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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Policarpa Salavarrieta
- Biography of Isabel Allende
- Biography of Charles Manson
- Biography of Max Planck
Biography of Policarpa Salavarrieta
(1795/01/25 - 1817/11/14)Policarpa Salavarrieta
He was born on January 26, 1795 in Guaduas, in the bosom of a family of middle class.
The Salavarrieta Ríos in Guaduas family house, remains still, turned into a museum.
Before the events of July 20, 1810, he moved to Bogotá, where he worked as a seamstress in the service of Maria Matea Zaldia.
Collaborating with the guerrilla of the Almeyda, returned to Guaduas as master. In 1816, he meets Alejo Sabaraín, with whom he maintained sentimental relations, Alejo asks him to establish contacts with the Patriots illegally living in the capital. With fake passports, she and her brother travel to Santa Fe. Being employed in the service of the House of Andrea Ricaurte Lozano, Center of subversion, he carried out extensive work of useful information for the Republican cause.
He organized military detachments to support Simón Bolívar and Francisco de Paula Santander.
Your organization fell and escapes, although it ended up being uncovered. Policarpa Salavarrieta was shot along with Alejo Sabaraín, of November 14, 1817 in Santafe.
Biography of Isabel Allende
(1942/08/02 - Unknown)Isabel Allende Llona
He was born on August 2, 1942 in Lima, Peru.
Daughter of Francisca Llona Barros and Tomás Allende, then Second Secretary of the Embassy of Chile. His father was a cousin of Salvador Allende, President of Chile from 1970 until 19In 1945, when his father disappeared, its moved to Santiago, Chile, where he resided until 1953 with their three children. In that year, and until 1958, his mother was married to Ramón Huidobro, also diplomatic and which was destined to Bolivia and Beirut. In 1970, Allende appointed Huidobro as Ambassador to Argentina.
She attended various private schools and traveled through several countries before returning to Santiago to conclude their studies and work with the Organization for agriculture and food (FAO). At age 17 he started as a journalist. In 1962 he marries Miguel Frías and the following year their daughter was born Paula. In 1966, after travelling through Europe, he returned to Chile and his son Nicolaswas born. In 1973, she was forced to leave his country and splitting as exile in Caracas, when Salvador Allende, was overthrown during the military coup led by General Augusto Pinochet Ugarte.
It was in exile where he wrote his first novel, the House of the spirits (1982), a family Chronicle with memories of childhood, those that inhabited the old mansion inhabited by his grandparents. Followed by love and shadow in which recounts the emergence in a mine in the North of Chile from the bodies of peasants killed by the dictatorship security services. In 1987 she divorces Miguel Frías and publishes Eva Luna and appears the infinite plan, based on the life of William Gordon, whom he married in 19He later wrote Paula describing the terrible disease that ended the life of his daughter. On April 21, 1998 he presented Aphrodite at Barnes & noble in New York. On January 29, 1999 he presented in Spain daughter of Fortune. the 2000 public portrait in sepia.
He lived in San Rafael, (California) for more than 15 years and obtained American citizenship in 2003.
In May 2007 was Doctor Honoris Causa by the University of Trento (Italy) in "lingue e letteratture moderne euroamericane". In September 2010, she was awarded the National prize of literature of Chile for "excellence and contribution of your work to the literature, which has aroused attention in Chile and abroad, and has also been recognized by multiple distinctions and has appreciated the role of the reader". In June 2011 was awarded the Hans Christian Andersen literature prize.
Biography of Charles Manson
(1934/11/12 - Unknown)Charles Manson
He was born on November 12, 1934 in the General Hospital of Cincinnati, Ohio, United States.
Illegitimate son of a 16-year-old girl, Kathleer Maddox. Shortly after his birth, his mother married a laborer named William Manson, who gave him his surname. No known father, in some official documents referred to a such "Colonel Scott" as his father since his mother had lived with a man of that name. His mother said that the man was the father and filed a lawsuit against fatherhood.
He received a five year sentence for robbery and assault. Until then, he had lived with his aunt, a religious zealot who saw the sin in any form of pleasure.
He spent most of his youth in reformatory. Also was charged with theft, a fellow homosexual rape, assaults and conducted several leaks. In 1955 he married Jean Willis, seventeen-year-old nurse. She would have her first child. They divorced in 1958, and a year later was to marry the whore Candy "leona" Stevens, to avoid that you could testify against him at a trial. From this marriage was born Charles Luther Manson, his second known son.
He began his esoteric training. Read about Buddhism and Orientalism. He is a member, according to him, the Church of Scientology and begins to use concepts such as Karma, reincarnation... that would be you fundamental when presenting their particular revelation: The Helter Skelter. He was imprisoned and sentenced to three years in prison for transporting stolen cars to Mexico. Fulfilled his sentence was arrested by is white, then for fake checks, whereby he was sentenced to ten years in prison. The prison became a morbid tiny figure, able to manipulate people.
He moved to San Francisco, California, where he formed a commune with women and obedient men. His life was sleeping with three of his followers and teaching acts of Satan promising each a son as a reward for their loyalty. He argued that you had to kill all blacks, but but not before kill some white important figures for having allowed blacks related targets. During his years in prison, Manson was violated by African Americans.
In March 1969, he decided that his "family" came into a House in Malibu where there were people who looked like movie stars; they didn't know who they were. Inside were the actress Sharon Tate, with 8 months of pregnancy, and wife of film director Roman Polansky, famous for his horror films. Also the Polish Voyteck Frykowski writer, stylist Jay Sebring and a friend of the actress. Manson sent his followers with a rope, a knife and a revolver caliber 22, ordering them to his death. They entered and amarraron everyone telling them that they were only going to steal. The writer tried to escape and she was shot six times in the face. Young women were responsible for ending the stylist with the 16 stab wounds. The friend of the actress amarraron one of the corpses and then murdered her with four shots and multiple stab wounds. The actress requested mercy for her pregnancy, received 51 stabs. At the end, they tended an American flag on the sofa in the House and with the blood of the actress wrote the word pig. They changed clothes and left. In a matter of hours the killers were identified and later imprisoned.
The sentencing to death of Charles Manson and his followers was automatically commuted to life imprisonment when in 1972 the Supreme Court of California temporarily eliminated the death penalty in the State. The restoration of the death penalty in California did not affect Manson, who is imprisoned in the State prison in Corcoran, a maximum security prison. He claims to be a chosen and in no time he has repented of his crimes.
On November 17, 2014, it was announced that Manson had obtained a marriage license to marry Afton Elaine Burton, 26 years old, who had been visiting him for nine years, and which maintains the innocence of Manson on various websites.
Biography of Max Planck
(1858-04-23 - 1947/10/03)Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck
German physicist, awarded Nobel Prize
"If someone says that you can think about the problems of"quantum"without stun it, that indicates that it has not understood well the basics of them"
He was born on April 23, 1858 in Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, in Northern Germany, father and grandfather theologians.
He studied at the universities of Munich and Berlin.
He worked as Professor of physics at the University of Kiel in 1885, and from 1889 to 1928 he taught at the University of Berlin. In 1900 he formulated that energy radiates in separate small units called "how many". Studying the radiation emitted by the so-called "black body", to be able to explain it had to give up a classical physics and insert the "quantum", which in principle nor he himself understood, but came to discover the universal constant of nature, which is known as the Planck constant, stating that the power of each "quantum" is equal to the frequency of the radiation theory multiplied by the universal constant.
These discoveries, not overturned the theory that radiation is propagated by waves. It is believed that electromagnetic radiation combines the properties of waves and particles. His discoveries were later verified by other scientists and meant the birth of a whole new field of physics, known as "quantum mechanics".
His most important works include introduction to theoretical physics (5 volumes, 1932-1933) and philosophy of Physics (1936).
He collaborated with Albert Einstein and he was awarded numerous prizes, especially the Nobel Prize in physicsin 19In 1930 he was Chairman of the Kaiser Wilhelm society for the advancement of science, later called Max Planck Society.
Their criticism of the nazi regime forced him to leave the society, of which returned to be its Chairman at the end of the Second World War.
He lost his son in war. His house was destroyed during the bombings of the allies, and her other son, Erwin Planck was executed in 1945 for plotting against Hitler.
Max Planck died on October 3, 1947 in Göttingen .