Carl Gustav Jung… Guadalupe Amor - Pita Amor… Albert Camus… Vicente López y Planes… Biographies Multiposts


Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Carl Jung - Carl Gustav Jung
  2. Biography of Guadalupe Amor - Pita Amor
  3. Biography of Albert Camus
  4. Biography of Vicente López y Planes

Biography of Carl Jung - Carl Gustav Jung

(1875/07/26 - 1961/06/06)

Carl Gustav Jung
Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist
".. .a thing I've learned: that we must live this life."
This life is the road, the most wanted, the road to incomprehensible,
that I call divine. I found the right path: led me to you, my soul... "
Carl Gustav Jung in the Red Book
He was born on July 26, 1875, in Kesswil, Switzerland. Son of a Protestant clergyman father of eight.
At the end of 1900 joined the staff of the Burghölzli, which was the psychiatric clinic of the University of Zurich, where agreed to psychoanalysis: Bleuler, his boss, asked it to transport "the interpretation of dreams" to the medical corps.
The book on dreams and then work on hysteria left their mark on Jung, who from the beginning was a fervent supporter of the new discipline. It successfully applied psychoanalytic concepts to schizophrenia and praised the contributions of Freud in his monograph "psychology of early dementia", 1906.
After graduating in medicine in 1902 at the universities of Basel and Zurich, started his work on the Word Association Test, already developed by Wundt, but led to the field only psychological, and in which the answers from one patient to the stimulus words revealed what he called with the term complex, defining these as ideas or representations emotionally charged and autonomous of the conscious psyche. These studies gave him international renown and led him to a close collaboration with Freud.
With the publication of the Psychology of the unconscious (1912; magazine in 1916), declared its independence from the narrow sexual interpretation of Freud. He resigned from the Presidency of the International Psychoanalytic Society and founded the School of analytical psychology. It widened the Psychoanalytical approach of Freud, interpreting mental and emotional disturbances such as attempt to find spiritual and personal integrity. He developed his theories, drawing a broad understanding of Mythology (works in collaboration withKerensky) and history; crossing cultures in Mexico, the India, and Kenya.
Psychological types (trans. 1923), published in 1921 in which dealt with the link between the conscious and unconscious, proposing types of personality, extraversion and introversion. One later became a distinction between personal feelings and unconscious thoughts, or repressed developed during the life of an individual, and he called unconscious collective, feelings, thoughts, and memories shared by all humanity. He argued that the collective unconscious is composed of "archetypes" or primordial images. These correspond to humanity experiences typical as face death or choose a mate, he found its symbolic manifestation in the great religions, myths, fairy tales, fantasy and Alchemy, especially the work of Paracelsus and Pico della Mirandola.
The therapeutic approach of Jung aimed to reconcile the States different personality, which was divided not only in opposite of introversion and extroversion, but also in the subvariables thought, intuition, sensation and perception. He argues that a patient can reach a State of the individuation, or the integrity of one's own. (Dios inside). He became much interested in synchronicity, Alchemy, and altered States of consciousness and created the method of active imagination, which emerged after the break with Freud, during the writing of the cryptic book Red.
Carl Jung passed away on June 6, 1961, in Küsnacht.
The fruits of Jung's research in the field of the mind and the symbol, unearthing the treasures of the unconscious and images of dark and ancient powers, resulted in all his writings and studies in the field of the symbolism of dreams. Analyzing their own dreams, it attained the greatest advances in this area. What dream are our process internally and the people and things that appear are only symbols of our personal, not people who one knows, but what it means that person for us; represents a power within us. The unconscious is not rational, that speaks in symbols.
Dreams are:-expansion joints: what we lose, we dream of it as a gain.
-Forecast: something that is going to happen.
-Archetypal: within the water we feel good. It implies the archetypal image of a universal symbol. EJ. The Virgin.
-Synchronous: coincidence of significant things that happen to us, but do not have a logical explanation, have no apparent cause.
The man is struggling against a current that pushed him to follow the collective unconscious, order against chaos, the savings against the dispersion, process for entropy enthalpy. This continuous struggle brings consciousness, but this fight does not bring the destruction of the unconscious, but the transmutation of lead into gold. This transmutation occurs only through the knowledge of himself.
Taken from "the interpretation of nature, and the psyche" (Naturerklarung und Psyche).
p.28-29: (...) it seems as if space and time depend on mental conditions and did not exist in themselves, but that they were only released by awareness. In the conceptions of the world of primitive man, space and time are a highly doubtful matter. Only in the course of the intellectual evolution they became "fixed" concepts, mostly because of the introduction of measurement. Themselves, space and time are nothing. They are hypostatized from concepts of discriminatory activity of the conscious mind and form the coordinates essential to the description of the behavior of bodies in motion. Therefore, they are essentially psychic source, and this seems to have been the reason that moved to Kant to conceive them as a priori categories. But if space and time are only apparent properties of moving bodies, produced by the intellectual needs of the observer, then its relativization psychic condition ceases to be a miracle, and falls within the bounds of possibility. Such a possibility, however, occurs when the psyche observes, not external bodies, but to itself. This is precisely the case of experiments from Rhine [ESP, or extra-sensory perception experiments] (...).
p. 40: (...) All emotional state produces a change of consciousness, that Janet has called "abaissement du niveau mental", i.e., that a narrowing of consciousness occurs simultaneously with an intensification of the unconscious, which, especially if it's strong affections, is also evident to the profane. (...)

Biography of Guadalupe Amor - Pita Amor

(1918/05/30 - 2000/05/08)

Guadalupe Teresa Amor Schemidlein
Mexican poet
I girl was funny,
of teen moaning,
in my youth, cabrona,
and in my summer rash...
He was born on May 30, 1918 in an old mansion of the 66 Abraham González Street, in the City of Mexico. It was praised by Alfonso Reyes, Albert Camus and Jean-Paul Sartre.
Companion of Pablo Neruda during the Mexican poet; He called it "as the singing of the crystalline water that flows, you named franca and immemorial, sweet..." It is said that it was one of the most beautiful women of the time, Diego Rivera painted her naked three or four times.
He worked in film and Theatre before coming to the literature. Those who knew her say that she never went unnoticed. Natural sonetista, wrote obsession with fear, anxiety and loneliness. Guadalupe Amor poetry speaks of the anguish of life, of God, of nothing. "Within my poetic themes which has less is the outside world and not to mention already the physicist, much less the historic." His poems are always written in first person, trying to life and his female experience. Guadalupe Amor (Pita) is the author of two prose texts: Yo soy mi casa (1957), and Gallery of puppet (1959).
PITA Amor died in Mexico, D. F. on May 8, 20

Biography of Albert Camus

(1913/11/07 - 1960/01/04)

Albert Camus
French dramatist, essayist, and novelist
"If a man fails in reconciling justice and freedom, fails in everything"
Albert Camus
He was born on November 7, 1913 in Mondovi (today Drean, Algeria), in the bosom of a family of French settlers (pieds-noirs). Son of Catalina Elena synths, born in Birkadem (Algeria), deaf and illiterate, family originating in Minorca, and Lucien Camus of Alsatian origin.
He studied at the University of Algiers that was interrupted because of a tuberculosis. He created an amateur theatre company that works representing the working classes; He found it worked as a journalist and made many journeys through old Europe.
Considered the representative of 'atheist' Existentialism. In 1939, he published weddings, reflections inspired by his readings and travel articles. In 1940, he moved to Paris and became an editor in the newspaper Paris-Soir. He was an active member of the French resistance during World War II, he directed from 1945 to 1947 Combat, a clandestine publication.
In the stranger (1942) first novel that published Camus, has to Algeria as a background as in the majority of its following narrations. This work and the essay which is based, "the myth of Sisyphus" (1942), expose the influence of Existentialism in his thinking. Of the plays that develop Existentialist themes, Caligula (1945) is one of the most famous. Although in his novel The plague (1947) Camus is still interested in the fundamental absurdity of existence and recognizes the value of human beings to disasters.
His later works include the novel the fall (1956), inspired by a previous test; The rebel (1951); the play State of siege (1948); and a set of accounts, exile and the Kingdom (1957). Collections of his journalistic work appeared under the title of Actuelles (3 vols., 1950, 1953 and 1958) and summer (1954).
A happy death (1971), although published posthumously, in fact is his first novel. The incomplete novel in which worked when died, the first manwas published in 19His notebooks, covering the years 1935 to 1951, were also published posthumously in two volumes (1962 and 1964).
Married Simone Hie from 1934 to 1936, and Francine Faure since 19He was father of Catherine Camus and Jean Camus.
Camus, who in 1957 won the Nobel Prize for literature, died in an accident of circulation in Villeblerin (France) on 4 January 19

Biography of Vicente López y Planes

(1785/05/03 - 1856/10/10)

Vicente López y Planes
Argentine politician and poet
He was born May 3, 1785 in Buenos Aires.
He graduated in law in Chuquisaca.
He participated in the May revolution of 18He is the Secretary of the First triumvirate; Deputy in the General Assembly of 1813; interim President following the resignation of Bernardino Rivadavia; Minister of Manuel Dorrego and Governor interim of the province of Buenos Aires after the fall of Juan Manuel de Rosas.
He wrote numerous poems of patrioticcharacter, being one of the poets of the revolution. Author of the PATRIOTIC March that year 13 Assembly , on May 11, 1813 adopted unanimously, as only national March. In commemoration of this date, was established may 11, National anthem day.
The Spanish teacher of piano and violin, Blas Parera was who was responsible for the musical score. In 1860, the master Juan Esnaola made a few adjustments to the music of the anthem, based on ancient manuscripts of Parera, and in 1944 these arrangements were declared by the Executive Branch, as the final musical version.
Vicente López and plans passed away in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on October 10, 1856.