St. John of the Cross… Andy Warhol… Erwin Schrödinger - Erwin Schrödinger… Henry Cavendish… Biographies Multiposts

Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of St. John of the cross
  2. Biography of Andy Warhol
  3. Biography of Erwin Schrödinger - Erwin Schrödinger
  4. Biography of Henry Cavendish

Biography of St. John of the cross

(1542/06/24 - 1591/12/14)

San Juan de la Cruz
Juan de Yepes
Mystical Spanish poet
Was born on June 24, 1542 in Fontiveros, Ávila.
Son of Gonzalo de Yepes and Catalina Alvarez. On the death of his father the family was destitute. His mother worked in domestic trades in a convent. Moved to Medina del Campo where he learned the trade of Weaver, then was a hospital nurse .
He studied at the Society of Jesus even though he entered the Carmelite order in 1563 and in the University of Salamanca until his ordination as a priest in 15In September of the same year he meets Santa Teresa, who speaks to him of the draft Reform of the order and integrates it in the reform movement.
In 1568 he established the first convent of Discalced Carmelites, which insisted on extreme austerity and contemplation. Their attempts of monastic reform led him to suffer prison in Toledo in 1577 during which composed the verses of his spiritual Canticle. He escapes from prison and takes refuge at a monastery. It continues with the work of the Carmelite reform founding several convents. In 1584 he inaugurated the convent of Granada, and just the spiritual Canticle and the Ascent of Mount Carmel and composed the night dark of the soul and the living flame of love, which constitute all of his work.
In 1591 confronts his superiors, who wanted to abandon the reform again, and for this reason was arrested and locked up in the convent of Peña (Sierra Morena), where he composed his major works, until he retired to Ubeda, place where he died on 14 December of that same year. His last words were: "Into your hands, Lord, I commend my spirit". In may 1593 are transferred his remains to Segovia.
He was canonized by Pope Benedict XIII in 1726 and declared mystical Doctor of the Church by Pius Xl in 19

Biography of Andy Warhol

(1928-08-06 - 1987/02/22)

Andy Warhol
Andrew Warhola
Artist, leader of the Pop Art movement
"You can write books, go out on TV, interviews: you're a great celebrity and nobody despises you for being a thief." You're still on the heights. This is what most people want are stars."
Andy Warhol
He was born on August 6, 1928 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in a family of Czech origin.
He studied the specialty of painting and sculpture at the "Carnegie Institute of Technology" and after finishing the race in 1949 moved to New York, where he was quickly recognized as an advertising Illustrator and graphic designer. Usual dislocated world of New York 70, happenings, private parties, psychedelia, alcohol and drugs. Master of the mass-media, pirate art, androgynous provocateur, homosexual and shy, paranoid with delusions of grandeur. Admired, envied, hated to the point of having survived in 1968 to an episode occurred in the own Factory, dark in the personal and artistic, when Valerie Solanis shot him thrice survive miracle.
The change of surname (of Warhola, Warhol) was due to an error; the Glamour magazine published a drawing his entitled Success is to Jobz in August 1949, but by a mistake his name appeared as Warhol, instead of Warhola. Since then, he decided to use the new name.
In the 1960s attracted attention with exhibitions of surprisingly banal images, such as Campbell's soup can (1965, Leo Castelli Gallery, New York) and Green Coca-Cola bottles (1962, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York), and famous stars like Marilyn Monroe (1962, collection of Mr and Mrs Burton Tremaine). The importance of these images lies in the fact that they were everyday objects and that, to be printed, could be mechanically repeated to infinity.
It followed the same path in his cinematographic work experimental, as The Chelsea Girls (1966), semi-documentary of seven hours. In 1963 he shot his first feature film with a flat sequence of a man sleeping: "Sleep", of 8 hours duration, in the avant-garde musician Erik Satie and, "Empire" line, sequence shot eight hours of the Empire State Buildingbuilding. His film, compose it with titles such as "Blow Job", "Couch", "Mario Banana", "Harlot", "My Hüsler" and the famous "The Chelsea Girl" shot and projected using two projectors in two screens simultaneously. Since approaches hyperrealistic, did all his films, from 1963 to 1973, independently, creating a series of "superstars" from the "Underground" as Viva, Joe Dallesandro, Nico, Ingrid Superstar, Edie Sedgwick, Mario Montez , and Paul América, performing in front of the "wild eye" Warhol camera their modern lives. Warhol never painted directly, directed, wrote scripts or placed the camera in any of his films. Acted more like ideologue and famous artist who signs an artistic "product".
Towards the end of the 1960s, was Paul Morrissey, who made the most popular series of its "realistic" films: "Flesh", "Trash", "L'Amour" and "Heat", followed by two international co-productions with Carlo Ponti: "blood for Dracula" and "flesh for Frankenstein", in 3-dimensions.
Warhol publications include my philosophy from A to B and from B to A (1975) and America (1985), collection of photographs about life in the United States. From 1969 until his death publishedInterview, monthly magazine with articles illustrated about the celebrities of the moment. At the end of his career was still participating in projects carried out in collaboration: thus, worked with Jean Michel Basquiat and Francesco Clemente in canvases painted by three artists.
The works of the 1986 series,The last Supper (the last supper), Camouflage (camouflage) and Self-portrait (self-portrait), reached monumental proportions. Considered then as reflections on a death that would him on February 22, 1987, at 6:31 h in the morning, at New York Hospital after an operation which had been submitted.
Many regard him as the most influential American artist of the second half of the 20th century. Still alive was already a legend by work, its extravagance, the number of scandals which aroused, their 200 wigs and clothing without forgetting their tens of Rolex. Own Warhol had become in their own right in a trademark image.
In 1994 it opened its doors in Pennsylvania Museum Andy Warhol, the largest Museum of United States dedicated to an artist only.

Biography of Erwin Schrödinger - Erwin Schrödinger

(1887/08/12 - 04/01/1961)

Erwin Schrödinger
Austrian physicist Nobel Prize
He was born on August 12, 1887 in Vienna.
After his PhD in 1910 and served in the Austrian army in World War I, he was Professor of physics at the universities of Stuttgart (Germany), Breslau (Poland), Zurich, Berlin, Oxford and Graz (Austria).
In 1933 by the rise of Nazism, he left Germany and moved to Oxford. In 1936 he returned to Austria, but two years later, when Adolf Hitler annexed Austria, he returned to again leave the country. He moved to Rome with the unique ammunition that could load a backpack and found asylum in the Vatican. From 1940 until his retirement in 1955 directed the School of theoretical physics at the Institute for advanced study in Dublin.
His most important contribution to physics was the development of a mathematical discrete stationary waves description describing the distribution of the electrons in the Atom. It showed that his theory, published in 1926, was the equivalent in math to the theories of matrix mechanics that had made the previous year, the German physicist Werner Heisenberg. The union of these theories formed the basis of quantum mechanics.
Schrödinger shared the Nobel Prize in physics in 1933 with the British Paul a. M. Dirac for his contribution to the development of quantum mechanics. His research included important studies on Atomic Spectra, statistical thermodynamics and wave mechanics.
Among his writings are Collected Papers on Ware Mechanics (compilation of articles on wave mechanics, 1928), Modern Atomic Theory (modern atomic theory, 1934), Statistical Thermodynamics (statistical Termodinanimca, 1945) and Expanding Universes (expanding universes, 1956).
Erwin Schrödinger died in, Erdberg, Vienna, on January 4, 1961.

Biography of Henry Cavendish

(1731/10/10 - 1810/02/24)

Henry Cavendish
British chemist and physicist
He was born 10 October 1731 in nice (France).
He studied at Peterhouse, Cambridge University. His initial works dealt with the specific heat of the substance. In the year 1766, he discovered the properties of hydrogen.
His most famous work was the discovery of the composition of the water. He said that "water is composed of deflogistizado air (oxygen) joined the Phlogiston (hydrogen)". However, the most important result achieved it by experiment carrying its name based on the use of a torsion balance. He estimated the force of attraction between the two balls on the ends of the scale. Through what is known as 'Cavendish experiment', it was determined that the density of the Earth was 5.45 times greater than the density of water, a calculation that is very close to the relationship established by modern techniques (5,5268 times). It also determined the density of the atmosphere and did important research on the electrical currents.
In 1785 it carried out experiments with electric discharges in mixtures of nitrogen and oxygen that are discover the composition of nitric acid as well as the existence of the noble gas argon. It did not have the suitable tools for their research, measuring the strength of an electric current to the load current and calculated by the pain.
Henry Cavendish died on 24 February 1810 in London.