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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of George Berkeley
- Biography of Jöns Jakob Berzelius - Jöns Jakob Berzelius
- Biography of Henry Moseley
- Biography of Alfredo Bryce Echenique
Biography of George Berkeley
(1685/03/12 - 1753/01/14)George Berkeley
He was born March 12, 1685 at Dysert Castle, Ireland.
He studied at the Trinity College in Dublin, becoming Professor in 17Anglican Catholic devotee, wrote The principles of human knowledge (the principles of human knowledge), published when Berkeley was 25 years old. Then edit a more popular version, the three dialogues between Hylas and Philonous, in 1713.
In 1728 he moved to the United States to create a missionary school in Bermuda, but he abandoned his project in 17He helped the development of Yale and Columbia universities and numerous schools. In 1734 he was Bishop of Cloyne, where he remained until his retirement.
He argued that skepticism arises when the experience or feelings are unrelated objects, not leaving any possible way to know them except through ideas. It proposes a theory of mental monism which States that reality is primarily mental and the physical world is a construct derived.
George Berkeley died 14 January 1753 in Oxford.
Biography of Jöns Jakob Berzelius - Jöns Jakob Berzelius
(1779/08/20 - 1848/08/07)Jöns Jakob Berzelius
He was born on August 20, 1779 near Linköping (Sweden).
During his childhood, he worked on the farm of his stepfather. He studied medicine at the University of Uppsala. He was Professor of Botany and pharmacy in Stockholm in 1807 and from 1815 to 1832 Professor of chemistry at the Institute physician surgical Carolina in Stockholm. He joined the Academy of Sciences in Stockholm in 1808, and in 1818 became his lifelong Secretary. For their contributions to science, became a baron in 1835 by Charles XIV, King of Sweden and Norway.
His research included all branches of chemistry. He discovered three chemicals (cerium, selenium and thorium), and was the first to isolate the Silicon, zirconium and titanium. It was in the term catalyst chemistry and explained the nature of Catalysis.
It also introduced the current system of chemical notation, in which each element is represented by one or two letters of the alphabet. He was responsible for the theory of radicals, which States that a group of atoms, as the sulfate group, can act as a single unit in a series of chemical reactions. He created the theory of electrochemistry correctly established that chemical compounds are formed by components of negative and positive charge.
His greatest achievement was the measurement of atomic weights.
Jöns Jakob Berzelius died on August 7, 1848 in Stockholm.
Biography of Henry Moseley
(23/11/1887 - 1915/08/10)Henry Moseley
Henry Gwyn Jeffreys Moseley
He was born on November 23, 1887 in Weymouth, Dorset, in a family of scientists.
He studied natural philosophy (physics) in Oxford.
He collaborated with Ernest Rutherford in Manchester.
Is dedicated to the study of the radio broadcast, although subsequently focuses on the x-ray Spectra using the technique of x-ray diffraction by W. H. Bragg and his son, W. l. Bragg.
With x-ray diffraction, a relationship between the frequency of the emission lines of X rays, coming to the conclusion that the nuclear charge of the Atom should be established in 1913.
Henry Moseley died in the battle of Sari Bair during the Gallipoli campaign of August 10, 1915.
Biography of Alfredo Bryce Echenique
(1939/02/19 - Unknown)Alfredo Bryce Echenique
"My literature is born of a surfeit of astonishment. The writer is a be surprised"
Alfredo Bryce Echenique
He was born on February 19, 1939, in Lima (Peru), in an anglo-peruana family of high class.
Son of Francisco Bryce Arróspide banker and his wife, Elena Echenique Basombrío, granddaughter of former President José Rufino Echenique.
He received his primary education at Immaculate Heart College, and high school at the colegio Santa Maria and San Pablo College, a British boarding school in Lima. He studied at the University of San Marcos and in 1964, with a grant from the French Government, traveled to Paris, where obtained his doctorate at the Sorbonne and worked as a Professor, as well as in the universities of Vincennes and Montpellier. He settled in Madrid, where he began to build his reputation.
In 1968 he was awarded the Casa de las Américas Prize for his book of stories closed garden. His first novel was a world for Julius (1970). In 1974 he published his second book of short stories, the happiness ja, ja. Subsequently appears often Pedro (1977), exaggerated of Martin Roman life (1981) and the man who spoke of Octavia Cádiz (1985); the last two belong to "books of navigation in an armchair Voltaire". Following the latest move of Felipe Carrillo (1988) and I do not expect in April (1995). Author of books of narrations as Peruvian Magdalenta and other tales (1986) and two ladies talk (1990), and their "anti-memoirs" permission to live (1993). In 1997, appeared guilty of night, a new novel, bittersweet and funny. In 1988 he took Spanish nationality without losing the Peruvian.
In 1999 out of Peru due to the political situation. He settled in Barcelona in 2002 and published her second book of memoirs, permission to feel in 20On October 16, 2002 win Planet Awardwith the novel "the garden of my beloved" that recounts the relationship between a teenager and a divorcée who bends her age. In the same year he received the premio Grinzane Cavour (Italy) for his novel Tarzan's tonsillitis.
The writer was sentenced on January 9, 2009 by a Peruvian Court to pay a fine of 177.500 soles, for plagiarism 16 newspaper articles from 15 different authors. Several of those texts originally appeared in Spanish media.
Married three times to Maggie Revilla, pillar of Vega Martínez and Ana Chávez Montoya; It also maintained a relationship with the Puerto Rican model Tere Llenza, 32 years younger than he.