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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of William of Ockham
- Biography of Julio Ramón Ribeyro
- Biography of Georg Cantor
- Biography of Ray Bradbury
Biography of William of Ockham
(Unknown - Unknown)William of Ockham
Franciscan friar and philosopher English scholastic
He was born in Surrey, England. He entered the Franciscan order and studied and taught at the University of Oxford from 1309 until 13Known as Doctor Invincibilis, in latin, 'Invincible Doctor', & Venerabilis Inceptor, in latin, 'Venerable initiator'. Accused by Pope Juan XXII impart dangerous teachings, he remained under house arrest from 1324 to 1328 in the papal Palace in Avignon (France) as it was subjected to review the orthodoxy of his writings. Allied with the Franciscans against the Pope in a dispute over the poverty of the order and fled to Munich in 1328 to benefit from the protection of Luis IV, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, which had rejected the Pontifical authority in political affairs. Excommunicated by the Pope, Ockham wrote against the papacy and defended the Emperor until he died in 13The philosopher died in Munich, while trying to achieve a reconciliation with the Pope Clement VI. Ockham achieved fame as someone who applied rigorous logic to show that many beliefs of the Christian philosophers (e.g. that God is one, omnipotent, creator of all things, and that the human soul is immortal) could not be proven through philosophical or natural reason, but only through Divine revelation. Its name is attributed to the principle of economy in formal logic, known as 'the razor of Ockham', according to which the entities do not have to be multiplied without necessity.
Biography of Julio Ramón Ribeyro
(1929/08/31 - 1994/12/04)Julio Ramón Ribeyro
He was born on August 31, 1929 in Lima.
He participates in a circle of writers who tend to publish their works and usually give them to your friends and family.
Considered one of the most notable Peruvian narrators of the 20th century; his work has been the most fertile.
Most of its production is European, to where he arrived in 1952 before publishing his first book of short stories, the vultures without feathers (1955).
He settled in Paris and remained there until the last years of his life.
Some of his works are Chronicle of San Gabriel (1960) Silvio in the rose garden (1976).
The thickness of his extensive work story appears in three volumes of the compilation entitled the word mute (1973-1977) and the complete stories (1994.
He wrote other novels, plays, literary criticism, aphoristic text (stateless prose, 1975-1978) and a newspaper titled the temptation of failure (1992).
Julio Ramón Ribeyro died in Lima on December 4, 1994, days after obtaining the Juan Rulfoliterary prize, awarded in Mexico.
Biography of Georg Cantor
(1845/03/03 - 1918/01/06)Georg Cantor
He was born on March 3, 1845 in St. Petersburg (Russia). A descendant of Jews, was eldest son of the prosperous merchant Georg Waldemar Cantor and his wife María Böhm.
He had a private tutor, and then followed a course in elementary school of Petersburgo. When the family moved to Germany, he attended some schools private Frankfurt and Damstandt first, then entering the Institute of Wiesbaden in 1860, when he was 15 years old. He began his university studies in Zurich, in 1862, but he joined the following year, after the death of his father to the University of Berlin . In Berlin he specialized in mathematics, philosophy and physics. He worked as Professor at the University of Halle, obtaining his Chair in 1872.
His first works with the Fourier series led to the development of a theory of irrational numbers. Moreover, he formulated the theory, on which the modern mathematics is based. This theory extends the concept of number to enter the infinite numbers or transfinitos numbers. The study of the infinite by singer was considered by Kronecker with mathematical madness. It received multiple honors and his work had managed to be recognized.
Georg Cantor died in Halle (city center of Germany), on January 6, 1918.
Biography of Ray Bradbury
(1920/08/22 - 2012/06/06)Ray Bradbury
Ray Douglas Bradbury
He was born on August 22, 1920 in Waukegan, Illinois. Third son of Leonard Spaulding Bradbury and Esther Marie Moberg Bradbury. In 1926, the family moved to Tucson, Arizona, to return to Waukegan in may 1927.
In 1931, he began writing his own stories. In 1932, after his father left his job as a telephone lineman, the Bradbury family moved back to Tucson and again returned to Waukegan the following year. In 1934, during the great depression the family moved to Los Angeles, California. He sold newspapers on the corners of Los Angeles from 1938 to 1942.
During his childhood, he was prone to nightmares and horrific fantasies which eventually translate into their stories. He graduated in 1938 at Los Angeles High School. In the beginning his work is strongly influenced by Lovecraft and his stories are terror topics and fantastic. The first Bradbury published story was "Hollerbochen's dilemma," which appeared in 1938 in Imagination!, amateur magazine. In 1939, he published four issues of Futuria Fantasia, his own amateur magazine, where most of the material was hers. The first paid publication of Bradbury was "Pendulum" in 19In 1942, he wrote "The Lake", the story in which discovered his distinctive writing style.
Cult, science fiction genius writer, since 1943 devoted himself fully to literature. His most famous works are the Martian Chronicles (1950), novel about the conquest of Mars, which strengthened him as an author of science fiction, the illustrated man (1951) and Fahrenheit 451 (1953) where books are banned and immortalized in the François Truffautfilm. He worked writing television scripts, and is also author of essays and poems. He was the author of more than 27 novels, collections of short stories and more than 600 stories. In 1988 he was appointed Grand Master Nebula and gave name to an asteroid: Bradbury (9766).
He died in Los Angeles on June 6, 2012.