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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Salvador Allende
- Biography of Rosario Castellanos
- Biography of Ignacio Aldama
- Biography of Ernesto Zedillo
Biography of Salvador Allende
(1908-06-26 - 1973/09/11)Salvador Allende
Salvador Allende Gossens William
Chilean politician, President of the Republic (1970-1973)
He was born on June 26, 1908 in Santiago.
Son of the lawyer and notary, militant of the Radical Party, Salvador Allende Castro and Laura Gossens Uribe.
He joined the Liceo Eduardo de la Barra, where studied with excellent qualifications. Highlights in practice various sports and during those years he met John Demarchi, Italian anarchist, that influences their ideological training providing the first texts of Marxism. He studied medicine in the University of Chile and in 1927 is President of the Center for students of medicine and organized a group that meets regularly to read and discuss of the Marxism.
Requested membership to Freemasonry in 1929 following a family tradition. Cover along with his companions at University the Group advance. In the year 1931 is a member of the University Council on behalf of the students. Temporarily expelled from the University, is soon reinstated by his excellent grades and because few months missing to complete their studies.
In 1932 he travelled to Valparaíso to be near his sick father. While he writes his report on Mental Health and crime, makes his professional practice. On June 4 after a coup d ' état proclaimed the Socialist Republic headed by Marmaduke Grove. After the brief Socialist experience, a new Government unleashes the persecution against the progressive elements and Allende is imprisoned. While he remains in prison, his father died.
On April 19, 1933 he participated in the birth of the Socialist Party of Chile, along with Eugenio Matte Hurtado, Marmaduke Grove, Eugenio González, Óscar Schnake , and others. He was elected to Congress in 1937, and was Minister of health from 1939 until 19In 1945 he was elected Senator, office where he remained for 25 years. In this period was three times his party's presidential candidate .
He made a fourth attempt in 1970, leading the Popular unity, a coalition that was part of major formations on the left (Socialist Party, Communist Party, Radical Party) and certain groups splinter Christian democracy. He won by a small majority, so it had to be ratified by the National Congress.
During his brief tenure as President, it was proposed to renew the Chilean society nationalizing industries and speeding up the expropriation of land reform, but collided with the Democrat opposition on the right and the disagreement of the radical left. When it increased inflation, United States, whose interests in Chile were harmed by Allende anti-imperialist policy , especially since the nationalization of several U.S. companies, took advantage of the situation to incite the Chilean middle class to express their discontent with the Government.
It was finally overthrown by a military coup, led by general Augusto Pinochet Ugarte, on September 11, 19The conventional wisdom is that Allende committed suicide during the assault on the Presidential Palace of la Moneda. He received national obsequies in 1990, after the restoration of democracy.
Biography of Rosario Castellanos
(1925/05/25 - 1974/08/07)Rosario Castellanos
He was born on May 25 in 1925 in the City of Mexico.
He studied philosophy at the University of Mexico, where he spent a part of the Group of writers called the generation of 1950.
His first works were published by his master, Efrén Hernández, in America, Magazine anthology. In 1950 he won the title of philosophy in 1950 and between 1948 and 1957 was devoted to writing poetry, path of the dust (1948), Lívida Luz (1960); and his anthology, Poesía no eres tú (1972).
With Oficio de Tinieblas (1962, novel) and Ciudad real (Tales) inquires about the indigenous question in Chiapas. He wrote also plays as a Checkerboard (1952) and the eternal feminine; essays on the concept of the feminine: woman who knows latin (1973), the use of the word (1974) and the sea and its fish (1975).
In 1971 he was Ambassador of Mexico in Israel.
Biography of Ignacio Aldama
(1780/05/07 - 1811/06/20)Ignacio Aldama
He was born on May 7, 1780 in San Miguel el Grande, Guanajuato.
He studied law. He worked as a lawyer and was also dedicated to the trade.
He joined the joints of the second conspiracy of Querétaro. On September 16, 1810, he was in Aculco, Guanajuato, when he learned that the plot had been discovered. He returned to San Miguel el Grande, where prepared his followers for Miguel Hidalgo , who appointed him President of the City Council, reason by which the Bar gave it low.
When you leave that city raised troops, heading to Celaya, Aldama, his family joined the army and accompanied him in his first battles, until the Bridge of Calderón, near Guadalajara, where Hidalgo was definitely defeated by Calleja.
He attended Hidalgo as lawyer and legal advisor. With the rank of Marshal, he figured in the Greater State of Hidalgo. After the defeat of the bridge of Calderón, decided to retire northward. He was Ambassador of the insurgency to the United States of America, where he should go to help manage and buying weapons. March 1 of that year broke out in the North of Mexico a counter led by the priest José Manuel Zambrano, who know that Ignacio Aldama is headed to the North of the country, stopped it in Béjar, sending it prisoner to Monclovain Coahuila.
After remaining prisoner for several months, condemning him to death, judged a War Council , June 20, 18That same day he was shot in Monclova, being the first insurgent Chief died out campaign.
Biography of Ernesto Zedillo
(27/12/1951 - Unknown)Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de Leon
Economist and politician Mexican President of the Republic
He was born on December 27, 1951 in the City of Mexico.
He spent his childhood in the city of Mexicali, on the border with the United States.
He studied at the Yale University through a grant from the Mexican Government; He graduated and received his doctorate in Economics. He worked at the Central Bank of Mexico. In 1988 he joined the Cabinet of then-President Carlos Salinas de Gortari, as Secretary of programming and budget, charge that served for four years. There he collaborated in the drafting of a national development plan and the establishment of an economic policy that reduced the normally high rate of inflation in Mexico, to figures of a digit only.
During the last two years of the Salinas Presidency, he served as Secretary of education and carried out an important role in the decentralization of the federal education system, returning control to the Governments of the States, thus countering the influence of the powerful National Union of teachers.
Member of the Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI), which remained in power since 1929, Zedillo was identified with a group of young technocrats who clashed with the older chiefs of the party for its support to the measures of economic reform, including privatization of public enterprises and the reduction of trade tariffs with other countries, supporting the adoption of the North-American free trade agreement (FTA) also known as NAFTA. In March 1994, when Luis Donaldo Colosio (the PRI candidate to the presidential elections) was assassinated, Zedillo was appointed new candidate of the PRI.
In a race to three bands by the Presidency, Zedillo was forced to stand up to the stiff opposition from a traditional opponent, the national action party (PAN), Conservative Party of center-right, led by Diego Fernández de Cevallos, and to the newly created Party of the democratic revolution, of the center-left, headed by Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas.
In August 1994 he was elected President of the Republic. On December 1, 1994, he was vested President. Since that time he faced an economic crisis, when foreign and domestic investors lost confidence in an overhyped weight, causing, in a few weeks, the fall in their value by more than 40% against the dollar. The economic loan made by the United States, with the help of international organizations and other countries, provided immediate relief to financial markets and the Government of Zedillo. But, anyway, from that moment he should face a soaring inflation, the decline of the confidence of investors and, in the eyes of the majority of the economists, prolonged recession. Their intentions were challenged by the growing social unrest, fueled by the decline of the economies of many Mexicans and by a new revolutionary movement, that of the zapatistas, in lands of Chiapas, in the South of the country. It happened to be definitely considered the architect of the Mexican political openness that allowed, in July 1997, the electoral victory of Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas as head of Government of the Federal District on the same day in which the PRI ceased to possess the absolute majority in the Chamber of Deputies.
He remained in the post until November 30, 20He was succeeded in the Presidency by Vicente Fox Quesada.
Married to Nilda Patricia Velasco.