Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Ignacio Allende
- Biography of Joan of arc
- Biography of Brothers Grimm
- Biography of Juan Manuel de Rosas
Biography of Ignacio Allende
(1769/01/21 - 1811/06/26)Ignacio José de Allende y Unzaga
Mexican military insurgent
He was born January 21, 1769 in San Miguel el Grande, today San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato.
His parents were the Spanish Domingo Narciso de Allende and Doña María Unzaga, a rich family Spanish dedicated to trade and agriculture.
He studied at the College of St. Francis de Sales where he met the Brothers Aldama, who, also deployed in the independence movement. His military career began in 1795, when the need for a military barracks in San Miguel el Grande was authorized the integration of the Provincial Regiment of Dragones de la Reina in the region. Allende was appointed Lieutenant and ratified by Royal Office in February 17In January 1801, the viceroy Félix Berenguer de Marquina named him lieutenant of the grenadiers Corps, under the command of general Félix María Calleja, moving to the North of New Spain.
He came into contact with members of groups liberal and Masons, as well as with officers of the colonial army that coincided with the ideals of freedom and independence. To return to San Miguel in 1808, he participated in meetings of conspirators. In 1809 he took part in the conspiracy of Valladolid, José María obese and José Mariano Michelena, military-sponsored but was discovered and its detained leaders. Allende managed to escape.
Meet the priest from Dolores, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and promotes the Organization of several insurgent centers; of greater importance was that of Querétaro. Initially it was decided to start the uprising in December 1810 in the town of San Juan de los Lagos, which would be led by Allende and Aldama. The arrest of the corregidor Dominguez, was forced in the early hours of September 16, 1810, in the Village of Dolores, Miguel Hidalgo and Costilla, along with Ignacio Allende and Juan Aldama, decided to convene immediately to the uprising against the domain in Spanish, initiating the independence movement.
It was proclaimed as Generalísimo, renounce the Hidalgo command in January 18On his trip to the North of the country, he was apprehended in Acatita de set, Coahuila, together with the other insurgent leaders, to be betrayed by Elizondo. It was sent to Chihuahua, where they prosecuted him as rebel and has sentenced him to death.
Ignacio Allende was shot June 26, 1811 in Chihuahua . His head was exposed in the alhóndiga de Granaditas (Guanajuato). His remains rest in the Column of independence in the city of Mexico.
Biography of Joan of arc
(1412/01/06 - 1431/05/30)Joan of arc
National heroine and Patron Saint of France
Daughter was born January 6, 1412 at Domremy (now Domrémy-la-Pucelle), a peasant accommodated, Jaques d'Arc and Isabelle.
The spelling of his name is not safe, can be found in documents Darc, Tarc, Dare, Day, etc. The d'Arc (arch in Spanish) form would appear a century and a half after his death.
At the age of thirteen, he said that he had heard the call of God. Some time later, he confessed to having seen san Miguel and the first Holy Martyr Catherine of Alexandria and St. Margaret, whose voices would accompany her during the rest of his life. In the first months of 1429, over the course of the hundred years war , and when the British were about to capture Orleans, voices called it to help the Dauphin, later King of France Charles VII, who has not had been crowned due to infighting and the English claim to the throne of France.
Juana explained that she had a divine mission to save France. A group of theologians approved their requests and is granted troops under his command with which they led the French army to a decisive victory over the English at Patay while Orleans freed. The King was opposed to military campaign against England and Juana without the real support, directed an operation against the Englishmen in Compiègne, near Paris in the year 14Burgundian soldiers captured her and handed over to their British allies.
They were brought before an ecclesiastical court in Rouen who judged it heresyand witchcraft. He spent fourteen months of interrogation, after it was accused of evil for wearing male clothing of heresy by his belief that was directly responsible before God and not the Catholic Church. The Court sentenced her to death, but to confess and repent of their errors, the sentence was commuted to life imprisonment.
On his return to the prison he returned to wear dresses of man by what again was convicted, this time by a secular Court, and may 30, 1431, is sent to the stake in the square of the old town of Rouen by relapsa (heretic relapsed). She screams repeatedly "Jesús". They spend four hours until it is reduced to ashes. Their guts and heart said that they were not burned. The English Cardinal of Winchester commanded that you throw them down the river.
Twenty-five years after his death, the Church reviewed his case and declared her innocent. In 1920 the Pope Benedict XV canonized. His feast is celebrated on May 30, the day of his execution.
Biography of Brothers Grimm
(1785/01/04 - 1859/12/16)Brothers Grimm
Jacob Ludwig Karl Grimm
Wilhelm Karl Grimm
Pioneers in the study of philology and folklore
They were born in Hanau - January 4, 1785 Jacob and Wilhelm on 24 February 1786 –.
They attended studies at the University of Marburg. Jacob was a philologist very interested in medieval literature and the scientific research of the language. After spending several years in Kassel working in administrative positions moved in 1830 to the University of Göttingen, where Wilhelm was librarian and Assistant Professor Jacob. He was author of the German grammar (1819-1837), considered to be the origin of Germanic Philology. Among his other works are on the old Meistergesang (artisans) Germans (1811), German mythology (1835) and the German language history (1848). Some of the works of Wilhelm are ancient Danish gesta songs (1811), German heroic legends (1829), the song of Roland (1838) and the old German language (1851).
Very interested in the ancient German folk tales, published them as stories for children and home (2 volumes, 1812-1815). The collection, augmented in 1857, is known as the Brothers Grimm fairy tales. In 1854, they published the first volume of the monumental Deutsches Wörterbuch, the German Dictionary of reference, 32 volumes completed in 1954, they worked on it from 1852 to 1861.
They returned to Kassel in 1837 and 1841, invited by Federico Guillemo IV of Prussia, they reside in Berlin, where they were professors at the University until the end of their lives. Wilhelm died on December 16, 1859 and September 20, 1863, Jacob.
Biography of Juan Manuel de Rosas
(1793/03/30 - 1877/03/14)Juan Manuel de Rosas
Juan Manuel Ortiz de Rozas
Juan Manuel José Domingo Ortiz de Rozas y López de Osornio
Argentine politician, Governor of Buenos Aires (1829-1832, 1835-1852)
He was born on March 30, 1793 in the bosom of one of the most prominent families of Buenos Aires.
Son of León Ortiz de Rozas and Agustina López de Osornio. He was raised in the pampa, used BOLAS very well and was good Tamer. Married to Encarnación Ezcurra and Arguibel at age 20, but as his parents opposed, incarnation became pregnant through. She had three children: John, Mary (dead girl) and Manuela. Pedro Rosas and Belgrano, was his adopted son.
Enriched with cattle and beef exports when the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata was fighting for their emancipation from Spain. In 1827 he appears as military leader in favor of the current federalist opposed to the liberal reforms defended by the unitary tendency, in which militant Juan Lavalle, Buenos Aires Governor whom he defeated.
From 1829 to 1832, he was Governor of the province of Buenos Aires. In 1833 he led a campaign against the indigenous people of the South of Argentina, being restored as Governor, a position he accepted on the condition that were conferred him dictatorial powers, which imposed the Federal criteria in front of the Confederación Argentina. To 1829, time takes his first Government, the situation was of great political and social instability. In the political three major failures had happened: the crisis in 1820; the collapse of President rivadaviana and the Constituent Congress in 1826-1827; and the military breakdown and subsequent civil war of 1828-1829.
He founded the Apostolic Restorer party, and supported by the Sociedad Popular Restauradora, known as 'The cob', formed alliances with leaders of other Argentine provinces, gaining control of trade and Foreign Affairs of the Confederation. In the year 1843 he took part in the civil war in Uruguay. Britain and France retaliated by imposing blockades to Buenos Aires (1838-1840 and 1845-1850).
In 1851, Justo José de Urquiza, former supporter of Rosas, led a rebellion against his Government with the support of Brazil and Uruguay. Overthrown in 1852, Rosas spent the rest of his life in exile and died on March 14, 1877 in Swathling, Hampshire, (Great Britain).