Carl von Linné - Carl Linnaeus… Tupac Amaru - José Gabriel Condorcanqui… Antonio Vivaldi… Biographies Multiposts

Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Carl von Linné - Carl Linnaeus
  2. Biography of Tupac Amaru - José Gabriel Condorcanqui
  3. Biography of Katy Perry
  4. Biography of Antonio Vivaldi

Biography of Carl von Linné - Carl Linnaeus

(1707/05/23 - 1778/01/10)

Carl von Linné
Swedish naturalist
I have seen the eternal, wise and omnipotent God as one walks in front of me and I have remained confused. I've found some traces of his steps in his works. Even in the smallest. That wisdom! That power! That inexplicable perfections there!
Carl von Linné
Born May 23, 1707 in a small town in the rural region of Småland. Son of a Minister of the Church, which had a large garden where it started on the study of the botanical.
In the year 1727 he studied medicine at the University of Lund and later moved to Uppsala because their University had best gardens and specialists in Botany.
It has detected errors in the botanical classification and began to prepare its own method of classification in 17In 1735, published his Systema naturae (natural system), the first of a series of works in which it presented its new proposed taxonomic kingdoms animal, vegetable and mineral.
Summarizes and synthesizes the data obtained by his predecessors: binary nomenclature of organisms and artificial classification of plants. In 1738 he was doctor of the Admiralty and became the main driver of the Swedish Academy of Sciences. In 1742 he was Professor of practical medicine in Uppsala, charge that changed by the Chair of Botany and dietetics, who taught until his death, allowing him to engage in tasks of classification.
In 1751 he published Philosophia botanica (botanical philosophy). It showed the sexual plant reproduction and gave its current name the parts of the flower. He devised a taxonomic scheme based solely on these sexual parts, using yarn to determine the class and the pistil to determine the order. Also used its nomenclature binary to name specific plants, selecting a name for the genre and the other for the species. He also helped the animal taxonomy. Unlike the system used with plants, their classification of animals draws on a variety of features including observations of their internal anatomy. It was the most widespread system in the 19th century. Among his works are: Genera plantarum (Genera of plants, 1737) and Species plantarum (plants, 1753).
Carl von Linneo died 10 January 1778 in Uppsala, Sweden.

Biography of Tupac Amaru - José Gabriel Condorcanqui

(1738/03/19 - 1781/05/18)

Tupac Amaru
José Gabriel Condorcanqui
Peruvian Chief
He was born March 19, 1738 in Santa Bárbara Surimanavillage, province of ink, bishopric of Cuzco.
His father was the quechua Chief Miguel Condorcanqui del Camino and his mother Doña Rosa Noguera mestizo Valenzuela. He studied at the colegio de San Francisco de Borja, in Cuzco.
In 1760 he married Micaela Bastidas india, with whom he had three children. Owner of hundreds of dedicated to transport mules and llamas . Rebelled coinciding with the application of the known as Bourbon reforms that disturbed the traditional order of the South Andean; new rates applied in taxes, as the alcabala; was intended to expand the indigenous tribute to Métis; and, among other measures, internal customs were established.
Protesting against the injustices of the corregidores and claimed for himself the title of Inca inherited from a daughter of Felipe Túpac Amaru. It had a good number of followers in their uprising. The rebellion began in November 1780, they arrested the magistrate Antonio Arriaga and executed it. The revolt swept through Andean South and the Alto Perú.
In Cuzco, the forces of the King were defeated in the battle of Sangarará (November 18, 1780), although the superiority of weapons realistic eventually crumbling the indigenous armies in the battle of Checacupe (April 6, 1781).
Túpac Amaru was captured and taken to Cuzco, where on May 18, 1781 was executed along with his wife and two of their children.

Biography of Katy Perry

(1984/10/25 - Unknown)

Katy Perry
Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson
American composer and singer
He was born on October 25, 1984 in Santa Bárbara, California, United States.
Daughter of Maurice Keith Hudson and Mary Christine Perry, two Evangelical pastors. Ancestry is Portuguese, German, Irish, and English. Niece of producer and film director Frank Perry (1930-1995). Called David (born 1988), who is a singer, and one sister, Angela (born in 1982) has one younger brother. From 3 to 11, traveled by different States since their parents established churches, before settling again in Santa Barbara.
He attended schools and camps, religious, such as the Paradise Valley Christian School and the Santa Barbara Christian School during his elementary years. Perry grew up listening to Gospel music and singing in the choir of the Church. He discovered pop music through CDs that his friends lent him. He received singing lessons from age 9, and joined the Ministry of their parents, singing in churches. At age 13, he received his first guitar on his birthday. He also received dance classes. During his first year in high school, he completed his General educational development (GED) and let the two peoples High School to pursue a professional career. He briefly studied opera at the Academy of the West in Santa Barbara.
He recorded his first album with fifteen years. It was an album of Christian music titled Katy Hudson, the album was not very successful. In 2004, he signed with the label Island Def Jam Records. Katy wrote a new album titled Katy Perry, but was cancelled. That same year she was hired by Columbia Records and began recording another album, The Matrix. They came to launch the video of one of their songs, but the album was cancelled.
In 2007, it all started to go well for Katy. He signed for the label Capitol Records and got to work on his new album "One of the boys". The first single from this album was "Ur So Gay", a very controversial for the content of your letter. Madonna said in two radio programs that "Ur So Gay" was his favorite song of the moment and fired the fame of the singer. With the single "I Kissed a Girl", he managed to the top of the music lists from several countries, including Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom. With the single, "Hot N Cold", reached in the United States number three on the Billboard Hot 100, as well as also topped the charts in Germany, Canada and Denmark. "I Kissed a Girl" was nominated for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance at the 2009 Grammy Awards. The singer was nominated in five categories at the MTV Video Music Awards 2008.
August 30, 2010 its second Studio album was released. This album got the top spot on the Billboard 200 in several countries. She is made up of singles such as "California Gurls" and "Teenage Dream" and "Firework", themes that they were number one on the Billboard Hot 100 list in several countries. In 2011, MTV named it artist of the year and in 2012 is nominated for eight Grammy Awards. In November 2012, Perry began work on their fourth album, Prism. Their first single was Roar, presented on August 10, 2013, reached number one on the Billboard Hot 1Unconditionally, the second single, It was released on October 16, 2013, and peaked at number 14 in the best sellers in the United States. Prism was premiered on October 18, 2013, debuting at number one on the Billboard 200.
He was part of the jury of American Idol and The X Factor.
The singer had a relationship with musician Travis McCoy. It was couple of British comedian Russell Brand. They married on October 23, 2010 at the India and the 30 of December 2011, after 14 months of marriage, Brand requested the divorce in Los Angeles, citing irreconcilable differences.

Biography of Antonio Vivaldi

(1678/03/04 - 1741/07/28)

Antonio Vivaldi
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
Composer and violinist
He was born March 4, 1678 in Venice.
He studied with his father, Giovanni Battista, nicknamed Rossi (the Scarlet hair), who was a violinist in the St. Mark's Cathedral.
In 1703, was ordered priest and is called "il prete rosso" (the Red Priest). It seems that you can not always meet its obligations due to his poor health. It is known that he was suffering from respiratory complications, possibly asthma or angina. He was accused of abandoning the profession of the mass to serve his inspiration.
He began to teach in a Conservatory for orphaned girls, the Ospedale della Pietà, where he remained until 1740 as a teacher while concerts and oratorios composed for weekly concerts.
Author of more than 500 concerts and 70 sonatas, 45 operas, sacred music as the oratorio Juditha triumphans (1716), Gloria in d (1708), masses, and motets. Johann Sebastian Bach, studied his work as long as it was. Their concerts were a model to be followed throughout Europe, influencing all of his contemporaries.
More than 300 of their concerts are written for solo (220 for violin) and others for bassoon, cello, oboe and flute. He also wrote concerti grossi, 25 for two violins and 32 for three or more instruments and some are (for Orchestra without soloists) ripieno concerti.
He established one of the basic characteristics of the concert from the following centuries: its use for the virtuoso showcasing. He was the first composer who consistently used the ritornello. This was repeated in different shades and was played by the whole orchestra. It alternated with episodes interpreted by the soloist, often are unavailable. His concertos for violin opus 8, the four seasons, are one of the first examples of program music.
During his lifetime it was most renowned as a violinist than as a composer, also accused of repetitive and routine. From 1713 he was composer and entrepreneur of operas in Venice, visiting other cities to monitor the performances of his operas.
To 1740 entered the service of the Court of the Emperor Charles VI in Vienna, where Antonio Vivaldi died July 28, 17At his funeral, held in the Cathedral of Vienna, sang the children in the choir of the Cathedral, among which was the composer Joseph Haydn.