Florence Nightingale… Abimael Guzmán… Ramón López Velarde… Alfonso Reyes… Biographies Multiposts

Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Florence Nightingale
  2. Biography of Abimael Guzmán
  3. Biography of Ramón López Velarde
  4. Biography of Alfonso Reyes

Biography of Florence Nightingale

(1820/05/12 - 13/08/1910)

Florence Nightingale
Italian, reforming the health system nurse
"There are five key points to ensure the healthiness of housing: pure air, pure water, efficient drainage, cleaning and light"
Florence Nightingale
He was born on May 12, 1820 in Florence, Italy, although he grew up in Derbyshire, England.
From Victorian family, he grew up in an environment with a very strict education.
In 1850 he began studies of nursing at St. Vincent de Paul Institute in Alexandria, Egypt, later he studied at the Institute for Diaconas Protestants of Kaiserswerth, Germany.
In 1853 he directed the London Hospital for disabled women . During the Crimean War, he knew of poor sanitary conditions and the lack of resources in the great hospital of barracks in Uskudar (Turkey), by which British, offering its services sent a letter to the Secretary of war. The Minister proposed to take the direction of all tasks of nursing in the front.
He traveled to Üsküdar with other 38 nurses. Nursing departments were created in Üsküdar and Balaklava, Crimea. After the war in 1860, he founded the school and home for nurses Nightingale at St Thomas Hospital in London. School marks the beginning of vocational training in the field of nursing.
Since then, nursing was considered a medical profession with a high degree of training and responsibility. It was innovative in the collection, tabulation, interpretation and graphic presentation of the descriptive statistics; It showed how statistics provides a framework of organization to control and learn, and it can lead to improvements in surgical and medical practices. His writings include notes on nursing: what is and what is not (1860), the first textbook for nurses, which was translated into many languages.
He also developed a Formula model of hospital statistics so that hospitals collected and generated data and consistent statistics. In 1907 he became the first woman to receive the Order of merit.
Florence Nightingale died in London on August 13, 1910.

Biography of Abimael Guzmán

(1934-12-03 - Unknown)

Manuel Rubén Abimael Guzmán Reynoso
Peruvian politician
He was born December 3, 1934 in Mollendo, Arequipa, Peru.
Son of Berenice Reynoso, single mother, who died in 1939.
Since then he lived with his father, who had other 6 children with three different women. Between 1939 and 1946 he lived with his maternal uncles, before traveling to the Constitutional province of Callao.
In Arequipa , he studied in the Colegio La Salle of the brothers of the Christian schools. With 19 years he joined the University of San Agustin and begins to take interest in the doctrines of Karl Marx and Immanuel Kant. At both institutions he became Professor by 19He finished his studies with the degree of Bachelor of Humanities and law.
From 1962 he served as a Professor at Universidad Nacional San Cristóbal de Huamanga, of Ayacucho. In 1963 he was appointed delegate of the Faculty of social sciences to the University Council, initiating the work of communist infiltration in the upper center, giving time to perform parallel work of catechize the peasantry in the area.
The year 1964 he married Augusta la Torre, daughter of a Communist leader in Ayacucho.
In 1961, as a delegate of the Workers Revolutionary Party (for), he was elected member of the provincial of the front of national liberation of Arequipa, composed mostly of left-wing political parties. In 1969 he formed a group of teachers who were opposed to Education reform. In June 1969, he was arrested as the alleged perpetrator of the crimes of outrage to the nation and the representative symbols, attacking the armed forces against the constitutional order and security of the State, manufacturing and use of weapons and explosives and damage to public and private property.
In the 1970s founded the Communist Party of the Peru "Sendero Luminoso".
It was ceased as teacher of the UNSCH in 1975 and in October of that year went into hiding to not abandon it until his arrest in 1992.
In 1979, during a State of emergency, he was arrested and shared cell at the penal de Lurigancho with Alfonso Barrantes (leader of United Left). It was released through the intercession of four generals and immediately went into hiding. At the beginning of the 1990s the terrorist action began to focus on Lima. Among the worst evidence recalled the attack in the Tarata Street in Miraflores.
In 1992 he was located and arrested. Although he tried to reach an agreement with Fujimori, then President of Peru, was detained in a maximum security at the Naval Base of Callao prison.

Biography of Ramón López Velarde

(1888/06/15 - 1921/06/19)

Ramón López Velarde
Mexican writer
He was born on June 15, 1888 in Jerez, (Zacatecas).
It starts in writing in the year 1900, when he entered the seminary in Zacatecas. He subsequently studied at the Seminary of Santa Maria of Guadalupe in Aguascalientes and in the Institute of science in the same city. In 1908 he joined the Institute of scientific and literary of San Luis Potosí, collaborating in some newspapers and magazines in the province.
He served as judge in El Venado and in 1914 moved to the capital, where he published poems, essays and Chronicles, in various newspapers. "The devout blood" was his first book published in 1916, in which stands out the figure of Fuensanta, Muse of his first poems. In the year 1919 public his second book "capsize" and in 1921 he writes "soft homeland" one of his best-known works.
On 19 June of the same year Ramón López Velarde dies in City of Mexico of a pneumonia.
The poems he left at his death were collected in the book "are heart" and his prose, which includes lyric comments, literary portraits, reviews, memories of province, topics of the moment, etc. were collected by Enrique Fernández Ledesma in "the timer."
On the 75th anniversary of his birth, his remains were moved to the Rotunda of illustrious men.

Biography of Alfonso Reyes

(1889/05/17 - 1959/12/27)

Alfonso Reyes
Mexican writer
He was born on May 17, 1889 in Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico.
It formed part of the Ateneo de la Juventud (1909-1913) cultural group and together with Pedro Henríquez Ureña, Antonio Caso and José Vasconcelos are organized to read the classics. He was exiled in Spain (1914-1924), after the death of his father, general Bernardo Reyes, candidate to the Presidency of the Republic, where it makes contact with the most important literary figures of the time. He attended the school of Menéndez Pidal and then to the aesthetics of Benedetto Croce.
Appeared published numerous essays on the poetry of the Spanish golden age, notably his works on the Baroque and Góngora. It should be noted this time Madrid cartons (1917), Vision of Anahuac (1917), suicide (1917) and the Hunter (1921).
From 1924 to 1939 he returned as a diplomat in South America. This time it would point to trials: Gongora issues (1927), sympathies and differences (essays, 1921-1926), homily by culture (1938), chapters of Spanish literature (1939 to 1945) and Lyrics of the new Spain (1948). Between 1939 and 1950 he worked as a language teacher. Writes a long series of books on classical themes, such as old rhetoric and The last Tule of 1942, the boundary (1944), criticism at the Athenian age (1945) or Shadow Boards (1949), as well as poems dealing with Mexican and American problems and other varied topics: attempts and guidelines (1944), North and South (1945), The X on the forehead and Marginalia , 19His translations include part of The Iliad of Homer, in 1951.
He worked at El Colegio de México (institution created to receive the Spanish Republic exiles) which became director.
Alfonso Reyes died in the City of Mexico, on December 27, 1959.

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