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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Guillermo Prieto
- Biography of Rosario Vera Peñaloza
- Biography of Gerardo Murillo - Doctor Atl
- Biography of Toussaint Louverture
Biography of Guillermo Prieto
(1818/02/10 - 1897/03/02)Guillermo Prieto
The 10 February 1818 was born in the City of Mexico.
He was raised in the Molino del Rey, near the castle of Chapultepec. Son of José María Prieto Gamboa, who ran the mill and bakery. When he was 13 years old his father died and his mother went mad.
He worked as a dependent in a clothing store and later as an apprentice at the Customs Office. It was protected from Andrés Quintana Roo and could continue their studies. He had various positions in the Government, he was the Secretary of Valentín Gómez Farías and Anastasio Bustamante.
Novelist, short story writer, journalist, and essayist, began his career in the newspaper El Siglo ten and nine, as critic Theatre, publishing the column "St. Monday", under the pseudonym of Fidel. He also collaborated in the the Republican Monitor. He founded several newspapers, in which are criticisms against the dictator Antonio López de Santa Anna and literary academies by what was pursued. For his support of Benito Juárez suffered exile.
His fruitful work include Musa Street, national ballads, Supreme order trips, trips to the United States, Universal history and memories of my times.
Guillermo Prieto died on March 2, 1897 in Tacubaya, city of Mexico.
Biography of Rosario Vera Peñaloza
(1873/12/25 - 28/05/1950)Rosario Vera Peñaloza
He was born on 25 December 1873 in Atiles, Department Rivadavia (La Rioja).
Founder of the first kindergarten in Argentina garden annex to the Normal School. She was interested in a comprehensive training that takes into account physical, manual, musical and artistic aspects. Was Inspector of secondary education, Normal and special, retiring in 19He was author of more than 25 books.
The National Board of education commissioned him to the formation of the first Argentine Museum for elementary school, today Museum complex of the Institute Felix Bernasconi, who works in Cátulo Castillo 2750 of the Federal Capital.
Rosario Vera Peñaloza died on May 28, 1950, date that is commemorated in his honor the "day of the master gardener" and the "day of the Jardines de Infantes".
Biography of Gerardo Murillo - Doctor Atl
(1875/10/08 - 15/08/1964)Gerardo Murillo
Mexican, landscape painter, volcanologist and ideologue of the muralist movement
He was born in 1875 in Guadalajara, Mexico.
He studied painting in the workshop of Felipe Castro continuing later, in 1896, at the School of fine arts of the city of Mexico. In 1897 he was awarded a government scholarship to study in Europe, earning his doctorate in philosophy and law from the University of Rome in 18The years he spent in Italy, Renaissance monumental images were you.
He visited the 1900 Universal exhibition in Paris and toured England, Germany, Spain and France, where it is influenced by the impressionists. In recent years begins to be known by the pseudonym ofDr. Atl, which in nahuatl means 'water'.
When he returned to his country in 1903, he went to paint and teach at the Academy of San Carlos of the city of Mexico, where he had as pupils to Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros and José Clemente Orozco. In 1912 he founded the League International writers and artists and the newspaper Action d'art which diffuses his pictorial and social theories.
He took an active part in politics in favor of Venustiano Carranza and joined the Constitutionalist Movement by publishing the newspaper La Vanguardia. He entered jail for their political ideas behind what went into exile in Los Angeles (United States). In 1920, when returning to Mexico began to exercise as director of the Department of fine arts , and since 1926, in which study volcanology, performs various landscapes with Mexican volcanoes, devoting attention to Popocatepetl, Iztaccihuatl and Paricutin (this last made a series in 1943).
In 1957 he began a new way of showing the landscape, seen from the air. Writer and utopian, projects a cultural town called Olinka in the crater of a volcano near Puebla. When he died on August 15, 1964, in the city of Mexico he was buried in the Pantheon of illustrious men.
Biography of Toussaint Louverture
(1743/05/20 - 1803/04/07)Toussaint Louverture
Military and leader of the independence movement in Haiti, nicknamed 'forerunner'
Son of slaves, was born on May 20, 1743 in out French, Santo Domingo (now Cap-Haïtien, Haiti).
Self-taught, he worked as doctor in the insurgent army during the revolt of the black population of 1791 against the French planters of Santo Domingo.
In the year 1793 he made campaigns forcing France to abolish slavery in this territory (1794). It gave its support to the French authorities on the island in the anglo-espanola invasion of 1793 and was named general in 17In 1800, Governor general for life of Santo Domingo was proclaimed and in 1801 attained independence from France.
In 1802 Napoleón I Bonaparte sent troops commanded by general Charles Victor Emmanuel Leclerc that defeated it. He was captured and charged with conspiracy. Led to France, Toussaint Louverture died April 7, 1803 at Fort de Joux .
He is considered one of the founders and national heroes of Haiti.