Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Marco Tullius Cicero
- Biography of Francisco Franco Bahamonde
- Biography of Roberto Gomez Bolaños
- Biography of Saddam Hussein - Saddam Hussein
Biography of Marco Tullius Cicero
(0106/01/03 - Unknown)Cicero
Writer, politician and Roman orator
It was born January 3, 106 BC in Arpinum (Arpino, Italy).
He studied law, public speaking, literature and philosophy in Rome. After a brief military career and three years of experience as a lawyer, he traveled to Greece and Asia, where he continued his studies. He returned to Rome in 77 BC and began his political career.
In 74 BC, he was elected Member of the Senate. Supported by the patrician in his candidacy to the Consulate in 64 BC before the other candidate, Sergio Lucius Catilina. Elected Cicero, Catilina returned to try the next year with the same results. Then, organized a conspiracy to overthrow the Government. Cicero controlled the situation, arrested and executed a number of supporters of Catiline and this expelled him from the Senate with a burning soflama known as Catilinarias. It was criticized by Julius Caesar and other Roman senators who felt that he had acted with excessive hardness, without providing appropriate legal safeguards to the conspirators. For this he had to split as exiled in 58 BC
He lived a year in Macedonia, after which he was forgiven by the Roman general Pompey the great. To 51 BC he devoted himself to literature, but accepted the task of governing the Roman province of Cilicia as proconsul. A year later returned to Rome, in 50 BC, and joined Pompey, who had become the greatest enemy of Julio Cesar. When Caesar defeated Pompey, in 48 BC, he accepted his friendship, but while Caesar was dictator of Rome, she lived away from political life.
Among his works are his treatises De Legibus (on laws), De Officiis (on duty), and De Natura Deorum (on the nature of the gods). The most famous of their parts of speech are the four against Catilia, known by Catilinarias, and the fourteen against Marco Antonio known for Filipicas. Among the minor works of Cicero, De Senectute (on old age) and De Amicitia (on friendship) treaties. After Caesar's assassination in 44 BC, he returned to politics.
Hoping to see the restoration of the Republic, supported Octavio, later the Emperor Augustus, in their struggles against the Roman consul Marco Antonio. Despite everything, Octavian and Mark Antony they reconciled, and Cicero was executed as an enemy of the State on December 7 43 BC at Formia.
They were spouses Terentia Varrones (79 BC - 51 BC) and Publilia (46 BC), and was the father of Tullia Ciceronis, Marco Tulio Cicero.
Biography of Francisco Franco Bahamonde
(1892/12/04 - 1975/11/20)Francisco Franco Bahamonde
Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco Bahamonde
Military, Spanish dictator and head of State (1936-1975)
He was born on December 4, 1892 in the Maria Street in El Ferrol (La Coruña).
Second son of a family of sailors.
He was baptized in the Basilica of San Francisco and became a little happy childhood. The father leaves home and is his mother who is responsible for their education.
He was a meticulous child, stubborn, astute and prudent. His voice, piping, and their physical appearance, earned him the diminutive of Paquito, with which it was known for many years.
In 1907 he entered the Military Academy of Toledo where he nicknamed him "Cerillito" and where three years later he received the grade of second lieutenant of infantry.
He began his military career in the Army of Africa, where harvested merits and promotions by war actions. The creation of the Foreign Legion gave him the opportunity to become Commander at age 30 and reach general at 34, the youngest of Europe since Napoleón Bonaparte. In 1923 he married Carmen Polo, belonging to the Asturian socialites, and returned to Africa to send the first flag of the Third foreigner.
Director since 1928 the General Military Academy of Zaragoza, until in 1931 Manuel Azaña, war Minister in the provisional RepublicanGovernment, decreed the closure of the military institution. He took part in the repression of the insurrection in Asturias revolutionary (October 1934). In 1935 he became Chief of the General staff and in 1936 it is destined to the general headquarters of the Canary Islands. From this position, he took part in the military uprising against the Republican government. The coup was initiated on 17 July in Morocco and arrived at Tetuan on 19 July to take command of the army of Africa.
July 20 died in plane crash the general José Sanjurjo, who should lead the military statement. The National Defense Board established on 24 July in Burgos by the military rebels circulated the command of the rebel army from the North and South between the generals Emilio Mola and Francisco Franco. On 29 September 1936 was named Generalissimo of the rebel military forces and, on 1 October, head of the State. The death in plane crash of general Mola (June 1937) released a possible competitor. The same happened to be murdered in prison in Alicante (November 1936) the founder of Spanish Falange, José Antonio Primo de Rivera in November 19Indeed, on April 19, 1937 was promulgated the Decree of unification that joined phalanx with the traditionalists and put under the headquarter of the caudillo, preferred by the general title to the Falange Española Tradicionalista and boards of Nacional-Sindicalista offensive (FET and theJONS )).
On January 30, 1938, he presided over the first Government of his long dictatorship. Thousands of exiles set off for Latin America; others, to European countries and to the Soviet Union. In the 1940s continue existing repression, which attest to the hundreds of thousands of prisoners, executions, which continued until the year 1943, or guerrillas, which lasted until 1953.
Since the war ended on 1 April 1939 and until his death (November 20, 1975), monopolized a regime that merges with its headline: the Franco regime. He understood that if the Phalanx disappeared to please allies, the coalition forces that had helped him win the war - military, royalists, Catholics, Carlists and falangists - would be tilted in favour of the royalists. Phalanx was the identity of Franco's regime abroad and that was one of the reasons by which never dismantled it, while it is advised and that doing so would have pleased allies. Spain was isolated from the international community for more than one decade, and this led to an economy based on a corporatist system, and self-sufficient. However, the Cold war was an oxygen balloon for Franco. At the beginning of the 1950s, almost at the same time, the United States and the Holy See signed agreements of cooperation with his Government, giving it international legitimacy he needed. This followed the incorporation of Spain to the United Nations and the first economic stabilization plan, agreed upon with the International Monetary Fund.
In July 1969, it was announced that Prince Juan Carlos of Bourbon would be the successor to Franco in the head of State and a year later signed the first agreement with the European common market, forerunner of the present European Union. Cunning was the quality that helped Francisco Franco staying in power so long, because he knew how to maintain a balance between several disparate political forces, according to the English historian Paul Preston. Franco hated the Communists, Freemasons and the Liberals and defending the Catholic faith and the values of the Spanish Empire above all. He was referring to the independence of the last Spanish colonies (Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines) as a "disaster" and was left with the same demon. Until June 1973, when, for the first time, Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco, gave the Government Headquarters to your 'right hand', Franco was at the same time head of State, the Government and army.
He published the book 'diary of a flag' in 1922 and under the pseudonym of Jaime de Andrade, wrote the racenovel, which inspired the movie of the same title in 19Under the pseudonym of Jakim Boor, published a series of articles antimasonicos and anti-Semites in the Phalanx, the daily top body.
He had a daughter, María de el Carmen Franco Polo, Duchess of Franco and his son-in-law was the doctor Cristóbal Martínez-Bordiú, Marquis of Villaverde.
Biography of Roberto Gomez Bolaños
(1929/02/21 - 2014/11/28)El Chapulín Colorado
The Chavo del Ocho
Roberto Gómez Bolaños
He was born on February 21, 1929 in the City of Mexico, Mexico.
Son of Elsa Bolanos-cacho Aguilar, Secretary, and Francisco Gómez Linares, painter, draftsman and Illustrator.
During pregnancy, your mother narrowly loses the baby due to a flu medication prescribed by the uncle of comedian.
His brother, Horacio Gómez Bolaños, personified Godinez in several chapters of el Chavo del ocho. He died in 1999 of a heart attack. His other uncle, Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, was President of Mexico from 1964 to 1970.
He studied engineering but never practiced. It began as a creative in the advertising D'Arcy, when he was 22 years old. He later wrote for radio, television and cinema. Between 1960 and 1965, two programs were fighting the first and the second place of hearing on Mexican television, "Study of Pedro Vargas" and "comedians and songs", both wrote them it.
In 1968 he hired him the broadcaster TIM for a space of half an hour each Saturday afternoon. Thus was born shows such as: "The Supergenios of the square table" and "The citizen Gómez". The career of actor "Chespirito" was born at the same time. Chespirito is a Spanish form of the English word: Shakespeare. The nickname director Agustín P. Delgado, gave it who considered Robert a little Shakespeare by his physical stature: 1.60 m. In 1970 they extended the broadcast time to an hour and was scheduled on Monday at 8:00 P.M.; the series is renamed as: "Chespirito", which included various sketches, thus was born the "El Chapulín Colorado" and a year later "Chavo del Ocho". The first chapter of El Chavo del Ocho was issued on June 20, 19Both characters had such roots in public, the television station decided to give the feature of series with a special day of the week for each, with primetime. In 1973 both programs are transmitted in almost all of Latin America.
In 1978, he produced, wrote and acted in the film "El Chanfle". He later directed and starred in the play "11 and 12". It was released in 19He also wrote, produced, directed and acted in other movies: "El Chanfle II", "Charrito", "Don mouse and Don Ratero" "wind music". In 1998, he produced the film "Elisa before the end of the world", directed by Juan Antonio de la Riva.
He married on November 19, 2004 fellow Mexican actress Florinda Meza "Doña Florinda", after 27 years of relationship. They met when this joined the team of actor and producer, to play "Doña Florinda", the bride of the teacher "Wikipedia" and "Kiko" MOM in such a program. His first wife was Graciela Fernández, with whom he had six children.
Roberto Gómez Bolaños died on Friday, November 28, 2014 in Cancun, at age He devoted the final part of his 40 year career in the production, mainly by health problems that dragged from 20In his recent appearances, the actor moved in a wheelchair.
Biography of Saddam Hussein - Saddam Hussein
(1937/04/28 - 2006/12/30)Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein Abdelmayid Abdalgafar
He was born on April 28, 1937 in Tikrit in a family rural part of clan Tikriti of Sunni Muslims.
With the absence of the father from 9 months of age, who died according to official biographers or, according to his detractors, that he left home.
He was raised in the House of his uncle Jairalah Tulfah, an army officer who had been expelled from the Armed forces for participating in a conspiracy pro-nazi in 19He grew up in an environment dominated by a deeply anti-colonial Arab nationalism .
He tried to enter the Military Academy , but it was rejected. In 1963 he married its prima, and in (1988-1989?) was married to his second wife. He is father of two children, he had daughters to marriage with his cousin and another daughter with the marriage of his last wife. Hussein studied in 1962 at the University of Cairo and then at Mustanseriya University in Baghdad.
He joined the Arab Socialist Party Baaz in 19At age 22 he attempted to assassinate the first Minister Abdul Kassem, but failed. Saddam Hussein wounded, disguised in woman and moved to Syria in camel, where in 1962 he met President Gamal Abdel Nasser. When he returned to the country in 1963, his influence within the party did not grow from head of security services to occupy one of the Secretaries attached.
He took part in the coup against the Iraqi Premier general Kassem and also in the Baathist coup in 19In the year 1979 was the successor to the general Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr as head of State. Secular, Socialist and nationalist, Sadam Husein managed to be one of the most powerful men in the Arab world. An admirer of Stalin, carried out upon arrival to the power, a deep purge within the Baas using the grip exerted on the secret services. Successive internal debuggers to the Baath became an appendage of his personal dictatorship. The Iraqi leader was a dictator relentless with their enemies for 24 years, since he took power in 19The political opposition with methods such as the use of poison gas against civilian populations during a rebellion killed Kurdish.
He launched a war against Iran (1980-1988) to not accept these give landlocked by Shat to the Aral, war in which strategic military intelligence satellite of the United States, and financial support of Kuwait and Saudi Arabia for fear that Iran dominated the region helped through religion and militarily. He was forced to sign the peace because the military stalemate.
He invaded and annexed Kuwait in August 1990, and at the beginning of 1991, a United States-led coalition forced him to withdraw from Kuwait during the Persian Gulfwar. It ended with internal revolts of the Shiites and Kurds of Iraq at the cost of some loss of control over the territory of the North and South of the country. In September 1996, United States again bombarded Iraq to punish Saddam for having crossed the exclusion line set in 1991 in parallel 36 for attacking the Kurdish population.
After the attacks of 11 September 2001 in New York, U.S. President George w. Bush included Iraq, Iran and North Korea in the so-called 'axis of evil'.10 two years later, a coalition of United States, United Kingdom, Australia and other countries attacked the country, initiating what became known as "Invasion of Iraq". On March 20, 2003, Allied troops launch the first attacks on Iraq: about 40 'Tomahawk' missiles destroy selective targets in the Iraqi capital. They are the 05.35 morning. Just start the Second Gulf war. Just 20 days later, on April 9, Iraqi and Americans down the Hussein statue erected in Al-Ferdaous square, next to the Palestine Hotel, in the heart of Baghdad. A symbolic - and historical - ceremony broadcast live by television stations to all corners of the planet as a testimony of the fall of Saddam's regime. The reasons put forward by the then US President was that Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction and that he had not collaborated with the UNinspectors. This conflict marked the fall of Saddam's regime, but no such weapons were found.
The former Iraqi President Sadam Husein was captured on December 14, 2003 by US troops in his hometown of Tikrit.
Sadam Husein was hanged in Baghdad on December 30, 20That would be one of the most powerful men in the Arab world, could not prevent the execution of the sentence of death penalty for their crimes against humanity.