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Life in biblical times, pastor

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Vida en los tiempos bíblicos, el pastor
"As the pastor Shepherd your flock." His arm will meet the lambs; and in your heart it will take. "-Isaiah 40: 11."
The Bible, from his first book to the last, made dozens of references to the shepherds. (Genesis 4: 2;) (Revelation [revelation] maintain) great list of men Bible as Abraham, Moses and King David, were pastors. David expressed in very beautiful way the responsibilities and concerns of a good Shepherd. And a Psalm which was probably written by Asaph talks about David as a shepherd of God's people in ancient times. -Psalm 78: 70-72.
Centuries later, in the days of Jesus, the occupation of pastor was still essential. Jesus refers to himself as "the good Shepherd" and often uses the qualities of a good Shepherd to teach important lessons. (John 10: 2-4, 11) To Jehovah, the Almighty God, resembles a "shepherd". -Isaiah 40: 10, 11; Psalm 23: 1-4.
That animals were served by pastors? Who was involved in his work? And what can we learn from these tireless workers?

Herders of sheep and goats

It is likely that pastoralists in the old Israel looked after various types of sheep, in particular a Syria race with fat tails and thick wool. The race males have horns, but the females do not. These docile animals were easily taken by pastor and were very vulnerable to predators and other dangers.
The pastors also attended goats. They could be black or brown. Climbing up Rocky slopes and grazing, often their long ears in entangling easily between shrubs and thorns.
One of the constant challenges of pastor was to teach the sheep and goats to obey him. But the good shepherds were patients and stimulated with affection to the animals of his herd, even giving names to the animals recognized. -Juan 10, 16.

The work of pastor in several seasons

In the spring, pastor could take his flock of the fold near her home and take it to the fresh and succulent pastures on the outskirts of the village. This season, the herd grew when the Lambs and kids were born. In addition, the sheep were shorn, and this was a cause for celebration.
Seen that some residents of the village had few sheep, they hired a pastor to join the other herd. The shepherds had a reputation of not caring for other animals, as well as their own. — John 10: 12, 13.
After the harvest in the fields near the village, the pastor wore sheep to eat sprouts and grains that are retained between the stubble. To reach the heat of summer, pastors transferred their herds to fresh pastures in higher places. For days, the shepherds worked and slept in the open air, allowing the flock grazing on the green slopes. During the night, the shepherds were protecting the herd in open field. But sometimes he kept sheep in a cave, where they were protected against the jackals and hyenas. When the howl of a Hyena in the darkness of the night frightened them, the quiet voice of the Shepherd them soothed.
At dusk, the pastor had sheep and check how they were. In the morning, you called so they followed him to the pasture. (John 10, 4) At noon, carrying the animals to drink from puddles of fresh water. When they dried, the pastor took the animals to a well and drew water for them.
Near the end of the dry season, the pastor had been transferred to the herd to valleys and coastal plains. With the arrival of winter rains, driving the animals to their shelter. If you did not do this, could die because of the snow, hail and heavy rains. Only since the beginning of spring is that the shepherds of the flock drew them to graze in the open air.

Equipped for the job

Pastor clothing was simple, but sturdy. To protect themselves from the rain and the cold of the night, he could use a layer of sheepskin, wool inwards. Underneath, he wore a tunic. Sandals to protect their feet from sharp rocks, thorns and a woollen fabric encased his head.
The Shepherd team usually includes the following: a Pannier of leather, with supplies such as bread, olives, dried fruit and cheese; one rod, a club, usually 1 metre, with stones sharp in the thick, excellent tip for self-defense; a knife; a staff to lean while walking and climbing slopes; a jug of water; a bucket of leather with a rope to pull water from wells; a honda to chase away wild animals or throwing stones near the sheep or goats if they desviasen, leading them to the herd and a flute, Shepherd plays for fun and to calm the animals.
All the work of the pastor to take care of the animals was rewarded with important products like milk and meat. Wool and furs were exchanged for other items or used to make clothing and skins. The goat hair used to make fabrics. Sheep and goats were used in sacrifices.

A model to follow

The good shepherds were diligent, confident and courageous. Even they risked their lives to protect the herd. -1 Samuel 17: 34-36.
Therefore, it is not surprising that Jesus and his disciples have used the figure of the shepherd as a model Christian elders continue. (John 21: 15 - 17;) (Acts 20: 28), as well as a good shepherd in biblical times, the elders of the Congregation today seek to "shepherd the flock of God which is in their care, not under compulsion, but voluntarily;" not for the sake of dishonest gain, but with longing. -1 Peter 5: 2.

Information and images of origin in: La vida en tiempos bíblicos: El trabajo del pastor

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