Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Bartolomé Mitre
- Biography of Nikita Khrushchev - Nikita Khrushchev - Nikita Khrushchev - Nikita Khrushchev
- Biography of Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado
- Biography of Julio Garmendia
Biography of Bartolomé Mitre
(26/06/1821 - 1906/01/19)Bartolomé Mitre Martinez
Political, military, and President of the Republic (1862-1868) Argentine writer
He was born on June 26, 1821 in Buenos Aires.
His parents not approved her literary vocation so it was sent to the stay of Gervasio Rosas, to make it in a man's field.
With his writings earned the enmity of the Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas. He had to go into exile in Chile, Bolivia and Peru. Back to Argentina in 1852 participates in the overthrow of rose, led by general Justo José de Urquiza.
In 1853, he was appointed Minister of war of the provincial Government of Buenos Aires, and tries to oppose the plan of Urquiza intended that the province should become part of the newly proclaimed Republic Argentina. In 1859, Mitre's troops were defeated by Urquiza in the battle of Cepeda, so Buenos Aires became part of the Federation. He was Governor of the province of Buenos Aires in 1860 and beat Urquiza in the battle of Pavón (1861).
Elected President of the Republic in 1862 for a term of six years. During his presidency, Argentina, allied with Brazil and Uruguay against Paraguay, participated in the war of the Triple Alliance (1865-1870). In 1868 he lost presidential elections to Domingo Faustino Sarmiento; He returned to stand again as a candidate in 1891 but failed. He held the positions of Minister and diplomat for the new President. But the bulk of its activity back to the letters.
On January 4, 1870 he launches the first issue of the newspaper "La Nación". The new newspaper is held in the prestige of Mitre and liberal ideology. This situation makes "The nation" in a medium with great influence in the ruling class, who more than once is adoctrinada by the publishers of Mitre. His writings include a large number of poems, translations of classical authors (such as the Italian poet Dante Alighieri) and historical works, such as the history of Belgrano and of the Argentine independence (1858-1859) and the history of San Martín and the South American emancipation (1877-1888).
Bartolomé Mitre died in Buenos Aires on January 19, 19
Biography of Nikita Khrushchev - Nikita Khrushchev - Nikita Khrushchev - Nikita Khrushchev
(1894/04/05 - 1971/08/29)Nikita Khrushchev
Man of Soviet State and first Secretary of the Communist Soviet party from 1953 to 1964 and Prime Minister from 1958 to 1964.
Born on April 17, 1894, in Kalinovskiy, Ukraine, in a family of poor farmers.
He worked as a miner in the coal basin of the Don. Tsarist during World War I he served in the army and participated in the Russian Revolution, where he joined the Bolsheviks and joined the Red Army in 1918 fighting in the civil war that followed the revolution, in the Black Sea area.
He attended an Institute of secondary education led by the Communist Party in 1921 and worked as an organizer of the party until 19During the following two years he studied at the Industrial Academy of Moscow. He participated in the Battle of Stalingrad.
Khrushchev became a member of the Central Committee in 1934 and from 1935 until 1937, was Secretary of the Committee of Moscow. In 1938 he was sent to Ukraine as first Secretary of the CPSU and is a member of the Politburo of the CPSU; provisional It became a full member in 1939 and he was also appointed to the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet.
Since these charges he participated in the Stalinist purges. In 1953, six months after Stalin'sdeath, he became the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and three years later, at the 20th Congress of the party, denounced Stalinism and the 'cult of personality".
The highlights of his administration are the Poznanuprising riots Hungary (1956), and the attempt failed to install missiles in Cuba (1962).
It was removed in 1964 and replaced by Leonid Brezhnev and Kosygin.
Nikita Jrushchov died in Moscow on August 29, 1971 of a heart disease.
Biography of Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado
(1934/12/12 - 01/04/2012)Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado
Politician, lawyer and Mexican Economist, President of the Republic (1982-1988)
Media professional's province was born on December 12, 1934 in Colima, in the bosom of a family of class.
Among his ancestors are several Governors, mayors and military who served the Republic. His father practiced law in Colima; He died when he was 2 years old. His mother, Mrs. Alice Hurtado De la Madrid, had to take care of the education of his son Miguel and her younger sister Alice, passing it to settle to the city of Mexico.
He studied law at the National Autonomous University of Mexico and of public administration at Harvard (United States). His thesis dealt with the economic thinking of the Constitution of 18In its professional review it won honorable mention.
He held important public positions related to the economy of Mexico. In the Government of José López Portillo (1979-1981), he was the Secretary of programming and budget. In the year 1981 was candidate of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), and President in 1982 in the general election of July He faced economic difficulties, renegotiating foreign debt and by applying an austerity plan on spending. In 1984 he visited several Latin American countries, proposing the renegotiation of the external debt. His was a Presidency which offered be"moral renewalagainst corruption and democratic opening, promises buried by the pasmo institutional big emergencies like the earthquake that destroyed part of the City of Mexico, massive fraud election at the end of his six-year term and the enormous sacrifices that paid an impoverished population in economic plans that did not touch the privileges of the wealthy classes in 19In 1988, he was replaced by Carlos Salinas de Gortari, of the same party.
Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado, died on 1 April 2012 at age 77, a result of pulmonary emphysema in the Spanish Hospital of the city of Mexico.
Biography of Julio Garmendia
(1898/01/09 - 1977/07/08)Julio Garmendia
He was born on January 9, 1898 in the hacienda "El Molino", about The Tocuyo in Lara state. Son of Rafael Garmendia Rodriguez and Celsa Murrieta. He was one of the founders of the "La Salle" college students.
In 1909 he published a small trial in the journal "El Industrial Eco". In 1914 he studied at the Institute of Commerce of Caracas, which leaves soon after to work as an editor in the newspaper "El Universal". Is it related to members of the so-called generation of the 28.
As a diplomat, he worked at the Legation of Venezuela in Paris, then he was general Consul in Genoa, in Copenhagen and Norway from 1923 until 19Prior to this trip, wrote "The shop of dolls" (1927) being considered the introducer of the fantastic realism in Spanish American fiction through this book.
Since the 1950s, his work began to be revalued. Through the fantastic tale, which cultivated in their following two collections of stories, the tuna of gold (1951) and leaf which had not fallen into their autumn (1979), he reacted against modernism and Criollofiction. He completed critical studies and sieges to the themes of his writing, which were collected in the volumes of opinions for after death (1984) and the enchanted window (1986).
Julio Garmendia died on July 8, 1977 in Caracas.