Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Will Smith
- Biography of Alexander von Humboldt - Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich
- Biography of Alvaro Mutis
- Biography of Epicurus
Biography of Will Smith
(1968/09/25 - Unknown)Will Smith
Willard Christopher Smith Jr.
American singer and actor
He was born on September 25, 1968 in the city of Philadelphia.
Son of Caroline Bright and Williard Smith Sr., owner of a refrigeration and later engineer company. It has three siblings: Pamela, who is four years older, and the twins Harry and Ellen, who is three years younger. He was raised in the neighborhood of Wynnefield. His parents separated when he was 13 years old.
He studied at Overbrook High School, where his graduate awarded. Attracted by the music, he met Jeff Townes, when he was 16 years old, at a party. They decided to start playing together as DJ . Jazzy Jeff and the Fresh Prince. Townes and Smith produced a series of albums by rap clean, and the family, including the 1988 album-oriented "the it's the DJ, I'm the rapper", containing the hit "parents do not understand", and that of 1989, "and in this corner...", which featured "I think I can beat MikeTyson". Already in 1989, he met Benny Medina, who had the idea for a sitcom based on his life in Beverly Hills. Smith you loved the idea, just that to NBC , who put on the air to "The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air "".
He continued his musical career, and in 1991 DJ Jazzy Jeff and the Fresh Prince attained its largest success in the rankings so far with the excellent "Summertime", from the album Homebase. The following year, debuted in cinema with the drama Where the Day Takes You; in 19In that same year released the latest album of Jazzy Jeff / Fresh Prince, the disappointing Code Red.
In 1995, Smith co-starred the film's action Two police rebels, a great box-office success; This film paved the way for his starring role in Independence Day. A year later starred in Men in Black, another great success; recording for the first time under his given name, it also achieved a great success with the rapper's movie theme.
His debut as soloist, Big Willie Style, was released in 1997, producing the hit "Gettin' Jiggy With It". (transl. Victoria Perren). It Will Smith starred once again a film that is responsible for saving the world. The action takes place in the year 2035 and embodied a so-called detective Spooner, investigating a crime allegedly committed by an Android in I, robot. It has also worked in films such as Bad Boys, in search of happiness, I am Legend, Hancock, Wild Wild West, public enemyor, Shark Tale, Hitch and seven souls. It was nominated for the Oscar for best actor for Ali, released in 2001, for his portrayal of Boxer Muhammad Ali. It rolled further films that continued to be major blockbusters Independence Day, Men in Black, Men in Black II, Men in Black III and After Earth.
Four Awards-nominated For Golden Globe, two awards Oscar; has been winner of different premio Grammy.
He married Sheree Zampino in 1992, with whom he had a son, Willard Christopher Smith III, known as "Trey" born on November 11, 19They divorced in 19He married on December 31, 1997 with Jada Pinkett, with whom he had to Jaden Christopher Syre (born 1998) and Willow Camille Reign (2000).
Biography of Alexander von Humboldt - Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich
(14/09/1769 - 1859/05/06)Alexander von Humboldt
Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich
German geographer and naturalist
Born September 14, 1769 in Berlin (Germany). Brother of linguist and Minister Wilhelm von Humboldt.
He studied in Frankfurt, Berlin, Göttingen, and Freiberg. In 1799 he went to spend five years exploring South America with Aimé Bonpland (1773-1858). His work was mainly developed in France until the year 18Their voyages of exploration led him to Mexico, United States, Canary Islands and Central Asia. Specialized in Ethnography, anthropology, physics, zoology, ornithology, climatology, oceanography, astronomy, geography, geology, mineralogy, Botany, volcanology and humanism.
His most important work, Kosmos (1845-62), provides a physical box to try and understand the universe.
Was named Chamberlain of the King becoming one of his Chief advisors. From 1830 he devoted himself to politics.
Alexander von Humboldt died in Berlin on May 6, 18
Biography of Alvaro Mutis
(1923-08-25 - 2013/09/22)Álvaro Mutis
Colombian narrator and poet
"In wherever you live, whatever that it is alive, is is always an exile." We are exiled from our childhood, our life itself"
He was born on August 25, 1923 in Bogotá (Colombia), son of diplomats, he lived in Brussels until age eleven.
After the death of his father, he returned to Colombia where abandoned his studies by poetry and billiards. Started to work at a radio station as a news announcer and managing a cultural program. Became finance officer. In 1941 he married Mireya Durán Solano, who have three children: Cristina María, Santiago and Jorge Manuel. Used as public relations at multinational companies such as Standard Oil and Esso oil. It then starts his literary career, which combines journalistic collaborations, and in 1947 published his first book of poems, La balance. In 1954 he married the Chilean María Luz Montané, with whom he had his daughter Teresa María.
In 1956, he traveled to Mexico, where arrives with several letters of recommendation, one of them addressed to the Spanish filmmakerLuis Buñuel, to get work in the world of advertising. In those years he meets Octavio Paz and Carlos Fuentes. Three years later he is imprisoned in the Black Palace of Lecumberri, accused of embezzlement in the oil company Esso, where he was head of public relations. He stayed 15 months jail pending his possible extradition to Colombia on charges that are against him and in the end was never consummated. His stay in prison was it would collect in the diario de Lecumberri (1960) and came to recognize that without that experience or his novels of Maqroll nor his subsequent poetry had existed. In 1966 he married Carmen Miracle Feliú.
Recognized by the critics of the American as one of the best poets and storytellers of his generation, cosmopolitan and polished artifice of a solid and prolific poetic and narrative work, the creator of the saga starring the marine Maqroll the Gaviero. It was, moreover, one of the promoters of the so-called "investigative journalism" during your exercise of the profession in Colombia and Mexico.
Like García Márquez, he published his first poems and criticism in the newspaper "El Espectador" Bogota -Prince of Asturias communication 1987 award-.
In 1947, she published her first book of poems, "the balance" (in collaboration with Carlos Skate), have been many their published works of poetry, as "lost papers", "Caravansay", "emissaries" and "the forbidden works". In 1978, he published his first novel of the series, the snow of the Admiral, which would still be Ilona arrives with the rain and the last stop of the Tramp Steamer, among others as "the mansion of Araucaima","Amirbar", "Un bel morir".
Some of these books have been translated into several languages (English, French, Italian, German, Portuguese, etc.). In 1953 he published in Buenos Aires 'elements of the disaster", where he appeared for the first time the character Maqroll the Gaviero, then in almost all his poetic and narrative work. In 1996 he presented in Mexico a collection of Maqroll works under the title "companies and tribulations of Maqroll the Gaviero".
Prix Médicis in France and national of the lyrics of Colombia, among many other awards, Álvaro Mutis is doctor honoris causa by the Universidad del Valle (Colombia), and has received awards including the order of Arts and letters of France, the Aztec Eagle of Mexico and the great cross of Alfonso X the wise of Spain. He was awarded the Cervantes Prize for literature in 2001 and the Neustadt International Prize for Literature in 2002.
Álvaro Mutis died on Sunday, September 22 in the City of Mexico, where he resided since 19He was 90 and was hospitalized at a medical center in the Mexican capital, as a result of a long illness.
Biography of Epicurus
(Unknown - Unknown)Epicurus of Samos
He was born on the island of Samos in an Athenian family. He was the first philosopher of the Hellenistic stage. The son of a teacher who educated him with several philosophers. When 18 years old he travels to Athens to fulfill military service. At the 322, met with his father in climax, where he began teaching. About 311, he founded a philosophical school in Mytilene, Lesbos Island, and later was the director of a school in Lampsacus (today, Lâpseki, Turkey). He settled in Athens in 306 and taught their doctrines. Wisdom is, for him, an understanding which allows man to be happy. Happiness, according to Epicurus, consists in the pleasure (hedone gr.); Epicurean hedonism judged that the natural desire for happiness is identical to the desire for pleasure. It established a school, the garden, whose teachings were competing with the legacies of Plato and Aristotle in the garden of his house. Both women and men frequented this place, causing slander on activities that there took place. Students from across Greece and Asia minor came to joining the school of Epicurus. According to the historian and biographer of the 3rd century A.d. Diógenes Laertes, his death left 300 manuscripts, including 37 treated about physics and numerous works on love, justice, gods and other topics. Of his writings, only have survived three cards and some brief fragments, including the biography of Diógenes Laertes. The main sources on the doctrines of Epicurus are the works of Roman writers Cicero, Seneca, Plutarch, Lucretius, whose poem De rerum natura (the nature of things) describes the Epicureanism in detail.