Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Antonio Berni
- Biography of Francis Crick
- Biography of Pedro I el Grande - Pedro el Grande - Pedro I of Russia
- Biography of Apollonius of Perga
Biography of Antonio Berni
(1905/03/14 - 1981/10/13)Antonio Berni
I delisio Antonio Berni
Painter and printmaker Argentine
He was born on March 14, 1905 in Rosario, province of Santa Fe (Argentina). The youngest of three brothers, son of a descendant of Piedmontese and Italian tailor. His father at the age of 14, went to live with his mother and siblings to a farm in Roldán.
He studied in Rosario to fourth year of the National College and studied first drawing at the Academy of art the Centre Català, along with two outstanding artists. When he was 10 years old he works as Apprentice in a workshop of stained glass (stained glass). In 1925 she won a scholarship and in November traveled to Madrid where he stayed for three months. In February 1926, he moved to Paris.
He studied with the French painters André Lothe and Othon Friesz. Max Jacob introduced him in the engraving. In 1929 meets the French writer Louis Aragon at the time relating to circles surrealists, his style during the 1930s (Napoleón III, 1930;) Objects in space, 1931; The siesta and dream, 1932).
When he returns to Argentina in 1930, collaborated with Spilimbergo and David Alfaro Siqueiros Mexican in the realization of a mural in Rosario (Mural Botana, 1933) evolving into a social narrative realism, (manifestation, 1934;) Farmers, 1935). In Rosario he organized the mutuality of students and artists and joined the Communist Party. In 1933, it creates the New realismgroup. He settled in Buenos Aires in 1936.
Near Spilimbergo performed, in 1939, the mural of the Argentine Pavilion of the New York world fair (agriculture and livestock); This was followed by some others (Hebraica society, 1943; the Pacific Gallery, 1946). In the 1950s, their work appears an expressionist character (the loggers, food) and began a series of landscapes (the Blue House). At the beginning of the 1960's his work turned to Expressionism, for more late lead in a synthesis between Pop Art and social realism. He made several decorative panels, scenographic sketches, illustrations and collaborations in books and foreign and national press.
Since the 1930's it was Professor of drawing at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes in Buenos Aires, and President of the Sociedad Argentina de Artistas Plásticos. In 1962 he received the International Prize of engraving and drawing of the Venice Biennale.
Antonio Berni died in Buenos Aires on October 13, 1981.
Biography of Francis Crick
(1916/06/08 - 2004/07/29)Francis Crick
Francis Harry Compton Crick
He was born on June 8, 1916 in Northampton (Great Britain).
He was the eldest son of Harry Crick and Annie Elizabeth Wilkins.
He studied physics at the Univesity College in London, and began his research in 19However, in 1939 the Second World War interrupted his work. During those years he worked as a scientist for the British Ministry of Navy, mainly on the connection between magnetism and acoustic mines. In 1947 he left the Navy to study biology.
Up to that date knew little of organic chemistry or crystallography, so spent the next years learning about these matters. During that period, together with W. Cochran and V. Vand worked on the general theory of x-ray diffraction. At the beginning of the 1950s, beside the also American biochemist James Dewey Watson, and with help of images of large organic molecules obtained by x-ray diffraction by the biophysicist Maurice Wilkins, determined the structure three-dimensional deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in 1953, the discovery of the "Double Helix". In 1962 he was awarded the Nobel Nobel Prize in Physiology or medicine, shared with Watson.
He continued studying the genetic code and investigating the virus. In 1976 he entered the Salk Institute for biological studies in California, where he developed several studies on the functioning of the brain. In collaboration with S. Brener, concentrates its research on biochemistry and genetics mainly in the genetic code and protein synthesis.
In 1940 he married Ruth Dörren Dodd. His son, Michael f.. C. Crick is scientific. In 1947 he divorced and married again in 1949 with Odile Speed taking with her two sons, Grabrielle. A. Crick and Jacqueline M. T. Crick. The family lived in a House which he called 'The Golden Helix' name that Crick recreated his conversation with his friends when he told them for the first time in a 'pub' Cambridge his discovery.
Francis Crick died on July 29 at age 88 in the Thornton Hospital of the University of California in San Diego(USA) due to colon cancer.
Biography of Pedro I el Grande - Pedro el Grande - Pedro I of Russia
(1672/06/09 - 1725/02/08)Peter I of Russia
Peter I the great
Tsar of Russia (1682-1725)
He was born June 9, 1672 in Moscow, his father was the Tsar Alejo Mikhailovich.
Educated by tutors; later, took a degree in navaland military . From 1682 until 1689, under the Regency of his sister Sofía Alekseievna, shared the throne with his greater brother, Iván V, but in 1689 Pedro supporters they overthrew Sofia, and installed him to him as the only leader.
During his reign, Russia became a great European power, thanks to the introduction of ideas and scientific, technological, cultural and political practices of Western Europe. In the year 1696, he snatched at the Turkish fortress of Azov, which dominated the sea of Azov and allowed Russia to accede to the Black Sea. The following year, he accompanied a diplomatic mission to the major capitals of Western Europe. On these trips, he persuaded artisans, artists and other experts so they emigrated to Russia. He also sent many young people abroad to learn the military and commercial techniques of Western Europe.
In he returned to Moscow in 1698, he tried to control the eastern part of the Baltic Sea, making military preparations to attack Sweden. Although the Northern War (1700-1721) at the beginning was little favorable, with a crushing defeat at Narva (1700), he obtained one of the military victories of Russian history, in the battle of Poltava (1709). By the terms of the Peace of Nystad (1721), which ended the war, he managed to control a considerable area of the Baltic coast, later called the Baltic provinces.
In 1703, he founded Saint Petersburg becoming capital of Russia in 17Proclaimed Emperor in 1721 in this way established the Russian Empire. With internal reforms, modernized Russia according to criteria of Western Europe: the subordination of the Church to the throne, the promotion of industry, trade and education, and the reorganization of the administrative apparatus of the reform of the army, and the boyars (Russian nobility) allowed people without noble title access to the officer corps. During his reign the Slavic alphabet was replaced by a similar Latin numbers introduced Arabic numerals, published the first newspaper in Russian, schools and the Academy of Sciences is founded.
Peter the great died February 8, 1725 in St. Petersburg.
Biography of Apollonius of Perga
(Unknown - Unknown)Apollonius of Perga
He was born around 262 BC in Perga, Greece Ionia (today Turkey). He studied in Alexandria and later visited Pergamon. He was known as "The great geometrician", his famous book "Conic Sections" introduced the terms: parabola, ellipse and Hyperbola spiral. He devised the screw, invented in the year 200 AC... The invention arose from the development of the geometry of the spiral propeller. He created the foundations of geometry through a compendium of 8 books entitled Treaty of conics. Books 1 to 4 contain original material but introduces the basic properties of conics which were known by Euclid, Aristotle and others. The books of 5 to 7 are original; in these he discusses and shows how many of the conical can be drawn from a point. It gives propositions by determining the center of curvature which leads immediately to the Cartesian equation of the development of the evolution. Book number 8 of "Conic Sections" is lost, while the books of 5 to 7 exist only in Arabic translation. We know that it got an approximation of pi between 22/He considered a single Cone and does vary the obliquity of the plane that cuts it. In this way he received as fundamental curve the parabola whose equation is y2 = 2pix.