Henry Ford… Garcilaso of Vega… B. F. Skinner - Burrhus Frederic Skinner… Juan Domingo Perón… Biographies Multiposts

Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Henry Ford
  2. Biography of Garcilaso of Vega
  3. Biography of B. f. Skinner - Burrhus Frederic Skinner
  4. Biography of Juan Domingo Perón

Biography of Henry Ford

(1863/07/30 - 1947/04/07)

Henry Ford
American industrial
"Isn't the boss pays salaries: who pays what is the product"
Henry Ford
He was born on July 30, 1863 in a farm near Dearborn, Michigan.
He studied in public schools. With 16 years he was an apprentice mechanic in Detroit. Between 1888 and 1899 was mechanic, and later chief mechanic of the Edison Illuminating Company. In 1893, it managed to build its first car, and in 1903 founded the Ford Motor Company.
Introduced in its factory Assembly linetechnique, and began to use interchangeable parts for cars. Although it was not the creator, nor the first to use these techniques inherent to the manufacturing system, yes it was the main person in charge that these practices are widespread. Innovation, although it increased productivity, resulted in a reduction of work monthly in its factory of between 40 and 60%, due primarily to the monotony of the Assembly line and repeated increases in production quotas assigned to the workers. Ford overcame this difficulty by doubling the daily wage environment of the industry, from paying two dollars and a half to five dollars a day. The net result was a growing stability in its factory and a significant reduction of the running costs. These facts, together with the huge increase in production, thanks to new technological methods, were able to increase the profits of the company from the $ 30 million in 1914 to 60 million achieved in 1916.
In 1908, the Ford company started the manufacture of the famous Model T. When in October 1913 begins mass production was the standard most powerful car in the world with a top speed of 72 Km/h consuming 40 km. per gallon with its 20 HP and 4-cylinder engine. Their launch price was $850 price that would lower eleven years later in 1924, to the incredible level of $2By then, nearly everyone could buy a T always and when out black as other colors, red, Green Pearl and gray French, they were eliminated just one year after release. Until 1927, date in which the Model T was replaced by other more modern, the factory produced more than 15 million units.
The predominant position of the company Ford as Max producer and seller of automobiles in the United States, was giving in favour of its competitors, in large part because of its slowness in adopting the practice of creating a new model each year, which had become widespread in the industry. During the period between 1937 and 1941, the Ford was the only company of vehicles that did not recognize official way to any Trade Union to represent workers in collective bargaining. In a trial before the national industrial relations court, Ford was condemned for repeatedly violating the National Labor Relations Act. The facts that are brought against him were elevated by an appeal before the federal courts. He was forced to negotiate a contract, after the success of the strike which the workers of its main factory in River Rouge, Michigan, carried out in April 1941.
At the beginning of 1941 Ford signed contracts with the Government to, at the beginning, manufacture various parts of bombers and later, in its entirety. He then began the construction of a massive factory in Willow Run, Michigan, which started producing in May 19Despite some technical difficulties, at the end of the World War II the factory already had produced more than 8,000 aircraft.
He was nominated to run for Senator by the State of Michigan in 1918, but failed to win the election. The following year he created the Henry Ford hospital in Detroit with a cost of seven million and a half dollars. In 1919 he became Publisher of the Dearborn Independent, a weekly newspaper that earlier published anti-Semiticmaterial. Despite some public protests, Ford forbade that continue to publish such articles and decided to be drafted a public apology to the Jews. His advanced age forced him to leave his effective management in 1945.
Henry Ford died on April 7, 1947 in Dearborn, leaving a personal fortune estimated between 500 and 700 million dollars, and bequeathed part of its shares in Ford Motor Company to the Ford Foundation, a non-profit organization. Its prominent role in the evolution of the modern industrial economy has led to the coining of the term Fordism to describe the dominant socio-economic model in developed countries for most of the 20th century.

Biography of Garcilaso of Vega

(Unknown - 1536/10/14)

Garcilaso de la Vega
Spanish poet
He was born in 1501 in an illustrious family of Toledo.
From a very young enters the service of Charles I. Between 1520 and 1523, he was named Member of the Court, Knight of Santiago and armed Knight. He participated in the war of the communities beside the Emperor against the comuneros, the Turks and the French.
She got married in 1525 with Isabel de Zúñiga. In 1526 the Court was moved to Granada and meets the Italian Ambassador, Andrea Navagero and Isabel de Freyre, which falls in love without being reciprocated. He travels to Italy between 1529 and 1530 in the company of Carlos I that this receive the imperial crown from the hands of Pope Clement VII. When they return to Spain, he attends the wedding of his nephew, who had not been approved by the Emperor, so it suffers from exile on an island in the Danube. Side Naplesas Lieutenant of the viceroy. In 1534 it returns to Spain on a diplomatic mission is where you release that Isabel has died. Return to Italy and was appointed Mayor of Reggio di Calabria, charge that leaves to join the imperial troops going to fight against the Turks of Barbarossa. After France invaded Savoy and the Emperor declares war: campaign of Provence, it is wounded by a stone while trying to climb a fortress, a few days later, 13 or October 14, 1536, killed in nice.
Author of a short production of verses published in life. After his death, the widow of his friend Juan Boscán gathered the manuscripts, reviewed them and published in Barcelona under the title of the works of Boscan and some of Garcilaso de la Vega (1543). His complete work consists of little more than 4,000 verses which form three eclogues, sonnets 38, two Elegies, five songs, and an epistle.

Biography of B. f. Skinner - Burrhus Frederic Skinner

(1904/03/20 - 1990/08/18)

Burrhus Frederic Skinner
American psychologist
He was born on March 20, 1904 in Susquehanna, Pennsylvania.
He studied at Harvard University. Professor at Indiana University from 1945 to 1948 and then at Harvard. He was the main representative of Behaviorism in her country, school that seeks to explain human behavior and animal in terms of response to different stimuli.
His work is mainly influenced by the works of John Watson and Russian reflexology: Vladimir Bechterev and Ivan Pavlov. Starting from observation and experimentation with animals became the concept of operant conditioning, a process by which an animal is taken to perform some action. The "reinforcements" both positive (Awards) and negative (punishment) are crucial to this process. Skinner was interested in practical applications of psychology, created scheduled education, a teaching technique in which students are presented, in an orderly manner, a series of small units of information, each of which must be learned before moving on to the next.
Among his most prominent works are the behavior of organisms (1938), Walden two (1961), utopia in which applies the principles of Behaviorism to the establishment of an ideal human community, and technology education (1968). In more beyond freedom and dignity(1971) advocated the mass conditioning as a means of control in a social order directed to the happiness of the individual. Among his last works are: autobiography: thus a behaviorist is formed (1976) and reflections on Behaviorism and society (1978).
B. F. Skinner died in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on 18 August 19

Biography of Juan Domingo Perón

(08/10/1895 - 1974/07/01)

Juan Domingo Perón
Argentine politician
He was born on October 8, 1895, in Lobos, province of Buenos Aires (Argentina).
He studied at a military college at age 16 (1911-1913) and made unparalleled progress in military ranks, and in the Superior School of war (1926-1929). He served in Italy during the last years of the Decade of 1930 as a military observer.
In 1930 he took part in a military uprising that overthrew President Hipólito Yrigoyen and was appointed Secretary of the Minister de Guerra (1930-1935). He taught at the War College, spent a year in Chile as a military attaché, published five books on military history and traveled to Italy to study Alpine military methods.
In 1941 he returned to his country, and because of his great admiration for the fascist regime which would define as "a trial of national socialism, nor nor dogmatic Marxist", founded the Group of official United (GOU), which staged a coup d ' état that overthrew the civilian Government of Argentina in 19In 1945 he became Vice President and Minister of war. He was slowly gaining notoriety, especially for the support obtained from the worker non-privileged called "descamisados" and by his popularity and authority in the army, though as its power grew increasing opposition among the armed forces.
On October 9, 1945, a civilian and military uprising forced him to resign and was detained and imprisoned, but dynamic lover, Eva Duarte, and coworkers of labor unions gathered workers from all over the greater Buenos Aires and Perón was released from custody on October 17, 19That night, from the balcony of the Casa Rosada (Government House), spoke for 300,000 people and his words were broadcast by radio throughout the country. He promised to lead the people to victory in the pending presidential election and build a strong and just nation. Four days later Perón, who was widowed, married his partner, María Eva Duarte, better known by the name of 'avoids'.
After the election he was appointed President in 1946 after winning 56% of the votes. He created his own movement, 'peronism', continued trade unionists, nationalist and populist, policies with the help of his wife, who became a prominent influential, but informal, Member of his Government. He put Argentina on a course of industrialization and intervention in the economy, calculated to provide better social benefits for the working class. It also adopted a strong policy United anti-American and Anti-britanica, preaching the virtues of the so-called Third position, between Communism and capitalism.
On the basis of his Government in a doctrine called 'PJ', showed benefits workers through increases and other achievements. Nationalized trains and financed major public works. In the early 1950s the advantages enjoyed by the working class of the cities were gradually diminished.
In 1952, Evita died, a cancer victim. This along with the economic difficulties, growing labor unrest and the excommunication of Peron by the Catholic Church further weakened his Government. His overthrow at the hands of the army, in 1955, was a reflection of the popular rejection of his dictatorial rule. However, during his 18 years in exile, had the membership of trade unions and its influence on the politics of Argentina, supporting his followers in his bid for power.
Finally he was able to return to Argentina, once the Peronists, grouped in the Justicialist Liberation Front, won the presidential elections of 1973, and was re-elected President, with his third wife, María Estela Martínez de Perón, an Argentine dancer , as Vice President.
Juan Domingo Perón died in Olivos, Argentina, in the exercise of his office, on July 1, 1974, replacing him in front of the Presidency his wife.