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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Rafael Correa
- Biography of Lazaro Cardenas
- Biography of Benito Mussolini
- Biography of José Hernández
Biography of Rafael Correa
(1963/04/06 - Unknown)Rafael Vicente Correa Delgado
Ecuadorian politician and Economist
President of the Ecuador
He was born on April 6, 1963 in Guayaquil, Ecuador.
Son of Rafael Correa Icaza and Norma Delgado Rendon.
San José - La Salle of the city of Guayaquil studied primary and secondary Catholic school. He won a scholarship to study at the Universidad Católica of Santiago de Guayaquil, where he graduated in economics in 19During a volunteer in the Ecuadorian highlands acquired basic knowledge of kichwa, the most widely spoken indigenous language in Ecuador. With another scholarship, performs a master's degree in economics from the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium and in an Exchange sponsored by the Universidad San Francisco de Quito studied at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States obtaining the degree of PhD in 2001.
Politically it is situated ideologically in the nationalist left, similar to their counterparts, Venezuela's Hugo Chávez and Bolivian, Evo Morales, was defined as neodesarrollista and Christian humanist. He was President of the Association Cultural student Lasallian (ACEL), in the UCSG. Elected President of the Association of students of Economics, audit and Administration (AEAA) and, later, President of the Federation of students of the University (FEUC).
On April 20, 2005 was appointed Minister of finance, during the Presidency of Alfredo Palacio, - the man who took power after the overthrow of Colonel Lucio Gutiérrez-, and gave the first clues that his political project enroll within the Bolivarian movement to found the Socialism of the 21st century. He resigned on August 8, 2005.
Correa founded the movement proud and sovereign fatherland (country) at the beginning of the presidential campaign in 20Political movement with which are appropriated Presidentand after modifying the Constitution of 1998, in the year of 2008 failed to secure political majority in the Ecuadorian Assembly. Elected President of Ecuador on two occasions: the first, after overcoming in the runoff election on 26 November 2006, the candidate Álvaro Noboa, with 57% of the votes and the second, in a single turn, April 26, 2009, with the 51.9% of votes accounting. Aupado by a greater than 70% popularity, belt dissolved Parliament and underwent a rconstitutional eferendum to create the new Ecuador. Between 2007 and 2009 he lived practically in election campaign until he took control of all the powers of the State.
The way that is the same taken by Chavez in Venezuela, Evo Morales in Bolivia and Daniel Ortega in Nicaragua. Belt promoted legislation to reform the financial sector, the tanker and the media, among others. He promulgated a Constitution new, highly advanced from the point of view of social rights, but also with many mechanisms to retain power. His first term was concluded on January 15, 2011, but the new Constitution ordered to advance the elections to all the dignities of the country, so that his second term began on August 10, 2009, the same day as the bicentennial of the First cry of independence and will conclude on August 10, 2013.
September 30, 2010, members of the Ecuadorian police, protesting a law that was repealed the previous day by the Executive, they detained him for several hours in the hospital where he had gone after being assaulted by some of its members. He said then that the hospital they would take it "as President or as a corpse" and said he would not lose his "dignity". He went so far as to receive a delegation from the police revolt but ultimately failed to any kind of agreement. Meanwhile, supporters of President tried to break the police cordon surrounding the hospital to "rescue him". Security forces responded with teargas against these protesters. Later dozens of members of the army reach the vicinity of the hospital and confronted with the police to release the President moved to the Palacio de Carondelet, from which looked out onto the balcony to hundreds of his supporters gathered in the Plaza Grande and who waved flags of Ecuador.
Rafael Correa, is proclaimed absolute winner of elections held February 17, 2013 with an overwhelming victory (56.7% of the votes), while his main opponent, Guillermo Lassoexbanquero, made with 23.3%. Correa, in his own words, will make irreversible the "citizen revolution" that began in 2007, during his tenure.
Married to Anne Malherbe Gosseline, a Belgian professor who met in 1990 at the Catholic University of Louvain. They are parents of three children: Sophia, Anne Dominique and Rafael Miguel.
Biography of Lazaro Cardenas
(1895/05/21 - 1970/10/19)Lázaro Cárdenas del Río
Mexican politician, President of the Republic (1934-1940)
He was born on May 21, 1895 in Jiquilpan de Juárez (Michoacán).
Son of Dámaso Cárdenas and Felicitas del Rio.
He attended school until the age of 16 worked typographer and later in an office of the Treasury.
In 1914 he joined the Mexican Revolution, reaching the rank of Lieutenant Colonel (1915). After the Convention of Aguascalientes, became to the constitutionalism of Venustiano Carranza interacting with the group from Sonora headed by Plutarco Elías Calles.
He was Brigadier of the Constitutionalist army in 19Elected Governor of Michoacan from 1928 until 19Elected President of the National Revolutionary Party (PNR) in 1930, Secretary of the Interior in 1931 and Secretary of war and Navy in 1933.
President of Mexico in 1934, launched a plan of economic and social reforms in six years, the privately owned land was distributed among the peasants, and with the support of the Confederation of workers of Mexico, many industries became cooperatives. In April 1938 he reorganized the PNR endowing it with four sections: workers, the peasant, the popular and the military. That same year he nationalized the properties of foreign oil companies.
He secularized teaching. He supported the Spanish Republic during the Civil War (1936-1939) and granted asylum to many refugees Spaniards, who granted the Mexican nationality and also Trotsky, who was escaping from the Stalinism in the USSR. In 1942, during World War II and under the Presidency of Manuel Ávila Camacho, was commander of the Mexican forces of the Pacific coast, and Secretary of national defense from 1942 until 1945.
Married to Amalia Solórzano, was the father of Alicia Cardenas, Palmira Cárdenas Solórzano (1933 - 1933), and Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Solórzano (1934).
Lázaro Cárdenas died of cancer in Mexico, D. f. on October 19, 19
Biography of Benito Mussolini
(1883-07-29 - 1945/04/28)Benito Mussolini
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini
Head of Government and dictator of Italy
Born on July 29, 1883 in Dovia di Predappio , a small town in the province of Forlì in Romagna (Italy).
Son of a blacksmith named Alessandro Mussolini, Socialist and Rosa Maltoni, a teacher from school and devout Catholic.
Named Benito by Mexican reformist President Benito Juárez, while his second names Andrea and Amilcare were in recognition of the Italian Socialists Andrea Costa and Amilcare Cipriani.
He was the eldest of three children. His siblings Arnaldo and Edvige is called. Although it would become one of the great orators of the 20th century, he began too late to talk, so their parents came to think that it was dumb. Troubled child who constantly got in trouble with your flatmates, at age eleven was expelled from the boarding school where he studied by cutting with a knife a fellow of course. Mussolini would become anti-clerical like his father proclaimed atheist.
He worked as a teacher in Gualtieri middle schools until he escapes to Switzerland avoiding military service. There he worked as a laborer, learned English and German, and joined a Militant Socialist Trade Union until he was arrested and expelled from the country. In Italy was decreed an amnesty against deserters and although he avoided her conviction, finally carried out military service in Verona. In 1910 he married Rachele Guidi and the result of this union were born five children. He was arrested and imprisoned for his opposition to the war between Italy and Libya (1911-1912). Some time later he was director of the official newspaper of the Socialist Party, Avanti!. World War I broke out in 1914, initially denounced the imperialist character of the conflict from a neutral position, but soon changed his mind and demanded the intervention of Italy in support of the allies.
He was expelled from the Socialist Party and in October 1914 due to his opposition to the stance of the party over the neutrality in the first world war. He created his own newspaper in Milan, Il Popolo d' Italy. In March 1919, founded in Milan the Italian fasci of combat, nationalistmovement, anti-liberal and antisocialista. It took its name from the fasces, an ancient symbol of Roman discipline. He came by all rural areas, where his militia of black shirts got the support of landowners while they attacked the peasant leagues and Socialist associations. Fascism left his spirit Republican to gain the confidence of the army and of the monarchy. A day after the fascists carried out the 'March on Rome', King Victor Emmanuel III invited Mussolini to form a Government and in October 1922 he became the youngest Prime Minister in the history of Italy and exercised within the parliamentary system until January 1925, when declared himself dictator of Italy.
Known as Il Duce ("leader"), in 1926 already had changed the country a one-party and totalitarian based on the power of the Grand fascist Council, organ of the new creation, and backed by militias of national security. After the Elimination of the Parliament, he founded Chamber of the fasci and corporations with a mere consultative status. Within the new 'corporate State', entrepreneurs and workers were organized into groups controlled by the party representing the various sectors of the economy. Remained capitalist system and social services increased, but independent trade unions and the right to strike is abolished.
In 1929 signed the Lateran pacts with the Vatican, which ended the conflict that had faced the Church and the Italian State since 18In foreign policy, he opposed the recommendations of the League of Nations and began the conquest of Ethiopia (Abyssinia, 1935-1936), becoming in this way with the acclamation of almost all sectors of Italian society. His popularity was reduced when sent troops to support the General Francisco Franco during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), by the Alliance with Germany governed by national socialism (nazi party) through the formation of the Axis Roma-berlin (1936), culminating in the so-called Pact of steel between the two States (1939), by the enactment of laws against the Jews and the invasion of Albania (1939).
At the outbreak of World War II, he decided to stay on the sidelines, but changed when the Germans invaded France in June 19Italy fought against the British in Africa, he invaded Greece and joined the Germans in the Division of Yugoslavia, the invasion of the Soviet Union and the Declaration of war to the United States. After many defeats, the fascist Grand Council he dismissed Mussolini on 25 July 1943, stopped the next day and signed in the month of September an Armistice with the allies, who had invaded the South of Italy.
Despite everything Germans rescued him in September of that same year and proclaimed the Italian Social Republic, fleeting regime based in Salò and who survived only by the German protection. He attempted to escape to Switzerland with his mistress, Clara Petacci, during the last days of the war, but were captured and shot by members of the Italian resistance, on April 28, 1945, being their bodies exposed publicly in the streets of Milan.
Married to Ida Dalser in Trento in 19The couple had a son one year later and Benito Albino Mussolini called his name. In December 1915, he married Rachele Guidi, his mistress since 1910, and with his next political ancestry was suppressed the information about his first marriage and his first wife and his son were pursued. With Rachele had two daughters, Edda (1910-1995) and Anna Maria (1929-1968). In addition had several lovers, among them Margherita Sarfatti and his final companion, Clara Petacci.
Biography of José Hernández
(1834/11/10 - 21/10/1886)Jose Hernandez
He was born on November 10, 1834 in the hamlets of Perdriel, on the farm of his uncle Don Juan Martín de Pueyrredón, during the Government of Juan Manuel de Rosas. Son of Rafael Hernández and Isabel Pueyrredón. His father was struck down by lightning.
He began to read and write at the age of four and attended the school of don Pedro Sanchez. Educated at the Lyceum of San Telmo, in 1846 he was taken by his father to the South of the province of Buenos Aires, where they became familiar with rural operations and customs of the gaucho. An adolescent disease forced him to live in the pampas, where he came into contact with the style of life of the gauchos.
Poet, journalist, accountant, stenographer, soldier, merchant, landowner and politician. Self-taught, which, thanks to its numerous readings, defined his political ideas. In March 1857, shortly after the death of his father, moved to the city of Paraná. From 1852 to 1872, he defended that the provinces should not remain tied to the central authorities, established in Buenos Aires. José Hernández took part in the last Gaucho rebellion, the López Jordan, which ended in 1871 with the defeat of the gauchos and his exile. On his return in 1874, he founded the newspaper Magazine of the Río de la Plata, where he defended federalist positions.
He was provincial deputy and in 1880, being President of the Chamber of Deputies, defended the project of federalisation, for which Buenos Aires became the capital of the country. In 1881 he wrote instruction of the rancher and he was elected provincial Senator , position to which he was re-elected until 1885.
José Hernández got a great ECHO for their proposals with his poetry. El gaucho Martín Fierro (1872), a popular epic poem, is considered to be one of the great works of Argentine literature. Martín Fierro narrates his life, portraying the rural simplicity, independence and peace of your mind. The poem starts with the happiness of his family life, until it is forced to enlist in the army, his rebellion and consequent defection. On his return, he discovers that his house has been destroyed and his family has left, and despair pushes him to join the Indians and becoming a man outside the law. In the aftermath of the poem, the return of Martin Fierro (1879), finally meets his sons. In the gaucho, he discovered the embodiment of courage and integrity inherent to an independent life.
On June 8, 1859, he married in Paraná Carolina González del Solar, with whom he had seven children.
José Hernández died on October 21, 1886 in his fifth of Belgrano, in Buenos Aires. The last words he said were: "Buenos Aires..." Buenos Aires... "