Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Erich Fromm
- Biography of Gorgias
- Biography of Leonhard Euler
- Biography of Genaro Estrada Felix
Biography of Erich Fromm
(1900/03/23 - 1980/03/18)Erich Fromm
Erich Fromm Pinchas
He was born on March 23, 1900 in Frankfurt-Main (Germany).
Only son of Rosa Krauze and the ortodoxo-judio wine merchant Naphtali Fromm.
It just was 14 years old, broke out when the First world war, being really impressed by the nature of human behavior being unable to understand an so irrational Act. During his school time, Fromm studied with great interest to Freud and Marx, finding in this first a way to understand the human personality and the sociopolitical influences set forth by Karl Marx. He studied law and then sociology and psychoanalysis at the universities of Heidelberg and Munich and at the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute.
It enters into contact with the Frankfurt School where he works closely with Herbert Marcuse, Walter Benjamin and Theodor Adorno. In 1933, he traveled to the United States, country where he settled and nationalized by Hitler's rise to power.
He was one of the major innovators of theory and psychoanalytic practice in the middle of the last century. He broke with the theories biologicistic of personality to consider human beings as fruits of their culture. Their therapeutic perspective focused also in this sense, proposing that she is trying to harmonize the impulses of the individual and the society where you live. Among his publications are: fear of freedom (1941), the man for himself (1947), the forgotten language (1951), the healthy society (1955), the art of loving (1956), the Mission of Sigmund Freud (1956), beyond of the chains of illusion (1962), have or be? (1976) or the anatomy of human destructiveness (1973).
In 1949 he moved to Cuernavaca (Mexico), would be the University Professor. Married Henny Gurland, he lived with her in this country to take care of their health. However, Henny was not recovered and died in 19Fromm did not abandon Mexico, they dedicated themselves to become psychoanalysts.
It would be named Professor at the University of New York in 19It was present in many countries teaching courses.
Erich Fromm died on March 18, 1980 in Murallo (Switzerland).
Biography of Gorgias
(Unknown - Unknown)Gorgias
Greek rhetorician and sophist philosopher
The 483 B.c. was born in Leontini, Sicily. It is said that you came into the world during the funeral of his mother. When attendees participated in the funeral, heard a cry that came from the coffin, and upon opening it, found to the newborn.
He was Ambassador in Athens in 427 BC where he settled. It belongs to the first generation of sophists. So-called pupil of Empedocles, contemporary of Protagoras. It is the character of the title of the dialogue Gorgias of Plato, where Socrates discusses about the true and false rhetoric, and rhetoric as the art of flattery.
He was devoted mainly to teach the art of rhetoric as the most appropriate way to gain access to power. His philosophy is expressed in three propositions: nothing exists; If something exists, it may not be known; If something exists and can be known, can not be communicated. He argued that you for every occasion and need for each person to behave differently then morality is an instinct and not a knowledge summarized in words and, therefore, teachable.
The praise to Helena and apologia for Palamedes are works that have come down to us. His most important work is titled "about being or nature". Erected you a golden statue in the Temple of the goddess Pythia.
The 375 B.c. died 375 in Thessaly when he was 105 years.
Biography of Leonhard Euler
(1707/04/15 - 1783/09/18)Leonhard Euler
Born April 15, 1707 in Basel, Switzerland. The son of a clergyman.
He studied at the University of the city with the Swiss mathematician Johann Bernoulli. With only 17 years of age, Doctor degree.
In the year 1727, invited by the Empress of Russia Catherine I, was a member of the teaching staff of the Academy of Sciences of St. Petersburg. Professor of physics in 1730 and mathematics in 17In 1741 he was Professor of mathematics at the Berlin Academy of Sciences at the request of the King of Prussia, Frederick the great.
In his Introduction to analysis of the infinite (1748), he made the first complete analytical treatment of algebra, the theory of equations, trigonometry and analytic geometry. It was the development of series of functions and formulated the rule that only the infinite convergent series can be properly assessed. He also tackled surfaces 3-d and showed that the Conic Sections are represented by general second-degree equation in two dimensions.
Holder of an amazing facility for numbers and the rare gift of mentally perform calculations of long-range. It is recalled that on one occasion, when two of his disciples, for the sum of a series of seventeen terms, disagreed with the results in a unit of the 50th figure, we used Euler. It reviewed the calculations mentally, and his decision proved to be correct.
He also made contributions to astronomy, mechanics, optics and the acoustic. Among his most outstanding works are institutions of the differential calculus (1755), institutions of the integral calculus (1768-1770) and Introduction to algebra (1770).
Partially lost vision before the age of 30 years and was left almost blind at the end of his life. He returned to St. Petersburg in 1766, where he died September 18, 17
Biography of Genaro Estrada Felix
(02/06/1887 - 1937/09/29)Genaro Estrada Felix
Journalist, educator, politician, diplomat, poet and Mexican novelist
He was born on June 2, 1887 in Mazatlan, Sinaloa.
His father being in the care of her mother died six months before birth grandmother and uncles; carrying out his studies in the Rosary and Culiacan, distinguishing itself by the literary genre.
He studied in the model school of the district and the Colegio Civil Rosales.
At age 20 he started as a journalist in the newspaper The Monitor in Sinaloa and in the Journal of the Pacific of Mazatlan. Their stories, editorials and critical literary Chronicles, were always pleasant for its readers. Alderman of the city of Culiacan, It was later moved to the city of Mexico, where he worked for various newspapers. In 1942 assumed the Secretariat of the National preparatory school, shortly after was teacher at the National School of higher studies. In 1920 he was appointed senior officer of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, was interested in modernizing the Mexican foreign service and as a mechanism of entry proposed a rigorous examination of knowledge for those who aspired to follow the diplomatic career. He traveled to Milan as an officer of the secretariat of industry and Commerce to organize a Mexican exposure.
He was Professor at the Faculty of philosophy and arts of the National University. In March 1924 was appointed senior officer of the Secretariat of that body. He created the Mexican diplomat historical archivecollection. Delegate to the League of Nations in 1930 to 1932, Ambassador to Spain and Minister Plenipotentiary to Portugal and Turkey. He wrote the famous Estrada doctrine, in defense of the sovereignty of Nations against foreign intervention. In October 1934 he resigned from his post as Ambassador, and upon his return he continued managing historical publications and bibliography in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. There are numerous publications that took place between them stand out: New Mexico poets (1916); Deaf flashlight (1919); Visionary of the new Spain (1921); Cruise (1928) genius and figure of Picasso and Notebooks Mexicans (1936).
Genaro Estrada Felix died on 29 September 1937 in the City of Mexico.
In 1973 was declared honorary citizen of the State of Sinaloa. His remains were moved to the Rotunda of illustrious people in 19On October 24, 1996 his name was inscribed in letters of gold in the Chamber of deputies of the Congress of the Union.