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Encyclopedia of Biographies of famous and historical figures
- Biography of Lucretia Borgia
- Biography of Jackie Robinson
- Biography of Augusto César Sandino
- Biography of Getúlio Vargas
Biography of Lucretia Borgia
(18/04/1480 - 1519/06/24)Lucrezia Borgia
He was born April 18, 1480 in Rome, the daughter of Vanozza Catanei, lover of Rodrigo Borgia, who later became Pope Alexander VIand sister of Cesare Borgia.
The family goes to live in the Vatican, where Lucretia grows between the political intrigues of a divided Italy. His father concluded three weddings by political interests.
He married for the first time just 13 years with Giovanni Sforza and was an absolute failure. Lucrecia discovers the charms of the nightlife of Rome under the arm of Giulia Farnese, another lover of his father. At age 19, in 1497, accusations of incest with her brother César run in the capital. Sforza not endure the situation and fears for his life; the enemies of the Borgia family have the opportunity to denounce the perversions of the Church, though Alejandro VI reacts and obliges Sforza declared powerless and your wedding is cancelled. Lucrecia is locked up in a convent , and only his father can communicate with it.
In 1498, the Pope House again with Alfonso of Aragon, son of the King of Naples, although the relationship does not last long. In a fit of jealousy, César strangles to Alfonso in his bed; also, said was his bodyguard on the orders of Caesar. Shortly after leaving the convent, about to marry, Lucrecia gave the birth to a child. Always the paternity was attributed to Caesar, although the own Alejandro VI also granted it. Cesar was a cardinal and the relationship with his sister was already difficult to hide. The following year, he returned to marry Alfonso I, heir to the Duchy of Ferrara.
There he established a court in which artists, writers, and famous scholars of the time were given appointment. I read and spoke four languages (Italian, latin, Greek, and Spanish). Vices and crimes against him but nothing proves that committing such offences. Several modern historians have claimed his memory. He protected artists (among them Bembo and Ariosto).
Lucrecia Borgia died at Ferrara on June 24, 1519 at the age of 39, while giving light to a girl.
Biography of Jackie Robinson
(1919/01/31 - 1972/10/24)Jackie Robinson
American baseball player
He was born on January 31, 1919 in Cairo, Georgia, grandson of slaves. When he was fourteen months old his family moved to Pasadena, California.
In 1940, he entered UCLA, where they practiced baseball, basketball, football and track and field, earning a great reputation in the world of sport. In 1941 he started playing professional football with the Los Ángeles Bulldogs. After returning to his service at the outbreak of the Second World War, returned to the coast where a small team, the Brooklyn farm club, hired you. With this he obtained the title of the best hitter in the League in 1946.
He was the first African American who played in major leaguebaseball . Until that time, the black baseball could not act in the large teams, exclusively by whites, and had to compete in a League only to players of colour. Aware of the symbol for the rest of black athletes, he decided to keep the distances, even when his teammates asked that it was expelled from the team. On one occasion he refused to sit in the back of a bus. He was arrested and taken to a court and was found "not guilty" by a military court.
He was named Rookie of the year and in 1947 won the national title of League batter.
Jackie Robinson died in Stanford, Connecticut, on October 24, 1972.
Biography of Augusto César Sandino
(1895/05/18 - 1934/02/21)Augusto César Sandino
Leading Nicaraguan guerrilla
He was born on May 18, 1895 in Niquinohomo, Department of Masaya.
Son of the coffee Gregorio Sandino and Margarita Calderón campesina.
He worked for some time as a miner by some countries of Central America, until in 1926 he returned to his country. There he became liberal Chief during the Nicaraguan Civil War (1926-1927), refusing to negotiate the end of the conflict, until not to withdraw all the marines Americans, invading since 19Because of this opposition U.S. soldiers increased, although they could not stop popular support to Sandino, prompting them to withdraw in 1933, leaving the pacification of the country in the hands of the National Guard of Anastasio ("Tacho") Somoza.
On February 21, 1934, while he was negotiating the end of hostilities with the President Juan Bautista Sacasa, Augusto César Sandino was assassinated in Managua by Somoza's guard.
The Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), which ended the regimesomocista in 1979, adopted the name in honor of Sandino.
Biography of Getúlio Vargas
(1883/04/19 - 1954/08/24)Getúlio Vargas
He was born on April 19, 1883 in São Borjas (Brazil).
He studied at the Faculty of law of Porto Alegre, where in 1907 he graduated. He was Prosecutor of the city after taking part in the campaign of the Republican party and a member of the State of Rio Grande do Sul (1909-1912), lost his post for criticizing the leader of his party; Although he returned to the House of Assembly of Rio Grande do Sul in 1917.
From 1922 was a member of the Brazilian Congress, and in 1926 was appointed Minister of finance. After two years he returned to Rio Grande do Sul as Governor and in 1930 used cargo in order to gain support for its presidential candidate by the Liberal Alliance party, which was founded at that time. Did not win the elections against Julio Prestes, but he took power in October of that same year after starring in a coup backed by the military.
He ruled by Decree, as Acting President, until 1934, year in which was elected constitutional President by the Congress. In 1937 he proclaimed the State of exception, banned all political organizations, dissolved Congress and declared the Estado Novo (New State).
During the Second World War Brazil participated in the strife (1942) by the allies. A military coup in October 1945 caused his downfall. Five years later, it attained the Presidency as a member of the Labour party, with the support of the trade union movement; However, the army was opposed increasingly to his administration.
Getúlio Vargas took off the life in Río de Janeiro on August 24, 1954 after receiving serious coup threats that came from the army.