Adolfo López Mateos… Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera… Carlo Collodi… Augusto Monterroso… Biographies Multiposts

Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Adolfo López Mateos
  2. Biography of Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera
  3. Biography of Carlo Collodi
  4. Biography of Augusto Monterroso

Biography of Adolfo López Mateos

(26/05/1910 - 1969/09/22)

Adolfo López Mateos
Mexican politician
He was born on May 26, 1910 in Atizapán de Zaragoza (today City Lopez Mateos).
He studied at night of the Faculty Law School of the Universidad national, in the city of Mexico, where he met Lic. José Vasconcelos. Law degree, was Senator (1946-1952).
In the course of the mandate of Adolfo Ruiz Cortines, he was Secretary of labor and Social Security (1952-1957) and performed an important role in protection to workers. It is President since December 1, 1958 to November 30, 19His Government's stand out social, fiscal and economic improvements that got underway, the boost that gave to the public works and foreign political activity, entry in the Latin-American Association of free trade and maintenance of their support to Cuba, despite pressure from the United States, a country with which it solved favourably for Mexico the dispute territory of El Chamizal , because of the change of course of the Rio Grande (Rio Bravo).
Adolfo López Mateos died in the City of Mexico on September 22, 19

Biography of Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera

(1858/12/22 - 1895/02/03)

Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera
Mexican writer
He was born on December 22, 1858 in the City of Mexico.
As a journalist began at the sixteen year-old precocity that would lead him to collaborate in around forty newspapers under pseudonyms like The Duke Jobtwenty. Author of Chronicles on the issues, did not publish any books, and his poems were published posthumously.
In 1894 Gutiérrez Nájera together with Carlos Díaz Dufóo, founded the Blue magazine, organ of modernism. He also wrote literary and theatrical criticism.
Manuel Gutiérrez Nájera died on February 3, 1895, in the city of Mexico.

Biography of Carlo Collodi

(24/11/1826 - 1890-10-26)

Carlo Collodi
Carlo Lorenzo Fillipo Giovanni Lorenzini
Author of the book of children's literature, Pinocchio Italian journalist and writer
He was born on November 24, 1826 in Florence.
He studied at the religious institution of Colle Val d'Elsa and then devoted two years to the study of rhetoric and philosophy.
He worked at the Piatti library in Florence until 1848 that joins the army of the King Carlos of Sardinia in the uprising against Austria.
Influenced by the political ideals of Giuseppe Mazzini, Collodi expressed in his works the liberal doctrine of this great leader of the unified Italy. He created the satirical newspaper Il Lampione, banned in 18In 1853 he founded The Scaramuccia, for which he wrote until 18He joined the military forces of Giuseppe Garibaldi and re-launched Il Lampione, already under the pseudonym of Collodi (for the birthplace of his mother). In 1860 he worked as official in Florence.
In 1877 he began the series of educational stories on Gianettino (Juanito), last appeared in 18Pinocchio, appeared in July 1881 in the weekly kids Giornale per i Bambini, entitled Storia di a Burattino ('story of a snowman'). In 1883 were the adventures of Pinocchio.
Carlo Collodi joined Freemasonry in the mid-nineteenth century. This organization was another important influence on the work of this author, and in his most notable (Pinocchio) are interesting symbolism. Pinocchio popularity experienced a great boom in 1940 with the premiere of the Walt Disney animated film.
Carlo Collodi died in Florence on October 26, 18

Biography of Augusto Monterroso

(21/12/1921 - 2003/02/07)

Augusto Monterroso
Guatemalan writer
He was born on December 21, 1921 in Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
From the year 1944 he settled in Mexico for political reasons. Co-founder of the magazine accent, one of the most restless intellectuals of Guatemala. In exile began to publish from 1959: complete works (and other Tales). Some of his titles are the sheep black and other Fables (1969), perpetual motion (1972) and the rest is silence (1978), the novel letter e: fragments of a diary (1987), journey to the center of the fable (talks, 1981) or the magic word (1983).
Its composition when he woke up, the dinosaur was still there, is considered the shortest story of universal literature.
It was intermediary in peace negotiations between the Government and the revolutionary guerrillas in his country. In 1993 named him Member of the Academia Guatemalteca de la Lengua Española, in 1996 Doctor Honoris Causa by the University of San Carlos of Guatemala and the Guatemalan order Member; Miguel Angel Asturias. That year also received the prize of Latin American literature and the Caribbean Juan Rulfo 19A year later, in 1997, he won the National prize of literature of Guatemala in recognition of the significance of their work around the world. In the year 2000, Augusto Monterroso was awarded the Prix Prince de Asturias de las Letras in its 20th Edition in recognition of "extraordinary wealth ethical and aesthetic" of his work.
Augusto Monterroso died on February 7, 2003 at 81 years of age, in Mexico City because of a cardiac arrest.