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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Stephen Wozniak
- Biography of José Gervasio Artigas
- Biography of Tristan Tzara
- Biography of Juan Pablo Duarte
Biography of Stephen Wozniak
(1950/08/11 - Unknown)Stephen Wozniak
"It was like a revolution that had never heard. You read about the technological revolutions, the Industrial Revolution, and here was one of that sort of thing happening and I was part of it."
He was born on August 11, 1950 in San José, California.
Son of Margaret Elaine and Jacob Francis Wozniak, an engineer who worked for Lockheed. It has Polish and Swiss-German ancestry by father, and German, Irish and Irish mother.
At the age of 12, he built a machine to add and subtract that you won a prize in an exhibition of science. In 1971, a friend, Bill Fernández, introduced him to Steven Jobs. Then he attended Homestead High School next to Fernandez. He studied at the University of California at Berkeley, who left to work at Hewlett-Packard. In his spare time he works together with other young people who are passionate about computers in the Homebrew Computer Club in Palo Alto. Steven Jobs, also Hewlett-Packard's, persuaded Wozniak to design a commercial computer.
In 1975 the first kit of a personal computer, the Altair 8800, was announced but actually was little that could be done once it was assembled. In 1976, Wozniak could not acquire an Altair, so he built his own computer using cheaper microprocessors and adding memory chips. They began working on his prototype in the garage of Jobs ' parents. They called it Apple I, and Jobs was in charge of the work of market it, while Wozniak continued to improve it.
A local trader of electronic equipment commissioned them 25 machines. Jobs got credit from suppliers and Wozniak left his job to become Vice President in charge of research and development of the new company. The Apple Computer Company was founded on April 1, 19By 1977, he had built the Apple II. When it became public in 1980 its value on the stock was $117 million dollars, three years later, was $985 million.
Their first machine, the Apple I, sold 600 units, nearly all electronics fans. Left the Apple II, which retained much of the simplicity and the density of the original model but was more useful to the user. They continued producing other models, as well as printers and software.
In 1981 the aircraft which was flying crashed and suffered injuries and amnesia, took two years to its recovery. In 1982 and 1983 he organized the US Festival, a mix of rock and technology fair concert. After leaving Apple, Wozniak although became very rich, followed interested in the technical aspects of the business. Wozniak left Apple, but returned in 1983 and remained in the company until 1985, when it ceased to found a new company to build wireless devices by remote control to TV sets and appliances. The company, the CL-9, closed at the end of 19In January 2002, he created a company of wireless devices, Wheels of Zeus, also known as WoZ, which is the nickname for Wozniak.
He graduated in computer and electrical engineering from the University of California at Berkeley, which later also worked as a teacher. He became an associate professor in the Faculty of engineering and information technology at the University of technology of Sydney, Australia in 2014.
In 1980 he married Alice Robertson. His second marriage was in 1987 with Candice Clark, with whom he had three children, and the third was in 1990 with Suzanne Mulkern, with whom he had three.
Biography of José Gervasio Artigas
(1760/06/19 - 1850/09/23)José Gervasio Artigas
Uruguayan national military and national hero
He was born June 19, 1764 in Montevideo, in the bosom of one of the founders of the city families.
When he began his military career, was captain of the recently created (1797) body of Blandengues (instituted by the colonial authority to monitor the activities of smugglers along the borders with the Brazilian territories). In 1810, broke out the insurrection against Spanish rule in the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, the so-called revolution of may, and joined the insurgent forces going to Buenos Aires to offer their services. The Board established in that city awarded him the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, which marched to the Banda Oriental (name receiving the territories located to the East of the Río de la Plata, part of which constitute the current Uruguay).
Patriotic units that were under his command managed a series of victories against the Spaniards during the first half of 1811 and besieged Montevideo until October of that year, when the provincial Board of these eastern territories agreed to follow the designs of the Buenos Aires Junta, who had signed an armistice with the royalists.
In 1812, they managed to cross the River Uruguay. The Banda Oriental had faced since then, too, the territorial ambitions of the Buenos Aires Junta. In April 1813, Artigas was appointed by a provincial Congress, provisional civil and military Governor of the territories, and sent members to the Board of Buenos Aires with precise instructions: lay the Foundation of a federal government system, in which one of the Member States would be the eastern band. When the instructions were rejected and the members own envoys, Artigas's relations with the Government of Buenos Aires began to go downhill.
In 1814, he organized the League of the free peoples (which was intended to integrate to all provinces of the River Plate's federalist leanings), which was declared protector. He managed to free to Montevideo from the control of the Buenos Aires centralists in February 1815, then marching to Santa Fe.
Did not accept to send deputies 'free' to the Congress of Tucumán (1816), which should be the Organization of the newly created United Provinces of the Río de la Plata, because definitive dissent regarding the Buenos Aires centralist policy agreed. In 1816, the Portuguese of Brazil troops won you, after which took Montevideo in their fight against the independence of the eastern territories. Unable to eject them, and after the final victory of portuguesa-brasilena, in the battle of Tacuarembó (January 22, 1820), which meant the dissolution of the so-called free peoples, was excluded from the agreement reached between the federalists and the River Plate centralists (Treaty of Pilar, February 1820).
After retiring with the rest of his troops to the province of Entre Ríos, was finally defeated in successive battles by the federalist caudillo Francisco Ramírez, in September 1820.
José Gervasio Artigas died on September 23, 1850 in Ibiray, Paraguay.
Biography of Tristan Tzara
(1896/04/16 - 1963/12/25)Tristan Tzara
French poet and essayist
He was born on April 16, 1896 in Moinesti, Bacau, Romania.
Recognized as the founder of the movement Dada. On February 5, 1916, the Dadaist movement of the hand of Tristán Tzara was born and Hugo Ball in the legendary Cabaret Voltaire, wrote first in Zurich and later in Paris the first manifestos of the movement, which defined its nihilistic principles.
As a Dadaist Member, was the author of the famous phrase that was trying to explain the end of the movement: "Dada means nothing". Author of books such as "about our birds" (1929), "the approximate man" (1931), "where wolves drink" (1933), "noonS won" (1939), "in the meantime" (1946), "the flight" (1947), "the permitted fruit" (1947) or "the rose and the dog" (1958).
About 1930 left aside pessimism and the sterility of Dadaism and became interested in surrealism. He joined the French resistance during World War II.
Tristan Tzara died in Paris on December 25, 19
Biography of Juan Pablo Duarte
(1813-01-26 - 1876/07/15)Juan Pablo Duarte
He was born on January 26, 1813 in the city of Santo Domingo.
He was baptized in the Church of Santa Barbara on February 4, 18Son of the Spanish merchant Juan José Duarte and Manuela Díez, a native of El Seibo, Dominican Republic, daughter of Spanish father and Dominican mother in turn.
When the Haitian Toussaint Louverture's troops arrived in the country in 1801, the Duarte travel to Puerto Rico, where his son Vicente Celestino was born. The family returned finished the war of reconquest in 1809, when the country returned to be Spanish colony. As a young man he travelled to United States and Europe.
He studied in Spain and became the leader of la Trinitaria, a secret society of pro-independence ideas. In the year 1843, when starting the war of independence against the Haitian domination, it leads to the insurgents. Unsuccessful rebellion, progressive liberal character, is he went into exile in Venezuela.
In 1844, he returned after the call that the leaders of the movement started on February 27, Bobadilla and Santana, make it to fight for the independence of the Dominican Republic. He came to the Presidency of the new Republic, but for a short time, since the rift with Francisco del Rosario Sánchez led him to cede power after the triumph of the insurrection of general Pedro Santana. The Conservatives wanted to subject the nation to colonial powers. Expelled from the country, is again refuge in Venezuela.
With the triumph of the Dominican independence offered his services to the new leaders, who entrusted him with diplomatic functions. On March 24, 1864, he returned to Santo Domingo to get to restorative government orders in arms of Santiago de los Caballeros, that he nominated him as its representative with the mission to obtain support from Venezuela and other countries in the fight against Spain.
Juan Pablo Duarte died on July 15, 1876, in Caracas. Is recognized as the father of the country together with Francisco de el Rosario Sánchez and Ramón Matías Mella.