Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Miguel Ramos Arizpe
- Biography of François Quesnay
- Biography of Napoleon III
- Biography of Augusto Pinochet
Biography of Miguel Ramos Arizpe
(1775/02/15 - 1843/04/28)Miguel Ramos Arizpe
Priest and Mexican politician
He was born on February 15, 1775 in the Valley of the work (San Nicolas of the chaplaincy and after Ramos Arizpe), Coahuila.
He studied at the Seminary of Monterrey and later in Guadalajara, where he graduated as Bachelor in philosophy, canons and laws.
Ordained a priest in 1803, taught at the Monterrey seminar teaching professor of civiland Canon law . He obtained his doctorate in royalties for the Real Universidad de Guadalajara in 1808 and two years later, he was elected Deputy for Coahuila in the Cádiz Cortes Españolas.
It is bordered in Valencia, after the reaction absolutist of 1814, she was released to return to the liberal power in 1820, returning to practice as a member of the Spanish courts in the Liberal triennium (1820-1823). Back in Mexico, was the President of the Commission that drew up the draft federal Constitution in 18Minister of Justice with the President Guadalupe Victoria (1824-1829), and with the President Gómez Pedraza (1832-1833). In the year 1842 was a member of the Board of the bases of Tacubaya and Deputy in the Constituent Cortes.
Miguel Ramos Arizpe died on April 28, 1843 in Puebla.
Biography of François Quesnay
(1694/06/04 - 1774/12/16)François Quesnay
He was born near Paris on June 4, 1694 in the bosom of a family of landowners.
He studied surgery in the French capital and graduated in medicine in 17Doctor of Louis XV. To Quesnay le intereso always economy. He was the author of several articles on the subject for the famousEncyclopédie of Denis Diderot.
In his Tableau économique (economic table, 1758), described what he considered was the natural law of economics. Along with his disciples, the physiocrats, among which were Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours and Victor Riqueti, Marquis de Mirabeau, argued that trade and industry were not productive, and that only agriculture could be a generator of wealth. They believe that wealth circulates between three social groups: the productive class (farmers), sterile class (craftsmen and merchants) and owners (the nobility, the clergy and officials). The State should maintain this Natural order by three rules: the right to property, economic freedom ( laissez faire, laissez passer) and security in the enjoyment of those rights and freedoms.
François Quesnay died in Versailles on December 16, 1774.
Biography of Napoleon III
(1808/04/20 - 1873/01/09)Napoleon III
Charles Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte
French Emperor (1852-1870)
He was born April 20, 1808 in Paris.
He was the youngest of the three sons of Louis Bonaparte (King of Holland), and Hortense de Beauharnais; nephew of Napoleón I Bonaparte.
His family was banished from France after the fall of his uncle. Formed in Switzerland and Bavaria, was the author of essays and treatises.
He led two rebellions aimed to topple the regime of King Luis Felipe I of Orléans in 1836 and 18He is sentenced to life imprisonment but he managed to escape from prison in 18When Luis Felipe was overthrown in 1848, he presented as a candidate for the Presidency of the new Republic won by an overwhelming majority. His triumph was breaded by the victory of the royalists in the legislative election, 1849 and the imposition constitutional limiting the term to four years.
It staged a coup d ' état of December 2, 1851, which allowed him to assume dictatorial powers and extend his term of office to 10 years. Popular support encouraged him to transform theSecond Republic in the Second Empire. Since the son of Napoleón I was known among his followers as Napoleón II, it adopted the imperial title as Napoleón III.
His reign consists of two periods: one character dictatorial or authoritarian Empire, which lasted until 1860 and a second stage marked by liberal reforms that culminated in a limited monarchy - the liberal Empire - until 1870; This second liberalization phase was characterized by the development of legislation on labour issues, opening up to free trade and the rehabilitation of the opposition parties. During his tenure there was urban Paris realignment planned and directed by George Haussmann.
He did intervene to France in the Crimean War, supported the Piedmont in the wars that had as a result the Italian unification, and launched a series of expeditions whose aim was to increase the prestige and the territory of the Empire both in Indochina and Latin America, particularly in Mexico , where with the support of the more conservative political groups promoted the establishment of a short-lived empire , in the person of his nephew Maximilian of Habsburg. The threat posed by Prussia, specifically, was perceived too late, and the country was not prepared to deal with the conflict that ensued in 18Fulminant defeat of the army French at the battle of Sedan during the Franco-Prussian War led to the capture of the Emperor, and his regime was overthrown on September 4, 1870 in Paris.
Napoleon III went into exile and died in Chislehurst (England) on January 9, 18
Biography of Augusto Pinochet
(1915/11/25 - 2006/12/10)Augusto Pinochet Ugarte
He was born on November 25, 1915 in Valparaiso.
Son of Augusto Pinochet Vera and Avelina Ugarte Martínez.
He studied primary and secondary in the seminar San Rafael of Valparaíso, in the Institute of Quillota (Marist brothers), at the College of the French parents of Valparaiso and in the Military Academy, which he entered in the year 1933.
After four years of studies graduated from the Military Academy with the rank of second lieutenant of infantry, being destined to the school of that weapon in the city of San Bernardo.
In September 1937 he is destined to the "Chacabuco" Regiment, in Concepción. In 1939, with the rank of second lieutenant, he was transferred to the "Maipo" Regiment of garrison in Valparaiso, returning in 1940 to the School of infantry. The following year, and together with his promotion to Lieutenant, it is aimed at the military school.
In January 1943 he married Lucía Hiriart Rodríguez, with whom he had five children, three women and two men. In 1945 it is destined to the "Carampangue" Regiment, in lquique. In 1948 he joined the Academia de Guerra. After obtaining the title of officer of staff, in 1951, he moved to the military school, where is appointed commander of the sixth years Professor of the military course. At the same time, make classes as Assistant Professor at the Academia de Guerra in the subjects of Military geography and geopolitics. At the beginning of 1953, with the rank of major, he is destined for two years to the "Rancagua" Regiment in Arica. He was Professor at the Academy in Guerra, so it returns to Santiago to resume his teaching. Subsequently gets high school and joined the school of law of the University of Chile.
In 1956 he was selected for a mission military that it collaborates in the Organization of the Academy of Guerra of Ecuador in Quito, where he remained three years and a half. At the end of 1959, he returned to Chile and is earmarked for the I Division of army headquarters, in Antofagasta. The following year was appointed commander of the regiment "esmeralda", glorious 7' of line. In 1963, is Deputy Director of the war Academy. In 1968, he was appointed Head of the State of the II Division of army, in Santiago and at year's end he was promoted to Brigadier General, opportunity in which is designated, as Commander of the 6th Division, garrison in lquique. He received the appointment as Deputy Governor of the province of Tarapacá. In January 1971 he is promoted to General of Division and named General Commander of the Santiago army garrison. In October 1972, was appointed Acting Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean army, instead of the general Carlos Prats, who had assumed the post of Minister of the Interior in the Government of then-President Salvador Allende.
On August 25, 1973, following the resignation of Prats, Pinochet was confirmed in the post of Commander in Chief of the army , and although he had never excelled in his career and had shown no sign of opposition to the Socialist President, to declare beyond military zone Santiago de Chile in response to the strikes and disturbances, announced that if these persisted it would draw the army into the streets.
On September 11, 1973, Pinochet and other military commanders perpetrated the coup "to liberate the country from the yoke Marxist". President Allende is he committed suicide with a rifle AK-13, while the Presidential Palace was attacked by the air force. Pinochet took over as Supreme Chief of the nation on June 27, 1974 and December 17 was named President.
Hated by the left and idolized by right, he gave the command in Chief of the army in March and took possession of a designated and lifetime seat in the Senate of Chile, a right which it itself incorporated in the Constitution promulgated in 19During the transition to democracy, Pinochet negotiated with politicians to ensure that it would leave the command without fear of reprisals and got immunity through the assignment of a seat in the Senate. Leaders of the ruling coalition in Chile said that give the senatorial seat was a reasonable price to pay in Exchange for democracy. Opponents of Pinochet said that the privilege was a mockery of the political system. As a Senator, Pinochet enjoys privileges including immunity be subject to prosecutions in Chile and diplomatic status.
The general traveled to London with a diplomatic passport, to undergo lumbar hernia and the 16 October 1998 was arrested in on the orders of Spanish judge Baltasar Garzón, who sought to try him for the crimes of repression during the regime military that he headed. The British Government denied the request for his extradition to Spain on the grounds that his State of health didn't allow him to be put on trial.
The Chilean dictator died at 14:15 hours on 10 December 2006, at the military Hospital of Santiago de Chile after spending a week affected a myocardial infarction and pulmonary edema.