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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Pedro de Alvarado
- Biography of Bernardo O'Higgins
- Biography of John of God Peza
- Biography of Talcott Parsons
Biography of Pedro de Alvarado
(Unknown - 1541/07/04)
Pedro de Alvarado
He was born in Badajoz, Extremadura province.
Son of don Diego de Alvarado, Commander of Lobón, in the order of Santiago and Mrs. Sara de Contreras.
Married in first wedlock with Doña Francisca de la Cueva and to her death, married sister, Doña Beatriz de la Cueva. Had two sons with a princess named Tecuilhuatzin tlaxcala , eldest daughter of the old cacique Jicotenga, baptized with the name of Doña Luisa, who accompanied him during all the conquest of Mexico and Guatemala. From his marriage with don Pedro was born in Guatemala and Mexico Pedro a daughter, Leonor, who came to the world in the Spanish camp of Utatlán 22 March 15Doña Leonor married don Pedro de Portocarrero, Alvarado's right arm and a widowed, married don Francisco de la Cueva.
Pedro de Alvarado, with his brothers, decided, in 1510 travel to the New world. He came to Hispaniola, where moved to Cuba, and in 1518 he participated in the expedition, sent by Diego Velázquez, explored the Yucatán peninsula and the coasts of the Gulf of Mexico.
A year passed, embarked with Hernán Cortés and, after landing in Veracruz, they left together toward the interior of the country. After a confrontation with Otomi Tlaxcalaserving troops, Alvarado and the other companions of courts established an Alliance that became known as Republic of Tlaxcala. On November 8, 1519, after crossing the region of volcanoes, Hernán Cortes, Alvarado and other captains and Spanish soldiers came for the first time in the City of Mexico called Tenochtitlan. There they were received by Moctezuma, who gave them accommodation in one of the palaces of the city.
Made prisoner to Moctezuma, Cortés left the city to deal with Panfilo de Narváez , sent by the Governor of Cuba, Diego Velázquez, had come to the shores of Veracruz to depose the control and arrest him. It was then, during the great Festival of Toxcatl, which was held recently at the feast of Easter in 1520, when Pedro de Alvarado carried out an attack on treason against the mexicas who were in the large courtyard of the main temple of the city. Thus, Cortés returning once defeated Narvaez, had to abandon it on July 30, 15In his outing on the road of Tacuba lost a large number of his men in the episode called "the sad night".
On May 30, 1521, conquered the Aztecs or Mexica metropolis. After this achievement, it was commissioned by courts carry out fastening of other villages to the southeast of Mexico. In compliance with such orders conquered what is today known as Guatemala. Then he sojuzgó the lordship of Cuzcatan, whose territory is known today as the Republic of El Salvador. He founded the city of Santiago de Guatemala in July 25, 15After a rebellion of the cakchiqueles, the city moved in 1527 to the Almolonga Valley, on the slopes of the volcano of water. The transfer was arranged by Jorge, brother of Peter, who was at the time in Spain.
In 1534 he went to Peru in order to participate in the conquest of the incas by the Pizarro. Spent a little time, he had to return to new Spain. After being at the helm for some time by the Government of Guatemala, it was authorized to undertake a maritime expedition heading to the Spice Islands. He left Guatemala at the head of an important fleet that was touching various parts of the coasts of the Pacific in Mexican territory. Arriving at the port of Christmas, in 1540, he came into contact with the viceroy Antonio de Mendoza , who was interested in financially participating in the expedition of Alvarado.
The great upheaval of the caxcan Chichimeca is known as the war of the Miztonsucceeded in Nueva Galicia. Cristóbal de Oñate, who was trying to suppress to the elevations, called to the rescue. By this he moved to Guadalajara. There, Alvarado decided to leave immediately to meet the elevations. Rejected by them in the peñol de Nochiztlan, after losing several of his men, withdrew pursued by Indians. Arriving in a Canyon near Yagualica, it marched on foot followed by Baltasar de Montoya, pulling his horse. Tripping this in a stony and difficult place, wine down over Alvarado dragging him several meters. Seriously wounded, he was then transferred to Guadalajara, where he died on July 4, 1541.
Biography of Bernardo O'Higgins
(1778/08/20 - 1842/10/24)
Bernardo O'Higgins Riquelme
Political, military, and Chilean national hero
He was born August 20, 1778 in Chillán Viejo.
Illegitimate son of Ambrosio O'Higgins, Irish, Governor origin in the service of Spain in Chile and Viceroy of Peru. His mother was Isabel Riquelme María and Meza. His parents never got married, but this did not imply that the parent is desentendiera of its stem. It decided that it was put under the care of the Portuguese merchant, John Albano Pereira. In 1782, he was taken to Talca to the merchant House, where he was baptized. In 1788, Ambrosio O'Higgins was appointed Governor of Chile and wanting to give his son a good education, sent him to the College of natural in Chillán and then aristocratic School of San Carlos in Lima.
He also studied in Britain and Spain. On 3 April 1800 embarks on the frigate "confidence" to return to Chile, but this is captured by a ship of the English, and must return to their port of origin. In Cádiz he remains two years more. Upon receiving the news of the death of his father in Lima, on March 18, 1801, he returned to Chile on 6 September 18His father died tested in their favor the Hacienda Las Canteras 16.689 blocks and more than 4,000 head of cattle. The following years he devoted to this property.
He took part in the revolution of 1810, which established a Board of Governors in Santiago by replacing the Spanish Governor-General. When the First Chilean National Congressmet in 1811, he was elected Deputy. In 1813 he was appointed General of the army by the second National Governing Board.
In 1814, in Rancagua, he was defeated by realistic troops financed by the viceroy of Peru to make Chile return to the Spanish domain. Escape with most of his followers and crosses the Andes to Argentina. Chilean independence fighters were defeated by the armies of the realistic and the Chilean territory was maintained for the next three years under Spanish rule.
He joined the general José de San Martín, with whom he returned to defeat the royalists at the battle of Chacabuco 12 February 18That same month, he was named Chile Supreme director, and in February of 1818 made the Declaration of independence in Talca-Chilean.
Authoritatively governed for six years. He became unpopular for his relationship with the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata. He abdicated in 1823 and moved to Peru arriving at El Callao July 28, 18As he did not have other entries, he remained with the product of the culture of the haciendas Montalván and Cuiba that were presented to him by the Peru.
Bernardo O'Higgins died on October 24, 1842, in Lima. On January 11, 1869, the Corvettes of war "O'Higgins", "Emerald" and "Chacabuco" calling to Valparaiso, under the command of Vice Admiral Manuel Blanco Encalada, bringing his remains from the port of El Callao, to be buried in the General Cemetery. In 1979, were moved to the Altar of the homeland where her urn remains covered by the national flag and lighting the flame of liberty.
Biography of John of God Peza
(1852-06-29 - 1910/03/16)
Juan de Dios Peza
He was born on June 29, 1852 in Mexico City at the heart of a conservative family; his father was a Minister.
He studied at the Medical school where he meets Manuel Acuña. He left the studies to devote himself to journalism.
In 1878 was appointed Secretary of the Legation of Mexico in Spain, where he met the politician Castelar, and writers such as Núñez de Arce and Campoamor. Back in Mexico he is elected Deputy to the Congress of the Union.
As poet wrote: home and homeland, Homeland of lyre, Harp of the love, memories and hopes, Flowers of the soul and Festive wines.
Juan de Dios Peza died in Mexico City on March 16, 19
Biography of Talcott Parsons
(1902-12-13 - 1979/05/08)
Born on 13 December 1902 in Colorado Springs, Colorado.
He studied at Amherst College, the London School of Economics and the University of Heidelberg (Germany). He taught sociology at the University of Harvard from 1927 until 1974 more afternoon was appointed Chairman of the Department of social relations.
A functionalist who argued that society tended toward self-regulation and self-sufficiency while maintaining certain basic needs, which included the preservation of the social order, supply of goods and services and the protection of children.
His books include the structure of social action (1937) and the social system (1951). It is regarded as one of the most eminent sociologists of the twentieth century, although it has been criticized for not paying enough attention to social change and the conflicts associated with it.
Talcott Parsons died on May 8, 1979, in Munich, Germany.