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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Manuel González Prada
- Biography of Tycho Brahe
- Biography of Lewis Carroll
- Biography of the Greco - Domenikos Theotokopoulos
Biography of Manuel González Prada
(1844/01/05 - 22/07/1918)Manuel González Prada
He was born on January 5, de1844 in Lima, in an aristocratic family.
He studied in Santiago de Chile , and continued at a seminar of Lima. He toured the Andean zone of the country and retired to live on a farm in the South.
When the war with Chile (1871-1883), which ended with a humiliating defeat Peruvian, was Prosecutor of the Peruvian establishment, the army and the Catholic Church. In a famous speech in Lima, the year 1888, proclaimed: "the old Tomb, young to work!".
He was member of the Ateneo de Lima (Ricardo Palma literary Club), but little by little it was disillusioned with the literary tradition that prevailed there. He participated in the Foundation of the literary circle, vehicle to propose a literature based on Science and thus oriented towards the future. It departed from the Party civil law to found a radical party, the National Unionwith his friends in the circle. This party appointed him as presidential candidate, but he denied his own leadership. He denounced the evils that dragged the country for centuries, among them the disregard for the indigenous subhuman condition. On the return from a trip to Europe (1898), began to disseminate ideas anarchists who had discovered in Barcelona.
As a prose writer, he is remembered mostly for free pages (1894) and hours of fight (1908). In the article our Indians (1904), explained the alleged inferiority of the indigenous population as a result of the treatment received, from the lack of education. As a poet, he published lowercase (1901) and exotic (1911). His ballads peruanas (1935), collecting indigenous traditions and scenes of the Spanish conquest, were written from 1871.
Manuel González Prada died in Lima of a cardiac infarct on July 22, 19
Biography of Tycho Brahe
(1546/12/14 - 1601/10/24)Tycho Brahe
He was born 14 December 1546 in Knudstrup, Scania; Today Sweden, then belonging to Denmark. Son of the Governor of the castle of Helsingborg, was sponsored by his uncle Joergen, a large landowner and Vice Admiral.
In 1559 he studied law and philosophy at the University of Copenhagen. The 21 August 1560 observed an eclipse of the Sun that left him fully admired. He devoted himself to the observation of the stars, without instruments, except a sphere and a compass, detected errors in the astronomical tables of the time. In 1565, during his University time, is he duelled a young Danish man as a result of a dispute over mathematics. He lost the nose that had to be replaced with a plate made of gold and silver and I continuously needed to spread an ointment.
Your system presupposed that a lap around the Earth gave the five known planets they revolved around the Sun, which, together with the planets, once a year. The sphere of the stars revolved once per day around the stationary Earth. Although his theory about the movement of the planets was not certain, data obtained during their lifetime played a fundamental role in the development of the correct description of planetary motion. Johannes Kepler, was his assistant from 1600 until the death of Brahe.
In the year 1572 he discovered a supernova in the constellation of Cassiopeia. The King of Denmark and Norway Frederick II, gave financial support to build and equip an astronomical observatory on the island look. In 1576 began the construction of the castle of Uraniborg, where he worked for twenty years. Upon the death of Federico II in 1588, his successor Christian IV, had to leave the Observatory.
In 1597, he accepted an invitation to go to Bohemia of the Emperor Rudolph II, Holy Roman Emperor, who offered him a pension of 3,000 ducats and a fief near Prague, where it was going to build a new Observatory of Uraniborg as. In Prague however, died 24 October 1601 until this Observatory would have ended.
Biography of Lewis Carroll
(27/01/1832 - 1898/01/14)Lewis Carroll
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson
English mathematician and writer
He was born on January 27, 1832 in Daresbury, Cheshire (England). Son of a Protestant pastor, was the eldest of 11 children: four boys and seven girls, all of them are stuttering.
He studied at Oxford University where he earned Bachelor's degree and graduated from tutor. He was ordained a Deacon of the Anglican Church in 1861 and taught Math, from 1855 to 18His stuttering and doctrinal questions were not the only obstacles that prevented him from entering the priesthood. His profession as a mathematician he liked, even if it does not Excel extraordinarily as such; and, in addition, resisted to undergo certain rules imposed by custom to which priests are ordering. For example, it had not been able to attend theatre and was determined not to abandon this entertainment. He suffered from insomnia during their lifetime and spent whole nights awake. He wrote several books on the subject and the most interesting of them is titled: Euclid and his modern rivals.
From the age of 13 and his brothers, is dedicated to the publication of small literary magazines that he writes and occasionally also illustrates, for the use of guests of the priest's Croft (Yorkshire) where he serves his father: The Rectory Magazine, La Comète, Le Bouton de Rose, l'Etoile, le Feu Follet, The Rectory Umbrella, etc., with poems and songs which he composed , a section of "letters to the director" and brief parodies of contemporary novels.
From 1855 writes, already low the name of Lewis Carroll, poems for The Train. A collection of poems with the title of Phantasmagoria and Other Poems published in 1869, and another long poem, The Hunting of the Snark (The hunting of the Snark) in 18With its true name, Dodgson, publishes numerous works of mathematics and a Treaty of logic that only reach to publish the first part in 1896.
In 1865 he published one of his best-known works: Alice in the country of the wonders. Later would write, the hunting of the Snark (1876), and a novel, Silvia and Bruno (1889-1893).
Loved the children, for those who wrote thousands of letters, which after his death were collected under the title Letters of Lewis Carroll (1979). In addition to devoting himself to writing, he had a fondness for the photography. He made portraits like the of the actress Ellen Terry and the poets lord Alfred Tennyson and Dante Gabriel Rossetti. In 1880, he left this hobby by many criticisms he received since he photographed nude girls.
Lewis Carroll died on January 14, 1898 in Guilford (Surrey).
Biography of the Greco - Domenikos Theotokopoulos
(1541/10/01 - 1614/04/07)El Greco
Spanish Mannerist painter
El Greco (the Greek) was born on October 1, 1541 in Candia, Crete.
Descendant of a prosperous family. His father, Geórgios Theotokópoulos, was a merchant and tax collector. Nothing is known of his mother or his first wife, also Greek. His brother greater Manoussos Theotokópoulos, also was a wealthy merchant and spent the last years of his life in the House in Toledo El Greco.
He studied possibly painting in his village. El Greco was a great fan and classic literature of his time very young. Its production of this period is linked to the Byzantine traditions, with Italianate influences. During its first stage, the artist practiced painting alla greca (Byzantine influence) and Latin alla (Italian Renaissance). About the year 1566, he travelled to Venice, where he stayed until the year 15There he received the influences of Titian and Tintoretto. His works in this period, such as the healing of the blind man (c.1566-c.1567, Gemälde galerie, Dresden), exposed the colors of Titian, as well as the composition of figures and space of great depth, Tintoretto. It is readaptó to the Western world in Italy, especially in Rome. All of his artistic vocabulary is Italian.
It was an extravagant painter who wanted to do what had not been done before, and that is not accommodated to the dictates of religious clientele. Already in Rome from 1570 to 1576, followed inspired by the Italians as Michelangelo Buonarroti, evident in his Pietà (c.1570-c.1572, Philadelphia Museum). Annunciation of Italian time (c.1567-c.1577, Museo del Prado, Madrid) It could be painted in Rome, but it reveals the imprint of Venice, both in the colorful mode of study space. In the city he met a few Spaniards from the Cathedral of Toledo and perhaps it was they who persuaded him to travel to Spain.
It comes to Toledo in the spring of 15He is unmarried, is not known any document attesting to having married, and accompanied by a young man named Francisco Preboste. This inseparable companion would have remained together to it for more than 30 years, sharing his life as a man of confidence and, above all, friend, servant, representative, intimate collaborator, Assistant. In this city he developed his personal way of painting being wary of the taste of Spanish artists. Mannerist, but of great expressive force, is also linked to the Spain of the Counter-Reformation. The former was first commissioned by the Church of Santo Domingo and got to work on The Trinity (c.1577-1579, Museo del Prado, Madrid) a composition based on an engraving by Albrecht Dürer. Also as a portraitist was very considerate; one of the greatest exponents of this work is the famous painting the nobleman with his hand on the chest (c.1577-1584, Museo del Prado).
He had much interest in carrying out the frescoes for the new monastery which was built in El Escorial (village near Madrid) whose works finished in 15He sent paintings to the King Felipe II but did not get the job. One of the pictures he sent, Allegory of the Holy League (c.1578-c.1579, El Escorial and the National Gallery of London versions), evidence his ability to mix political iconography with medieval motifs. He only made to the monastery St. Maurice and the Theban legionpicture. For the Cathedral of Toledo done El expolio (c.1577-c.1579, work made to the sacristy, a splendid image of Christ, surrounded by those who have turned on him.
His fame is expanded by the city and much Toledo aristocracy claims his works. Andrés Núñez de Madrid commissioned one of his most famous paintings: the Burial of the count of Orgaz (1586-1588), aimed at the Chapel of Sao Tome. Work that reflects on the earthly part (bottom) and the divine part (upper part) and where, through the central character, the count of Orgaz, reflects on the fragile human. This work, which is still in its place of origin, shows the moment in which St. Stephen and St. Augustine introduced in his grave toledano 14th century noble. Burial shows the elongation of figures and the horror vacui (dread to the empty spaces). These features are associated with Mannerism that is still maintained on el Greco painting even after disappearing in European art.
It was not part of any religious brotherhood. Neither wrote nor properly spoke Spanish, but a kind of itanolo. He was not never identified with the Toledo society, nor joined in it, although el Greco in Toledo had a large house in which receives members of the nobility and of the intellectual elite, as the poets Luis de Góngora and Fray Hortensio Paravicino Félix, whose portrait he painted between 1609 and 1610, are currently at the Museum of fine arts in Boston. He also painted some pictures from the city of Toledo, as View of Toledo (c.1600-c.1610, Metropolitan Museum of art, New York).
In the works the baptism of Christ (who signed in Greek, as it was his custom, c.1596-c.1600) and the adoration of the shepherds (1612-1614), both in the Museo del Prado, seem to vibrate in the middle of a mysterious light generated by the own sacred figures. He tried themes from classical mythology, such as the Laocoön (c.1610-c.1614, National Gallery, Washington), and the old testament, such as the unfinished work that shows the apocalyptic scene of the fifth seal of the Apocalypse (c.1608-c.1614, Metropolitan Museum).
Maybe it together with the Spanish, Jeronima de las Cuevas. She was the mother of his only son, Jorge Manuel, born in 1578, el Greco is 37 years old and remains single, not knowing you another affair. His son also became painter with his assistance and continued his compositions for many years in the study that he inherited from his father. In 1604, Alfonsa de los Morales gave birth to his grandson Gabriel, who was baptized by Gregorio Angulo, Governor of Toledo and a personal friend of the artist.
During the course of the execution of a work for the Hospital Tavera in Toledo, he fell seriously ill, and a month later, from April 7, 1614, died. He was buried in the Church of Santo Domingo the old.