Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Eugenio Maria de Hostos
- Biography of Salvador Díaz Mirón
- Biography of Noam Chomsky
- Biography of Huayna Capac
Biography of Eugenio Maria de Hostos
(1839/01/11 - 1903/08/11)Eugenio María de Hostos
Puerto Rican writer
He was born on 11 January 1839 in the City of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico. Son of Eugenio de Hostos and Hilaria of Bonilla.
He studied law in Madrid. Become Republican revolutionary, he believed that the renewal of Spain was going through the overthrow of the monarchy. He delivered a celebrated lecture at the Ateneo de Madrid, at the end of 1868, and then decided to start the struggle for the independence of Cuba and Puerto Rico.
He took part in the glorious revolution that overthrew Isabel II and gave his support to Pi i Margall and Castelar, trying to establish the first Spanish Republic. Does not find support in their approaches to freedom fighters in the Spanish West Indies, left Spain and settled in New York, where he joined the revolutionaries in Cuba and Puerto Rico. He devised an Federation independent Antillana spreading his ideas in his frequent trips by Latin American countries.
Politician, sociologist, pedagogue and moralist, author of works such as my trip to the South (1872), Hamlet, critical essay (1874), the education of children (1875) and subsequently, in Santo Domingo, lessons of constitutional law (1887), social morality (1888) and the posthumous Treaty of Sociology (1904). Founder of the Normal School, in the Dominican Republic, participated in the reform of the law studies, at the University of Santiago de Chile.
With the U.S. invasion of Puerto Rico, it had initially supported what he thought were good intentions and founded the League of the Patriots, although after meeting with President McKinley strongly rejected its claims of annexation.
Disappointed, María Eugenio de Hostos returned to his second home: the Dominican Republic, dying in Santo Domingo in an infectious fever on August 11, 19
Biography of Salvador Díaz Mirón
(1853/12/14 - 12/06/1928)Salvador Díaz Mirón
He was born on December 14, 1853 in the Port of Veracruz (Mexico). Son of the Governor of his State, Manuel Díaz Mirón, followed in the footsteps of his father, but with a strong inclination towards the letters.
At age 14 he started in the profession of journalist. He was Deputy and had to go into exile in the United States and Spain. He spent time in jail for killing a guy in a duel.
He published two books of poems: poems (1896) and chips (1901). The first, which later, renegaría is a book close to romanticism, and the second is an adventure in ways that would mark the way to Rubén Darío. Chips was a minority book but that it completely changed her poetry and managed some of the most difficult and beautiful Spanish verses. Formal perfection, which sometimes ICES it, achieved on other occasions where the artifice and the difficulty are not noticed or, as in the dead, a description that opens eyes to the horror without that flow, as a spasm that is narrated extreme delicacy and softness.
Salvador Díaz Mirón died in his hometown on June 12, 19
Biography of Noam Chomsky
(1928/12/07 - Unknown)Noam Chomsky
Noam Avril Chomsky
He was born on December 7, 1928 in Philadelphia.
Eldest son William Chomsky, a distinguished Jewish scholar Ashkenazi born in Ukraine who escaped to the United States in 19Her mother was Elsie Simonofsky Belarusian.
His brother minor, David Eli Chomsky, was born five years after it. They were raised in a Jewish environment, they learned Hebrew and debating political theories of Zionism; Since his family was influenced by Zionists of left as Ahad Haam.
He studied at the University of Pennsylvania, where he received the influences of Zellig Harris. PhD in 1951, he spent four years at Harvard (1951-55), but later moved to the University of Pennsylvania (1955).
He began a long career in teaching at the Massachusetts Institute of technology.
Recognized as one of the main founders of the transformacional-generativa grammar, a system of linguistic analysis that challenges to traditional and related to philosophy, logic, Linguistics and Psycholinguistics. The book syntactic structures (1957) was considered to be a revolution in the discipline of Linguistics.
Chomsky's theory suggests that every human utterance has two structures: surface structure, surface combining the words, and the "deep structure" which are rules and universal mechanisms. In more practical terms, the theory argues that the means to acquire a language are natural in all human beings and are triggered as soon as a child begins to learn the basics of a language.
His most important linguistic publications are: Syntactic structures (1957), aspects of the theory of syntax (1965),The Sound Pattern of English (1968; with Morris Halle), thoughts and language (1972),The Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory and Reflections on Language (both from the year 1975). Language and Responsibility (1979) relates to language and politics. Chomsky's political writings include: American power and the new mandarins (1969).
Political activist, was characterized by its criticism of capitalism and the foreign policy of the United States. In 1967, he made his foray into political activism with opposition to United States involvement in the war in Viet Nam and obtaining recognition thanks to his essay The Responsibility of Intellectuals. Associated with the New Left, he was arrested several times for his activism against the war. Chomsky developed a model of critical propaganda in the media by Edward S. Herman. After withdraw from teaching, he continued his activism giving their support to Occupy and other movements.
He was married to Carol Doris Schatz from 1949 until his death in 20They had three children: Aviva, Diane, and Harry. In 2014, he married Valeria Wasserman.
Biography of Huayna Capac
(Unknown - Unknown)Huayna Capac
Inca Emperor (1493-1525)
Supposedly born about 1467 in Cuzco (in the current Peru), although he was probably born in Tumipamba, current basin.
Son of Tupac Yupanqui and Mama Ocllo. During his tenure, the inca Empire reached its greatest expansion, due to the wars that personally headed northward; Likewise, it gained great importance the city of Tumibamba or Tumipampa (Quito), from where it is supposed embarked on its policy of conquest. In 1525, the inca empire stretched from the region of pasture, in the current Colombia, up to the Maule River in Chile.
Died, around Central the magnificent in 1525, she left as heir to Nina Coyuchi, who a few days also died, probably, like the Inca, smallpox or any disease of Spanish origin. Following this, the Empire was divided between his sons Huascar and Atahualpa. Internal disputes which were produced by this division weakened the Empire and, in 1532, made him an easy win for the Spanish Francisco Pizarro target.