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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Joseph John Thomson
- Biography of Wassily Kandinsky - Vasily Kandinsky
- Biography of Max Weber
- Biography of Juana la Loca - Juana I de Castilla - Juana la Loca
Biography of Joseph John Thomson
(1856/12/18 - 1940/08/30)J.J. Thomson
Sir Joseph John Thomson
It was born on December 18, 1856 in Cheetham Hill, Manchester, Lancashire. The son of a bookseller who wanted that Thomson was engineer.
In 1870, with fourteen years he entered at Owens College (today part of the University of Manchester) later (1876), he did it at Trinity College, Cambridge University, where he also taught mathematics and physics. He obtained his Bachelor's degree in mathematics in 18He served as Professor of experimental physics at the Cavendish laboratory from 1884, and rector of Trinity College in Cambridge (1918-1940) where he met Niels Bohr and where he would remain until his death. One of his students was Ernest Rutherford, who would later become his successor in the post. He was also President of the Royal Society (1915-1920) and Professor of natural philosophy at the Royal institution of Great Britain (1905-1918). In 1890 he married Rose Elisabeth, daughter of sir George E. Paget.
In 1898 he drafted the pudding of prunes of the atomic structure theory, in which he argued that electrons were as negative "plums" embedded in a positive matter "pudding". He was considered the discoverer of the electron by his experiments with the flow of particles (electrons) that make up the cathode rays. In 1906 Thomson demonstrated that hydrogen has a single electron. It allows to confirm or reject several previous theories about number of electrons, as well as carbon. Proposed the second Atomic model (the first was proposed by John Dalton, in 1808), which could be characterized as a sphere of positive charge in which the electrons are embedded.
He was awarded in 1906 Nobel Prize in physics, thanks to his work on the conduction of electricity through gases. In 1908 he was appointed sir. He received the Royal Medal in 1894, the Hughes medal in 1902, and the Copley Medal in 1914.
Joseph John Thomson died in Cambridge, United Kingdom, on August 30, 1940 and was buried in Westminster Abbey.
Biography of Wassily Kandinsky - Vasily Kandinsky
(1866/12/05 - 13/12/1944)Wassily Kandinsky
He was born on December 5, 1866 in Moscow (Russia).
He studied painting and drawing in Odessa, and law and economics at the University of Moscow.
When he was 30 years old he moved to Munich.
Although his early works are framed within a line naturalist, starting in 1909, after a trip to Paris where he was deeply impressed by the works of the Fauvist and postimpresionistas, his painting became more colourful. Murnau: the output to Johannstrasse (1908) and painting with three spots (1914), both in the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum in Madrid (Spain), are two of the works which took place in Munich before returning to Russia.
In 1911 formed, together with Franz Marc and other German expressionist group Der Blaue Reiter (the blue rider).
Its influence on the development of the art of the 20th century became even more through its activities as a theoretician and teacher.
In 1912 he published of the spiritual in art, first theoretical Treaty on abstraction.
He worked as Professor at the Academy of fine arts in Moscow between 1918 and 1921, and between 1922 and 1933 the Bauhaus in Dessau, Germany.
His abstractions became increasingly more geometric composition VIII No. 260 (1923, Museo Guggenheim, New York, United States), is a set of lines, circles, arcs and other geometric shapes. In very later works such as circle and square (1943, private collection) strikes a beautiful balance.
Wassily Kandinsky died on December 13, 1944 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, on the outskirts of Paris.
Biography of Max Weber
(1864/04/21 - 1920/06/14)Max Weber
German sociologist and Economist
He was born on April 21, 1864 in Erfurt (Germany).
He studied at the universities of Heidelberg, Munich and Göttingen. In 1895 he was appointed Professor of political economy at the University of Freiburg and then at Heidelberg.
It was affected by a nervous collapse that led him to leave teaching and worked for some years as editor of the Archiv für Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik, German newspaper of sociology.
Trying to refute the economic determinism of Marxist theory, he combined his interest in economics with sociology, in an attempt to establish, through a historical study, that the historical cause-effect relationship depended not only on economic variables.
In one of his most famous works, Die protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus (the Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism, 1904-1905), sought to demonstrate that ethical and religious values had exerted an important influence in the development of capitalism.
Max Weber died on June 14, 1920 in Munich.
Biography of Juana la Loca - Juana I de Castilla - Juana la Loca
(1479/11/06 - 1555/04/12)Juana la Loca
Queen of Castile (1504-1555)
He was born November 6, 1479 in Toledo. Second daughter of the Catholic monarchs.
She was educated by Beatriz Galindo, 'the Latin'. In the year 1496 he married Archduke Philip the handsome, eldest son of Maximilian of Austria and Mary of Burgundy, to strengthen the international politics of his father. He received ill-treatment of Felipe, that with the continuous absences and constant infidelities influenced the behaviour of the Queen.
After the death of his brothers Juan and Isabel, and his nephew Miguel of Portugal in 1500, he became heiress of Castile and Aragon. While there were clear problems of mental derangement and French trends of her husband, his mother named Isabel heir in his will, although it specified that in the event of absence or incapacity it administer Fernando el Católico realm until the coming of age of his grandson Charles, the future Charles I.
Juana and her husband were recognized as heirs by the Cortes of Castile and Aragon. Isabel died in 1504, and Fernando had hopes of keeping the Government on behalf of his daughter, but the attitude of a part of the Castilian nobility, approached Philip, it forced him to withdraw to Aragón.
Philip the handsome, died by drinking a glass of ice water after playing ball. It had 28 years, five children and another on way. When this took several months buried in the Carthusian monastery of Miraflores, his widow, made to dig up the embalmed body. "Arrival at Miraflores, he descended into the burial pit where the body of her good husband had been deposited, and after having remained there throughout the funeral, did raise the coffin and open it, first the lead box, and then of wood, and tore the embalmed shrouds that wrapped the corpse." And I did that, pusose to kiss the feet of her husband."
The desire of Philip of being buried in Granada so that the Queen of Castile began a pilgrimage with the coffin which lasted three years (1506-1509) was enough. The accentuation of the imbalance of Juana made that Fernando took over again the Government of Castile in 15When he died, his grandson Charles became a give the title of King, but Juana remained Queen and documents her name contained in the first place.
The Queen remained, until his death April 12, 1555, away from any political activity in his residence of Tordesillas. His six children sat, or had been sitting in the more lofty Thrones: two men ostentarían the imperial dignity, as well as the Hispanic kingdoms and Austrian with their annexes; the daughters were Queens consorts of Portugal, Hungary, Denmark and France.
It was from 1504 Queen of Castile, and from the rest of Spain1516, and these dignities them would have until the end of his days, although in fact never reigned, so would have reasons to say that who disappeared was Queen of Spain, although that title had it from his son for four decades Charles.
Her body rested in the crypt of the convent until 1574, moment in which his grandson, Philip II, moved him first to El Escorial and then to Granada.