Tomás de Iriarte… Fray Servando Teresa de Mier… Aristophanes… Juan Ruiz de Alarcón y Mendoza… Biographies Multiposts

Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Tomás de Iriarte
  2. Biography of Fray Servando Teresa de Mier
  3. Biography of Aristophanes
  4. Biography of Juan Ruiz de Alarcón y Mendoza

Biography of Tomás de Iriarte

(1750/09/18 - 1791/09/17)

Tomás de Iriarte
Writer and fabulist in Spanish
Born September 18, 1750 in the Puerto de la Orotava Cruz, Canary Islands (Spain).
In 1764 he moved to the peninsula next to his uncle Juan de Iriarte, who studied Greek and French languages and already a connoisseur of latin and scholar of Spanish literature held the position of official translator of the Secretary of State and Archivist of the Supreme Council of war.
His literary career began as a translator of French Theatre. In addition, translated Horacio poetic art (1777). It music, 1779, is a poem written in silvas, where he developed his theory about the art that "speaks to the hearts / of passions cool language".
He wrote comedies bad maid Miss (1788) and spoiled gentleman (1790). In Guzmán el Bueno (1791) enter the dramatic monologue with Orchestra accompaniment. It is, above all, known for his literary Fables.
Tomás de Iriarte died on September 17, 1791 in Madrid.

Biography of Fray Servando Teresa de Mier

(1763/10/18 - 1827/12/03)

Fray Servando Teresa de Mier
Clergyman, writer and Mexican politician
He was born October 18, 1763 in Monterrey, Nuevo León.
Son of don Joaquín Mier and Noriega and Doña Antonia Guerra.
Mier entered the order of the Dominicans where he showed qualities of preacher.
In 1794 the authorities delivered a sermon in which he questioned the apparitions of the Virgin of Guadalupe. In retaliation, he was sent to Spain where suffered prison, although he evaded several times.
Let habits in Rome in 18He traveled to France where he taught Spanish and translated books.
In 1804 he returned to Spain, where he served three years and also participated in the war of Spanish independence.
In 1816 he accompanied Francisco Xavier Mina (the waiter), whom he had convinced to organize a liberating expedition from New Spain. He was taken prisoner and sent to Havana, although it escaped and went into exile in Philadelphia (United States).
In 1822, he returned to Mexico and was elected Deputy.
Among the works he wrote include: history of the revolution of new Spain (London, 1813) and letters of an American to the Spanish (1811-1812).
Servando Teresa de Mier died in the City of Mexico on December 3, 1827, and, years later, his mummified body was found. A street in the city of Mexico bears his name.

Biography of Aristophanes

(Unknown - Unknown)

Greek playwright
No one knows for certain the year of his birth, it is believed that it might be around 450 BC at Athens
It is regarded as the most brilliant author of comedies of Greek literature. His work suggests that he was a man of great literary and artistic culture and that he despised the ignorance and rudeness.
He took part in the struggles and controversies of Athens in favour of the aristocratic party, using theatre as a battlefield. Conservative in his tastes and his political attitude, Aristophanes brings to the theatre social, political, artistic and religious issues of the Athens of his time, criticizing with hardness and satirical humor innovations considered demagogic and ill-timed.
He directed his satirical ability against the renovators of thought, like Socrates, and against the innovators of the theater, as Euripides.
In the course of the Peloponnesian War, Sparta defeated Athens. Although this situation favored the aristocratic party, which was installed in power, freedom of expression disappeared, which changed the attitude of Aristophanes as a writer and prevented him from continue to hot political topics in the scene. This fact determined the division of works into two large groups: the written before and after the fact.
For the first time are "the acharnians", which manifests the anti-war attitude of the author; "The Knights", attack against the demagogue Cleon; "The clouds", satire of new philosophy and pedagogy, in which attacks Socrates and sophistical; "Wasps", about the passion that the Athenians showed by the judicial proceedings; "Peace, work anti-war; "Birds", which describes the Kingdom of the birds; "Lysistrata", the work in which the women of Athens agree to refrain from sexual activities while their husbands remain war; "The Thesmophoria", parodies of the works of Euripides; and "the frogs", new attack on Euripides. His second time are "the Assembly" (Aristophanes that satirizes an imaginary State ruled by women) and "Pluto", mythological fable in which this deity of wealth, which favored the wicked in his blindness regains sight.
Aristophanes died in 386 BC in Athens.

Biography of Juan Ruiz de Alarcón y Mendoza

(Unknown - 1639/08/04)

Juan Ruiz de Alarcón y Mendoza
Writer and playwright
He was born in Taxco, belonging to the present state of Guerrero, Mexico, it is believed that in 1580.
Son of Pedro Ruiz Alarcon, a native of Miner basin and Leonor de Mendoza. He suffered the taunts of his contemporaries for being Indian and by a physical defect.
When he was 20 years you reach Salamanca (Spain) where performed high school in both rights and moved to Seville. Returns to Mexico in the year 1613 he graduated in laws and acts as Lieutenant of Corregidor. Because of his short stature, being ginger beard, Hunchback of chest and back, it was recommended not obtained charges that intended as being mocked could not "maintain the authority to charge has needed".
He wrote 20 comedies, among them punished friendship win friends, Salamanca cave, the similar to itself, the promises, the walls hear, move by improved, the suspicious truth was paraphrased by Pierre Corneille. The examination of husbands is perhaps their last comedy.
Had to suffer the merciless teasing of his contemporaries, especially of Lope de Vega and Quevedo (he was called "Mexican and corcovado" and "corcovilla" by his hump), and also of Gongora, Tirso and others. In Spain, he settled in Madrid where continued to write Theater until in 1626 named it Rapporteur of the Council of the Indies.
Juan Ruiz de Alarcón died in that city from August 4, 1639.

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