Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Cayo Julio César Octavio Augusto
- Salma Hayek Biography
- Biography of Robin Williams
- Biography of Moisés Sáenz Garza
Biography of Cayo Julio César Octavio Augusto
(Unknown - Unknown)Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus Augustus
First Emperor of Rome (27a.C.-14d.C.)
He was born on September 23, 63 BC in Rome. Nephew grandson of Julius Caesar , who introduced him at the College of pontiffs.
When Caesar was assassinated in 44 BC, Octavio was in Illyria where he received the news that was the adopted heir of Caesar. It rivaled Marco Antonio, companion of César, for power. Octavio was appointed Senator and consul, accepted peace with his rival. At the end of the year 43 BC both, together with the ally of Mark Antony, the general Framework Aemilius Lepidus, formed the second triumvirate. The Alliance was ratified by killing their opponents, including 300 senators and 200 Knights. Among them Cicero.
Octavio controls most of the Western provinces, Marco Antonio the Eastern and Lepidus Africa. In the 37a.C. Octavio gave his sister Octavia in marriage to Antony. In 36 BC, Pompey sixth, son of Pompeyo Magno and the last major opponent to the triumvirate, was eliminated. Octavio sided Lepidus of power, while Marco Antonio was in the East fighting against deliveries. The triumvirate is dissolved when Marco Antonio returned to Octavia to Rome and married Cleopatra.
Through the acknowledgment of Caesarion (Tolomeo XV), son and Caesar, as his codirigente, Marco Antonio threatened the position of Octavian as sole successor of Caesar causing the war. Octavio defeated the joint army of Mark Antony and Cleopatra in the battle of Actium in 31 BC; Mark Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide the following year. Caesarion was killed.
In 27 BC the Roman Senate gave Octavian the title of augusto, who subsequently became synonymous with 'Emperor'. In 36 BC was granted the inviolability of a plebeian Tribune, and in 30 BC received the powers of a Tribune. The Senate also awarded him the highest authority in the provinces. After the death of Lepidus also became maximum Pontiff with control over religion.
Friend of the poets Ovid, Horace and Virgil, as well as the historian Livy. He was married three times; his third wife was Livia Drusilla, who already had two sons, Tiberius and Drusus the Germanic, from a previous marriage. Augusto also had a daughter, Julia, also from a previous marriage.
To the deceased first Druze and Julia, when Augusto died in Nola (Italy) on 19 August 14 ad, it was his stepson and son-in-law Tiberius who succeeded him.
Salma Hayek biography
(1968/09/02 - Unknown)Salma Hayek Jiménez
He was born on September 2, 1968 in Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz, Mexico.
Daughter of Diana Jiménez Medina, singer of opera and headhunters. His father, Sami Hayek Domínguez, who ran for mayor of Coatzacoalcos, was an oil company executive and owner of an industrial empresa-equipos. His paternal grandfather was of Baabdat, in the Lebanon. Her grandmother and maternal great-grandparents have their origin in Spain. His brother minor, Sami, was born in 19Its name, Salma, in Arabic means "peace" or "calm".
She was raised in a devout Catholic family. He entered the Academy of the Sacred Heart at Grand Coteau, Louisiana, United States, at the age of 12 years. As a teenager she was diagnosed with dyslexia. He attended the University of the city of Mexico, where he studied international relations at the Universidad Iberoamericana.
From a very young dreamed of becoming an actress. They propose it to roll a couple of spots for television and later was the girl of Televisa in the announcement of one of its chains. He took acting classes and leaves the University, with the opposition of his family.
His first professional work was a child, "Aladdin". There was a producer who offered him a role in the telenovela "Nuevo amanecer". Immediately then becomes the protagonist of "Teresa", a soap opera "of filling", because it was issued to media later. All the actors were unknown and his character even though it suffered much also knew to be bad. It had everything to not work, and however did. He broke records in Mexico. He obtained an audience of 61 per cent. Changed it to "prime time" and Salma Hayek became famous overnight in the morning.
He leaves his country and moved to Los Angeles to study at the Stella Adler school. In two years it does nothing, to concentrate on the acting classes. After small roles in some TV movies, he returned to Mexico to shoot "the alley of miracles", which was followed in the United States "Desperado", directed by Robert Rodríguez.
Highlights your sensual dance with a snake in "open until dawn" (From dusk till dawn), by the same director, "first of all I will say that before making this film, what you most dread gave me in life were the vipers, true panic, of truth." I tried to convince Robert to change idea, but told me that either it was with the serpent or gave the role to Madonna. So for months I did everything: psychoanalysis, meditation, work with dreams, consulting with witches, Voodoo... everything to remove that fear. In the end I found a person who took me in a single session. Dance with an albino Python of many meters ends up being a very interesting experience, because it is that takes you the rhythm".
At the Time of the butterflies, 2001 film based on the book by Julia Álvarez of the same title, played one of the Mirabal sisters, that opposed the Dominican dictator Rafael Leónidas Trujillo. In 2002 Salma Hayek painter Frida Kahlostarring in a film about his compatriot. Directed in English by American Julie Taymor and with a cast that includes the British Alfred Molina (in the role of Diego Rivera) and the Spanish Antonio Banderas (as David Alfaro Siqueiros), "Frida" has the life and career of one of the most important Mexican painters of the 20th century. In October 2003, the actress received a strong ovation from the public display of his debut film as a Director, "the Maldonado miracle", which was shown at the First International Film Festival of Morelia, and in 2004 released is 'Ultra Violet' film, directed by Robert Altman. Hayek, was accompanied by James Franco in the cast of this film's mystery, centered in the world of art in New York. In December 2005, she directed a music video for Prince, titled Te Amo Corazón. He was executive producer of Ugly Betty, a television series that broadcast between 2006 and 2010.
In April 2007, he negotiated with MGM to become CEO of his own production company, Ventanarosa. The following month, Ventanarosa signed a two year contract with ABC to develop projects for the network. In 2010 she played the wife of Adam Sandler in the comedy Grown Ups. In 2012, Hayek went to Jada Pinkett Smith in the music video Nothing compares. He repeated his role in Grown Ups 2, which was released in July 2013.
He is a naturalized citizen of the United States.
On 21 September 2007, gives birth in a hospital in Los Angeles, a girl who was baptized as Valentina Paloma Pinault-Hayekel, daughter of the French businessman Francois-Henri Pinault, Chairman of the luxury goods and Pinault-Printemps-Redoute distribution group) (PPR). In September 2008 Salma communicates its commitment of 16 months and wedding plans cancelled, although the 14 of February 2009 was married civilly in Paris. The religious wedding celebrated it on April 26, 2009 at the Palazzo Grassi in Venice.
Biography of Robin Williams
(1952/07/21 - 2014/08/11)Robin Williams
He was born on July 21, 1952 in Chicago, Illinois (United States).
Son of an Executive of Ford and the model Laurie Williams.
He studied Political science at the Claremont Meris College, the College of Marin and the Julliard School. He enrolled in the prestigious Academy Julliard in New York, where he spent three years under the tutelage of the author John Houseman.
At the conclusion of his studies he returned to San Francisco and joined a comedy workshop. Acting on the street took its first steps and began working in nightclubs. It was launched to fame through a character in a television series,Happy Days, and he liked combining film with live shows. His first protagonist was in "Popeye", directed by Robert Altman.
He continued performing comedy in special programs of television, in parallel to his career as an actor on the big screen, which also highlights titles such as "Cadillac Man" (Cadillac man), "Awakenings" (awakening), "Hook" and "Mrs. Doubtfire" (La Mrs. Doubtfire).
It is nominated three times for an Oscar as best actor for "Good morning, Vietnam", "the club of the Dead Poets Society" and "the fisherman King" and got it as a child by "El indomable Will Hunting" (in search of destiny), alongside Matt Damon. He won it in 1997 for best actor cast in Good Will Hunting. It overturned his career thanks to "insomnia", where he plays a kind of dark and gloomy, a writer of detective novels who appears as the main suspect in the murder of a teenager in a bleak town in Alaska. In 2006 works in "Man of the year", in Night at the Museum inHappy Feet. In 2007, acts on the comedy License to Wed and 2009, working jointly with John Travolta in the comedy from Disney Old Dogs.
In the Theatre he achieved great success with the play "waiting for Godot". Member of numerous humanitarian organizations. Forbes magazine proclaimed him the American actor better paid, alongside Harrison Ford. The Italian ballerina he married Valeria Velardi in 1985 were parents of Zachary. After divorce he married for the second time Marsha Graces with whom he had two children Cody and Zelda. In March 2008, his wife filed for divorce citing irreconcilable differences.
On 9 August 2006, he was interned in a rehabilitation centre (located in Newberg, Oregon), admitted that he was an alcoholic. He was hospitalized in March 2009 by heart problems. He underwent surgery to replace his aortic valve. The surgery was successfully completed on March 13, 2009, at the Cleveland Clinic.
Robin Williams was found dead at his home in Tiburon, Marin County, California, on August 11, 20Its representative reported that he suffered a "severe depression". The actor has spent eight years without having tasted a drop of alcohol or have been approached to drugs, once again to fall in 2006 and are forced to resort to the help of experts.
Biography of Moisés Sáenz Garza
(16/02/1888 - 1941/10/24)Moisés Sáenz Garza
He was born on February 16, 1888 in El Mezquital, Apodaca, Nuevo León.
His childhood was spent beside his parents, until he moved to the city of Monterrey to study their primary education at the Colegio Civil; He continued his studies in the City of Mexico and joined the Presbyterian school of Coyoacán. Possessor of a huge educational vocation entered the Normal Veracruzana in Jalapa, place where he graduated, thus reaffirming the great spirit of master. He also studied at the universities of Jefferson and Washington, specializing in natural and chemical sciences; He attended a course of post-graduate course at the Sorbonne in Paris, France; later he obtained the degree of doctor of philosophy at Columbia University with the thesis "The comparative education" (United States and Europe), which included a project for adaptation to secondary schools in Mexico.
He was director of education in the State of Guanajuato and the Federal District. Director of Escuela Nacional Preparatoria and the summer school of the National Autonomous University of Mexico. Professor of philosophy and letters of the Escuela Nacional de Maestros. Chief Clerk, Deputy Secretary and Secretary of the office of the Secretariat of public education. Director-general of public charity. Chairman of the Committee of indigenous research. Minister of Mexico in Denmark and Ambassador of Mexico in Peru.
Sáenz Garza did important work on indigenismo. Assisted in the Organization and led after the first Indigenous Congress, meeting in Patzcuaro, in 1940, where he was appointed Director of the Inter-American Indian Institute. He developed a program for the creation of the Department of Indian Affairs and the legal protection of the Mexican Indian. The creation of secondary level education in Mexico is attributed.
Moisés Sáenz Garza died on October 24, 1941 in Lima, Peru.