the torinese journalist leaves the sports world to devote himself to politics and to become a correspondent of "Busiarda" from Montecitorio: has no way of telling the protagonists of clean hands, and first-person recounting the death of the first Republic and the birth of the second. He married Maria Laura Rodota in turn journalist ("it was very ironic, sometimes our arguments seemed dialogues written by Woody Allen), in 1993 he was chosen as Special Envoy for the Chronicles from Sarajevo (" and Lerner told me: I recommend, nothing they do laugh pieces ").
After divorcing from his wife, in 1998 Massimo Gramellini makes comeback in Milan, this time to direct the weekly "La Stampa", "mirror" on which care "Hearts in the mirror", a kind heart mail. After moving again in Rome, on 12 October 1999 inaugurates a rubric even today with great success: "Hello" is appearing in cutting down on the first pages of "print", a commentary on an important event of the day.
Left Rome in October 2005, Garcia finally returned home to Turin, vice director of the newspaper. Shortly after, he began working with "Che tempo che fa", transmission by Fabio Fazio broadcast on Raitre, which lists every Saturday evening and comments on the most important news of the previous days.
After the already mentioned "the last line of fairy tales", the first novel that has sold more than 250,000 copies in Italy, in March of 2012 "make beautiful dreams", which in less than two months reaches half a million copies sold. His literary work, in any case, includes several other volumes: among others include "1994 colpo grosso" (written with Curzio Maltese and Pino Corrias and published by Baldini & Castoldi), "save us fools" (released in 2007 for Longanesi) and "La patria, for better or worse" (written by Carlo Fruttero and published in 2010 by Mondadori).
Raised in the myth of Montanelli, Garcia indicates among its favourite journalists Gabriele Romagnoli, Antonio Socci, Cristiano Gatti, Concita De Gregorio, Mattia, Michele Serra Felts and Curzio Maltese (known at the time of the "Corriere dello Sport"). Genesis fan, located in "the graduate" his favorite film.

Graham Greene biography

From cellulose to celluloid
October 2, 1904
April 3, 1991

Who is Graham Greene?

Henry Graham Greene was born on October 2, 1904 in Berkhampsted, near London.
He attended the public school where his father Charles Henry Greene is the Director. Then he continued his studies at Oxford, Balliol College; Here he attended literary circles and politicians by becoming a member of the Communist Party, but leaves after a few weeks.
In 1926 after a personal crisis of religious conscience Graham Greene leaves Protestantism and convert to Catholicism; This step will clearly influence on all his subsequent literary output.
In 1926 he graduated; the following year Vivien Daryell wedding-Browning.
Graham Greene chose his career as a journalist and collaborates with the Nottingham Journal. " He published his first novel "The man within" (the man inside me), then journalism career with the "Times"; will occupy the post of Deputy Director until 1930.
In the five years following, Greene is dedicated full time to fiction coming to publish a book a year. In 1935 he returned to journalism as a film critic, for the "Spectator", for which he wrote for four years.
World War II breaks out and Greene worked in Africa for "Secret Intelligence Service". Nel continente nero writes some but mostly travel books writes work that is considered his masterpiece: "the crux of the matter".
Graham Greene is probably one of the authors of the 20th century that more often the movie industry turned; There are about fifty films based on his novels, short stories, or comedies, which Greene himself has often personally wrote the screenplay.
Among the hit films based on his novels include "the third man" (1949, with Orson Welles), "our man in Havana" (1959, with Alec Guinness), "the comedians" (1967, with Richard Burton, Elizabeth Taylor, Alec Guinness and Peter Ustinov), "the Honorary Consul" (1983, with Richard Gere and Michael Caine).
The screenplay of "the fallen Idol" is present in the nomination in 1950.
In 1954 is war in Indochina correspondent for the "New Republic"; afterwards, and until his death, alternates its business by writing a little for himself and some for newspapers, as an essayist, playwright and screenwriter.
Graham Greene dies in Switzerland, at his home in Corseaux sur Vevey, Lake Geneva, on April 3, 1991.

Biography of Groucho Marx

Blistering beats and edgy comedy
2 October 1890
August 19, 1977

Who is Groucho Marx?

Julius Henry Marks-known by the stage name Groucho Marx-was born in New York (United States of America) on 2 June 18Third of five Marx Brothers Comedy Group-still one of the most beloved of all time – he made his debut in the entertainment world since the first decade of the twentieth century, facing a long apprenticeship in vaudeville, theatrical genre born in France at the end of the eighteenth century, which led him to play with his brothers in variety theatres of all United States.
During this long wandering in the 1910s and 1920s, thanks to the important experience that is the theatrical training, Groucho manages to hone the comedy that makes it famous in the world: its outstanding features are the fast pitch, with lightning and word games, always pronounced with edgy irreverence against the established order and with a little concealed contempt for social conventions.
The "sense of humor" by Groucho is angry, sarcastic and even misogynist and find a summary in his nickname: Groucho means "grumpy" or "nose"; in fact the face and Groucho Marx's character are an eccentric comic mask, unmistakable traits: painted eyebrows, mustache, showy look alluring, perpetually cigar between his teeth, or between the fingers, the frantic pace, are its main physical characteristics.
All these physical traits and those comedians were filmed in Italy to create a character who has helped lengthen the myth of Groucho Marx's character: we are talking about the shoulder of Dylan Dog (created by Tiziano Sclavi in 1986), comic book character known that after Tex has made the fortune of Sergio Bonelli Publishing House. Within the work dylandogiana Groucho is to all intents and Groucho Marx, not a character or alter ego he inspired.
Back to Groucho in the flesh, the success explodes in 1924 with the theatrical comedy "I'll say she is," which follows the year after "The cocoanuts," Broadway show for a year and then repeated in a long American tour between 1927 and 1928.
Groucho's debut at the cinema takes place in 1929 The Cocoanuts-the jewel thief ", the film adaptation of the previous theatrical success; then it was the turn of "Animal Crackers" (1930), taken also from a Broadway show of the Marx Brothers.
After the irreverent "Blitzkrieg" of the Marx Brothers (1933), Groucho brothers move from Paramount to MGM (Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer); in recent years two of their most popular films: "a night at the opera" (A Night at the Opera, 1935) and "a day at the races" (A Day at the Races, 1937) both directed by Sam Woods.
In these years by shoulder to Marx, there is also the actress Margaret Dumont (born Daisy Juliette Baker) that between 1929 and 1941, reads with them in seven films.
At the beginning of the forties, with the decline of the trio, Groucho decides to continue his career as a film actor with only a few sporadic appearance in brilliant comedies; takes the road of radio personality: from 1947 leads the quiz show "You bet your life", which is later adapted for television and which airs on screens until 1961, garnering widespread acclaim.
The irreverent and satirical humor of Groucho is also in print since 1930 with her first book "Beds" (room), a collection of amusing songs that tell about the relationship of the people with their own bed; his books include the collection of letters "Groucho Marx's letters", 1967.
The last years of his life are not easy: after three marriages and ensuing legal battles, now elderly, knows the physical and social problems of advanced senility, which make it no longer viable.
At the age of 84 years, crowning his long artistic career in 1974, Groucho was awarded an honorary Oscar.
Hospitalized due to pneumonia, dies at the age of 86 years, in Los Angeles, on August 19, 19The news of the death of Groucho Marx in the United States passes soon overshadowed, darkened by another fact that monopolizes the attention of the American press and world: the untimely death of Elvis Presley, which occurred just three days before.

Biography of Paavo Nurmi

A legend of the cold north
13 June 1887
October 2, 1973

Who's Paavo Nurmi?

Named one of the "Flying Finns" together with the athletes Ville Ritola and Hannes Kolehmainen, Paavo Nurmi Johannes is an Olympic champion in the discipline of bottom and middle distance, which established world records during the 1920s. The athlete has won three silver medals and nine gold, in the period between 1920 and 1928, able to win both a marathon that the 1500 metres.
Born in Turku, Finland, on 13 June 1887, this great professional is considered a legend in the history of Olympic sports. He represented for the Finns much more than an athlete practicing the middle distance: his shy and introverted character seems in perfect harmony with the Finnish landscape, full of dense forests and immense Lakes, and conquering people of all ages.
The body of Paavo Nurmi is capable of pushing the limits, and the pace in the race is really only used to run around with a stopwatch in hand. In 1932 the athlete is not allowed to participate in the Olympics because he received a fee, and therefore considered a professional. At that time can participate in the Olympic games only those who are "amateur". But in previous editions has amazed everyone with his race results.
Remains in the history obtained gold in 5,000 meters, when the Finn race immediately after finishing the final victory of the 1500 metres.
Paavo's retirement from the sport after the Olympics in Helsinki in 1952, during which appears carrying the Olympic torch, and is glorified as if it were an athlete still in the race. Leave the sport without regrets and retired from the limelight, to operate a haberdasher and does so until his death, which takes place on October 2, 1973, at the age of 86 years.
Because of the popularity that WINS over the years in his country, in Paavo Nurmi are reserved for state funerals. He was also dedicated an opera entitled "Paavo. A great run. A great dream, "presented in 2000 during the Helsinki Edition European capital of culture. Received, both in life and after death, a series of honors for his commendable career.
A statue portraying him is located in front of the Olympic Stadium in Helsinki.
Here is summed up in a few lines on his resume: sports in Antwerp (1920) Paavo wins the gold medal in the cross-country race (8 km), in the 10 thousand meters and cross-country running team; gets the silver medal instead in the five thousand metres. In Paris (1924) Nurmi won the gold medal in the 5, 000 meters in the 1500 meters in cross-country (10 km), in the 3, 000 meters in cross-country running team. In Amsterdam (1928) won gold in the 10,000 meters and silver in the 3 thousand and 5 thousand hedges. At distances between 1500 m and 20 km improves the results already achieved, reinforcing the 26 world records.
In Finland it tells the legend of Paavo Nurmi who competes with Centaurs, fauns, elves and other characters. At seventeen shop racing shoes and decides to become a champion. Children are fascinated by this great athlete and call it "the fury of the Baltic", or "man" chronometer. Remembered as a shy and withdrawn character, Paavo remained in sports history.

Biography of Romina Power

October 2, 1951

Who is Romina Power?

Romina Francesca Power was born on 2 October 1951 in Los Angeles, the daughter of film actors Tyrone Power and Linda Christian, both Hollywood stars. He spent the first years of his life in the United States, until his father's death in 1958, at which point is given-together with her younger sister Taryn-the maternal grandmother who lives in Mexico.
Arrival in Italy and cinema debut
In nine years, Romina and Taryn, together with his mother and his new partner (Edmund Purdom, actor), move to Italy. After studying in England, at the age of thirteen he debuted as an actress in the film "Ménage all'italiana".
In 1966 he starred in "how I learned to love women" and gets his first recording contract with ARC, for which he recorded 45 rpm "When the angels change their feathers".
Al Bano and Romina
In 1967 is in the cast of "Ensure"; during the same period, while filming the movie "into the Sun", knows the Albano Carrisi set: since that time the two will pair both in life and at work.
The following year, Romina reads alone in "Vingt-quatre heures de la vie d'une femme", "insatiable Bitches" and "hot love" of a minor, and with Al Bano in "the world", directed by Aldo Grimaldi. In 1969 is the cast of "Justine or the misfortunes of virtue", and together with fellow in "thinking of you", by Aldo Grimaldi, and "her name is Donna Rosa" by Ettore Maria Fizzarotti. as a singer, won the Green Disk section Festivalbar with the song "seawater", written by Al Bano.
In the same year also records "12 songs and a poem": is the first solo album by Romina Power.
Gli anni ' 70
In 1970 he married Romina Al Bano and becomes the mother of his daughter, Ylenia; also, reads with her husband in two films by Ettore Maria Fizzarotti, "Midnight love affair" and "Angels without paradise", and "Un disco per l'estate" with "Harmony", coming in sixth place.
In 1972 it is still a "disco per l'estate" with the song "Nostalgia", and the following year becomes the mother of his only son, Yari. Afterwards publish "listen, I love story", his second album, and "disco per l'estate" with "comets and stretched out in the blue".
In 1975 she appeared in the tv movie "Mrs. Ava", before returning to recording for her third disc, a reinterpretation of "Here, there and everywhere" by the Beatles. In 1976 is the "Festival di Sanremo" with "not two" and participates with Albano at the "Eurovision Song Contest" held at the Hague, coming in sixth place; the following year, she starred in the tv movie "man of Priam's treasure".
Gli anni ' 80
In 1982 he participated with Al Bano in Sanremo with the song "Felicità", which comes in second place; two years later, when the movie comes out to the movies by Aldo Grimaldi "Champagne" in "Festival di Sanremo" comes the victory with the song "Ci sarà".
In 1985 the couple is in Stockholm to take part in the "Eurovision Song Contest", which again finished in seventh place.
In 1987 Al Bano and Romina Ariston return with "Nostalgia canaglia", coming in third place; two years later the Festival is offered the song "Cara terra mia".
Gli anni ' 90
In 1991 staged the last appearance in the competition of the couple in Sanremo: the song "Oggi sposi", however, does not go beyond the eighth. In 1994 the two face the death of their daughter Ylenia, disappeared under mysterious circumstances in New Orleans: it will not be found.
Two years later, Romina returned to television to star in the film "Il ritorno di Sandokan".
In 1998 she performed for the last time with Al Bano, at Maracana Stadium in Rio De Janeiro before Pope John Paul II; in the same year he began to conduct on Raiuno "Per tutta la vita", together with Fabrizio Frizzi: an experience that will last until 20Meanwhile, separates legally from Al Bano, after twenty-nine years of marriage.
The years 2000
In 2002 is next to Mara Venier in "a bridge to the stars-the Witch of children victims of war and terrorism," on Raiuno, singing the Italian version of the theme song of the movie "life is beautiful"; the following year he starred in "all the dreams in the world".
In 2007 working on film by Abel Ferrara's "Go Go Tales", which is presented at the Cannes Film Festival out of competition. The following year he moved to the United States to stay close to his mother, sick with colon cancer, and in 2010 she participated in the second edition of the Bbc1 programme "Ciak ... si sings!", with the song "sea water".
The years 2010
In 2012, after mourning the loss of his mother died the year before, returns to music publishing, through Creative and Dreams, the album "from Afar" (which was actually recorded in the late 1990s), available only on iTunes and Amazon.
In October 2013 back to perform with Al Bano to fifteen years after the last time at three concerts at the Crocus Hall in Moscow, organised by impresario Andrei Agapov: for the event, the pair singing "Ci sarà", "Freedom", "Che angelo sei", "dialogue", "happiness" and "Sharazan".
Next, it organised the "Al Bano & Romina Power 2014 Reunion Tour", which causes them to perform between April and may in Atlantic City, in Montreal and Niagara Falls, in the United States and in Canada.
In the same year the Power returns to acting in the film "the secret of Italy", dedicated to the massacre of Lviv: the film is bitterly criticized by the PNA, which arrives to accuse Romina Power of being fascist.
In February 2015 back on the stage of the Ariston along with Al Bano, guests of the first episode of "Festival di Sanremo" 2015 "led by Carlo Conti.

Biography of Ernest Renan

Religious analysis
28 February 1823
2 October 1892

Who is Ernest Renan?

Joseph Ernest Renan in Tréguier is born (France), in the region of Brittany, on 28 February 1823.
Forms in the Seminary of Saint-Sulpice in Paris but abandoned him in 1845 after a religious crisis to continue his philosophical and philological studies, with particular regard to the Semitic civilization.
In 1852 he obtained his doctorate with a thesis entitled "Averroès et l ' averroisme" (Averroes and the averroism). In 1890 he published "the future of science" (l'avenir de la science) written already in 1848-1849, a job in which Renan positivistic expresses its confidence in science and progress. Progress is interpreted by Renan as a journey of human reason to their awareness and implementation.
Is then appointed in 1862 Professor of Hebrew at the Collège de France; is suspended following the scandal caused by his two introductory lesson and by the publication of his most famous work, the "life of Jesus" (Vie de Jésus, 1863), written following a trip to Palestine (April-May 1861). The work is part of the "history of the origins of Christianity" (Histoire des origines du christianisme, 1863-1881), published in five volumes, setting clearly anti-Catholic. Renan denies the divinity of Jesus, although the exalted as "incomparable man".
In the latter work follows the "history of the people of Israel" (Histoire du peuple d ' Israël, 1887-1893). Large Epigraphic and his work, and philological studies. Interesting are also the "moral essays and criticism" (Essais de morale et de critique, 1859), "contemporary issues" (Questions contemporaines, 1868), the "philosophical dramas" (Drames philosophiques, 1886), "Memories of childhood and youth" (Souvenirs d'enfance et de jeunesse, 1883).
Renan was a great worker. At sixty years of age, having completed the "origins of Christianity", began the aforementioned "history of Israel", based on a lifetime of study of the old testament, and the Corpus Inscriptionum Semiticarum, published by the Académie des Inscriptions under Renan's direction from 1881 until his death.
The first volume of the "history of Israel" appears in 1887; the third in 1891; the last two posthumously. As a history of facts and theories, the work shows many flaws; as the development of the religious idea, is of extraordinary importance despite some passages of frivolity, irony and inconsistency; as a reflection of the mind of Ernest Renan, the image is more vivid and realistic.
In a volume of essays, "Feuilles détachées", also published in 1891, you can find the same mental attitude, an affirmation of the necessity of piety independent of dogma.
During the last years of his life receives numerous awards and administrator of the Collège de France and Grand Officer of the Legion of honour. Two volumes of the "history of Israel", the correspondence with his sister Henriette, his letters to m. Berthelot ", and the" history of the religious policy of Philip the fair ", written in the years immediately prior to his marriage, will appear during the last eight years of the 19th century.
Thin spirit character and skeptical Janette turns his opera in a narrow elite audience, fascinated by its culture and style; will have a big influence in French culture and literature of his time thanks to the reaction that they had the right political positions to his ideas.
Ernest Renan dies in Paris 2 November 1892; He is buried in Montmartre cemetery in Paris.

Omar Sivori biography

Sinister spells
October 2, 1935
February 18, 2005

Who is Omar Sivori?

The great Argentine champion Omar Sivori was born on October 2, 1935 in Argentina, in San Nicolas. Begins to kick the ball in the municipal theatre of the city. Arrive at River Plate of Renato Cesarini, former Juventus player.
Sivori was soon nicknamed "el cabezon" (big head) or "el gran zurdo" (left the pub). With the red and white of Buenos Aires, Sívori is champion of Argentina for three years, from 1955 to 1957.
Also in 1957 with the argentina national football team won the South American Championship held in Peru, creating with male and Abdul to a central trio unstoppable attack.
Shortly after Sivori reach Italy and Juventus. The other two Argentine players leave for the Italian Championship: ribattezzeranno fans the three as the "dirty-faced Angels".
Umberto Agnelli, President at the time, hired Omar Sivori upon notification of the same Renato Cesarini, using well 160 million, which allowed the River Plate to restructure their own stadium.
Upon his arrival in Turin, Sivori summary reveals his talent. Sivori doesn't know the play banal, is born to amaze, to entertain and to have fun. Immense for his dribbling and his fake. Marks and marks. Deceives droves of Taha and becomes the first juggler, mocking Championship, with his socks down (to "cacaiola", said Gianni Brera) and the character who finds herself, opponents on the pitch and on the bench. It is considered the inventor of the so-called "tunnel". Omar does not hold back even when the challenges are made of fire.
Its limit is the nervousness that accompanies it: irreverent, provocative, can't keep your tongue, it's vindictive. In the twelve years of his career in Italy earn well-match ban 33.
It plays in the service of Juventus for eight seasons. He won 3 Championships and 3 Italy Cups and scored 167 goals in 253 games.
In 1960 with 28 wins the centers of Italian Championship of the Gunners.
In 1961 "France Football" gives the prestigious "Golden Ball".
In 1965 Sivori divorces from Juventus. He moved to Naples in the company of Jose Altafini send supporters into raptures. Abandons the task-because even a heavy disqualification-just before the end of the season 1968-69 and he returned to Argentina.
Omar Sivori as for nine times the blue shirt, scoring 8 goals and participating in the ill-fated 1962 Chile World.
After many years in 1994 and resumed employment with Juventus, as observer for South America.
Omar Sivori was also commentator for Rai: undiplomatic, had not changed on tv. He went down flat, with reviews, net perhaps too for prudence Was Jammer.
Omar Sivori has died at 69 years old, February 18, 2005 due to pancreatic cancer. He died in San Nicolas, a city about 200 kilometers from Buenos Aires, where he was born, where he lived for a long time and where he kept a farm.

Sting biography

Class and sophistication
October 2, 1951

Who is Sting?

Gordon Matthew Sumner, aka Sting, was born on October 2, 1951 in Wallsend, Northumberland, in the industrial area of Newcastle, a practicing Catholic family of Irish descent. The son of a Hairdresser and an engineer is the eldest of four children (two brothers and two sisters). In his youth, because of his father's dismissal, remained jobless despite his high technical skills, has been through really tough economically. Suddenly finding himself in need of help, the family began to make the most improbable, as when he was hired in the local milk plant.
But the desire to emerge of the young Gordon was stronger than any difficulty: it is no coincidence his ambition and his uncommon intelligence are known to the public that follows it. The field in which decide to apply (having done the teacher, the football coach of a local club and the strange work of "Digger of ditches"), is among the most difficult and high-risk, provided you do not possess a true talent. We are talking of course of seven notes, an industry that has seen dozens of musicians go hungry, reducing to only playing in small clubs.
The younger Sting chews a bit of piano thanks to the teachings of the mother, but he also plays electric bass, after abandoning the guitar (learned for the desire to confront the young music: Beatles and Rolling Stones) for love of jazz. At the beginning of his career, in addition to playing in various bands, he also founded his own jazz group, "The Phoenix" Jazzplayers, constant presence of a pub called the Wheatsheaf "". It is in this period that someone nicknamed his Sting.
Tells himself: "there was a trombonist who found me like a hornet wearing my shirt in yellow and black stripes. He began to call me Stinger ("one bite"), which then shortened in Sting ("sting"). The public liked and so I kept this name ". In later sounds with a well-known jazz band in Newcastle, "The Riverside". In those years he also played in the "Newcastle Big Band, a group that for two years he participated in various jazz-festivals in Spain and France.
In 1972 he and other three elements of the "Newcastle Big Band" left the group giving rise to "Last Exit" whose Sting is the leader and singer (the first example of a performance by Sting singing the single "Whispering voices").
In 1976 the future rock Idol left teaching, he still practiced to get by in a girls ' school, to devote himself entirely to music. In that year the "Last Exit" moved to London to get a recording contract though, given the disappointing results, return to Newcastle, where they were invited to play as a support to "Manchester Symphony Orchestra", which included guitarist Andy Summers.
During this period he met Stewart Copeland, who during a tour with the "Curved Air", an exhibition of "Last Exit" in a pub, being impressed by the strong presence of Sting. In a short time Copeland to be Sting convinces him and his Henry Padovani the first formation of the "Police". P will be replaced soon by Andy Summers: the band will dominate the music scene between the years ' 70 and ' 80.
The "Police" were actually a unique phenomenon of the rock scene but after ten years and many memorable albums (remember: "Outlandes D'amour", "Reggatta De Blanc", "Zenyatta Peeled", "Ghost in the machine", "Syncronicity round"). Between 1985 and 1986 Sting decides to pursue a solo career. Some signs of the desire for greater autonomy had already been there: had recorded a version of the classic 30 's "Spread a little happiness" for the film "Brimstone and Treacle" and had participated in the Dire Straits hit "Money for nothing", in addition to having collaborated with Phil Collins on the album "No jacket required".
In his first solo album, "The dream of The blue turtles"-a disk that contains the two big hits "If You Love Somebody" and "Russians"-Sting joins events to those four major jazz musicians on saxophone, Branford Marsalis, Kenny Kirkland on keyboards, Omar Hakim (drums) and Darryl Jones on bass.
In 1986 Michael Apted film the Sting and tour of the Blue Turtles. This experience is a double live album "Bring on the night". Then it was the turn of "Nothing like the sun", within which lies a gem like "They dance alone" and the melancholic "Fragile" became one of the classics in his repertoire.
In 1988 Sting takes part in the Amnesty International tour and spend the next two years to protect the Amazon rainforest. In 1991 released "Soul cages" (with the new hit "All this time"), autobiographical disc as the next "Ten summoner's tales", containing inter alia two ubiquitous hits such as "If I ever lose my faith in you" and "Fields of gold".
After a long break, the English singer reappears in 1996 with "Mercury falling", Mercurial and disc restless as the title complaint, while three years later it was the turn of "Brand new day", truly memorable albums, where the enigmatic genius refined English explores a kaleidoscopic world of musical styles and languages, incorporating echoes of Miles Davis and medieval Gregorian chant Algerian pop and American country music.
Sting is a multifaceted character: he has collaborated with numerous international artists as well as those mentioned above, including the Italian sugar, and he also appeared in several films, including we cannot forget the cult film "Dune" (1984, under the leadership of Director David Lynch's hand), film based on the novel by Frank Herbert.
Loves Italy and owns a beautiful villa in Tuscany. Sting is often brought in mischievous gossip talk for saying (confirmed by interviews with his wife) to be a practitioner of the discipline of Tantric Sex, featuring Erotic performances over five consecutive hours.


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