Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Augusto Salazar Bondy
- Biography of Luis Barragan
- Biography of José Ortega y Gasset
- Jean Claude Van Damme biography - Jean-Claude Van Damme
Biography of Augusto Salazar Bondy
(1925/12/08 - 1974/02/06)Augusto Salazar Bondy
He was born on December 8, 1925 in Lima, brother of the famous writer Sebastián Salazar Bondy.
He studied at the German school and elementary and high school at the Colegio San Agustin until 19Its higher education (1945-1947) was made in the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, obtaining his doctorate in 1953 at the age of He also studied at the Autonomous University of Mexico (1948-1950), and at the universities of Paris and Munich (1951-1953). He worked as a Professor at the University of San Marcos in Lima.
He argued that philosophy was presided over by its problematic character, and it was enriched to consider the elements that make the successive philosophical problems insoluble. He was influenced by Nicolai Hartmann. He developed several studies of ontology, analyzed levels of reality and unreality, as well as the modes of the realm of the real. His studies on philosophy of science became interested in the evolutionary analysis of scientific theories. His thesis on the Culture of domination allowed to understand the need for a free culture, without dependence on political, economic or cultural.
Augusto Salazar Bondy died in Lima on 6 February 19
Biography of Luis Barragan
(1902/03/09 - 1988/11/22)Luis Barragán
"Any architecture that does not express serenity, does not meet their spiritual mission"
He was born on March 9, 1902 in Guadalajara.
He studied civil engineering and architecture in 1925 and subsequently traveled through Europe.
Meet Ferdinand Bac and is interested in Andalusian architecture, spaces of Arab tradition and Mediterranean gardens.
He returned to his country and carried out his early works such as the casas Gonzalez Lima and Enrique Aguilar in Guadalajara, which begins to develop its own style.
He moved to the capital in 1936 and until 1940 performs some apartment buildings in the Colonia Cuauhtémocc and some small residences. In 1945 he develops the project of planning and urban development of the Pedregal de San Ángel. In 1952 and 1955 he reconstructs of Tlalpan Sacramentarian Capuchin Convent, which added a chapel. Undertakes in 1957 works of fractionation City satellite, whose symbol -five towers- is the result of the collaboration of Barragan, Mathias Goeritz and Chucho Reyes. He designed the Las Arboledasneighborhood, in the State of Mexico. In 1964 plans with architect Sordo Madaleno the Lomas Verdes residential complex and carries out the design of the residential neighborhood, Los clubs.
In 1980 he received the Pritzker Architecture Prize and began to be recognized internationally. Its buildings and architectural and landscape projects highlight their talent to blend traditional methods of construction with the language of modernity. Considered the most important Mexican architect and one of the most prominent figures within the scope of the international architecture of the 20th century.
Luis Barragán died on November 22, 1988 in Mexico, D. f..
Biography of José Ortega y Gasset
(1883/05/09 - 18/10/1955)José Ortega y Gasset
Spanish essayist and philosopher
He was born on May 9, 1883 in a flat on the printing of a newspaper -El Imparcial- led by his father, don José Ortega Munilla in Madrid.
His mother was Dolores Gasset. It was the second of four children; his brothers were Manuel.Son, Rafaela, and Eduardo Jose Ortega Zapata and Pilar Munilla, and Urquiza paternal grandparents and maternal grandparents Eduardo Gasset and Artime and Rafaela Chinchilla Diez de Oñate.
He studied at the school of Miraflores del Palo (Malaga), University of Deusto, and Central University of Madrid. Extended studies at the universities of Leipzig, Berlin , and Marburg. He is a Professor of metaphysics at the University of Madrid (1910-1936).
His articles, lectures and essays on topics philosophical and politicians contributed to the reborn intellectual Spanish from the first decades of the 20th century. His philosophy became popular around the expression "I am myself and my circumstance, and if not the saved her not me except my". In the year 1914 were meditations of Don Quixoteon his philosophical thinking and its reflections on the artistic fact. His writings in the 1920s are oriented to the analysis of social behaviors of the masses that make up the society contemporary (is the stage known as a perspectival). Their works more prominent in this line are Spain invertebrate (1921), the topic of our time (1923) and the rebellion of the masses (1930).
He criticizes the destructive influence of the general mentality of not being directed by an intellectually and morally superior minority encouraging the rise of authoritarianism. At the end of the 1920's started a new philosophical deepening: is the stage called raciovitalista, reflected in works such as Kant. Reflections on a Centennial (1929), on Galileo (1933), Ideas and beliefs (1940) and history as a system (1941) among others. Many comments and articles were published in newspapers that was closely linked: El Imparcial (founded by his grandfather) and subsequently The Sun, created by himself. He also founded the magazines La Revista de Occidente (1923) and Spain (1915). Reviews in newspapers or magazines were collected in the eight volumes of the spectator (1916-1935).
Opposed to the dictatorship of general Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-1930), contributed to the fall of the monarchy of Alfonso XIII and the advent of the Second Republic. He created the Association for the service of the Republic, political group involving other intellectuals such as Gregorio Marañón and Ramón Pérez de Ayala, and on behalf of which was elected Deputy to the Constituent Cortes of 1931.
Against the Constitution of 1931, he left his position as Deputy. In the Spanish Civil War in 1936, he left the country and lived in France, Netherlands, Argentina and Portugal before returning in 1945.
Among the works of this last stage: what is philosophy? (1950) and, published posthumously, meditations on Europe (1957) and the man and the people (1958). Also should mention his studies on Spanish painters, especially papers on Velázquez and Goya(1950) and Velazquez (1954). His last publication, published in Germany, consisted of a booklet with some of their interventions in a Conference in Geneva; a tribute to the philosopher Karl Jaspers, and "notes on thought».
José Ortega y Gasset died in Madrid on October 18, 1955, at once a quarter in the morning and as a result of a comatose process, after having confessed Father Félix García.
Jean Claude Van Damme biography - Jean-Claude Van Damme
(18/10/1960 - Unknown)Jean-Claude Camille François Van Varenberg
Brussels, Belgium was born on October 18, 1960 in Berchem-Sainte-Agathe.
Son of Eliana and Eugène Van Varenberg, accounting.
Its beginnings in martial arts were at the age of ten when his father enrolled him in a gym of Shotokan Karate. He earned a black belt at age 18 and started lifting weights to improve his physique to receive Mr. Belgium bodybuilding title. Since 16, she also received ballet classes, which he studied for five years. It would later be in Taekwondo and Muay Thai.
With 15 years he started his career in competition karate and from 1976 to 1980, he amassed a record of 44 wins and 4 defeats in tournaments. Van Damme was a member of the Belgium Karate team which won the European Championship on December 26, 1979 in La Coupe François Persoons Karate Tournament in Brussels.
In 1982 he moved to the United States to be four thousand dollars in his pocket and accompanied by his friend of childhood, Michel Qissi actor. Both debuted as extras in the film, Breakin' '. He was a limousine driver and worked as double and Chuck Norris in disappeared in combattrainer. Was the monster costume predator but his chance came to him with Menahem Golan, producer he persuaded to let him star in Bloodsport.
The success of this film that managed to raise $ 40 million only in United States, became it star of the genre of martial arts after two secondary roles in Black Eagle and back never, never surrender. He has participated in Assembly and the screenplay for several of his films, also overseeing the choreography of almost all of his fights.
In the 2008 Debuts JCVD (his initials), film of French production that was presented at the Cannes International Film Festival and was well received by critics. Sylvester Stallone offers co - starring in The Expendables , but Van Damme rejects him. He released another sequel to the hit Universal soldierwith Dolph Lundgren and Andrei Arlovski, titled Universal Soldier: Regeneration and was premiered at the 2009 directly on DVD. He put his voice for the character of "Master crocodile" in the animated film Kung Fu Panda 2. The Eagle Path, who writes, performs, and directs, and Weapon, co-starring Scott Adkinsmartial arts star opens in 20In 2011 he shot Dragon Eyes, co-starring Peter Weller and Cung Le.
In 2013, he appeared in the comedy Welcome To The Jungle and back in 2012, works in the Universal Soldier series with Universal Soldier: Day of Reckoning. In 2015 presents JC 1er, a new television series for the French Canal +.
He was arrested after crashing his Mercedes-Benz car out of a restaurant West of Hollywood and sentenced to three years of parole accused of driving while intoxicated.
It espoused in Belgium with María Rodríguez in 1978 and divorced in 19He married Cynthia Derderian in 1985 and with Gladys Portuguese in 1987 with which he had two sons. In 1994 he married in Thailand Darcy LaPier with which had a son, divorced in 19In 1999, he returned with the mother of his two first children, Gladys, which he married again although they later returned to be separated again. In early 2015, Portuguese requested a second divorce citing irreconcilable differences, however, in May of the same year, they seemed to have been reconciled.