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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Molière
- Biography of Federico Garcia Lorca
- Biography of Adam Smith
- Biography of José Antonio Páez
Biography of Molière
(1622/01/15 - 1673/02/17)It moliere
Jean Baptiste Poquelin
French actor and playwright
He was born January 15, 1622 in Paris, son of an upholsterer.
In 1643, it is part of the company of the Béjart, family of professional actors; In 1662 he married a young woman of the family, Armande Béjart. He was the father of Marie Madeleine Poquelin, Pierre Poquelin and Louis Poquelin. The company acted in Paris until 1645 and began a tour of France for thirteen years.
Famous in his time for the uproar that sparked his satires about the corruption of the French society. His work was banned in theatres; Molière was nicknamed as the "demon in human blood", by the Catholic Church; the French State closed its doors to him and destroyed his posters. Finally in the year 1669, King Louis XIV allowed him to present his works in public.
In 1659, he released the beautiful ridiculous. Tartuffe, the traditional work of Molière, who was accused of wicked satire. that it satirizes hypocrisy in religion. This version was banned by the Catholic Church and Molière wrote two versions of the work, in 1666; in 1669 Molière writes and produces the third version of truffle, which is the version that is known today.
During these years he wrote seven of his greatest works, including Don Juan, in 1666, considered by many his master piece; The Misanthrope, in 1666, the miser, in 1668; and bourgeois gentleman, in 16The King forbade its public representation for five years. The MISANTHROPE (1666) is about a man of high principles, incapable of seeing the defects of the young that this love.
Other works are the doctor sticks (1666), satire on the medical profession and his latest comedy the imaginary invalid (1673) around a hypochondriac. Ironically, a few days after the premiere, in full representation, Molière became ill and died within a few hours, February 17, 1673, in Paris.
Biography of Federico Garcia Lorca
(1898/06/05 - 19/08/1936)Federico García Lorca
Spanish dramatist and poet
He was born on 5 June 1898 in FuenteVaqueros, Granada, in the bosom of a wealthy family.
Son of Federico Garcia Rodriguez, owner agricultural, married second wife Vicenta Lorca, a teacher on leave of absence. It is the greatest 5 brothers while the second died at age two, victim of a pneumonia, his brothers were Francis, Concepcion and Isabel. It is named after the name of Federico of the sacred heart of Jesus Garcia Lorca. Small suffered illness and physical problems which prevented him running or playing with friends, he is not learned to walk up to 4 years. In 1909, his family moved to Granada and entered the College of the sacred heart.
He studied baccalaureate, philosophy and literature, law , and music in his hometown, and between 1919 and 1928, lived at the Residencia de Estudiantesin Madrid where he met the painter Salvador Dalí, filmmaker Luis Buñuel and the poet Rafael Alberti, among others. In 1918 he published his first book, "impressions and landscapes" and in 1920, opens its first drama, "the curse of the butterfly", at Madrid's Teatro Eslava. His first poems appear in book of poems, 1921.
In 1922 he organized with the composer Manuel de Falla, the first festival of flamenco singing, and that same year precisely wrote the poem of the cante jondo, although it would not publish it until 19The first Gypsy Ballads, in 1928, is an example of poetry composed from popular materials. Poet in New York, he wrote between 1929 and 1930, but which was not published until 1940, edited Bergamin for the first time in Mexico. Earth and moon finished him in 1934, although it was published posthumously. Then appears his lament for Ignacio Sánchez Mejías, from 1935, chose composed on the death of Bullfighter. Six Galician poems, appears the same year. Among his farces, written from 1921 to 1928, outstanding Tragicomedy of don Cristobal and Retablillo de don Cristóbal, parts of puppet, and the footwear wondersto work of Andalusian atmosphere. Also, Love of don Perlimplín with Belisa in the garden. 1930 and 1931 the public and so five years pass, dramas are complex works influenced by psychoanalysis. Two rural tragedies are blood wedding, from 1933, and Yerma, 19In Doña Rosita the maiden, from 1935, it addresses the problem of the old maid, who also appears in the House of Bernarda Alba, completed in June 1936, and that criticism is often considered the fundamental work of Lorca.
At the beginning of his career he had also written two modernist dramas, the curse of the Butterfly (1920) and Mariana Pineda (1927). In the year 1925 spend Holy week in Cadaqués with Salvador Dalí and his family and writes "El Paseo de Buster Keaton". In 1929 he traveled to New York City, experience that marked him deeply. In 1933 he moved to the Argentina where he directs performances of his works in Buenos Aires. In this same year, he published "Ode to Walt Whitman"in Mexico. When he returned to Spain he wrote plays and was director of the University Theatre La Barraca. His anti-fascist positions and his fame became him a fatal victim of the Spanish Civil War.
On 9 August took refuge in the House of his friend the poet Luis Rosales in Granada. The civil guard stopped it on 16 August. They fusilan him on 19 August and buried in a mass grave in an olive grove near Viznar.
Biography of Adam Smith
(1723/06/05 - 1790/07/17)Adam Smith
British philosopher and Economist
He was born 5 June 1723 at Kirkcaldy, Scotland.
At fourteen he entered the University of Glasgow. In 1740 he won a scholarship to Oxford, passing the following years at Balliol College. In 1748 he was Assistant Professor of rhetoric and literature in Edinburgh.
Meet the Scottish philosopher David Hume, he was a friend to the death of this in 1776, and which greatly influenced on the economic and ethical theories of Smith. He was Professor of logic in 1751 and of Moral philosophy in 1752 at the University of Glasgow. He later explained his teachings in one of his best-known works, theory of moral sentiments (1759).
In 1763 he leaves University education to become tutor of Henry Scott, third Duke of Buccleuch, with whom he traveled for 18 months by France and Switzerland. During the trip he met the main French physiocrats , they advocated a political and economic doctrine based on the primacy of the law of nature, the richness and the order. From 1766 to 1776, he lived in Kirkcaldy where he wrote inquiry into the nature and causes of the wealth of Nations (1776), which is the starting point of the history of economics as a science independent of politics. It was called the father of political economy.
He was appointed director of customs in Edinburgh in 1778, since he worked until his death July 17, 17
Biography of José Antonio Páez
(1790/06/13 - 1873/05/06)José Antonio Páez
Military and Venezuelan politician, President of the Republic (1830-1835; 1839-1843; 1861-1863)
He was born June 13, 1790 in Curpa, near Acarigua.
Son of Juan Victorio Paez and Violante Maria Herrera.
Eight years old enter Mrs. Gregoria Díaz School, in the village of Guama.
At age 17, his mother sends it to an important mission in the large courtyard, near Cabudare. He wore an old sword, a pair of bronze guns, quite damaged and two hundred pesos for personal expenses. Back from his mission, as he passed by Mayurupi four outlaws, stormed it fired his weapon and killed with a shot that seemed to the head. Escape justice by hiding on a farm where he worked as a pawn.
In 1810 organizes the llaneros in favour of independence, becoming its highest representative and called that 'taita' ('father'). In the action of Mata de Miel(February 16, 1816), defeated, with only 500 men, 1,800 soldiers of Colonel Francisco López. Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and in El Yagual, he returned to annihilate the forces of López, who this time had 2,300 men. (January 28, 1817) had 1,100 llaneros which defeated the General in the battle of Mucuritas La Torre who led an army of 4,000 soldiers and in the battle of Las Queseras del Medio (April 2, 1819), beat Pablo Morillo realist. In the battle of Carabobo (24 June 1821), he was promoted to general in Chief.
Then it was absolute head of the Department of Venezuela, Member of the Republic of Gran Colombia. In 1826 he was dismissed by the Senate and was forced to hand over command on 29 April. The next day the movement called 'the Cosiata' broke out, Paez resumed power. Simón Bolívar traveled from the Peru and Puerto Cabello (January 1, 1827) decreed a total amnesty and confirmed him in office.
In 1830 Venezuela promulgated its Constitution and became President of the Republic (1830-1835). He was again elected for the period 1839-18It fostered the education, agriculture, handicraft and immigration, created the National Bank (1841) and moved the remains of the 'liberator' from Santa Marta to Caracas (1842).
In 1848 he took up arms against José Tadeo Monagas and was defeated. He invaded the country in the following year, but again was beaten, arrested and later exiled. In September 1861 he returned to Venezuela and established a dictatorial regime.
He signed the Treaty of car in 1863, and traveled to New York (United States), city in which died on May 6, 18His remains were repatriated and buried in the National Pantheon, on April 19, 18