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Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Paul McCartney
  2. Biography of George VI
  3. Biography of Coco Chanel
  4. Biography of Juan Sebastián Elcano
  5. Encyclopedia of biographies of historical figures and celebrities
  6. Biography of Antonio de Mendoza
  7. Biography of Paul McCartney
  8. Biography of George VI
  9. Biography of Coco Chanel
  10. Biography of Juan Sebastián Elcano

Biography of Paul McCartney

(1942/06/18 - Unknown)

Paul McCartney
James Paul McCartney
British musician
He was born on 18 June 1942 at Walton Hospital, Liverpool, England, where his mother, Mary Patricia Mohin (1909-1956), she worked as a nurse. His father, James ("Jim") McCartney (1902-1976), was absent at birth due to his work as a volunteer firefighter during the second world war.
He has a brother, Michael (born January 7, 1944). They were baptized in the Catholic faith of his mother, his father was a Protestant turned agnostic. Jim McCartney, was employee of municipal cleaning services and music seller.
Good student, in 1953 came into the Liverpool Institute, a good free secondary school in the same building as the higher College of art (which would be years later John Lennon). In 1954, he met George Harrison in a bus and became fast friends. By then, the mother of McCartney serving as midwife and was the main supplier of the family income, which enabled them to move to 20 Forthlin Road, Allerton, where they lived until 19On October 31, 1956, when McCartney was fourteen years old, his mother died of an embolism.
His father was a trumpeter and pianist in the Jim Mac s Jazz Band in the 1920's. It retained an upright piano and encouraged his sons to devote himself to music, Paul gave him a trumpet for his 14 birthday, but when rock and roll became fashionable, changed by an acoustic guitar. He wrote his first song, "I Lost My Little Girl", with this guitar, a Zenith, and wrote another that would become in "When I'm Sixty-Four" in the House piano.
She met Lennon in the Hall of the Church of St Peter in Woolton, on July 6, 19McCartney joined The Quarrymen in 1958, the group that Lennon had formed at the school. The band mixed rock and roll and skiffle, a type of popular music, with jazz and blues; He joined them as a lead guitarist. Joined George Harrison and the band was several names, among them Beatals, Johnny and the Moondogs and Silver Beetles. They adopted finally called The Beatles in August 1960 and recruited drummer Pete Best shortly before moving to Hamburg.
In 1961, one of its components Sutcliffe left the band and McCartney became unwillingly their bassist. They recorded professionally for the first time in Hamburg, accredited as Beat Brothers, as support band for the English singer Tony Sheridan on the single "My Bonnie", attracting the attention of Brian Epstein, that became his manager in January 1962 and the key figure in their subsequent success. Ringo Starr replaced Pete Best on drums and the band had its first success "Love Me Do" in 1963, giving start to what was called "Beatlemania".
John Lennon and Paul signed as Lennon-McCartney songs, wrote together 2Early sat one beside the other and composed, more afternoon collided the egos and preferred to work each one by his side even though their names continued to appear together. They were already separated much until the breaking of the band, was announced in 1970.
After the separation of The Beatles , he continued his career of hits with songs that reached number one. Until the Beatles divide, had already begun to record their first LP in Solitaire, "McCartney". Very different tracks to Lennon, who wrote with commercial tunes for little demanding tastes, simplistic lyrics and many references to his life and family. The criticism had no mercy with every new work by McCartney with the Wings. In 1980 he received the award from the Guinness world records book maximum composer of songs sold in the world. His theme Yesterday one of the most celebrated of The Beatles carries over 2,500 versions in different music styles.
Some of his successes as a soloist are: "Uncle Albert/Admiral Halsey", "Live and Let Die" for the eponymous James Bond film, received the Oscar for best song; "Coming Up" from his solo "Paul McCartney II" album where in his debut, plays all the instruments.
In 1982 joins George Martin and Ringo Starr, for the recording of "Tug of war", which contained the worldwide hit "Ebony and ivory", a Duet with Stevie Wonder and Michael Jackson "Say Say Say" that was included on his LP 1983 "Pipes of peace"and"The Girl is Mine", recorded for the LP "Thriller". In "Press to play", their next album, recorded this time with Eric Stewart, former 100cc, and in "Flowers in the dirt" with Elvis Costello in 1989.
Winner of 18 Grammy Awards (eight solo / eight with Beatles / two with Wings ), he has also won the Lifetime Achievement Grammy Award twice, one as part of the Beatles and a soloist.
It was vegetarian and animal rights activist. On January 16, 1980, he was arrested for possession of marijuana at Tokyo airport, and spent 10 days in jail. On 13 July 1985, he participated in the Live Aid concert against the famine in Ethiopia. April 20, 1990, he established the world record for largest attendance to a concert when he performed before 184.000 people in Rio de Janeiro. Since 11 March 1997 is Sir Paul McCartney, after being invested as a Knight by Queen Elizabeth II. On February 10, 2013 he was awarded with a Grammy "Best Album traditional pop" by Kisses On The Bottom. May 23, 2015 received a special prize of PRS for Music, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the composition of the song "Yesterday".
His first girlfriend was Dot Rhone met whom at the Casbah club in 1959 and who was her partner for two years and a half, and that it was committed to the miscarriage of the Rhône. On April 18, 1963 begins his relationship with British actress Jane Asher, and in November of that same year, was installed in the 57 Wimpole Street, London home of parents living there for more than two years. Then the couple moved to the McCartney House in St. John's Wood, in March 19During their cohabitation wrote songs such as "Yesterday", "And I Love Her", "You Will not See Me" and "I m Looking Through You", these last three inspired by their relationship. After five years of relationship they broke their commitment when she found him in bed with the American Francie Schwartz.
He married Linda Eastman, with which it collaborated musically on Wings since 1971 after the breakdown of The Beatles on 12 March 19They were parents of Linda Heather (legally adopted by Paul), Mary, Stella and James, and remained married? until the death of Linda to cauda of breast cancer in 19The former beatle published a book of poems, dedicated mostly to Linda, but which also includes the lyrics of some of their most famous songs. The collection of poems was presented in London and entitled Blackbird Singing: Poems and Lyrics 1965-19McCartney explained that, after the death of his wife in April 1998 he plunged into despair and for a year he wrote hundreds of poems to his memory.
In the month of June 2002 he married former model Heather Mills in an Irish Castle. In 2003, were parents of Beatrice Milly. In 2008 the Supreme Court in London ended by the divorce court battle between the singer and his ex-wife, the model and vegetarian activist Heather Mills. Mills is authorized to collect a fifth of the $ 250 million that had sued McCartney for the four years of marriage. Mills, 40, received some 48.6 million dollars of the fortune of the musician, who separated in 2006.
He married with Nancy Shevell civil ceremony in London, on October 9, 20The couple had been dating since November 2007.

Biography of George VI

(1895/12/14 - 1952/02/06)

George VI
King of Great Britain and Ireland of the North (1936-1952), and Emperor of India (1936-1947)
He was born on December 14, 1895 at Sandringham (Norfolk) was the second son of George V and María of Teck.
From his childhood until the age of 30, he suffered from stuttering which increased his shyness, but finally an Australian therapist was able to cure him. He studied at Trinity College (Cambridge) and the Royal Naval College of the Isle of Wight.
He married lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in 1923, and they were parents of two daughters: Isabel Alejandra María, who later would become Isabel II, and Margarita Rosa. Proclaimed King after the abdication of his brother Edward VIII. After his coronation in 1937, he made a series of official trips to France (1937), Canada and the United States (1939). During World War II, he moved to various European fronts. One of the most significant events of his reign was the resignation to the title of Emperor of the India after the partition of Pakistan and the Union of India in 1947.
He died of lung cancer at Sandringham on 6 February 1952, and was buried in the chapel of San Jorge of the Windsor Castle. His daughter, succeeded him and by then Princess Elizabeth.
The film the King's speech (The King completo Speech, 2010), comes to her life as a monarch. He received 12 nominations for the Academy Awards, which got

Biography of Coco Chanel

(1883/08/18 - 1971/01/10)

Coco Chanel
Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel
French fashion designer
He was born on August 18, 1883 in the Hospice of Saumur (Maine et Loire). Natural daughter of a tuberculous and a street vendor, who disappeared long seasons without a trace more than the smell of alcohol and gambling debts.
He was the eldest of six children, at the age of twelve, after the death of his mother, his father attempted to leave their children in the care of his grandparents but they did not accept them. The three males were accommodated in houses of families of farmers, and the three girls were interned in an orphanage. With 12 years her father parked it at the Hospice of Obazine. Gabrielle never overcame that abandonment. "I wanted to kill myself. During my childhood, I just ansié to be loved. Daily thought on how take my life, although, in the background, it was dead. Only pride saved me".
A pride that, years later, brought him to his revenge: transform your humiliating black uniform of the orphanage in flag of good taste: a Chanel. I hated his family. "You don't like me. Born in it but not with her. I don't know anything more frightening than the family".
In 1909, thanks to the support of one of her wealthy lovers he settled in an apartment on the Boulevard Malesherbes in Paris, where in 1914 opened its first store in hats, Fashion Chanel, and launched in the mid-1920s, the Classic Chanelstyle, which consisted of a costume point of wool with a straight jacket and collarless a skirt short game, carrying jewels Art Deco styling and a sailor on the short hair hat. His triumph was to liberate women from rigid wardrobe of the belle epoque.
Chanel not designed during the Second World War and the post-war period but in 1954 revived with success the so underestimated at the time style Chanel. Your Chanel No. 5, one of the perfumes created, became famous in the whole world.
Aged, made-up as an outdated film actress mute and embittered by his failures sentimental only when it locked up in your home, a room of the Ritz hotel, returning the fragile of the Hospice of Obazine Chanel. An orphan of 88 years anchoring television until dawn to not meet with ghosts. "Is like a disease. I decide not to take off the ass of the seat. It horrifies me to go to sleep. Ten years ago that not I have kissed on the mouth... "."
The American musical magazine Coco (1969) of Alan Jay Lerner and André Previn is based on his life.
On January 10, 1971, Coco Chanel ended its long reign over the fashion dying in Paris. "I will be a bad dead. "When you are under land I agitaré, and only think about returning to start over". Farewell funeral was attended by Salvador Dalí, Yves Saint Laurent, Paco Rabanne and Balenciaga.

Biography of Juan Sebastián Elcano

(Unknown – 1526/08/04)

Juan Sebastián Elcano
Sailor and Spanish discoverer
He was born in 1476 in Guetaria, Guipúzcoa.
His parents were Juan Domingo Elcano and Catalina de el Puerto. Since his youth he sailed in fishing and commercial vessels.
In 1509 he was part of the military expedition led by Cardinal Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros , who conquered Oran and then to which directed by Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba in Italy.
In Seville he had knowledge of the project of the Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan to discover a route by the West through a passage or Strait by South America, carrying to the Spice Islands without having to cross by Portuguese domains. In 1519 he joined the expedition as boatswain of the ship design.
On August 10, 1519, in Seville, was announced the departure of the fleet's five ships, led by the Magallanes down the Guadalquivir to Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Cádiz, Spanish port on the Atlantic Ocean. On 20 September the expedition sailed from there and the expedition suffered many difficulties.
It invernó in the Bay of San Julian, in Patagonia, where there was an attempt of revolt whose cause supported Elcano. On 21 October 1520 is entered into the narrow that Magellan named allSaints. November 28, came to the South Sea, he put the name of Pacific Ocean or sea of ladies by the soft trade winds blowing. On January 24, 1521 they reached the Mariana Islands or thieves. Magellan died in the Philippines and Elcano, who was in command of the expedition, went to the Moluccas, where he arrived at the end of 15There, on the island of Ternate, charged a major cargo of spices, with what the purpose of the trip was fulfilled. He arrived at the island of Timor (1522), where he learned of the existence of other lands and Islands, the current China, Java and Indonesia.
Already only with the victory ship crossed the Indian Ocean, doubled the Cape of good hope (may 1522) in Southern Africa , and putting course northward, reaching the Cape Verde Islands, belonging to the Portuguese Crown. He completed the first circumnavigation of the globe when arriving to the port of departure, Sanlúcar de Barrameda, September 6, 1522, in the nao Victoria, with only 18 men and the ship loaded with spices, an extraordinary achievement at the time. The expedition traveled 14,000 miles.
The Emperor Charles V (Carlos I of Spain) received the survivors in Valladolid and granted him an annual income of 500 ducats in gold and a coat of arms, whose Crest was a globe with the legend Primus circumdedisti me (the first I rodeaste).
On a second trip to the Moluccas, Juan Sebastián Elcano died August 4, 1526 died of scurvy during the crossing of the Pacific.
Antonio de Mendoza - Paul McCartney-George VI - Coco Chanel-Juan Sebastián Elcano - > title

Encyclopedia of biographies of historical figures and celebrities

Biographies of famous people:

1. Biography of Antonio de Mendoza
2. Biography of Paul McCartney
3. Biography of George VI
4. Biography of Coco Chanel
5. Biography of Juan Sebastián Elcano
Note: this translation is only presented for educational purposes. Any translation of this web site may be inaccurate and imprecise.

Biography of Antonio de Mendoza

(Unknown - 1552/07/21)

Antonio de Mendoza
Spanish politician, first viceroy of the new Spain (1535-1550) and second of Peru (1550-1552)
He was born in Granada shortly before taking it by the Catholic Kings.
He was the sixth child of eight was the second count of Tendilla and first Marquis of Mondejar, Mr. Íñigo López de Mendoza, in his second marriage with Doña Francisca Pacheco y Portocarrero. He was related with the writer don Diego Hurtado de Mendoza and the famous Archbishop of Seville, the don Pedro González de Mendoza, all of them descendants of the famous Spanish poet, Marqués de Santillana.
Knight of the order of Santiago, Antonio de Mendoza served from a young age to the Spanish Crown in the military and diplomatic missions. When Fernando el Católicodies, he traveled to Flanders. He later participates in the war of the communities. He was Ambassador in Hungary and he continued to serve the Emperor Carlos V (I of Spain).
Married with Catalina de Carbajal. Top Mexico as Viceroy in April 15Large companies were carried out during his tenure. Subjected to Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán, who was President of the first hearing, prompted the departure of Hernán Cortés, which went to Spain. It fostered the economy and culture in the new Spain. And the first bishop of Mexico, fray Juan de Zumárraga, was the installation of the first printing press in the new world. He inaugurated the College Imperial de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco, formed where students such as Andrés de Olmos, Juan de Gaona and Bernardino de Sahagún.
He arranged several important expeditions, as Envoy to the seven cities of Cibola in 1540, and the other, competing with cuts, California in the same year, and in 1542 to Cape Mendocino, which called with Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo as captain. He also founded the city of Valladolid in Michoacan and others in what is now Jalisco.
In 1550 he left New Spain moved to Lima as viceroy of the Peru, where he died Thursday, July 21, 1552, being buried his body in the Cathedral of Lima, by the conquistador Francisco Pizarro.

Biography of Paul McCartney

(1942/06/18 - Unknown)

Paul McCartney
James Paul McCartney
British musician
He was born on 18 June 1942 at Walton Hospital, Liverpool, England, where his mother, Mary Patricia Mohin (1909-1956), she worked as a nurse. His father, James ("Jim") McCartney (1902-1976), was absent at birth due to his work as a volunteer firefighter during the second world war.
He has a brother, Michael (born January 7, 1944). They were baptized in the Catholic faith of his mother, his father was a Protestant turned agnostic. Jim McCartney, was employee of municipal cleaning services and music seller.
Good student, in 1953 came into the Liverpool Institute, a good free secondary school in the same building as the higher College of art (which would be years later John Lennon). In 1954, he met George Harrison in a bus and became fast friends. By then, the mother of McCartney serving as midwife and was the main supplier of the family income, which enabled them to move to 20 Forthlin Road, Allerton, where they lived until 19On October 31, 1956, when McCartney was fourteen years old, his mother died of an embolism.
His father was a trumpeter and pianist in the Jim Mac s Jazz Band in the 1920's. It retained an upright piano and encouraged his sons to devote himself to music, Paul gave him a trumpet for his 14 birthday, but when rock and roll became fashionable, changed by an acoustic guitar. He wrote his first song, "I Lost My Little Girl", with this guitar, a Zenith, and wrote another that would become in "When I'm Sixty-Four" in the House piano.
She met Lennon in the Hall of the Church of St Peter in Woolton, on July 6, 19McCartney joined The Quarrymen in 1958, the group that Lennon had formed at the school. The band mixed rock and roll and skiffle, a type of popular music, with jazz and blues; He joined them as a lead guitarist. Joined George Harrison and the band was several names, among them Beatals, Johnny and the Moondogs and Silver Beetles. They adopted finally called The Beatles in August 1960 and recruited drummer Pete Best shortly before moving to Hamburg.
In 1961, one of its components Sutcliffe left the band and McCartney became unwillingly their bassist. They recorded professionally for the first time in Hamburg, accredited as Beat Brothers, as support band for the English singer Tony Sheridan on the single "My Bonnie", attracting the attention of Brian Epstein, that became his manager in January 1962 and the key figure in their subsequent success. Ringo Starr replaced Pete Best on drums and the band had its first success "Love Me Do" in 1963, giving start to what was called "Beatlemania".
John Lennon and Paul signed as Lennon-McCartney songs, wrote together 2Early sat one beside the other and composed, more afternoon collided the egos and preferred to work each one by his side even though their names continued to appear together. They were already separated much until the breaking of the band, was announced in 1970.
After the separation of The Beatles , he continued his career of hits with songs that reached number one. Until the Beatles divide, had already begun to record their first LP in Solitaire, "McCartney". Very different tracks to Lennon, who wrote with commercial tunes for little demanding tastes, simplistic lyrics and many references to his life and family. The criticism had no mercy with every new work by McCartney with the Wings. In 1980 he received the award from the Guinness world records book maximum composer of songs sold in the world. His theme Yesterday one of the most celebrated of The Beatles carries over 2,500 versions in different music styles.
Some of his successes as a soloist are: "Uncle Albert/Admiral Halsey", "Live and Let Die" for the eponymous James Bond film, received the Oscar for best song; "Coming Up" from his solo "Paul McCartney II" album where in his debut, plays all the instruments.
In 1982 joins George Martin and Ringo Starr, for the recording of "Tug of war", which contained the worldwide hit "Ebony and ivory", a Duet with Stevie Wonder and Michael Jackson "Say Say Say" that was included on his LP 1983 "Pipes of peace"and"The Girl is Mine", recorded for the LP "Thriller". In "Press to play", their next album, recorded this time with Eric Stewart, former 100cc, and in "Flowers in the dirt" with Elvis Costello in 1989.
Winner of 18 Grammy Awards (eight solo / eight with Beatles / two with Wings ), he has also won the Lifetime Achievement Grammy Award twice, one as part of the Beatles and a soloist.
It was vegetarian and animal rights activist. On January 16, 1980, he was arrested for possession of marijuana at Tokyo airport, and spent 10 days in jail. On 13 July 1985, he participated in the Live Aid concert against the famine in Ethiopia. April 20, 1990, he established the world record for largest attendance to a concert when he performed before 184.000 people in Rio de Janeiro. Since 11 March 1997 is Sir Paul McCartney, after being invested as a Knight by Queen Elizabeth II. On February 10, 2013 he was awarded with a Grammy "Best Album traditional pop" by Kisses On The Bottom. May 23, 2015 received a special prize of PRS for Music, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the composition of the song "Yesterday".
His first girlfriend was Dot Rhone met whom at the Casbah club in 1959 and who was her partner for two years and a half, and that it was committed to the miscarriage of the Rhône. On April 18, 1963 begins his relationship with British actress Jane Asher, and in November of that same year, was installed in the 57 Wimpole Street, London home of parents living there for more than two years. Then the couple moved to the McCartney House in St. John's Wood, in March 19During their cohabitation wrote songs such as "Yesterday", "And I Love Her", "You Will not See Me" and "I m Looking Through You", these last three inspired by their relationship. After five years of relationship they broke their commitment when she found him in bed with the American Francie Schwartz.
He married Linda Eastman, with which it collaborated musically on Wings since 1971 after the breakdown of The Beatles on 12 March 19They were parents of Linda Heather (legally adopted by Paul), Mary, Stella and James, and remained married? until the death of Linda to cauda of breast cancer in 19The former beatle published a book of poems, dedicated mostly to Linda, but which also includes the lyrics of some of their most famous songs. The collection of poems was presented in London and entitled Blackbird Singing: Poems and Lyrics 1965-19McCartney explained that, after the death of his wife in April 1998 he plunged into despair and for a year he wrote hundreds of poems to his memory.
In the month of June 2002 he married former model Heather Mills in an Irish Castle. In 2003, were parents of Beatrice Milly. In 2008 the Supreme Court in London ended by the divorce court battle between the singer and his ex-wife, the model and vegetarian activist Heather Mills. Mills is authorized to collect a fifth of the $ 250 million that had sued McCartney for the four years of marriage. Mills, 40, received some 48.6 million dollars of the fortune of the musician, who separated in 2006.
He married with Nancy Shevell civil ceremony in London, on October 9, 20The couple had been dating since November 2007.

Biography of George VI

(1895/12/14 - 1952/02/06)

George VI
King of Great Britain and Ireland of the North (1936-1952), and Emperor of India (1936-1947)
He was born on December 14, 1895 at Sandringham (Norfolk) was the second son of George V and María of Teck.
From his childhood until the age of 30, he suffered from stuttering which increased his shyness, but finally an Australian therapist was able to cure him. He studied at Trinity College (Cambridge) and the Royal Naval College of the Isle of Wight.
He married lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in 1923, and they were parents of two daughters: Isabel Alejandra María, who later would become Isabel II, and Margarita Rosa. Proclaimed King after the abdication of his brother Edward VIII. After his coronation in 1937, he made a series of official trips to France (1937), Canada and the United States (1939). During World War II, he moved to various European fronts. One of the most significant events of his reign was the resignation to the title of Emperor of the India after the partition of Pakistan and the Union of India in 1947.
He died of lung cancer at Sandringham on 6 February 1952, and was buried in the chapel of San Jorge of the Windsor Castle. His daughter, succeeded him and by then Princess Elizabeth.
The film the King's speech (The King completo Speech, 2010), comes to her life as a monarch. He received 12 nominations for the Academy Awards, which got

Biography of Coco Chanel

(1883/08/18 - 1971/01/10)

Coco Chanel
Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel
French fashion designer
He was born on August 18, 1883 in the Hospice of Saumur (Maine et Loire). Natural daughter of a tuberculous and a street vendor, who disappeared long seasons without a trace more than the smell of alcohol and gambling debts.
He was the eldest of six children, at the age of twelve, after the death of his mother, his father attempted to leave their children in the care of his grandparents but they did not accept them. The three males were accommodated in houses of families of farmers, and the three girls were interned in an orphanage. With 12 years her father parked it at the Hospice of Obazine. Gabrielle never overcame that abandonment. "I wanted to kill myself. During my childhood, I just ansié to be loved. Daily thought on how take my life, although, in the background, it was dead. Only pride saved me".
A pride that, years later, brought him to his revenge: transform your humiliating black uniform of the orphanage in flag of good taste: a Chanel. I hated his family. "You don't like me. Born in it but not with her. I don't know anything more frightening than the family".
In 1909, thanks to the support of one of her wealthy lovers he settled in an apartment on the Boulevard Malesherbes in Paris, where in 1914 opened its first store in hats, Fashion Chanel, and launched in the mid-1920s, the Classic Chanelstyle, which consisted of a costume point of wool with a straight jacket and collarless a skirt short game, carrying jewels Art Deco styling and a sailor on the short hair hat. His triumph was to liberate women from rigid wardrobe of the belle epoque.
Chanel not designed during the Second World War and the post-war period but in 1954 revived with success the so underestimated at the time style Chanel. Your Chanel No. 5, one of the perfumes created, became famous in the whole world.
Aged, made-up as an outdated film actress mute and embittered by his failures sentimental only when it locked up in your home, a room of the Ritz hotel, returning the fragile of the Hospice of Obazine Chanel. An orphan of 88 years anchoring television until dawn to not meet with ghosts. "Is like a disease. I decide not to take off the ass of the seat. It horrifies me to go to sleep. Ten years ago that not I have kissed on the mouth... "."
The American musical magazine Coco (1969) of Alan Jay Lerner and André Previn is based on his life.
On January 10, 1971, Coco Chanel ended its long reign over the fashion dying in Paris. "I will be a bad dead. "When you are under land I agitaré, and only think about returning to start over". Farewell funeral was attended by Salvador Dalí, Yves Saint Laurent, Paco Rabanne and Balenciaga.

Biography of Juan Sebastián Elcano

(Unknown – 1526/08/04)

Juan Sebastián Elcano
Sailor and Spanish discoverer
He was born in 1476 in Guetaria, Guipúzcoa.
His parents were Juan Domingo Elcano and Catalina de el Puerto. Since his youth he sailed in fishing and commercial vessels.
In 1509 he was part of the military expedition led by Cardinal Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros , who conquered Oran and then to which directed by Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba in Italy.
In Seville he had knowledge of the project of the Portuguese Ferdinand Magellan to discover a route by the West through a passage or Strait by South America, carrying to the Spice Islands without having to cross by Portuguese domains. In 1519 he joined the expedition as boatswain of the ship design.
On August 10, 1519, in Seville, was announced the departure of the fleet's five ships, led by the Magallanes down the Guadalquivir to Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Cádiz, Spanish port on the Atlantic Ocean. On 20 September the expedition sailed from there and the expedition suffered many difficulties.
It invernó in the Bay of San Julian, in Patagonia, where there was an attempt of revolt whose cause supported Elcano. On 21 October 1520 is entered into the narrow that Magellan named allSaints. November 28, came to the South Sea, he put the name of Pacific Ocean or sea of ladies by the soft trade winds blowing. On January 24, 1521 they reached the Mariana Islands or thieves. Magellan died in the Philippines and Elcano, who was in command of the expedition, went to the Moluccas, where he arrived at the end of 15There, on the island of Ternate, charged a major cargo of spices, with what the purpose of the trip was fulfilled. He arrived at the island of Timor (1522), where he learned of the existence of other lands and Islands, the current China, Java and Indonesia.
Already only with the victory ship crossed the Indian Ocean, doubled the Cape of good hope (may 1522) in Southern Africa , and putting course northward, reaching the Cape Verde Islands, belonging to the Portuguese Crown. He completed the first circumnavigation of the globe when arriving to the port of departure, Sanlúcar de Barrameda, September 6, 1522, in the nao Victoria, with only 18 men and the ship loaded with spices, an extraordinary achievement at the time. The expedition traveled 14,000 miles.
The Emperor Charles V (Carlos I of Spain) received the survivors in Valladolid and granted him an annual income of 500 ducats in gold and a coat of arms, whose Crest was a globe with the legend Primus circumdedisti me (the first I rodeaste).
On a second trip to the Moluccas, Juan Sebastián Elcano died August 4, 1526 died of scurvy during the crossing of the Pacific.

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