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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Giuseppe Garibaldi
- Biography of Angela Merkel
- Biography of Edgar Degas
- Biography of Jackie Chan
Biography of Giuseppe Garibaldi
(1807/07/04 - 1882/06/02)Giuseppe Garibaldi
Italian nationalist revolutionary
He was born July 4, 1807 in nice ( Kingdom of Piedmont).
The son of a fisherman. When he was seventeen, he moved to Rome with his father and there the idea you of suppressing the Pope 's temporal power as it prevented the eternal city to unify the peninsula.
He worked as a sailor on merchant vessels in the Mediterranean area. In 1832 was captain of the boat Clorinda, who was tackled by Turkish pirates. Garibaldi was wounded in the hand but managed to escape. In 1833 he became part of the Young Italymovement organized by the revolutionary Giuseppe Mazzini which sought the unification of the Italian people within an Autonomous Republic. In 1834 was sentenced to death but escaped to South America where he spent twelve years.
He took part in the rebellion of the State of Río Grande do Sul against Brazil and later participated in the war of Uruguay. In the Rio de la Plata, it operated the Confederation fleet attempting to block the port of Montevideo. In 1842, the Montevideo Government put him in command of the fleet, waging August 16 naval combat in the Paraná River in a section of the river called Costa Brava, near the village corner, province of Corrientes Argentina. Their ships were defeated and Garibaldi escaped. He again led a squad who managed ships Gillermo Brown to occupy the island of rats, in the Bay of Montevideo. In 1843 he organized "The Italian Legion", which put to the service of the Government of Montevideo. In Montevideo he taught mathematics and was admitted into the Masonic lodge "Les Amis de la Patrie".
On his return to Italy, he joined the Risorgimento, the movement for the liberation and unification of Italy. He was in command of a regiment of some 3,000 volunteers who fought in the service of the Piedmontese ruler Carlos Alberto, King of Sardinia, and was defeated by the Austrian troops in Lombardy.
In 1849 he left for Rome to support the Republic proclaimed by Mazzini and other revolutionaries. He defended the city from the French, although it had to negotiate an agreement with these. They agreed to leave Rome with his 5,000 followers, but the withdrawal line traversing the territory controlled by the Austrians who killed, captured or scattered most of his troops; He had to flee Italy faced the risk that ran his life.
He moved to Staten Island (New York), and worked as a manufacturer of candles. It nationalized U.S. and in 1854 returned and bought a modest house on the island of Caprera, northeast of Sardinia. He considered the need to establish an alliance with the ruling liberal Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia, and his Prime Minister count Camillo Benso di Cavour to reach the liberation and unification of Italy. The great influence of their stance on thousands of nationalists and Italian revolutionaries has damaged the situation of the monarch and had major repercussions for the country. He took part in the military and political struggles that occurred in the following years.
He was at the head of a victorious expedition against the Austrian forces in the Alps in 1859 and directed from Genoa 'expedition of the thousand' or thered shirts', name that was known to his men. It took Sicily, where he established a provisional Government island. He moved to the Italian peninsula; It took Naples by defeating their defenders in a decisive battle that took place on the banks of the River Volturno on October 26, 1860, and captured the fortress of Gaeta, which fell in February 1861.
The Kingdom of Italy was founded a few months later and Victor Manuel was proclaimed King. He returned to form a regiment of volunteers in 1866 for the annexation of the Papal States to the Kingdom of Italy, despite opposition from the Government. After some another victory, he was defeated by the joint forces of the Pope and the French in the battle of Mentana on 3 November 1867 and is retained as a prisoner for awhile.
In 1870 he moved to France where he participated in the Paris Commune.
Giuseppe Garibaldi died on June 2, 1882 in Caprera.
Biography of Angela Merkel
(1954/07/17 - Unknown)Angela Merkel
Angela Dorothea Kasner
He was born on July 17, 1954 in Hamburg.
Daughter of Horst Kasner (student of Theology) and Professor Herlind Jentzsch, daughter of politician Danzig Willi Jentzsch and maternal granddaughter of the Municipal Secretariat of Elbing (do today Elbl? g, Poland) Emil Drange. His mother was a member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany and briefly served as a member of the municipal Council in Templin after German reunification. You have Polish ancestry through his paternal grandfather, Ludwig Kasner. His father voluntarily returned to East Berlin when she was three months old. He grew up in Communist Germany.
It was one of the few people not belonging to the party that was allowed to study in the former German Democratic Republic and chose Physics, as he explained in an interview, because "neither Erich Honecker (former leader of the party) could reject the laws of nature and the mathematical formulae".
In 1973, makes high school and began his studies of physics at the University of Leipzig. In 1978, he finished his studies and goes to work at the Central Institute of chemistry in the Berlin Academy of Sciences. Their subject of study is quantum chemistry.
In 1989, he joined the Demokratischer Aufbruchparty. In 1990, it passes to the CDU. That same year, it is elected member of Parliament in the first Bundestag after the German reunification. Helmut Kohl is considered his political Godfather and hosted it in his cabinet as Minister for women and youth , and later, of the environment between 1991 and 19In that year, the CDU/CSU and FDP Coalition lost the elections.
In 2000 she was nominated by the CDU in unanimously as candidate for the Chancellery. April 10 it is elected President of the CDU. In 2002 he renounced this candidacy and leaves the way clear to Edmund Stoiber (CSU) as a unique candidate of the CDU/CSU Union. Stoiber lost - by few points - the September 22 elections. In September it is named President of the CDU/CSU faction in the Parliament.
On 22 November 2005, the democristiana Angela Merkel became the first Chancellor of Germany achieving an agreement with the Social Democrats to form a coalition Government, received 397 votes in favor, 202 against and 12 abstentions. He succeeds Gerhard Schroeder, who was Chancellor for seven years until his defeat in the election of September 18, 2005.
The coalition Government lasted until 2009, year in which the CDU obtained parliamentary majority and constitutes a new coalition, formed by the Bavarian Christian Social Union and the Liberal Democratic Party (FDP).
Merkel won an overwhelming victory in the German General's September 22, 2013, that left her at the gates of an absolute majority in the federal Parliament (Bundestag). The Christian Democratic Union managed spectacular 41.5% of the vote along with the CSU Bavarian allies. The Christian Democrats totaled almost eight points with respect to the 2009 elections. It is a percentage not reached since 1990, in the middle of the euphoria for the unification of the two Germanys. The 17 of December 2013, was invested German Chancellor for a third term with a large majority of the Bundestag vote, following the coalition agreement between the conservative bloc and the Social Democrats.
He has chaired the G8 and the European Council. In may 2015, was named the most powerful woman in the world for the seventh time by Forbes magazine.
In 1977, as physics student, married in the Chapel St. Georg in Templin Ulrich Merkel, also student of physics and he took their surname. The marriage ended in divorce in 19Her second husband is quantum chemist and Professor Joachim Sauer. They met in 1981 and became partner to finish getting married on 30 December 19She has no children, but her husband has two children from a previous marriage.
Biography of Edgar Degas
(1834/07/19 - 1917/09/27)Edgar Degas
French sculptor and painter
"A picture should be painted with the same feeling with which a criminal commits a crime"
He was born on July 19, 1834 in Paris. Son of an aristocratic banker, his mother came from a family of rancid tradition of New Orleans, United States. He was the eldest son of the family, and since his father put him in contact with art.
In 1845 he began his secondary education at the Lycée Louis-le-Grand and terminates in 18He left law school to paint. In 1854 he becomes pupil of Louis Lamothe, disciple of Ingres, and attended the School of fine arts in Parisin 18Since 1865, influenced by the Impressionist movement, abandons the academic subjects to devote himself to a contemporary theme.
He will travel to Italy, which will be very important for their training, where you will learn the Venetian and Florentine painting from Masaccio, Piero Della Francesca... Unlike the Impressionists, prefers the workshop and the study of natural light does not attract him. Dedicated much time to paint although his works seem spontaneous or even casual. "If it is necessary to repeat a work one hundred times, must be done twenty hundred, that is not a problem", used to say.
Its theme is Theatre, cafes, horse racing and the women, which focuses much of his work trying to catch postures more natural and spontaneous of their models. In its effort to capture the movement in a work of art, he went on a daily basis and remained hours observing the trials of the dancers, even hired some to serve as her model while he painted. His study of Japanese prints led him to experiment with unusual approach angles and asymmetrical compositions. His works are often cut edges, as in Absinthe drinkers (1876, Musée d'Orsay, Paris), trial of ballet (1876, Glasgow art gallery and Museum) and in woman with chrysanthemums (1865, Metropolitan Museum of art, New York).
In the Decade of 1880, starts to lose vision, and works with two new media: sculpture and the cake. In his sculpture, as in his paintings, he tried to catch the action of the moment. He worked with wax or terracotta molds and in life not blown no sculpture in bronze. However, in his later years wanted to make it and even reached agreements with recognized founders of your country. However, his works were not conducted until after his death. Their cakes are usually simple compositions with very few figures. It was forced to turn to bright colors and highly expressive gestures, irrespective of the precise line.
Not enjoyed great reputation among his contemporaries and his genuine artistic dimension should not be evaluated until after his death on September 27, 1917 in Paris.
Biography of Jackie Chan
(1954/04/07 - Unknown)Jackie Chan
Chan Kwong Sang
Was born on 7 April 1954 in Hong Kong, China.
Son of Charles and Lee-Lee Chan, refugees from the Chinese civil war. His parents worked for the Ambassador of France in Hong Kong and Chan spent his formative years in the grounds of the residence in the Victoria Peak District.
In 1960, his father emigrated to Canberra, Australia, to work as head chef at the United States Embassy, and Chan, which was a failure in the studies though it excelled in the gymnastic stunts was trained by a friend of his father.
When he was seven years old, is sent back to Hong Kong to enlist at the China Drama Academy, a Peking opera school. Chan trained rigorously for the next decade, excelling in martial arts and acrobatics. Eventually, it would become part of the Seven Little Fortunes, a performance consisting of the best students in the school, group gaining the stage name Yuen Lo in homage to his master.
Trained in various arts, Sabre, sword, stick, spear, singing, mimicking techniques, technical performance, learning different styles of Kung Fu in the North and others. The training began at 5 in the morning, and lasted 17 hours. A famous Taiwanese actress, Acacia Hwa, did participate in some of his films. He worked as a choreographer in a film called "Policewoman", and subsequently travelled to Australia to reunite with their parents. There he worked as a bricklayer and dishwasher.
Appears in "Oriental fury" ("The big boss"), with Bruce Lee as a hero, and he as a specialist. Then work with Yuen Woo Ping, who in 1978 made his first big hit, "the snake in the shadow of the Eagle" ("Snake in the eagle´s shadow"), and in 1979, "the monkey drunk in the eye of the Tiger" ("Drunken Master"). In 1980 he started working for the production company Golden Harvest of Raymond Chow.
He married the Taiwanese actress Lin Feng-Chiao. Was born in 1982, his son, J.C.Chan. Since then made his best films "Project A", "Wheels on meals", "Police Story", "Armour of god" and others to becoming a star. He guided his career internationally working in films as pirates in the seas of China (1983), the supercamorristas (1984), or invincible weapons (1985). In 1996 triumphs and the United States with Rumble in the Bronx, success was repeated two years later with Rush Hour. Imminent impact (1996),Shanghai Kid (2000) followed the rebels from Shanghai (2003), around the world in 80 days (2004) and with the remake of Karate kid (2010).
Conducting their own action scenes giving up double, so it has suffered several accidents: one shoulder, head, jaw, cheek bones, break most of the fingers of his hand, ankle and nose three times.
It is UNICEFAmbassador, and has its own charitable organization. In 2009, Chan received an honorary doctorate from the University of Cambodia.
In 1982, he married with Chan Lin Feng-jiao, a Taiwanese actress. His son, singer and actor Jaycee Chan, was born the same year. As a result of an extramarital relationship with Chan, Elaine Ng Yi-Lei, had a daughter in 1999.