Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Gustavo Diaz Solís
- Biography of Ricardo heart of Leon - Richard I of England
- Biography of Adolfo Suárez
- Biography of Francisco Gavidia
Biography of Gustavo Diaz Solís
(02/02/1920 - 2012/01/17)Gustavo Diaz Solís
He was born on February 2, 1920 in Guiria, Sucre State, Venezuela.
Doctor of political science (1944) by the Central University of Venezuela, and Professor of English at the Pedagogical Institute of Caracas, in 19Teacher of English literature and American at the same Central University School of letters and in the English Department of the Pedagogical Institute.
Author of tales like: swell (1940), raining on the sea (1943), Tales of two times (1950) and Ophidia and others (1968). The themes of his earlier works relate his experiences between the coasts where he was born. His most notable story is secret arc (1947). Having overcome the apparent Criollo in his first book, he turned to an intimate story written within a sharp narrative of poetic character molds.
National Prize for literature in 1995.
He died in Caracas on January 17, 20
Biography of Ricardo heart of Leon - Richard I of England
(1157/09/08 - 1199/04/06)Richard I of England
King of England (1189-1199)
He was born September 8, 1157 in Oxford.
He was the third son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
As a child he was promised in marriage to the daughter of the King of France, Louis VII. From his mother he inherited the Duchy of Aquitaine in France, in the year 1172.
He fought his father defending his own interests.
He was King of England in 1189 and went with the third crusade to the Holy Land accompanied by the young French King Philip II Augustus, son of Luis VII and the Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa, who died during the expedition. In Sicily, he discussed with Felipe and refused to marry, as planned, with the sister of this. Occurred the rupture between the two Kings and Felipe returned to France.
He married Berengaria of Navarre in Cyprus, island that had conquered in 11In that same year, 2,700 prisoners of war executed Muslims. Ricardo kept his fight with Saladin, sultan of Egypt and Syria, before establishing a truce which Jerusalem was in the hands of this. He was captured by Leopold V, Duke of Austria, back to England and delivered to the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire Germanic Enrique IV. Released in 1194 after paying a large ransom, he returned to England and brought his brother Juan Sin Tierra (later King of England) who conspired with Philip to usurp the English throne during his absence.
The Government of England left Hubert Walter, Archbishop of Canterbury and moved to France in the year 1194 to fight against the French monarch. He received a mortal wound from an arrow during a skirmish in 11Under his reign, England endured high taxes, established to finance his expeditions.
Richard I died in Chalus, Limousin, France, April 6, 11
Biography of Adolfo Suárez
(1932/09/25 - 2014/03/23)Adolfo Suárez
Duke of Suárez
Spanish politician, Prime Minister (1976-1981)
He was born on September 25, 1932 in Cebreros (Ávila).
Degree in law from the University of Salamanca, in 1953, he obtained the doctorate in Madrid.
His beginnings in the policy were very young into the apparatus of the Franco regime; He was civil Governor of Segovia the years 1968 and 1969, general director of Spanish Television (1969-1973) and President of the National company of tourism (1973-1975).
After the death of Francisco Franco, on November 20, 1975, he was appointed, general Secretary of the movement in the first Government of the monarchy. Adolfo Suárez was one of the names Council of the Kingdom rose to King Juan Carlos I, in July 1976 and the monarch appointed him Chairman of the Government, instead of the last appointed by Franco, Carlos Arias Navarro.
From the first moment he fought for the establishment of the democracy in Spain without causing a traumatic break with the previous system. He got cuts, still constituted according to the Francoist legislation, approved in December the reform policy, which paved the way for the first democratic elections after the legalization of all political groups.
Got the victory in the first free elections on 15 June 1977, as leader of the Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD). As President voted democratically, he decreed an Amnesty for the political prisoners and he restored historical agencies of nationalities that made up the Spanish State. Was drafted a Constitution for a new State, not only democratic, but also social and law, with a strong decentralisation, almost federal.
On December 6, 1978, for the first time in the history of Spain, a referendum approved the Constitution which had been the subject of consensus among all the political forces. In 1979 he returned to win the elections through to form the first constitutional Government. In 1980 the Socialist Labor Spanish party (PSOE), presented a motion of censure against Suarez who served to definitively launch the political figure of his leader, Felipe González. The division of his party, attacks of terrorism, rising unemployment and the rumors about a possible military intervention, eventually lead to his resignation on January 28, 1981,.
Agustín Rodríguez Sahagún went on to replace him at the head of the UCD and Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo did the same with regard to the Government Headquarters. Their behaviour during the attempted coup of 23 February 1981, produced during the vote on the investiture of Calvo Sotelo, which took place in the Chamber of Deputies, enhanced his prestige among Spanish society.
For his political work, he was awarded the title of Duke of Suárez. After leaving UCD, he founded a new party, the democratic and Social Centre (CDS), which attended to the general elections of 1982, 1986 and 19It was elected President of the Liberal International (1989). He left active politics, following the failure of the CDS in the municipal elections.
In September 1996, was awarded the Prize Prince of Asturias for Concord. His wife and his eldest daughter died of cancer (2001 and 2004). Another of his sons, Adolfo, was Popular Party candidate for the Presidency of the Autonomous community of Castilla - La Mancha in 20In that same year, on the occasion of the nomination of his son made his last public appearance to support you. It became public that the former President was suffering from a degenerative dementia, or Alzheimer'sdisease, for years and did not remember having been Prime Minister.
8 June 2007 and on the occasion of the thirtieth anniversary of the first democratic elections, King Juan Carlos appointed him Knight of the illustrious Order of the Golden Fleece for his role in the Spanish transition, which was awarded the 16 th day of July, 2008.
Adolfo Suárez González died at 15:03 Sunday 23 of March, 2014, in the clinical center of Madrid, where it remained entered as a result of a recent pneumonia and denouement of the degenerative disease against which struggled for eleven years.
Biography of Francisco Gavidia
(1863-12-29 - 1955/09/22)Francisco Gavidia
Antonio Francisco Gavidia Guandique
Writer and educator Salvadoran
He was born on December 29, 1863 in San Miguel Department.
He practiced all literary genres. He discovered the French alejandrino and taught it to Rubén Darío (Nicaragua), who incorporated it into the verse written in Spanish. Author of the poem Soteer or the land of medals, published in 1949.
Gavidia was translator of French poets. He wrote verses (1884), making him one of the precursors of modernism in Central America. Author of plays, as Jupiter (1885), Ursino (1889), Count of San Salvador or the God of things (1901), Lucia Lasso or the pirates (1914) the ivory tower (1920), and the dramatic poem Princess Catalá (1944).
He was the initiator of the short story in El Salvador, and besides his poetic work, participated in journalistic and literary activities and cared about education; published numerous essays by educational aspect; in 1932 it is declared "He Salvadoran" by the Legislative Assembly.
Francisco Gavidia died in San Salvador on September 22, 1955.