Lev Vygotsky… Azorin… Atahualpa Yupanqui… ohn Vincent Atanasoff… Biographies Multiposts

Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Lev Vygotsky
  2. Azorin biography
  3. Biography of Atahualpa Yupanqui
  4. Biography of John Vincent Atanasoff - John Vincent Atanasoff

Biography of Lev Vygotsky

(1896/11/17 - 1934/06/11)

Lev Semionovich Vygotsky
Russian psychologist
"A thought can be likened to a cloud throwing a barrage of words"
Lev Semionovich Vygotsky
He was born on November 17, 1896 in Orsha, near Minsk, (Belarus).
He studied at the Moscow School of medicine , and subsequently enrolled in Law school and, simultaneously, began to study literature.
He moved to Gomel to work as a teacher of literature until 1923; later he founded a psychology laboratory at the school's Faculty of Gomel, where he started the conferences that were to become his 1926 work pedagogic psychology.
He returned to Moscow to work in the Institute of Psychology. In 1924 the "II all-Russian Congress of Psiconeurologia", where he presented his work "methods in reflexology and psiclologica research" was the impact of his statement was that they were invited to be part of the Institute of psychology in Moscow.
Along with Luria and leontiev formed the so-called "Troika" of the School Vygotskian. His research focuses on thought, language, memory , and the game. In 1934 he was appointed director of the Department of Psychology of the Instituto de Medicina Experimental in the Soviet Union.
His most famous work was "thought and language", published shortly of his death in Moscow on June 11, 1934 from tuberculosis, but equal notoriety reachedthe crisis of Psychology, in which was a systematic critique of any trend and current European psychology of the moment.

Azorin biography

(1873/06/08 - 1967/03/02)

José Augusto Trinidad Martínez Ruiz
Essayist, novelist, author of theatre and Spanish critic
He was born on June 8, 1873 in Monovar (Alicante).
Son of a militant lawyer of the conservative party who became mayor and Member and holder of a large hacienda. At age eight enter as an intern in the school that the Piarist fathers in Yecla. At sixteen, he studied secondary education. In 1888 he moved to Valencia to study law.
Collaborates in different newspapers that used different pseudonyms: Fray Joséin "Catholic education", Petrel, Juan de Lis, "The defender of Yecla", etc. He also writes in "El Eco de Monóvar", "El Mercantil Valenciano" and in "The village". He collaborates on ABC and La Vanguardia as a literary critic.
He participated actively in political life. Antonio Maura, and the Minister Juan de la Cierva, were its top backers. Between 1907 and 1919 was five times Deputy and under Secretary for public instruction. At the beginning of the Civil War he took refuge in France with his wife, Julia cherry Urzanqui.
Azorín was one of the writers who fought for the revival of Spanish literatureat the beginning of the 20th century. He christened this group under the name of the generation of 98. In his writings of eternity and the continuity is symbolized in the ancient customs of the peasants. Author of essays as the Spanish soul (1900), peoples (1904), and Castilla (1912), although it is recognized mostly for his autobiographical novels Will (1902), Antonio Azorín (1903), and the confessions of a small philosopher (1904).
Also author of literary criticism that in texts such as the literary values (1913) and aside from the classics (1915). It became the highest representative of the generation of 98, literary movement which he defined. In 1924 he was elected member of the Royal Spanish Academy. In 1946 he was awarded the Grand Cross of the Civil order of Alfonso X el Sabio.
Azorín died on March 2, 1967 in Madrid.

Biography of Atahualpa Yupanqui

(1908/01/31 - 1992/05/23)

Atahualpa Yupanqui
Héctor Roberto Chavero
Argentine composer and singer
He was born on January 31, 1908 in the province of Buenos Aires, Pergamino Partido.
His ancestors include Indian, Creole and Basque. During adolescence would adopt the pseudonym that would accompany him for ever: Atahualpa Yupanqui. He played football, he practiced boxing, fencing. Activist of the Argentine Communist Party in the years in which the meat of affiliate was a sure passport to the persecution that Yupanqui was waged at the expense of the exile. This son of a railway employee, is one of the largest references of Argentine folk music.
Composer, guitarist, singer and writer, has left a work whose knowledge is essential for approaching the Argentinian musical landscape, as well as their customs, their intonation and its memory. Yupanqui interpreted his songs not only in Argentina, he sang with Edith Piaf in Paris in 1948 and gave hundreds of concerts in several European countries.
He lived for a time in Paris. El Payador pursued, first disc and later book, is his most complete work. The song of the wind, a book in the form of essay appeared in 19"El arriero", "work, want to work" and the milonga "my cart shafts" are three of their songs more popular around the world.
Atahualpa Yupanqui died in Nimes, France, on May 23, 19He was in the French city to receive a tribute. His remains rest in the Cerro Colorado, province of Córdoba, Argentina Republic.

Biography of John Vincent Atanasoff - John Vincent Atanasoff

(1903/10/04 - 1995/06/15)

John Vincent Atanasoff
John Vincent Atanasoff
American mathematician and physicist
He was born on October 4, 1903 in Hamilton, New York (United States).
He developed basic techniques later used in the design of the first computer or digital electronic computer, ENIAC. It is said that the concept of a digital electronic computer was born in a tavern in Iowa, where Atanassoff defined the 4 basic precepts for such apparatus, which would use: electricity and electronics, a binary system (ones and zeros), capacitors to store data (memory) and a logic for the computation and not the numbering system, as it was the case with similar machines.
While he taught at Iowa State College, he constructed a simple mechanism of calculation consisting of a vacuum tube, which taught several people, including one of the last manufacturers of ENIAC; but it did not succeed in spreading mechanism. However, in 1971, a lawsuit filed by an electronics company against a rival company that had the patent for the approaches of ENIAC (based on the ideas of Atanasoff had been used without acknowledging it) led in 1973 to the invalidation of the patent.
John Atanasoff died on 15 June 1995 in Frederick, Maryland.