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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Pierre Auguste Renoir
- Biography of William Gilbert
- Biography of Julius Lothar Meyer
- Biography of Narciso Mendoza
Biography of Pierre Auguste Renoir
(1841/02/25 - 1919/12/03)Pierre-Auguste Renoir
French Impressionist painter
He was born on February 25, 1841 in Limoges.
Son of a tailor who moved his family to Paris.
During his childhood, he worked as a decorator in a porcelain factory.
With 17 years he copied paintings on fans, lamps and blinds screens. He was inducted into the Academy of fine arts and in 1862 he enrolled in the Academy of the Swiss painter Charles Gabriel Gleyre, where you would find with Fridéric Bazille, Claude Monet and Alfred Sisley.
In his earliest work, the influence of painters like Monet in his treatment of light, and Eugène Delacroix in his treatment of the color could be observed.
His first exhibition took place in Paris in 1864, but was not really recognized until 1874, the first exhibition of the new Impressionist school painters.
Their dance of the Moulin de la Galette (1876, Musée d'Orsay, Paris) is one of the most famous works of impressionism. We should stand out as examples of portrait: Madame Charpentier and her children (1878, Metropolitan Museum of New York) and Jeanne Samary (1879, Museum of the Louvre in Paris).
Other notable paintings are: Loge (1874, galleries of the Courtauld Institute in London), woman of the fan (1875) and Your swing (1875), both in the Musée d'Orsay in Paris, the luncheon of the boating party (1881, Phillips collection of Washington), umbrellas (1883, National Gallery, London) and vase of chrysanthemums (1895, Museum of fine arts of Rouen, France).
Got a great reputation with the solo exhibition held at the Gallery Durand-Ruel in Paris in 1883.
Between 1884 and 1887, he conducted a series of studies of Group of naked figures known as the bathers (Philadelphia Museum of art).
In his last 20 years suffered arthritis and continued working with a brush attached to the arm.
His son Jean Renoir, was to become an internationally renowned filmmaker.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir died on December 3, 1919, in Cagnes.
Biography of William Gilbert
(1544/05/24 - 1603/12/10)William Gilbert
English physician and physicist
He was born on 24 may 1544 in Colchester, Essex (England).
He studied at the Saint John completo College of the University of Cambridge. In 1573 he began practicing medicine in London and in 1601 he became doctor of Elizabeth I.
His most important work, published in 1600, is related to the study of magnetism under the title De Magnete, Magneticisque Corporibus, et de Magno Magnete Tellure (on magnetism, magnetic bodies and the great quake magnet or ground).
He discovered that many substances had the ability to attract light objects when they are rubbed and applied the electric term to force carrying these substances after being rubbed. He was the first to use terms such as 'power', 'electrical attraction'and'magnetic pole'.
William Gilbert died in London on December 10, 1603.
Biography of Julius Lothar Meyer
(1830/08/19 - 1895/04/11)Julius Lothar Meyer
He was born on August 19, 1830 in Varel, Oldenburg.
He studied at the universities of Zürich, Würzburg, Heidelberg and Königsberg (today Kaliningrad). In 1866 he was Professor of natural sciences at Eberswalde. From the year 1876 he was Professor of chemistry at the University of Tübingen.
Among his achievements is the obtaining of a curve that establishes the relationship between the volume of atoms and their weights. In 1870 he presented his discovery of the periodic law which States that the properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic mass. This basic law was discovered in 1869 by the Russian chemist Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev, who was best known by the discovery that his colleague Meyer.
Julius Lothar Meyer passed away on April 11, 1895 in Tübingen .
Biography of Narciso Mendoza
(Unknown - Unknown)Narciso Mendoza
State of Morelos was born in the year of 1800 in Cuautla, today.
In 1812, it appears in the body of children's troops that Morelos, during the siege of that population, under the command of his son, Juan Nepomuceno Almonte. Cuautla besieged by the royalists of Calleja, was defended by the their lieutenants, Galeana, the Bravo and Matamoros. The first attack became available on February 19 of that year of 1812, the started was at 7 in the morning in the plaza de San Diego, under the supervision of don Hermenegildo Galeana.
The realists penetrated to the city, taking the House remaining on both sides of the street to the town of San Diego. The soldiers guarding the trenches of San Diego, fled towards the Centre of the town, abandoning weapons and Park. The Spaniards ran, in group, to take control of San Diego; but then a 12-year-old boy, Narciso Mendoza, saw that a cannon aimed at the street had been charged, and that about it had been pulled a lit torch; He took this and approached the wick of the gunpowder of the canon, which produced a large explosion raining shrapnel on the Spaniards who came running down the street.
Caught on the run, realists saw falling to some of his companions, believing that the insurgents had returned to San Diego, and began to shoot them, they recoiled at the same time scared. Galeana remade his troops, came to his aid Morelos and Bravo Leonardo, and returned to defend the Fort of San Diego, rejecting in their attacks further to the realists. Same Morelos congratulated the boy hero, Narciso Mendoza, front of the troop, ante which gave him the grade of second lieutenant.
The child became Lieutenant Colonel in the Mexican army, once achieved the independence of Mexico.