Georges Louis Leclerc - Count De Buffon… Guy De Maupassant… Nicolas Guillén… Joseph Bonaparte… Biographies Multiposts

Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Georges Louis Leclerc - count de Buffon
  2. Biography of Guy de Maupassant
  3. Biography of Nicolas Guillén
  4. Biography of José Bonaparte - Joseph Bonaparte

Biography of Georges Louis Leclerc - count de Buffon

(1707/09/07 - 1788/04/16)

Georges Louis Leclerc
count de Buffon
French naturalist
Born 7 September 1707 in Montbard in an aristocratic family.
He studied law in Dijon and travelled to Angers in 1728 to study medicine, botany and mathematics.
After a duel, he left Angers in 1730 and spent two years traveling through southern France and Italy. His academic career began in 1732, when it relates to French intellectuals. It is admitted at the Royal Academy of Sciences in 1734 and Intendant of the Jardin du Roi in 17He divided his time between the administration of their properties and the improvement of the garden, whose size has doubled during his tenure.
His main work was Natural History in 36 volumes published between 1749 and 1789, where he offers the first naturalistic version of Earth's history, including a complete description of zoological, botanical and mineralogical characteristics. He argued that the changes that occur in human beings are due to the action of external factors. This theory called theory of infinite transformations, which explained by four key points are: a) the changes of living beings are due at the time, b) to the physical environment, c) the form of nutrition and d) domestication. Louis XV named Comte de Buffon in 1773.
Georges Louis Leclerc died in Paris April 16, 17

Biography of Guy de Maupassant

(1850/08/05 - 1893/07/06)

Guy de Maupassant
René Albert Guy de Maupassant
French writer
He was born on August 5, 1850 at the Château de Miromesnil, in Normandy.
He studied at the Lycée Napoléon, ecclesiastical School of Yvetot, where was expelled, and the Liceo de Rouen. During his youth he took part in a literary group emerged around the novelist Gustave Flaubert, who was a close friend of his family.
He participated in the Franco-Prussian War , and in 1872, worked as an employee in the Ministry of marine.
His first important work was the story 'ball of tallow(1880), included in the evenings of Medan and considered his masterpiece in the genre. During the following years he wrote more than two hundred tales, among themLa Casa Tellier (1881), Mademoiselle Fifi (1882), the tales of the Woodcock (1883), the famous La Parure (1884) and The Horla (1887).
His work is characterized by its realism and simple style. He was the author of three collections of memories of travel and six novels: a life (1883), Bel Ami (1885), two brothers (1888), the left hand (1889) and our heart (1890).
He suffered symptoms of dementia and syphilis as a result on 1 January 1892 tried three times opens the throat with a penknife, was hospitalized on 7 January at the clinic of Dr. Blanche in Paris, where Guy de Maupassant would die one year later, on July 6, 18

Biography of Nicolas Guillén

(1902/07/10 - 1989/07/16)

Nicolás Guillén
Cuban poet
Was born on July 10, 1902 in Camagüey, Cuba.
The son of the journalist and liberal politician Nicolas Guillén Urra, who was murdered during the uprising of 1917.
He studied law, abandoned in first year of career. In 1930 he worked as a typographer and subsequently dedicated to journalism and is known as writer.
He participated intensively in the Cuban policy, which cost him the exile on several occasions. In 1937 he joined the Communist Party, and after the triumph of the Cuban revolution in 1959 served charges and diplomatic missions of relief. In 1961 he was elected President of the National Union of writers and artists Cuban (UNEAC). On several occasions, was representative of the cultural policy of the regime.
His literary production was initiated in the field of Postmodernism and clinched it in the avant-garde lessons of the 1920s, becoming the most outstanding representative of poetryMaypole. Are reasons (1930), mulattos poems (1931),West Indies Ltd. (1934) and scattered poems in later books, wanted an authentic expression of a mulatto country as himself, expressing a social concern that was accentuated with the passage of the years. Evolved into those political and social concerns: songs for soldiers and sones for tourists (1937), the whole sound (1947) and the popular flying pigeon (1958), showed its commitment to Cuban homeland and all the underprivileged of the world. Poem in four anguish and hope (1937) accused the impact of the Spanish Civil War and the assassination of Federico García Lorca.
Member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba. Critical of imperialism, and the injustice that not prevented him from being affected by the metaphysical and reflects concerns that also dominated the literature of that time. With I have (1964) he expressed his jubilation revolutionary Cuba. then he writes love poems (1964), the great zoo (1967), sprocket (1972), the daily daily (1972) and by sea of the Antilles is a boat of paper and poems for children and adults (1977). His journalistic work has been collected prose of prisa (1975-1976).
Nicolás Guillén died on July 16, 1989 in Havana, Cuba. In the last four years of his life, the writer, who suffered from arteriosclerosis and mal de Parkinson, suffered several heart attacks, and in its last June was submitted to an operation that was amputated the left leg.

Biography of José Bonaparte - Joseph Bonaparte

(1768/01/07 - 1844/07/28)

Joseph Bonaparte
King of Spain (1808-1813)
He was born 7 January 1768 in Corte, Corsica. Older brother of Emperor Napoleón I Bonaparte.
He studied law in Pisa (Italy) and in 1796 he took part in the campaign of Napoleon in Italy. A year later took a post as a diplomat, first at the Court of Parma and later in Rome, during the I French Republic. He was a member of the Council of five hundred, the legislative body lower at the time of the Directory, in 1798.
He married Julia Clary, and was father of Zenaida Bonaparte and Carlota Napoleona Bonaparte.
During the Napoleonic wars, he acted as an Envoy of his brother and signed treaties with the United States, Austria, Britain and the Vatican. In 1806, Napoleon made him King of Naples, where reigned until 1808, date in which his brother granted him the throne of Spain.
He reigned as Joseph I, looking for political support from groups of Spanish illustrated, whose members were the so-called French without being able to make succeed the reformist program of his Government, based on the Constitution of Bayonne. Past five years returned to France expelled by Spanish insurgents.
In 1815, after the final defeat of Napoleon, he emigrated to the United States, where he remained until 18He returned to Europe, and after a brief stay in England, José Bonaparte died on July 28, 1844, in Florence.