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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Robert Pattinson
- Biography of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
- Biography of Harry Truman - Harry S. Truman
- Biography of Juan Manuel Santos
Biography of Robert Pattinson
(1986/05/13 - Unknown)Robert Pattinson
Robert Douglas Thomas Pattinson
He was born on May 13, 1986 in London.
Son of Richard Pattinson, owner of a dealer and importer of vintage American cars, and Clare Pattinson, a worker in a modeling agency. Two older sisters, Victoria and Lizzy has. He was raised as a Catholic.
He attended the private Tower House School, where they expelled him at age 12, and after high school Harrodian School.
With 12 years he began working as a model. Pattinson plays the guitar and the piano, and composed his own music. His beginnings as an actor were in Theatre at the age of 15 years in the Company of Teatro Barnes for beginners. He had a small role in Guys and Dolls. He then participated in the works of Thornton Wilder, Our Town, and also in Anything Goes and Macbeth. While he acted in Tess of the D'urbervilles ' D work an agent noticed it and began to look for important roles.
He appeared in several films for television, as in the German Ring of the Nibelungs (the ring of the Nibelungen) in 2004, and in Vanity Fair as Rawdy Crawly, but his scenes were cut and they can only be seen in the DVD Edition. He also worked on "The Woman Before" in 2005, but was fired shortly before the opening of the night and replaced by Tom Riley.
At the end of that year appears in "Harry Potter and the Goblet of fire", playing Cedric Diggory. Thanks to this role was named "British Star of Tomorrow (British Star of the future)" by the Times Onlinenewspaper. From then he began making independent films. He made the autumn 2007 Hackettbrand advertising campaign. That same year he was appointed an honorary member, in the list of The Cotaire.
On December 11, 2007, Summit Entertainment announced that Robert would interpret to Edward Cullen, the sexy vampire in the movie of twilight and its sequels, based on the books by Stephenie Meyer. Pattinson collaborated with the songs in the soundtrack of the film "Never think"and"Let me Sign "".
After in intervened in the short film The Summer House and films How to Be, That Bad Mother completo Handbook and without limits. The second part of twilight, New Moonpremiered in United States at the end of 20'Remember Me', where shared role with Emilie de Ravin and Pierce Brosnanwas released in March 20In summer 2010, was released the third part of twilight, Eclipse. In 2011, she starred in the film adaptation of the novel Bel Ami, embodying Georges Duroy. The film had its world premiere at the 62 international Berlin Film Festival.
He starred in the film adaptation of Cosmopolis, directed by David Cronenberg, and it competed competed for the Palme d'Or at the Festival de Cine de Cannes 20Pattinson appeared for the last time as Edward Cullen in the final installment of the twilight saga, The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn - Part 2, which was released on November 16, 2012, raising more than 829.000.000 of dollars throughout the world thus becoming the film highest grossing of the series. At the end of 2013, he appeared in a short film in black and white with the model Camille Rowe, as the new face of Dior Homme fragrance.
In may 2014, he presented two films at Cannes Film Festival; first The Rover, which had its premiere out of competition at the festival, and for which he received rave reviews; She continued with the film directed by Cronenberg, Maps to the Stars, a piece of black humor that competed for the Palme d'Or at the festival. In 2015, two of his films were premiered at the 65th international of Berlin Film Festival; It first appeared in the film by Werner Herzog, Queen of the Desert, alongside Nicole Kidman and James Franco embodying T.E. Lawrence, starred later in Life, playing the photographer Dennis Stock.
Considered one of the sexiest on the planet by Peoplemagazine, and the magazine Glamour GQ and Glamour, who named it "Best dress from 2010". Vanity Fair magazine published that Pattinson is one of the "best paid Hollywoodactors" with a salary estimated at $ 18 million in 20In 2010, the British newspaper The Sunday Times put it in their "list of young millionaires" in the United Kingdom, with a value of 13 million pounds.
Since 2009 relates to its companion of cast of Twilight, Kristen Stewart. As a result of an infidelity of Kristen, the couple separated in may 20In September 2014, it was reported that he was dating Tahliah Debrett Barnett, singer, songwriter and dancer best known as FKA twigs.
Biography of Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
(1900-06-29 - 1944/07/31)Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
Antoine-Marie-Roger de Saint-Exupery
French Aviator and writer
The first love you want is more, wants them to each other better.
Antoine de Saint-Exupéry
He was born on June 29, 1900 in number 8 of the Rue Peyrat (today Rue Alfonse Fochier), of Lyon.
He was the third son of count Jean-Marie de Saint - Exupery and Marie Boyer de Fonscolombe, impoverished and aristocratic marriage. Orphaned was at the age of four.
He studied in the schools of the Jesuits, marists and the University of Freiburg. It failed to enter in the Central School or the Naval. He began studies of architecture in 1920 left when he entered the French air force in 1921.
In August of that same year, he is destined to Morocco where he will have his first contact with the desert. Completed his military service has several works in Paris: Manager in a factory roof tiles and bricks, seller of trucks,... and even waiving a marriage of convenience.
In 1923, he had a first accident resulting in breakage of skull. In 1926 became a commercial pilot and worked for an airline. In 1927 he made risky airmail missions in Africa and South America. In 1934 he joined Air France. As press correspondent visited Moscow and Spain.
His first two books, Mail from the South (1929) and night flight (1931) are characterized by the romantic poetic evocation of the discipline of flying. His later works, such as land of men (1939) and war pilot (1942), emphasizing the humanist philosophy that marked his life. His popular book the little Prince (1943) is a childhood fable for adults for its allegorical meaning.
At the outbreak of World War II joined the Allied recognition units; He joined the troops of the free France in 1943 and 31 July of the following year while performing the Mission of photographing the territory of southern France in preparation for the landing of the allies; his plane was shot down by a German and turned not to know him.
The wreckage of the plane were found in the sea in the month of April, 2004, off the coast of Marseille. His notebooks gathered under the title of Citadel (1948), were published posthumously.
Biography of Harry Truman - Harry S. Truman
(1884/05/08 - 1972/12/26)Harry S.Truman
American politician. Thirty third President of the United States
He was born on May 8, 1884 in Lamar (Missouri).
He was the eldest son of John Anderson Truman and Martha Ellen Young Truman.
He fought duringWorld War I in France. At the end of the war, he returned to the United States as captain and married Bess Wallace, on June 28, 1919, and they were parents of Margaret Truman. On 9 February 1909 it is initiated in Freemasonry under the ancient Scottish Rite and accepted in the Lodge of Belton, Missouri. In 1945, he reached the last degree of the rite, the 33.
In 1922 he participated in the local policy as a member of the Democratic Party and was appointed judge of Jackson County. He managed to reach Senator in 1934, since that strongly supported the implementation of the New Deal, President Franklin D. Roosevelt chose you for Vice President in 19When it dies, Truman succeeded him.
One of his first decisions was to order the release of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. He continued the strategy of cooperation with the Soviet Union during World War II, but he didn't let that be created an area of Soviet influence in Eastern Europe, so that at the beginning of 1947 raised a new foreign policy. It received the name of 'containment' and was aimed at blocking the expansion of communism anywhere in the world.
The Marshall Plan and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) were the most outstanding demonstrations of that policy, which led to the United States to play a role of world leader. From 1950 it changed its policy, in response to the possession of nuclear weapons by the USSR, the triumph of Mao Zedong's Red Army against the nationalists of Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek) in China and the invasion of South Korea by North Korea, supported by the Soviet Union.
The purpose of the U.S. nuclear monopoly forced their Government to engage in a nuclear arms race and to develop the hydrogen bomb. The fall of the Government of Jiang Jieshi and the events of Korea made to extend its policy of containment to extend it to Asia. His Government created the National Security Council and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), independent of the State Department and Congress.
The Presidency took powers which were previously in the hands of various congressional committees, which allowed him to work without the restrictions of the Congress, particularly in foreign policy. McCarthy and the House UN-American activities Committee developed an intense campaign that accused the Government of Truman had allowed the infiltration of communist elements in the federal administration. The President responded to these attacks, establishing a strict loyalty program requiring all federal officials to submit it to an investigation.
In 1947 he attempted to stop the passage of the Taft-Harley Act, which limited some of the powers acquired by trade unions during the development of the New Deal, which procured him fame of supporter of the labor movement. He appealed to the Liberal Democratic Party's sectors to support civil rights legislation and the recognition of the State of Israel in 19Their aggressive anti-Communist foreign policy and its domestic liberalism contributed to producing the rupture in the Democratic Party when it arose to re-election in 1948.
Truman won an unexpected victory over the Republican candidate Thomas Edmund Dewey. He then began an ambitious legislative program called Fair Deal. However, he was frustrated his attempts to enact a legislation favorable to the expansion of civil rights, to extend federal aid to education, not could not repeal the Taft-Hartley Act, and succeeded in establishing a national Social Security system.
Completed its mandate in 1952 Harry Truman retired to the town of Independence (Missouri), where he lived until his death on 26 December 19
Biography of Juan Manuel Santos
(1951/08/10 - Unknown)Juan Manuel Santos Calderón
Colombian politician, President of the Republic
He was born on August 10, 1951 in Bogotá D.c.
It was the third of the four sons of Enrique Santos Castillo and Clemencia Calderón Nieto, siblings are: Enrique, Luis Fernando and Felipe. It comes from one of the most traditional families of Colombia - his great-uncle Eduardo Santos Montejo was President of Colombia from 1938 to 1942; his family founded and directed the newspaper El Tiempo, among other businesses. His ancestor Antonia Santos, was a martyr of the independence of Colombia.
He was a cadet at the Naval Academy in Cartagena, studied Economics and business administration and took postgraduate courses at the London School of Economics, Harvard University and the Fletcher School of law and diplomacy. He worked as a journalist before entering politics.
Member of the Colombian Liberal Party, he was Minister of Foreign trade during the Government of César Gaviria, then formed part of the Government of the conservative Andrés Pastrana Arango was as Finance Minister. He created the Foundation governance. After the consolidation of the Government of Álvaro Uribe in the presidency after his arrival in 2002, Santos abandoned the liberal party and founded the party of the U in the year 20He was Minister of Defense of Colombia from July 2006 to May 20One of the voices of the "heavy hand" against the FARC.
Juan Manuel Santos, was elected President of Colombia with a historic vote, with the intentions of creating a Government of national unity, work for employment, attacking the guerrillas of the FARC with greater firmness and improve the international position of the country. Santos, outgoing President Álvaro Uribe's political dolphin, was elected on June 20, 2010 by 9 million Colombians (69,05%), sweeping to his contender Antanas Mockus, from the Green Party, who received 3.5 million votes (27.52%), in a poll in which abstention reached 55.52%. After his oath on August 7, 2010 it serves as President of Colombia for the period 2010-2014.
He received the Award King of Spain and was President of the Committee of freedom of expression of the Inter-American press (SIP). He has published The third way, who wrote with former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, and check on terror, describing the more conclusively blows to the FARC during his period at the head of the Ministry of defence.
On June 15, 2014, was re-elected to achieving 50,95% of the votes (7.816.537), while his rival, Óscar Iván Zuluaga, of the democratic hand firm heart large Center, stayed with the 45,01% (6.904.989). Juan Manuel Santos, reelected President, thanked the "millions of compatriots who supported a dream we share. They voted for the illusion of change fear by hope".
Married to Silvia Amaya Londoño, Director of film & TV presenter; they divorced three years later without having children. Later he married María Clemencia Rodríguez, an industrial designer who he met when she worked as a private Secretary in the Ministry of communications. He is father of three children, Martin (1989), María Antonia (1991), and Esteban (1993).