Encyclopedia of Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Antonio Banfi
- Monica Bellucci biography
- Biography of Truman Capote
- Biography of Lella Costa
- James Dean biography
- Biography of Oreste Del Buono
- Biography of Rudolf Diesel
- Fran Drescher biography
- Martina Hingis biography
- Biography of Giorgio Panariello
- Therese of Lisieux biography
- Biography of Renato Zero
Biography of Antonio Banfi
30 September 1886
July 22, 1957
Who is Antonio Banfi?Antonio Banfi was born in Vimercate (MI) on 30 September 1886; his family, Catholic and liberal principles, cultured tradition. Henry's father, an engineer, was for forty years President of the Istituto tecnico di Mantova, il nonno Napoleonic officer and that was one maternal Strambio de Castilla (i.e. part of the milanese nobility).
In this environment is formed then the young Antonio Banfi, who moves frequently between Mantua, where he studied at the liceo Virgilio, Vimercate and where the family usually spend summer holidays in his parents ' home, which houses a large library, first recollection of the young intellectual Banfi.
He joined the Regia Accademia scientifico-letteraria-in Milan in 1904, attending the courses of the Faculty of letters that will complete in four years with honors, magna cum laude; for his thesis presents a monograph on Francesco da Barberino discussed with Francesco Novati.
Immediately after the teaching profession begins at the horses-Institute of Accounts Milan, and at the same time, he continued his studies of philosophy (his professors are Joseph Curtin for the history of philosophy and Piero Martinetti for Theoretical); He obtained his doctorate in the fall of 1909 with flying colors while discussing with a dissertation Jacks composed of three monographs on the thought of Renouvier, Boutroux and Bergson.
At the same time also follows the diplomas of education courses for both letters for philosophy.
In 23 years the cultural sensitivity of Antonio Banfi already appears bright.
In March of 1910, Banfi with friend Cooked the way Germany takes. On April 28 is registered at the Faculty of philosophy of Friedrich Wilhelms Universitat of Berlin ".
Back in Italy in the spring of 1911 and took part in contests for professorships of philosophy in high schools succeeding sixth between appropriate and 17th on the list. Gets extra duties for six months of philosophy in Lanciano, after which he was transferred to Urbino where he remained until the end of the school year 1911-12.
Then receives from the Ministry of education the news he had won the Chair of philosophy with a choice among four locations. At the beginning of 1913 Banfi passes as an extraordinary Professor at the school of Jesi and remains there throughout the school year. In August the appointment of ordinary arrives at the high school of Alexandria, where he went in the fall of 1913 doing his teaching at the College level and, as instructed, to local schools.
The Wedding March 4, 1916 in Bologna, Daria Malaguzzi Valeri, that my whole life will be a partaker of his companion intellectual and moral world. At the outbreak of war, Banfi, reformed military service, can remain in place.
It is during the period of the first world war that Banfi approaches the left positions. While not militating within the Socialist Movement shares the purposes. In these years he was appointed Director of the municipal library of Alexandria, a position he held until the fascist squads fail to result in his removal.
In the face of threats of fascist squads Banfi maintains an attitude of firmness and radical opposition.
While he continued teaching, Banfi dedicates itself in recent years to an intense scientific work that will have its first recognition in obtaining the professorship on December 9, 19In the spring of 1923 Edmund Husserl knows personally during a visit in Italy. Since then he always kept close relations with German philosopher until 1938 when he goes out.
In 1925 Baba was among the signatories of the famous response, edited by Benedetto Croce, a manifesto of the fascist intellectuals.
In the fall of 1926, after 13 years of teaching in Alexandria, gets transferred to the Liceo-Ginnasio Parini of Milan where he still teaches philosophy and history.
In 1931 presented himself in the professor to the Chair of history of philosophy at the University of Genoa, manages winner.
In 1932 is permanently called to the Chair of history of philosophy. From 1932 years begin more profitable banfiano education and it is in this period that is forming that solid core of scholars who, in the Italian philosophical culture today are called «Baba» school.
In 1940 he founded the magazine "philosophical studies" which becomes the center of gathering new strength that came from his own school. At the end of 1941 came into contact with the clandestine organization of the Italian Communist Party and adheres to this movement. In the period up to September 8, 1943 Banfi participates in numerous meetings of professors that were intended to lay the groundwork for a free trade union of the school.
After the 8 September Banfi takes part in organizing the resistance.
In 1944 he founded with Eugenio Curiel on "Youth Front". During the whole period of Banfi Resistance continues its academic lectures which ceases only March 17, 1945, shortly before the insurgency phase. In recognition of his actions in this period the ' Commission qualifications recognition for the partisans Lombardy» gives the qualification of partisan fighter in Gap III for the period from September 9, 1943 to April 25, 1945.
After liberation Banfi strives to organize those cultural structures necessary for the intellectual and moral renewal of the country. Immediately after the uprising he founded the «culture» face who wants to collect all energy sensitive and modern national intelligence.
The more strictly political plan B. participates in the life of the Communist Party with conferences, debates, rallies. In 1948, as a candidate of the popular democratic front», is elected Senator in Abbiategrasso. Is part of the sixth Senate Committee for public education. Here, and in parliamentary work, participates in legislative activity and strongly held an energetic action in defense of the national school, secondary and University.
In 1949, for the first time, Baba went to the Soviet Union from which returns with a lively and positive impression. He later returns in the USSR twice more in his capacity as Commissioner for Italy of the Lenin prize.
In 1953 he was re-elected to the Senate in the second College of Cremona. Shortly before the elections took a long journey Banfi in China, up in Mongolia. China has the opportunity to celebrate the centenary of Leonardo. From this journey Banfi back so fascinated resume studies around the Chinese culture.
In 1954 he went to England in the spring of 1957 and back for the last time in the USSR. Here take contact with representatives of Chinese culture, and Indian Muslims under the plan that he had traced to shooting "philosophical studies". Despite the extensive participation in political life, the fervent activities dedicated to the Organization of culture, the multiple interests of his personality (as well as Professor and Senator of the Republic was member of Milan City Council, Member of the Central Committee of the PCI, a member of the Istituto Lombardo di Scienze e Lettere dei Lincei, academic, Vice-President of the Federation Trade Union, Education International President of sociological social prevention Center , Vice-President of the Italian philosophical society, Member of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, in the Council of the European society of culture, President of the Italy-USSR, Member of the Center for China studies, Committee member Thomas Mann), even in recent years he regularly holds its undergraduate courses.
In the summer of 1957, after regularly finishing all courses University, where he directed the graduate school, and at Bocconi University, falls ill in early July. He died on July 22, 1957 Columbus clinic of Milan, surrounded by his wife and son from group of his most devoted students.
Monica Bellucci biography
September 30, 1964
Who is Monica Bellucci?Monica Bellucci was born on September 30, 1964 in Umbria Città di Castello (PG). After completing high school he enrolled in law school, intending to become a lawyer, but his entry into the fashion world, activities began with the intent to pay for studies, absorbs it immediately in a multiplicity of commitments. Within a couple of years, I mean, she is forced to leave the University to devote himself full-time to his career, which takes flight in 1988 when Monica moved to Milan to be enlisted in the famous agency "Elite", taking in a short time the covers of major fashion magazines.
In Paris, the magazine "Elle" dedicates and consecrates different covers in the world of international supermodel. A year after Bellucci debuts in New York, photographed by Richard Avedon for the Revlon campaign "Most Beautiful Women" and becomes the protagonist of a series of campaigns for Dolce & Gabbana, which make real medioterranea woman icon.
But Monica Bellucci the role model, despite the success, it has to be tight, so much so that in 1990 the road to try acting.
At the height of his career, he met Enrico and Carlo Vanzina who, impressed by the intense expression of his gaze and his breathtaking physical the presented to Dino Risi, Italian film sacred Monster. And it is precisely with the famous master of Italian comedy in the 1991 TV movie turns "Vita coi figli", along with an amazing (as always), Giancarlo Giannini. That experience, despite being tied to television-only, open doors and many Bellucci begins to understand that the cinema can become quite an achievable aspiration. So, in 1991, is the protagonist of "La riffa" by Francesco Laudadio and interpreter in "Ostinato destino" by Gianfranco Albano. In 1992, however, the great leap that international projects directly to Hollywood: get a part in "Dracula" by Francis Ford Coppola.
In 1992 "Brigands" by Marco Modugno with Claudio Amendola and "the Bible" by Robert Young with Ben Kingsley, a Rai TV production/USE. In 1994 runs "snowball" by Maurizio Nichetti, with Paolo Villaggio, Leo Gullotta and Anna Falchi. In 1995 he moved back to the international cinema with a starring role in the film "l'appartement" by Gilles Mimouni in which knows the actor Vincent Cassel, her future husband and partner in numerous films, such as "Méditerranées" and "How do you want me". In 1996 an important acknowledgement comes from France: receives a "Cesar" as best young actress for her role in the film "the apartment".
In 1996 he co-starred in "The doberman" by Jan Kounen. In 1997 he made "l'ultimo capodanno" directed by Marco Risi in 1998 for which he received the Golden Globe, critics ' award for the best actress Italy Italian. In turn the 1998 black comedy "Comme un poisson hors de l'eau" by Hervé Hadmar. In Spain Monica gets great public success with the Spanish film "A los que aman" by Isabel Coixet. In 1998 Monica turns as female lead in the film noir "Frank Spadone by Richard Bean with Stanislas Mehrar and London runs a short film entitled" That certain something "by Malcolm Venville starring in English.
Between 1999 and 2000 we saw in "Under Suspicion", alongside Gene Hackman and finally starring in Giuseppe Tornatore's latest work, "Malena", as well as the protagonist of violent French thriller. Now actress widely recognized and well established, has shrugged off the reductive model role.
In 2003 she returned to the limelight worldwide for its-albeit marginal-interpretation of the character of Persephone in the Matrix Reloaded, "the second installment of the Wachowski brothers ' sci-fi saga.
After the "passion of the Christ," Mel Gibson, playing Mary Magdalene, Monica Bellucci has devoted to her motherhood, 2004 which ended on September 12 with the birth of Deva, Sanskrit name meaning "divine".
Monica Bellucci lives in Paris with her husband Vincent Cassel.
A French poll in March 2007 he voted sexiest woman in the world, ahead of names such as Paris Hilton, Beyonce, Shakira, Mathilde Seigner, Sharon Stone, Madonna, Sophia Loren, Penelope Cruz.
In May 2010 he was born the second daughter, Leonie. At the end of August 2013 does know to newspapers that she and her husband have decided to separate.
Biography of Truman Capote
September 30, 1924
August 25, 1984
Who is Truman Capote?Journalist, writer, dialogue writer, screenwriter, playwright, actor: locked up in one definition Truman Capote is nearly impossible. Born on 30 September 1924 in New Orleans, Truman (whose real name is Truman Streckfus Persons) was raised in Monroeville, Alabama, being looked after by relatives who took him in after the divorce of his parents: his mother, unhelpful and turbulent, struggling with many lovers, visited only occasionally, while his father, careless and penniless, will reappear only when Capote will be rich and famous.
The childhood of small Truman, therefore, is just happy, and the only love that the console is to Harper Lee, his friend, who in turn will become famous as writer thanks to Pulitzer Prize-winning book "the darkness over the hedge" (original title: "To kill a mockingbird"), where Truman, also appears as small Dill.
Even during adolescence to Truman's life is not simple: to school is mocked for his feminine ways, and is the only relief in college English teacher, one who appreciates his vast imagination, fueled by her passion for reading. After school Truman moved to New York, where he assumed the surname of Joe Capote, his stepfather; to get in touch with the world of journalism, the boy finds a job as a Messenger at the New Yorker, the celebrated literary magazine, but was fired after being passed off as posted at the time of a literary Conference.
Meanwhile, some of his short stories are published in the "Harper's Bazaar" and the "Southern Gothic Novelist". An unexpected success coming with "Miriam", published by a women's magazine, that opens the doors of the mundane in the Big Apple. Truman Capote, dandy and deep intellectual character, soon becomes friends with Ronald Reagan, Tennessee Williams, Jackie Kennedy, Andy Warhol and Humphrey Bogart: it is the beginning of a life marked by excesses, exacerbated by a difficult character and ostentation of his homosexuality.
Truman Capote in a few years become a writer known all over the country: after "other voices, other rooms", 1948, it was the turn of "breakfast at Tiffany's" and the musical "House of flowers", which consists of words and music. In 1966 on "New Yorker" comes out in "in cold blood", his most famous work, achieved after an investigation that lasted six years.
Shortly after, however, begins the parable descendant of Capote, whose novel "answered prayers", which was never completed, try to condense all comments resulting from his encounter with the jet set. Thought of as a book character, a sort of proustian portrait of anything of the events involving the stars of the Big Apple, "answered prayers" Capote to lose all his friends.
Drugs and alcohol are always more protagonists of the writer's life, who plays the role of a modern-day Oscar Wilde, from destructive and decadent existence. The new Thomas Chatterton, as it was dubbed by James Michener, spends the last part of his life with men who aim only to his money, drop him. Truman also develops a heavy form of epilepsy due to abuse of sleeping pills. His health worsen, partly because of alcohol dependence: left by his companion, from beautiful world which had exalted and divi who deny his friendship, Capote spends weeks drinking and sleep on your bed at home or in a hospital in New York.
Two attempts at detoxification are not successful, and so, at the age of 59 years, Truman Capote dies at the age of 59 years on 25 August 1984 due to cirrhosis of the liver while located in Bel Air, Los Angeles, host of one of the few people who have never left, Joanne Carson.
Among other works of Truman Capote's career, it is worth mentioning the creation of the English dialogues "Termini", 1953 film of Vittorio De Sica, and the screenplays of "the treasure of Africa", "Laura" and "Suspense". The artist has also tried his hand as an actor taking part in the thirteenth episode of the first season of "ABC Stage 67", "The Thanksgiving visitor" and "invitation to murder mystery dinner". Damn, disappointed and disappointing, creative and artistically brilliant, deeply victim of alcohol, drugs, of himself and of his own naivete, Truman Capote was one of the most controversial personalities of the 1960s and 1970s, not only in America but also in the rest of the world.
Biography of Lella Costa
September 30, 1952
Who is Lella Costa?Gabriella Costa, known exclusively as Lella Costa, was born in Milan, on 30 September 19Important Italian actress, known to the general public for some television appearances, is one of the most important interpreters of the National Theatre, most famous for his monologues. Voiced by, and worked very well, with radio broadcasts at the forefront. Also took part in some interesting cinematic experiences and is very active in the non-profit world, promoting the activities of Emergency by Gino Strada, whose body is spokesman. Engaged in defending valiantly for civil rights, was for years the voice of Peacereporter, interpreter of national commercials. From 2010 frequently appears on Mediaset for the comic format Zelig, much later.
After the years of childhood, the future artist studied at the liceo classico "Carducci in Milan and a passion for literature, he enrolled at the Faculty of letters. Complete all examinations without earning a degree: the love for the theater, in fact is already strong in this age, so as to get her to leave his studies and joined the Accademia dei Filodrammatici, where he graduated a few years later, with a gold medal.
The artistic beginnings are with Massimo Rossi. His debut is a monologue, in which genre will Excel soon, and is dated 19Is a Star writing Lal and is titled "repertoire, namely suspenders and orphan".
Lella Costa launches from now in contemporary theatre and art begins to attend as the authors cited Leonetti, Renzo Rosso and Slawomir Mrozek, Polish writer and avant-garde, satirical style. In radio, his other great passion, where the bones. At the same time, facing the so-called cabaret theatre. Write another monologue, dated 1985, together with Patrizia B. and, in March of 1987, he debuted with the first show of which he is also the author, entitled "Adlib".
In 1988 the scene with "Coincidences" and began working on his first experience in cinema, where he debuted one year later, in 1989, with the film "SOAP thieves". The film has a clear reference to the plot of the most famous "bicycle thieves" and is signed by Maurizio Nichetti, who is also actor of this film inspired by Neorealist, starring as well as Lella Costa, include actors like Caterina Sylos Labini and Federico Rizzo.
The young and talented Lella is also submits on the small screen, where he moved in these years. Takes part in "The girls" TV program, cult and a format like "play your game", "Ottantanonpiùottanta", "the game of the nine" and others. Becomes a regular guest and welcomed the "Maurizio Costanzo Show" talk show much later in those years, and another part to the movies, to Francesco Calogero, "private visions", dated 1990.
In February of the same year Lella Costa back on the scene, with what is his third self-produced monologue, entitled "Malsottile", a sort of ironic and poetic reflection on a theme dear to her, such as memory.
In January 1992 the actress goes to the bookstore, Feltrinelli types, with the book "dagger in loden", which collects all his theatrical production created until 19In the same year, goes to the theatre with the only outside the production structure of monologue, entitled "Two".
Between 1994 and 1995 returns with theatrical monologues, producing "Magoni respectively", with the original music of the great musician Ivano Fossati, and "dagger in loden", which gets a great success at the Teatro Studio in Milan from 27 October to 5 November.
In January of 1996 with Alessandro Baricco wrote "war Weary", again on stage at the Piccolo Teatro in Milan a year later, in February 19In March of 1998 is employed by Gabriele Vacis, Director of "another story". In December of that year the House Feltrinelli published a collection of his new play, titled "it"; a year later, already in January, is on Italy, 1 format "Comedians", presented by Serena Dandini.
A great success the same year earns his experience in radio, on Radio 3: the actress reads "the paradise of the orcs" French author Daniel Pennac, interpreting the text and commenting on a series of twenty episodes.
In 2000 back to the Piccolo in Milan, always with the Vacis, Director for a reduction from Othello, titled "words". At the same time, he took part in the famous Italian staging of "the Vagina Monologues, written by Eve Ensler, the Milan Salone Pierlombardo in October 2001.
A year later she published again for Feltrinelli collection "on tour" and, in 2002, gives voice to the show "Written", written and directed by Francesco Cavalli and Landon Davis. In October 2002, Lella Costa carries around his own version of "La Traviata," directed by Gabriele Vacis and national debut at the Arena Del Sole in Bologna. The tour is also on Rai 2.
In February 2004 the milanese actress takes part in "Nobel of literature and theater" at the Teatro dell'archivolto in Genoa, where he gives voice to text of author Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Colombian Nobel Prize with his work "The incredible and sad history of Candida Alanna and her grandmother distorted", accompanied by the music of Aquaragia Drom, directed by Giorgio Gallione.
In December of the same year, divides the stage with Arnoldo Foà, in recital "the thousand and one nights. Sherazade ".
One of the best works by Lella Costa comes to January 2005, with "Alice, a marvel of country", directed by Giorgio Gallione, with original music by Stefano Bollani, great Italian pianist and composer, popular jazz musician.
In 2006 back on tv, LA7, "Milan", together with the journalist Marco Travaglio: four episodes that get a good success with audiences and critics. The following year he produced "Hamlet", written and performed by you, together with Massimo Cirri and Giorgio Gallione, of which he also directed.
Between 2010 and 2012 takes part in some episodes of the television format for "Zelig" by Claudio Bisio.
James Dean biography
February 8, 1931
September 30, 1955
Who is James Dean?It was late afternoon, already tending in the evening of September 30, 1955: in Hwy 466 in the direction of Salinas, California, a Porsche Spider was unable to avoid colliding with another vehicle, possibly a driver distraction, had invaded the lane. The impact was devastating: for the driver of the car there was nothing to do, was died instantly and his car reduced to pieces. A few hours later, between the General dismay, began to spread the news that James Dean was dead. He was 24 years.
Today, over fifty years after the death of the actor and the birth of a legend, that of James Dean is an icon that youth culture has introjected, almost unconsciously, and whose legend continues to be perpetuated for generations, without seeing decrease its subtle charm and its relevance today. It is not easy to find another character who, to his peers, has influenced so much, and so long, behaviors, the way they dress, the Metropolitan Youth mythologies; to the point of being able to say that in every young person there is something that belongs to James Dean, the prototype of every teenager.
In the same year in which he began to define the legend, rock 'n' roll was moving its first steps and the figure of the "rebel" embodied by the actor was, from the outset, taken as its the new musical trend: stateside youth culture was born, which was soon conquered and revolutionized the world.
As well as his early death, the life of James Dean is written long for decades, often with an almost epic accents that they generate a total lack of distinction between private and public life but, above all, between life and art. This lack of distinction, although it may represent a limit, because you run the risk of putting to back those who are the undoubted artistic merits of the actor against a certain taste for anecdotal evidence of human life on the other side is perhaps inevitable at the same time to understand a singular and enigmatic character like James Dean, who starred in the way he lived , and lived as she appeared on the big screen.
James Byron Dean was born on 8 February 1931 in Marion, Indiana, in what was then one of America's most depressed States and rural areas. His early childhood was marked by the untimely death of his mother and the difficult relationship with his father. He was lovingly raised by his uncles and, since appassionatosi to the theatre and other creative activities, began to develop a personality troubled, eccentric, ambitious, and that would remain full of adolescent conflict unresolved.
A few years later, were especially these characteristics convince the Director Elia Kazan that the 23-year-old James Dean-who had studied acting, attended the "Actors Studio" and had already had several theatrical experiences, but also for radio and television-personality possessed more suitable to play the difficult character of Cal Trask in East of Eden movie ("East of Eden" , 1955), based on the novel by Steinbeck. For the role, he was preferred to both Marlon Brando, Montgomery Clift: both the other two older "Hollywood rebel", both role models for the young James Dean, did not have in the opinion of Kazan the same emotion, the same resentment against the father figure, the same youthful impetuousness, the same profound unhappiness.
So it was that the young actor, for the first time, opened the big doors of stardom and success, he longed for a long time.
But, if James Dean needed Hollywood to satisfy his innate and uncontrollable ambition, Hollywood also needed actors like him. In those same years, the famous "dream factory" was opening up a new way of cinema: more free and independent, characterized by a more realistic, meaningful and less auto-celebratory, attentive to social phenomena and especially the nascent youth, the cinema itself helped define and food industries.
James Dean remained in Hollywood just eighteen months and had time to play only three films but, despite this small period of time, revolutionized not only the lives of millions of teen-agers, but also the style of recitation of several movie stars. Truffaut wrote of him, after his death: "Dean goes against 50 years of cinema. He says something else than pronouncing, his gaze does not follow the conversation, causes a mismatch between the expression and the expressed thing. Every gesture is unpredictable. Dean may, speaking, turn your back to the camera and end the scene this way, can push his head back sharply or jump forward, can laugh where another actor would cry and vice versa, because he killed the psychological drama the day it appeared on the scene. "
Lonely, restless, a little dark, since its debut in East of Eden, that enfant terrible of Hollywood he was considered a hero by American youth, being able to represent the estrangement, denouncing the misunderstanding, esorcizzarne's loneliness. The film depicts the story of stormy relationship between a father and his two sons, which feeds on resentment against the parent because, unlike his brother, he never felt loved and appreciated. James Dean, for their similar personal experiences, characterized so intense the character of Cal Trask, unhappy and unappreciated, that his was not only a great film interpretation; It was something far more powerful and poignant that went beyond the fiction film, the story told: suddenly, he was hired as a spokesman for an entire younger generation that, for the first time, sought to assert itself. In the same month, another revolutionary phenomenon, rock 'n' roll, got her sensational appearance.
If "East of Eden" highlighted a new revelation of cinema, and began already to define a generational symbol, but it was mainly the second interpretation, rebel, the most memorable and that delivered to posterity the legend of James Dean in the form that has been handed down since then: is the resulting image from "rebel" to be the most closely linked to the myth of the actor also because in this movie, the man Dean and the character he played, Jim Stark, thanks to a clever Director, seem really come to identify themselves; in this way, the film turns into a biographical document of the actor, a fragment of his short life and, at the same time, also a premonition of the unfortunate death that, even before the movie came out in theaters, he found. "His anguish was authenticates both on the screen and in life," he said of Andy Warhol a few years later. For coincidences left, the other two young actors who held main-Natalie Wood and Sal Mineo-would find both a tragic early death in dark and mysterious circumstances.
Rebel ("Rebel Without A Cause", 1955), directed by Nicholas Ray, a talented staged the dramatic and moving story of three teenagers struggling with the difficult transition to adulthood and the arduous search for its own identity. The adult world, parent, is seen with detachment and deep alienation, as unable to find answers to youth problems and, above all, to find them quickly. It follows a total lack of communication between the two horizons: that adult, dashed as weak, absent and hypocritical; young people, portrayed as idealistic and sentimental. Existential insecurity, the deep loneliness, lack of landmarks, brings young protagonists to seek their own way even at the cost of risking losing it. In the end, the love story between Jim and Judy will perhaps for two young a vehicle of renewal and life in mature, but at the same time aware and brave; the expense will be, though, the smallest and defenseless of the three protagonists: Plato, the innocent victim of a sick society and distracted.
In "rebel", soon became a real cult movie, make their full appearance even those issues that accompany it, since a very early age, the short and turbulent life of James Dean: competitiveness, continues challenged themselves, the rush of life, the challenge to the death. As is known, in fact, the actor was in their lives a "rebel" certainly not less than in movie screens, leading a full life, hectic and often unregulated.
A native of Indiana, home of the Indianapolis 500, Jimmy-as he was called by his friends-he had a huge passion for motorcycles and racing cars, which spent much time, often participating in official competitions. The day he died, Salinas was headed for a race that would take part the next day. The irony of fate that took just over a month before the accident, Jimmy had participated as a testimonial to a television commercial on safe driving. On that occasion, his words were: "you drive it slow"-and then, turning towards the camera, with an enigmatic smile aggiuse: "because the life that you'd snatch if she could be my". Although later appears to have been established that the accident of which he was victim was tied to a speeding, the sad ending was the outcome of a life lived always on a knife edge. One of the mottos was invented by him: "dream as if you could live forever, live as if you'll die today". So lived, so he died.
That September 30 ' 55, America-and not only-was in tears over the loss of a hero; We witnessed scenes of tragic delirium comparable only to those who, thirty years earlier, had accompanied the disappearance of Rudolph Valentino. Just a week before the tragic collision driving his "Little Bastard"-thus had nicknamed new Porsche 550-actor had completed in Hollywood, alongside Liz Taylor, principal photography of the blockbuster The Gigante ("Giant", 1956), directed by George Stevens; his third and latest film interpretation, although not as a protagonist. The film was released in theaters a year after his death and was received with great fanfare. A few months later, Hollywood offered the first of many tributes to his future young and unlucky hero: The James Dean Story (1957), a lively documentary co-directed by a young Robert Altman, whose soundtrack was exceptional as the jazz musician Chet Baker (who was also beautiful and damned, taken to be nicknamed the "James Dean of jazz"). In the movie, however, the documentary intent actually ran out to reveal their limits, making the recently deceased actor already intense aura of legend. Legend that, since then, seems to know no sunset.
From the mid-50 today, James Dean was the subject of a veritable cult: for decades, thousands and thousands of fans have revered and imitated, have commemorated the death have visited the grave, they collected relics and objects, some have even participated in competitions in his memory. His image has been thoroughly used and reworked-in a more or less direct-from the motion picture industry, television and fashion. You can also say that nobody has contributed as much as him to define what is still the most popular look among young people from all over the world: jeans and t-shirts, garments now considered inseparable from the same young stauts. But maybe it is in the world of rock, and its own mythologies, that actor's influence was more pervasive. Already the day after his disappearance, the nascent rock & roll took not only the aesthetic aspects, while essential for defining weds rocker, but even the anarchist spirit of rebellion: Elvis, to consolidate its image, adopted a strategically look and movements "bestial" at James Dean, who was a fanatic admirer; Gene Vincent and Eddie Cochran, however, came to a much greater spiritual identification and while the escaped twice, the second found, like the actor, an unfortunate and untimely death on the asphalt.
The legacy of legendary Hollywood rebel, however, was not limited only to the first rock & roll but, thereafter, became permanently part of rock music culture tout court: early rock & roller to abate the underground, by surfers to punk, and up to the present day, the James Dean figure, with its strong connotations , the entire history of rock; embodying the soul rebel and bloody, but also fragile and girlish, featuring recurring image from one hard with a tender heart "and braving even the battle of generations, since so strong symbol to be taken as much as fathers from their children. If the young Bob Dylan already considered an Idol James Dean and lamented the death, some years after the Beach Boys dedicated a song, a tribute on behalf of the people.
Across the ocean, however, John Lennon came even to declare that "no James Dean would never existed the Beatles". Lennon himself, in his cover of "Rock 'n' roll", was dressed and portrait role played "James Dean" and seemed so merge, the tribute to the glorious rock 'n' roll formed from his record, a clear reference to the actor, making it so explicitly the deep spiritual bond with the rock music culture. The first 70 years, then watched the blossoming of the cult of Jim Morrison, undoubtedly owe James Dean. At the end of 70, it was the turn of Sex Pistols bassist Sid Vicious, one of the most eloquent symbols of a new "rebel", to be seen by some as yet another incarnation, more perverse and transgressive, cursed Angel of Hollywood. Over the years, was 80-Smiths singer Morrissey-to give voice to the most intimate and melancholy of the actor, to whose memory he dedicated a book ("James Dean Is Not Dead", 1983). In the years 90, finally, someone came to compare the troubled and alienated Kurt Cobain, Nirvana's leader, in a modern James Dean who, among other things, portrayed in ' 54 in a famous sequence of photographs, had introduced with decades of advance even a kind of Crown "grunge" ante litteram.
Maybe it wasn't the death of James Dean to introduce for the first time the mythologizing of premature death, but it was surely his offering a new formulation, that romantic ideal; He a renowned romantic poet lived intensely, Byron, also carried the name. James Dean was indeed the interpreter par excellence of the saying "live fast, die young"; it, too, was embraced and praised by rock: Jimi Hendrix Jim Morrison, Nick Drake, Tim Buckley from Sid Vicious to Ian Curtis, until Kurt Cobain, rock imagery, early biological death seems to be the ultimate passport to immortality and consecration.
But who was actually James Dean? The young talented actor whose promising career was interrupted by an untimely death, or one of the products of the collective American? He was definitely, more than others, and the two together. Only in America, young earth and history with an extraordinary power, could flourish Mythopoeic modern legend of James Dean that, like an eternal Peter Pan, is one of the places of honor in the Olympus of the gods ": what, among others, features the stars of Elvis Presley and Marilyn Monroe and that represents one of the keepers of the American dream, powered by their own mythologies. But, on the other hand, James Dean icon also appears to represent a special case.
Remaining and renewing itself in a unique way, and in some ways unique, the unlucky actor appears, compared to the other, an image far deeper: more real and authentic but, together, more universal and indefinite. The magnitude of James Dean, and the secret of his amazing and lasting success, consisted in being able, because of his undoubted talent, to infuse the films something unique, as was her restless personality and, at the same time, to become a universal interpreter not only of young Americans in the postwar period, but also the spirit of young people of every age.
Biography of Oreste Del Buono
March 8, 1923
September 30, 2003
Who is Oreste Del Buono?ODB: this is his initials and at the same time a kind of trademark of the man who has made himself known in Italy of comic strips Peanuts by Charles Schulz. Reductive, certainly qualifies, as Oreste Del Buono was one of the finest and irregular intellectuals of post-war Italy.
However, impatient, intolerant definitions be defined an intellectual, he was much more than many. Gentile, annoyed by the injustices and acts of arrogance, Of Good he collected a considerable amount of "resignation" that led him to emigrate in many newsrooms.
Born March 8, 1923 to the island of Elba, Oreste Del Buono carried out since cultural activity. Writer, journalist, critic and editorial consultant, began in 1945 with the book "winter's tale", a novel that recounts his experience of deported to a Nazi concentration camp.
In later texts address the reasons of what defined the historic defeat of his generation: hence "pure ingratitude" of 1961, "the worst years of our lives" of 1971; "You will return" of 1976, "the mole" of 1984, "the ruling class" of 1986, "friends, friends of friends, teachers ..." of 1994.
Controversial writer and biting of Good was also a literary translator. In his booklet, there are over 190 translated works by writers such as Proust, Flaubert, Maupassant, Stevenson and Oscar Wilde; ODB was also editor of anthologies of the detective genre, of which he was a great lover and connoisseur.
Memorable is his direction from 1971 to 1981 in the comic magazine "Linus" which, in addition to see as already mentioned the genius of Schulz and his Peanuts, became a hotbed of major national and international designers.
It is now widely considered one of the great merits of The Good was that he had "cleared" the comics, giving formal and substantial dignity, not only selecting the best and most mature exponents of the genre but also making him concretely taking the first steps out of the ghetto in which it was relegated from the 60 's.
Later he collaborated with the "Corriere della sera" and "Panorama", along with "La stampa of Turin, in which for years held a famous book of letters with readers.
This cultural predisposition omnivorous also explains with a lifestyle flavor of Odb: plagued by insomnia, an invincible read and wrote until dawn. He himself was repeatedly way of telling how not slept more than three hours per night.
Oreste Del Buono, that even in difficult times, he never lost his proverbial irony, passed away on September 30, 2003 after a long illness, at the age of 80 years.
For the writer and journalist Nico Orengo, a close friend of the author, Oreste Del Buono is "one of the intellectuals who have subverted, innovated, changed the landscape of Italian publishing, from newspapers to magazines, book series, like the great editor such as Calvino, Vittorini, Spagnol, Sereni and publishers such as Bompiani, Mondadori and Rizzoli".
Biography of Rudolf Diesel
18 March 1858
September 30, 1913
Who is Rudolf Diesel?Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel was born on 18 March 1858 in Paris, the son of German parents: his mother is a housekeeper and tutor who teaches German and her father is a rather famous leather craftsman.
Studies and vocation
After having successfully attended the elementary schools,
at the age of twelve he entered the Ecole Primaire Supérieure, considered one of the best middle schools in the French capital.
With the outbreak of the franco-Prussian war in 1870, however, Diesel's family is considered an enemy, and then takes refuge in Britain, in London, in order to find asylum in a neutral nation.
Later, with the help of a cousin, Diesel-a war still going on-he goes to Augusta, the hometown of his family, and here he was admitted to the Royal County Trade School: excellent student, at the age of fourteen he writes a letter to his parents informing them of his intention to become an engineer.
After you have completed the studies required in 1873, entered the industrial school of Augsburg, just established, and two years later obtained a scholarship at the Technische Hochschule in Munich, Bavaria, which accepts despite the contrary opinion of parents who would like to work; During this period, he became a pupil of Carl von Linde.
Rudolf Diesel in 1880 he graduated: from that moment that is committed to finding a replacement for steam (more effective) for heat engines.
Meanwhile works in Winterthur, Switzerland, as a technician and designer for two years, before returning to Paris to be hired at Linde refrigeration industries, acting as engineer.
The idea and the search result
In 1883 he married, and two years later founded his first workshop, which also works as a laboratory. Relying on a considerable preparation both in physics and in mathematics, dedicated to designing an engine featured a higher return than either that of the steam engine, and the engine recently invented by Nikolaus Otto.
The idea of Rudolf Diesel is an engine that uses only high temperature which is produced in the combustion chamber by air compression for ignition of the fuel.
The project is not yet completed when Rudolf moved to Berlin, at the request of Linde; in 1892 (23 February) he is granted a patent for his engine in Germany, so as to be able to get funding and support they need to complete the project: until 1897, however, does not create a copy can function properly and fully satisfactory.
Meanwhile, Diesel published an essay titled theory and construction of a rational thermal engine to replace the steam engine and the other cars so far known combustion ", dating from 1893, in which he explains the working principle of his intuition; in February 1894, however, carries an engine featured a single piston, which during a public demonstration is done turn for a minute and fueled with pulverized fuel, introduced by compressed air.
The invention finally sees the light
It was only in 1897, as mentioned, that Rudolf Diesel's invention is fully defined: while he is at work at the Maschinenfabrik Augsburg, built a fully functional prototype, although similar, in many respects, to that proposed by Herbert Akroyd Stuart two years earlier (for this reason there will, in later years, many disputes about the authorship of the patent).
Officially presents its diesel engine during the universal exhibition in Paris in 1900, after three years of studies: an engine that works with peanut oil as fuel and produced almost immediately.
Within a very short time, Diesel gets a millionaire income from patents, recognized in all European countries to the engine, and becomes very rich. From 1904, he embarks on a series of lectures in the United States, during which he was able to explain in detail his plan.
The mysterious death
Rudolf Diesel died suddenly on 30 September 1913 in the English channel, falling into the sea while travelling by ship bound for England from France towards Harwich. The circumstances of the episode, however, are never clarified: according to some, it would be suicide, as is shown by a cross drawn on the logbook found on the empty boat; According to others, the cause of death of Diesel would be even the German Navy, which at that time was starting to use new engines on submarines, despite the contrary opinion of their inventor.
According to this theory, the Diesel's journey would take him in Britain at the Royal Navy, which would have been proposed the use of motors in contrast to using German: that's why the German Empire would have to delete it.
It is certain that in the testament left, Diesel claims that his wife Martha receives a suitcase in which are present a modest amount of money and a very voluminous dossier of documents testifying to debts incurred by Rudolf with several banks: why would support debts then the suicide theory.
Rudolf Diesel's corpse, found by sailors, is returned to the sea, according to the custom of the time.
Fran Drescher biography
September 30, 1957
Who is Fran Drescher?Charm, friendliness and determination: these are the characteristics that marked one of the most famous and appreciated comic actresses of recent years: Fran Drescher. Francine Joy Drescher, that is his real name, was born in Queens, New York neighborhood on November 30, 19Eager to become an actress since childhood, the beautiful and sunny young the Fran attended Hillcrest High School and studied drama at the same time. Just the acting circle meets future television producer, whom he married shortly thereafter, little more than twenty, the November 4, 1978.
After attending college for a year in Queens, the two enrolled at a school of cosmetics and licensed, open a small lounge where they cut the hair for five bucks. But the young Fran wants to play at all costs, and in 1977 even manages to debut in cinema, in a small part in the film "Saturday night fever" (Saturday Night Fever) by John Badham, alongside John Travolta. Legendary Pat on the butt that she gives the young protagonist in the Disco scene.
Other small roles in films with low value, until in 1993 hit arrives with its delicious interpretation of the television sitcom "the nanny" (broadcast in the u.s. by the CBS network with the title of "The Nanny"). Fran plays the role of a charming and bubbly girl, who, improvvisatasi, housekeeper wants to conquer the love of his attractive and posed employer, whose three sons immediately captures the affection and sympathy; Fran Drescher shows its inexhaustible talents of comedienne.
This hilarious sit-com gives well-deserved triumph, thanks mainly to its immediate and bubbly verve, that is worth two Emmy nominations, two nominations at the Golden Globe Awards and a nomination for the American Comedy Award.
The adventure ends in the television hit 1999.
In the same year Fran Drescher, after over twenty years of marriage, divorced from producer Peter Marc Jacobson, which will retain a strong friendship.
Meanwhile, the actress continues to delight audiences with some tasty cinematic interpretations, among which we remember those "Jack" (1996) by Francis Ford Coppola, "love is a trick" (The Beautician and the Beast, 1997) by Ken Kwapis, and "I just ripped my wife" ("Picking Up the Pieces, 2000) by Alfonso Arau, with Woody Allen.
In 2005 back to big on the small screen with a new and funny sitcom, titled "Living with Fran", in which she plays a 40-something mom and seductive neodivorziata, who won a young boy, whose relationship with the equally young son will be not the happiest.
In the late 90 's she published her first book "Enter Whining", a humorous autobiography, followed by "Cancer Schmancer", which tells the hard experience of living with a cancer of the uterus, that Fran Drescher has passed thanks to his boundless fortitude.
The disease left permanently behind, back on tv in 2011 with a new entertaining series entitled "Happily divorced" (happily divorced): the story is about a woman who after eighteen years of marriage comes to see her husband's homosexuality; begin to get different dating with many comedic aspects.
Martina Hingis biography
September 30, 1980
Who is Martina Hingis?Former tennis Pro, Switzerland 1980 class, Martina Hingisova Molitor was born on September 30 in Kosice, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia), living for a time in Florida, before returning to Switzerland, where he lives in the small town of Trubbach. It's gone down in history as the youngest person to win a title at Wimbledon. Its future, however, could only be scored, if it is true that Martina was named in honor of the great Martina Navratilova, another great player of Czechoslovakian origin.
Like many professional tennis players, Hingis started playing at a young age, which, after all, that tough sport that is tennis requires. Wield a racket is almost like a violin: handle before you start, the better. In five years we see already Toddle on clay courts, participate in various tournaments just gets a little more her age and, at sixteen, then teamed with Helena Suková in an historic women's doubles.
Single dating is dazzling career: is projected in no time at all in the international firmament; WINS at Wimbledon and the US Open in 1997 (at the age of seventeen) and the Australian Open in 1997, 1998 and 1999.
In 1998 he won all doubles Grand Slams, enchanting audiences and connoisseurs for its elegant style and highly spectacular. A type of game that is the result of a meticulous application of gray matter, a substance that not everyone can boast of having. Lacking the physical strength of Monica Seles (not to mention other explosive athletes like Serena Williams), has had to adapt to a game based on fantasy and on the element of surprise, relying on groundstrokes, fluid and precise, his skill at the net-that has enabled it to become an outstanding double-player and its remarkable variety of shots.
Martina Hingis has become popular among tennis fans for his bright and effervescent behavior in public, combined with an attractive appearance that has made it almost a sex-symbol, as well as appreciated by the icon always ravenous. No wonder, then, that her appearances with the other model tennis champion, Anna Kournikova, has attracted media attention for not only sports reasons.
But Martina's career, after this harvest of successes, is destined to a hard stop. After being the No. 1 women's ranking, in Oct 2002 stopped due to chronic injuries to the feet and knees; in February 2003, declares not to even show a return to competition. Martina Hingis confessed to not being able to play at a high level, and that is not willing has endured foot pain by playing at a lower level.
After the stop is dedicated to the serious study of English, in which he alternates advertising appearances on behalf of several sponsors.
His other great passion is horseback riding and I certainly don't miss long rides with his favorite horse. She was given a relationship with Sergio García, professional golfer, but he has publicly acknowledged the end of the relationship in 2004.
After a stop of three years, at the beginning of 2006 comes the official return to tennis of former world number one, the first round of the Wta tournament in Gold Coast (Australia).
In May of the same year wins the Rome international, returning by force in the world's top 20.
Then precipitates: announces retirement at the beginning of November 2007, after he was found positive to cocaine at the last Wimbledon: during a press conference in Zurich, has admitted to being involved in a doping investigation and then leave the competitive activity.
At the beginning of 2008 the International Tennis Federation, according to the rules, delete all his results from Wimbledon 2007 and disqualification for two years. In October 2009, when the period of disqualification, Martina Hingis announced to never come on the tennis courts; at 29 he decided to devote himself to horses.
Biography of Giorgio Panariello
September 30, 1960
Who is Giorgio Panariello?Artist of great human, endowed with great humility, autoioronia and great respect for the audience, Giorgio Panariello was born in Florence on September 30, 19Versilia coast, Pace is a constant presence in the Italian entertainment business, with a popularity index and recognition so high which makes it one of the biggest favorites of the public.
Thanks to its great expressive power Pa manages to pass with great aplomb through all communication mediums of entertainment, from theater to television, up tolarge screen, being able to show any talent fast, by virtue of that transformation which is incomparable master.
The artistic debut takes place with the victory of the second edition of "Stasera mi butto", followed by the participation-as-impersonator in numerous television broadcasts.
But it's "fresh paint", alongside the well-known entertainer and friend Carlo Conti, who manages Giorgio Panariello to vent his character of comedian and character actor with countless characters. Alongside the television, George has a long theatrical experience, which began with "check" Notebook in 1992, followed by "mischievous" in which Neighbors already appear his most known characters.
The explosion at the general public takes place with "fresh air", aired on Videomusic, followed by theatrical show "Panariello under tree" where the Tuscan with comedian has sold out to the Tent Theatre of Florence for two weeks in a row, with over 24 thousand visitors.
Thanks to Maurizio Costanzo, Giorgio Panariello debuted in 1997 at teatro Parioli of Rome with "Roar of silence". The show arrives later at Milan, Ciak at Palasport of Florence and several cities in Italy where records show always sold out.
Thanks to the extraordinary success of public and critics George gets the attention of cinema. The Cecchi Gori Group offers you the opportunity to work in the first film by Umberto Marino, "alone at last" (1997), and then as a screenwriter and Director of her "Bain-marie" (1999), written in six-handed with the fathers of the Italian comedy, De Bernardi and Welcome.
In 2000 it aired in prime time on Saturday, on RaiUno with five episodes of the tv show "Torno sabato". Thanks to its success, the television character revelation of the year crowned with two coveted awards, the Tv Academy and the Telegatto. In "Torno sabato" Giorgio Panariello scored characters like Mario lifeguard, the child Simon, pierre Kiticaca of Orbetello disco all-waist-and-little-brain, Mahon the drunk, Mrs. Italy, Salomon and his grandfather Raperino. With this experience also demonstrates the talent to "Pierce" the video like monologhista: get to score over eleven million viewers.
Of his 2000 film "at the right time," written with a young screenwriter and flanked by actor and comedian Carlo Pistarino author (author and fellow even in Saturday night's televised).
In 2001 George back in theaters with the new show "Panariello ... who?" always directed by Giampiero Solari; on stage with him the musician-singer Paul Belli.
In September goes to the heart of many Italians with the television show "Torno sabato-the Lottery", variety of Saturday evening of Raiuno tied Italy lottery that reaches an average of eight million viewers per episode. Thanks to Giorgio Panariello in 2002 won three Academy Awards and Television Telegatto for Variety this year.
Following a series of itinerant activities characterized by an impressive number of "sold out": in July 2002 the summer show "Panariello d'estate" touching the main Italian resorts; from November until February 2003 replied 70 times its theatrical tour "who knows if it will be a show"; in the spring of 2003 the multifaceted Giorgio back on stage Italians venturing into the shoes of one of the funny and classic stars of international comedy: Monsieur Jourdain, in "the bourgeois gentleman" by Moliere (then replicated in winter 2004); in the summer of 2003, with only eight dates, tap the main tourist resorts of Central Italy with the play "I wonder if it will be a show."
This last experience serves as the test awaiting the next big commitment Saturday night television, natural continuation precedents. This leads to "Torno sabato ... three" who devoted champion of plays. Following the excellent results Giorgio is chosen by RAI as the face for the campaign subscriptions to television fees for the year 2004.
In April 2004 Giorgio Panariello lands in America for two dates (New York and Connecticut) to bring big smiles to the Italian community. The affection of the audience was warm again and overwhelming. In the summer following the Italy with "Giorgio", summer tour with whom George wanted to see how the real show takes place behind the scenes.
With a wealth of characters and impersonations (Renato Zero-copy that Sam loves-to name a) the indefatigable Giorgio Panariello, whose surprises never end, back in October 2004, Captain and leader of the Saturday evening of RaiUno, with a transmission that pays homage to the famous song by Rino Gaetano, "Ma il cielo è sempre più blu".
At the end of February 2006 back to lead the most important appointment Rai season, the Festival of Sanremo. At his side the beautiful Ilary Blasi.
Therese of Lisieux biography
January 2 1873
30 September 1897
Who is Teresa di Lisieux?Thérèse Françoise Marie Martin, known in Italy as St. Therese of Lisieux, was born on 2 January 1873 in Alençon in Normandy (France).
Died young of tuberculosis, just 24 years old, on 30 September 1897 in Lisieux, during the last days of her life she wanted to reassure her sisters that his entrance into heaven would not prevent him from continuing to work for the salvation of souls.
Carmelite nun at the convent of Lisieux, is venerated as a Saint by the Catholic Church; in popular devotion is also known as Saint Therese, the diminutive used to distinguish it from other Carmelite Saint and doctor of the Church, Teresa of Avila. On October 19, 1997 was declared a doctor of the Church, the third woman to receive that title after Catherine of Siena and Theresa of Avila.
Saint Thérèse of the child Jesus of the Holy face is the name assumed by you upon profession of vows. His liturgical feast day is celebrated on 1 October.
From 1927 is the patron saint of missionaries. from 1944 with Joan of arc, St. Therese of Lisieux is also considered a patron saint of France. Soon became one of the most popular Saints and the most popular of his time.
His parents had initially expressed a desire to pursue a religious life, but later married and had nine children, of whom only five survived to adulthood. His mother died when Thérèse was only four. Her older sister, Pauline, became a second mother to Teresa.
Pauline entered the convent of the Carmelite Sisters at the age of sixteen. Other two other sisters became nuns as Pauline, which took the name of mother Agnes of Jesus. Teresa conversion takes place on Christmas day 18From this conversion came in her the need to research and a thorough understanding of God that Teresa called it "Science of love". This research resulted in then desire to become a Carmelite nun, following in the footsteps of sisters.
Theresa then in a convent in 1887, at the age of fifteen. The path was not easy: he had to overcome the opposition of the family and the parish priest of Saint-Jacques, Rev. Delatroètte, who advised her to contact the Bishop. Teresa, determined to pursue a religious life, he went with his father and sister to Rome to seek permission directly to the Pope.
In Rome, the audience with Pope Leo XIII, in spite of a ban on speaking in the presence of the Pope imposed by the Bishop of Bayeux, Teresa knelt before the Pope, asking him to intervene on her behalf at the competent ecclesiastical authorities, although it had not yet reached the minimum age for admission into a monastery. The Pope agreed however said that if its entry into the monastery was written in God's will, that order would give the Lord himself.
St. Therese of Lisieux was canonized in 1925 by Pope Pius XI, and in 1997 she was proclaimed a doctor of the Church by Pope John Paul II.
Gonxha Bojaxhiu, known worldwide for his good works, he assumed the name of Mother Teresa (Calcutta), in honour of Thérèse of Lisieux (see http://aforismi.meglio.it/aforisma.htm? id = 5ced).
Biography of Renato Zero
September 30, 1950
Who is Renato Zero?Renato Zero, whose real name is Renato Fiacchini was born in Rome on September 30, 1950.
Child of Ada Pica, nurse by profession, and Domenico, COP, Renato source lives his adolescence in Montagnola Township.
He attended school until the eighth grade, then the State Institute for cinematography and television Roberto Rossellini, which leaves the third year to devote himself entirely to music, dance, singing and acting.
As a young man, he began dressing up and performing in small clubs as to challenge the Romans: the many detractors of his performances-"are you a zero" is one of the phrases that feels more repeat-takes on the name of Renato Zero. At 14 years old gets his first contract, to Take in Rome, for 500 lire a day. He was noticed by Don Lurio, in one of the many evenings spent at Piper, popular nightclub in Rome. From here, writing for the Collettoni dance group, which supports a young Rita Pavone on his show in the evening.
Records then some for a carousel note brand of ice cream. In recent years established a friendship with Loredana Bertè e Mia Martini. In 1965 Renato Zero affect his first songs-"you", "Yes", "desert", "La solitudine"-that will never be published. The publication of his first 45 rounds, came in 1967: "sai/In mezzo ai guai", produced by Gianni Boncompagni, author of the text (the music is instead of Jimmy Fontana), which sells only 20 copies (later entered as in VHS "La notte di Icaro", about 20 years later).
Theatre plays the part of the seller of happiness in the musical "Orfeo 9" by Tito Schipa Jr. The cinema works as an extra in several films by Federico Fellini (Satyricon and Casanova) and is part of the cast of the musical Hair, along with, among others, Loredana Bertè and Teo Teocoli.
In the early 1970s, with the advent of glam-rock, characterized by pale pink, glitter and sequins, the time is ripe for Renato Zero can propose his character, challenging and alternative. Zero tells this figure in songs like "Buy Me" (serious and deliberately bold cry of a prostitute "happy") and, generally, the entire album zero Mondo, from "die here" in "the trap", "the ambulance song"-emblem of zeriana philosophy, "Il cielo".
On the disk, there is also a version in Italian of "Dreamer" Supertramp, here become "Slut".
The next period (Zain, the promised land of love and friendship, without sexual distinctions) ascribe pieces like "triangle", "Poste restante" and too explicit "Sbattiamoci", which blend and complement with heartfelt anti-abortion messages, already present in the first album ("Dreams in the dark"), as well as anti-drugs ("your idea", entirely written by Renato Zero, words and music, "will not pass", "no Man" and "white") and too easy to sex ("sex or").
This unique personality that captures a large audience, at the limit of idolatry: the so-called "sorcini", a term which has replaced the original one of "zerofolli". The term was born in 1980, when lying in Viareggio, while moved by car, besieged by fans with scooters darting from all sides, he said, "seem to many little critters".
In 1981, his fans the artist dedication song "topa's children", inside "Antarctica Arctic" and in keeping with what he had written in the song, the following year, he organized the "Sorciadi" at the stadium Eucalyptus near Viale Marconi in Rome, participating in person at the award ceremony, with great enthusiasm by young fans.
In the artist's most recent compositions, for example in the album "the gift" alternate social themes ("are you okay there," "Radio radio", or not "from the sea") and existential-spiritual ("Immi ruah", "life is a gift").
The long career of Renato Zero has over 30 studio albums, knows the golden years (the early 1980s) as crisis periods (until 1990). To celebrate its 60 years, at the end of September of 2010 starts on tour "Are Zero", a series of eight concerts in eleven days.